Book Title: $JES 906 Jain Academic Bowl Past Q and A
Author(s): JAINA Education Committee
Publisher: JAINA Education Committee
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Page #1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ No. Question Answer Topic 1 What does Anitya Bhavana means? All external substances including the body are transitory | 12 Bhavanas (Anitya). They are perishable and therefore, we should not have attachment for them. 2 Cycle of life and death : Name type of Bhavans Sansar Bhavana 3 Stop new bondage of karma. Name this bhavana i Samvar Bhavana 4 Bodhidurlabh Bhavana means Rarity of enlightenment 5 Four auxiliary Bhavanas are Maitri Bhavana ----Contemplation of Friendship, Pramod Bhavana ---Contemplation of Appreciation, Karuna Bhavana------ Contemplation of Compassion, Madhyastha Bhavana --Contemplation of Neutrality 12 Bhavanas 12 Bhavanas 12 Bhavanas 12 Bhavanas Compassion (Karuna) 12 Bhavanas Respect for all forms of life including animals, birds, insects and nature is called? Describe the meaning of Anitya Bhavna 12 Bhavanas 8 Name any five out of twelve main Bhavana. All external substances including body are not permanent (perishable) Anitya, Asharan, Samsar, Ekatva, Anyitva, Ashuchi, Asrava, Samvar, Nirjara, Bodhi-durlabh, Lokasvabhava, Dharma 12 Bhavanas 9 | Bodhi Durlabh Bhavna 12 Bhavanas In this Bhavna, one contemplates that it is very difficult for one to attain right faith, knowledge, and conduct. If someone is less fortunate than us, we should not look down upon them and instead try and help them. Which of the four auxillary bhavanas 10 Karuna 12 Bhavanas Page #2 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ does this represent? 11 Name the Bhavanas that are also Tattvas SamvarBhavana, NirjaraBhavana, and Ashrav Bhavana 12 Bhavanas 12 Bhavanas 12 Bhavanas 12 Bhavanas 12 What Bhavna did Mallinath use to teach lesson to She used Asuchi Bhavana (Impurity of body) the six kings? 13 Which Bhavana states that the soul will be born Lokswabhav Bhavana into one of the three loks? 14 Which Bhavana supports AnyatvaBhavana (The AnityaBhavana (Nothing is permanent) human body is impermanent)? 15 Twelve Vows of Laity (Householders) has how Anuvrats-5. guna-Vratas-3, Shiksha Vratas - 4 many Anuvratas, Guna-Vratas, Shiksha Vrats? Name all Gun Vrats with meanings. All names 1) Geographic Limitation - Disha Pariman Vrat have to be correct. All English words are 2) Limitation of Luxurious Items - Bohogpbhog acceptable. Pariman Vrat 3) Avoiding purposeless violence - Anarth dand Virman Vrat 12 Vrats 12 Vrats Ahinsa Anuvrata 12 Vrats 17 To attack someone knowingly is sin; which anuvrata tells us not to practise this? 18 Name all the Anuvrats 12 Vrats 1. Sthul Pranatipaat Viraman Vrat -Non-violence limited vow 2. Sthul Mrushavad Viraman Vrat - Truthfulness limited vow 3. Sthul Adattadan Viraman Vrat - Non-stealing limited vow 4. Swadara Santosh Parstrigaman Viraman Vrat - Chastity limited vow 5. Parigrah Pariman Vrat - Non-attachment limited Vow Page #3 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Name any two guna vratas and give their meaning 2 of 3 viz. Dig or dishi vrat (Directional or Geographical 12 Vrats Limitation), Bhog-Upbhog vrat (Limitation of consumables and reusables) and Anarthdand vrat (Limitation of purposeless violence) 12 Vrats 20 Name any two Shiksha vratas and give their meanining 2 of 4 viz. Samayik (Equanimity vow), Desavagasik (Further geographical limitations for 1 day or more), Paushadh (one day practice like ascetic), Atithi Samvibhag (sharing with worthy ascetics) Greed 12 Vrats Achaurya or Asteya or Adatta Dan 12 Vrats 21 Setting limits to our needs is an important vow to control our ... 22 Name the vow in which one does not take any property without the owner's consent 23 Name the vrata which means not to engage in sensual pleasures 24 Name the 3 Gunavrats. Brahamcharya or Celibacy 12 Vrats 12 Vrats Dig Parimana Vrat, Bhogaupbhoga viraman vrata, Anartha Danda viraman vrata. dishi (direction), bhog upbhog, anartha danda 25 Name any two gunavrata or supporting vows. 12 Vrats 26 Five 12 Vrats 27 The Mahavratas are the great vows a person takes when renouncing the world. How many are there? It is a 1 lth vrata, where in a Shravak/Shravika observes the life of a monk for a specific period. Name the 5 Paap that violate the 5 Anuvratas Paushadha vrata. 12 Vrats Pranatipaat, Mrushvaada, Adatadaana, Maithuna, Parigraha 12 Vrats Page #4 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 29 Name the four Shikshavratas. 30 An owner of a factory mixes cheaper oil with an expensive oil product and only expensive oil is printed on the label. Name two major vrats that this person has violated. 31 Samayika is this category of vrata? 32 Answer both the questions: I will travel only 20 miles from my home today. Taking this kind of vow is an example of which Vrat? Which category of Vrat is this out of the three categories of 12 Vrats? 33 Out of the three categories of 12 vrats, the following category is preparatory to the discipline of an ascetic's life. Name this category of Bar Vrats. Also, name at least two vrats from this category 34 Tell me what gunvrat each statement is an example of: "I will only wear 5-6 pairs of clothes today.", "I will not walk on grass.", "I will only travel 150 miles today." 35 What are the differences between the Maha Vratas and the AnuVratas? 36 Desavakasik vrat that sets a new limit within the limitations already set by which two vrats? Samayik Vrata, Desavakasika Vrata, Paushada Vrata, Atithi Samvibhaga Vrata (Dan vrata, or Yatha Samvibhag vrata) Satya, Asteya, Aparigraha. Truth, Non-stealing, Nonpossessiveness Training or shiksha Disha Pariman vrat. Gun Vrat category Siksha Vrat. Samayik, Deshavagasik, Paushad and Atithi Samvibhag a) Bhog-Upbhog Vrat b) Anant Dand Virman Vrat c) DishaPariman Vrat MahaVratas are the major vows for the complete renunciation of worldly attachments which are practiced by Sadhus and Sadhvis. The AnuVratas are the partial renunciation of worldly attachments which are practiced by Shravaks and Shravikas Disha or Dik vrat and Bhog Upbhog Vrat 12 Vrats 12 Vrats 12 Vrats 12 Vrats 12 Vrats 12 Vrats 12 Vrats 12 Vrats Page #5 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 12 Vrats 12 Vrats 14 dreams 14 dreams 14 dreams 14 dreams 37 Name the common virtues or observances that Sanyam & Tap are common between the 10 yati Dharmas and 6 daily essentials per Digambar tradition 38 When one fasts consecutively for 30 days, the tap Maskhaman or Masakshaman is called? Name in indian language only This dream of Mother Trishala indicated that her Golden Vase son would be perfect in all virtues and would be full of compassion for all living beings. He would be a supreme religious personality. 40 How many Sapana (dreams) does the mother of 14 (Shwetambar) or 16 (Digambar) Tirthankar have when the Tirthankar child is conceived? 41 Which dream of Mother Trishala indicated that Full moon her son would bring peace to the world? According to Digambara belief, there are not 14 | A pair of fish and a lofty throne Swapanas, but 16 Swapanas. Name these two additional Swapanas. Name the dream that indicated that Queen Full Moon (Chandra) Trishla's son would have a great physical structure and be pleasing to all living beings of the universe. 44 Name the dream that indicated that Queen Heap of Jewels Trishla's son would have infinite virtues and wisdom and he would attain the supreme spirit. 45 Ele Bull 46 This dream indicated a heavenly being would Dev Viman or Celestial Plane respect and obey her son. 47 This dream of Trishla meant that the son would Elephant have exceptionally high character. Also, he would guide the spiritual chariot with its four components: monks, nuns, laymen, and laywomen. 43 14 dreams 14 dreams 14 dreams 14 dreams 14 dreams Page #6 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 48 Name any five swapnas. 14 dreams Elephant, Bull, Lion, Goddess Laxmi, Garland, Moon, Sun, Flag, Kalash, Lotus Lake, Ocean, Plane, Heap of Jewel, Smokeless Fire 14 dreams Flag, Kalash, Milky Ocean, Divine Airplane, Heap of Jewels, SmokelessFfire Lion 14 dreams Ocean 14 dreams 52 Smokeless Fire 14 dreams 49 List the 4 swapnas other than the sun and the moon which are not people, animals, or with plants. 50 Which dream of Mother Trishala indicated that her son would become powerful and strong? This dream of a Tirthankar's mother indicates that her son will be liberated from the life cycle. Which dream indicated to Queen Trishala that her son would reform and restore the religious order? It also said that he would remove blind faith and orthodox rituals. It also told her that he would burn or destroy his karmas and attain salvation 53 Mother Trishla's 7th dream was? Math Question - Subtract the number of Guptis from the number of Samitis. Give the corresponding dream of Mother Trishala. 55 Name the fourth dream of Mother Trishala and give its meaning. 56 Anagram - MORE FE, LESSS SKI. Clue - Its a dream of Mother Trishla. This dream indicated that the fragrance of her son's teachings and messages of compassion and love will spread throughout the universe, and he would be respected by all Give the order of the first three dreams of Trishala Devi and Achira Devi? Sun 5 samiti- 3 gupti=2. The second dream of Mother Trishala is Elephant. 14 dreams 14 dreams 54 | Mat 14 dreams Goddess Lakshmi. It meant that her son would enjoy great wealth. Smokeless fire 14 dreams 577 Garland 14 dreams Lion, Elephant, Bull & Elephant, Bull, Lion 14 dreams Page #7 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 59 11th Gunasthan, It is called Suppressed Passion Stage - Upasanta-kasaya 14 Gunasthanaks 12th Gunasthanaks A fall from this Gunasthan is inevitable, as it has arrived at this stage as a result of suppression of Karmas. Name the Gunasthana and its numeber. (Both Answers are required) The number of Gunasthan, at the end of which the soul has eliminated all destructive karmas and is omniscient. 61 When one attains Kevaljnan, one is in this Gunshanak 62 The number of Gunasthan, the soul has eliminated all destructive karmas and is omniscient. 63 All Kevalis are at which Gunastanak? 13th 14 Gunasthanaks 13th (Accept 'very end of 12th' as correct 14 Gunasthanaks 13th and/or 14th 14 Gunasthanaks Gunasthanaks 65 Whi 14 Gunasthanaks 14 Gunasthanaks What is the number when total number of 14 x 3/6 = 7 gunasthans are multiplied by the number of guptis & by the number of essential daily activities? Whick stage of spiritual elevation or Gunsthank | 14th Gunsthanak does one have to reach to attain Moksha or liberation? 66 Provide the number of the lowest gunasthanak at 4th which dharma dhyan is possible and that guarantees you moksha Give the Gunstanak stage number, or spiritual 4th - Avirti Samyag Darshan stage number, with the right perception but without restraints. 68 |A shravak with 12 vratas has reached which 5th Gunsthanak or stage of spiritual elevation? 69 | Right perception associated with partial restraint 5th or Deshvirti is which Gunastanak? 70 Monks and nuns who strictly follow their code of 6th conduct are in this Gunshanak as a minimum 14 Gunasthanaks 14 Gunasthanaks 14 Gunasthanaks Gunasthanaks Page #8 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 71 What are the names of the Gunasthanak in which a Sadhu follows Panch Mahavrat? 72 | What is the lowest gunasthan at which shukla dhyan is possible? 73 Name the fourth gunasthana 6th or 7th,? Apramat Sanyat or Pramat Sanyat (Any one of the four is correct) 8th 14 Gunasthanaks 14 Gunasthanaks Avirati Samyag Drishti Gunasthanaks 74 Other than Siddha who does not have a leshya? Ayogi Kevail, or one at the 14th Gunastanak 14 Gunasthanaks Dravya Shravak Gunasthanaks 75 What type of Shravak follows Jainism without a deep faith in it? 76 After achieving 4th gunasthan once, you are guaranteed nirvana within this much time Name the thirteenth gunasthan Half or ardha pudgal paraavartan Gunasthanaks Sayogi Kevali Gunasthanaks Gunasthanaks Gunasthanaks 78 Doubting or being skeptical about the religion Shanshayik expounded by the Omniscients is this type of Mityathva. 79 What are Gunastanak? Name the lowest and stages of spiritual elevation. Lowest level: wrong belief highest stages. (Mithyatva) and Highest level: inactive omniscient (ayogi kevali) 80 | What are Gunastanak? Name the lowest and wrong belief (Mithyatva) and inactive omniscient (ayogi highest stages of spiritual elevation kevali) 81 Name in the Indian language, the strongest Anantanu-bandhi degree of intensity of a Kashaya, with which it binds to the soul When a monk attains Kevalgnana, he has reached Ghati karmas the 12th Gunsthanak, whick category of karmas has he destroyed? 14 Gunasthanaks 14 Gunasthanaks 14 Gunasthanaks Page #9 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 83 How many karmas a living Kevali (omniscient) has removed (eradicated)? Name them. Jnanavarniya (Knowledge obsuring), Darshanavaraniya (Perception obscuring), Mohaniya (Deluding), Antaray (Obstruction causing) 14 Gunasthanaks Naam 14 84 Becoming Tirthankar rather than an ordinary kevali is a result of this aghati karma, 85 Of the types of karma, which one has a subtype that is specific to tirthankars? What four karmas do Arihantas shed at the time of liberation? Naam or Body-determining Gunasthanaks 14 Gunasthanaks | 15 Gunasthanaks Naam (body-determining), Gotra (status-determining), Vedaniya (feeling pertaining), and Ayushya (life span determining) Honey (Madh), Meat (Mansa), Butter (cream-cheese, Mankhan) and, alcohol (Madira) 18 Paap 87 Name four Maha Vigai (Four foods never to be consumed) 88 Name the next four Tirtankars in this (10) Shitalnath (12) Vasupujya Swami (14) Anantnath 24 Tirthankars mathematical series: Ajitnath, Abhinandan, (16) Shantinath Padmaprabha, Chandraprabha. 2,4,6,8... 89 The process in which a tirthankar's soul leaves its Chyavana or Garbha Kalyanak 24 Tirthankars previous body, and is conceived in the mother's womb is called? 90 Tirthankar Name, Emblem, Number of 01 Rishabha or Adi Nath, Bull, 84, Ashtapad (Kailasha), 24 Tirthankars Ganadharas and place of Nirvan for Ist five 02 Ajit-Nath, Elephant, 90, Samet Sikhar, | 03 Sambhava-Nath, Horse, 105, Samet Sikhar, 04 Abhinandan Swami, Monkey, 03, 05 Sumati-Nath, Ruddy Goose, 116, Samet Sikhar 91 24 Tirthankars Answer the following questions about Shantinath | 1) Achiradevi 2) Samet Shikhar or Mount Parasnath 3) Bhagawan. 1) What was his mother's name? 2) | Bird or Dove Where did he attain Moksha? 3) In his previous life, as King Megharatha, what did he save? 92 Name of lord Mahavir's wife & Daughter? Yashoda, Priyadarshana 24 Tirthankars Page #10 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 93 Who said "A living body is not merely an integration of limbs and flesh but it is the abode of the soul, which potentially has perfect perception (Anant-Darshan), perfect knowledge (Anant-Jnan), perfect power (Anant-Virya), and perfect conduct (Anant Charitra). 94 Contributions and names of the two daughters of 1) Brahmi: The Indian script named Brahmi 2) Sundari: 24 Tirthankars Adinath. Mathematics 95 Name the three types of knowledge Tirthankara are born with. English terms are also acceptable. 96 Answer the following questions about Neminath Bhagawan. 1) Name his emblem or lanchan. 2) Give his chronological number (1-24). 3) What event helped him decide to leave worldly life and take diksha? 97 Answer each of the following questions about the life of Adinath. 1) In what city was he born? 2) What were the names of his two sons? 3) What was the name of his mother? 4) What is his symbol? 5) What is the other name he is called? 98 How many gandhars did Mahavir Swami have? How many did Parswanath Bhagwan have? 99 Mahavir Janma-Kalyanak means what? 100 How many clamities did Sangmdev commit on bhagwan Mahavir in one night? 101 What was the last bhav of Mahavir swami as Lord mahavir 1) Knowledge obtained by senses and mind - Mati Jnan 24 Tirthankars 2) Knowledge acquired by reading and listening - Shrut Jnan 3) To see and sense the things without the help of the senses of mind - Avadhi Jnan 24 Tirthankars 1) Shell 2) 22 3) Screaming of animals that were going 24 Tirthankars to be killed at his wedding dinner 1) Vinitanagari 2) Bharat, Bahubali 3) Marudevi 4) Bull 5) Rishabdev 11, 10 Birth Anniversary of Mahavir Swami 20 Nandan Muni (25th Bhav) 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars Page #11 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Janma Abhishek (performs the birth ceremony) 24 Tirthankars 170 tirthankars present during Ajitnath's lifetime. 24 Tirthankars Govaliyo 24 Tirthankars 2, 4, 8, 16. Deer 24 Tirthankars 24 24 Tirthankars 24 Thirthankars (of this time cycle) 25th life, or Nandanmuni 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars human before being born as a tirthankar? 102 After Bhgwan born king Indra take the baby tirthankar to Mt. Meru for what? Ans. Only indian language. 103 During the lifetime of which Tirthankar were there the most living and present Tirthankars and how many tirthankars were there at most. 104 kind of person stuck nails in Mahavir Bhagwan's ears? 105 Name the lanchan (emblem) of the next Tirthankar in this mathematical series. Ajitnath, Abhinandan, Chandraprabhu. 106 During each half time life cycle, how many souls rise to become "Tirthankar" 107 Who do we offer obeisance in logussa sutra? 108 In which life of Bhagwan Mahavir did a Bhavna of Savi Jiv Karu Shasan Rasi" made him to acquire the Tirthankar Nam Karma? 109 How many Choumasas did Mahavir swami do? 110 Name the lanchan (emblem) of the next Tirthankar in this mathematical series. Sambhavnath, Padmaprabhu, Vasupujya. 111 At what age did Bhagwan Mahavir attain Manah Paryay-Jnan? 112 | This is the event of initiation into monk hood 113 | Which ara did Lord Adinath live in? 114 How many years passed between Mahavira Swami's taking diksha and attaining nirvana? 115 Where was Bhagwan Mahavir's last sermon at? How long did it last? 116 | What is the other name of Kshatriya kund? 117 Christian year in which Mahavir Swami took | 42 3, 6, 12, 24 - Lion 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 30 24 Tirthankars Diksha Kalyanak 3rd Ara 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 42 Pavapuri, 48 hours 24 Tirthankars Kundalpur 569 B.C. (599B.C. Birth -30 = 569) 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars Page #12 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Crocodile, Pig-Boar, Nandavarta, Blue Lotus 24 Tirthankars Samudravijay and Shivadevi & Vishvasen & Achiradevi 24 Tirthankars Diksha 118 Name the emblem or lanchan or symbol of these Bhagwans. Suvidhinath, Vimalnth, Aranath, Naminath Name the parents of Bhagwan Neminath & Shantinath 120 Please Answer the following questions about the life of Bhagvan Adinath. a) What is his other name? b) Name of his father? c) Where was he born? d) Name of his emblem? e) Name of his mother? a) Bhagwan Rishabhdev. b) Nabhiraya c) Ayodhya. Or 24 Tirthankars V initanagari d) Bull e) Marudevi Mata 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 121 | What is a term for bathing an idol? Abishek 122 Bhaktamar Stotra is in praise of which Bhagwan? Adinath 123 Names of the four Thirthankars that did not go Adinath, Vasupujya, Neminath, Mahaveer Mokhsa from Samet Shikar 124 Names of the places other than Samet Shikhar Ashtapada Kailash, Champapuri, Girnaar & Pavapuri where Thirthankars went to Moksha 125 What age did Bhagwan Mahavir attain Avadhi At Birth or Conception Jnan? 126 This Tirthankar's mother name was Vamadevi Bhagwan Parshvanath 127 He was a Chakravarti and the son of the first Bharat Tirthnkar. 128 Name the two sons of lord Adinath starting with Bharat and Bahubali. 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars Brahmacharya (celibacy) 24 Tirthankars Up until 23rd Tirthankar there were only 4 great vows. Which vow did Bhagwan Mahavir add to those four vows? Or Which of the current vrats did Bhagawan Parshwanath not prescribe? 130 Brahmi and Sundari were daughters of Lord Adinath, what two aspects of academia did they develop? Brahmi - script, Sundari - numbers and arithmetic 24 Tirthankars Page #13 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 131 Name the first Sadvhis of Lord Adinath and Lord Brahmi and Chandanbala Mahavirswami 132 List the Laanchans of the 24 Thirthankars that are Bull, Elephant, Horse, Monkey, Shore bird,crocodile, 5 sensed living beings. rhinocerces, buffalo, pig, eagle, deer, goat, tortoise, snake, Lion 133 This is nirvan place of Vasupujya Swami 134 Name the place in Bihar and the Tirthankar who had all the FIVE kalyanaks at that place 135 Snatra Puja signifies these Kalyanak of a Teerthankar 136 The first thing a Tirthankar does upon attaining Kevaljnan is to establish 137 Name any four of five Kalyanak of a Tirthankar. Chyavana (conception), Janma (birth), diksha (initiation), Kevaljnan (omniscience), Nirvan (death) 138 What is the Nirvan date of Mahaveer in Indian calendar 139 He was the supreme King (chakravarti) and His mother's name was Achira Devi. What is the symbol of this Tirthankar? 140 According to Shvetambar sect, Bhagawan Mahavir's soul was first conceived in the womb of this woman 141 Give the Lanchhan or symbol of Bhagawan Ajitnath. 142 Who was the chief disciple or first Gandhar of Mahavir Swami? Champapuri Champapuri and Lord Vasupjya Chavyan and Janma Kalyanak Chutar vidh sangh (sangh, four fold Jain order) 143 ANAGRAM: AAW TUMMI GAS If you rearrange the letters, you will find on the first clue or on the second clue 1) the numero uno Darkest night of Aaso month, same as Deepavali or Diwali Day, or last day of the calendar year Deer. Tirthankar- Shantinath Devananda Elephant Gautam Swami Gautam Swami 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars Page #14 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ student. 2) Mahavir's first disciple and ganadhara 144 Name the only two Gandharas, who had not attained Kevaljnan at the time of Nirvan of Bhagwan Mahavir 145 Name the Nirvan place for Neminath, Vasupujya, Girnar, Champapuri, Astapad and Adinath. 146 Who was one of Mahavira's disciples who turned Goshalok or Jamali against him? 147 What are the original names of the three Brahmin Indrabhuti, Vayubhuti, Agnibhuti scholar brothers who became the first major disciples (Ganadharas) of Lord Mahavira. 148 Bhagwan Mahavir Swami was born in this town. 149 Which tirthankar added another major vow and which vow did he add? Gautam Swami and Sudharma Swami 151 Name the person who did parna to Bhagwan Mahavir swami after he went without food for 5 months and 25 days? 152 Name 4 tirthankars that did not attain kevalgnan at Samet Shikhar. 150 Who was the person who took diksha after seeing Lord Neminath animals in captivity? 153 Name the only female Tirthankar. 154 Name three Tirthankars whose name starts with M. 155 Which jnan does a Tirthankar attain upon taking diksha? Kshtriya Kund (Shevtambar belief) OR Vaishali (Digambar belief) Lord Mahavir, and Chastity Chandanbala Mahavirswami, Neminath, Vasupujyaswami, Adinath Mallinath Mallinath, Munisuvrat, Mahavirswami Manah Paryay Jnan 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars Page #15 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Marichi 24 Tirthankars 156 Solve the following riddle for 30 points in the first clue and 15 points in the second clue. Ist clue: Who am I? Because I could not follow the rules of a Jain monk, I carried an umbrella, wooden shoes, and I wore orange clothes. 2nd clue: My grandfather was Adinath, and I danced with pride upon hearing I would be the last Tirthankar. Name any 4 symbols or emblems of the Tirthankaras which are not animals or lotuses. 24 Tirthankars moon, swastika, the wishing tree (4 petaled), shell (conch), vase, water jar, thunderbolt or spiked club Mt. Girnar Munisuvrat Swami 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars Nabhi Raja (only 'Nabhi' is also acceptable) 24 Tirthankars Nayasar 24 Tirthankars Neminath 24 Tirthankars 158 | This is nirvan place of Nemi nath bhagavan 159 The lanchan, or emblem, of which tirthankar is the tortoise? 160 What is the name of father of Bhagwan Rushbhadev? 161 Name of Bhagwan Mahavir in the life in which he attained samyaktva 162 Name the Tirthankara who was a contemporary of the Hindu god Krishna. 163 Name the Tirthankar whose mothers are listed as follows: Shivadevi, Trishladevi, and Vamadevi respectively. 164 Which three Tirthankars attained Moksh at these following places in order): Girnar, Champapuri, Astapad? 165 What do we call the five major events in the life of a tirthankar? Name any three events. Neminath, Mahavirswami, Parshwanath. 24 Tirthankars Neminath, Vasupujyaswami, Adinath 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars Panch Kalyanak. 1) Chyavan Kalyanak 2) Janma Kalyanak 3) Diksha Kalyanak 4) Kevangnan Kalyanak 5) Nirvana Kalyanak Pavapuri 24 Tirthankars 166 Bhagawan Mahavir achieved Nirvana at this place. 167 | What river did Bhagwan Mahavir attain Rajuvalika 24 Tirthankars Page #16 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars Kevaljnan at? 168 Name any 2 Tirthankars who did not attain Rushabhdev (Ashtapad), Vasupujya (Champapuri), nirvan at Samet Sikhar. Also name the places Neminath (Girnar), Mahavir (Pavapuri) where they attained nirvan 169 | This was the first monk (tirthankar) of the current Rushabhdev or Adinath Avasarpini. 170 Name the place in Bihar which has been the site Samet Shikhar of 20 Tirthankaras of the recent cycle attaining nirvan. 171 Solve this anagram using all the letters in bold SAMETSHIKAR without repeating - HIS KARMAH is SET CLUE 1. It is a place CLUE 2. Ajitnath bhagwan attained Nirvan here 172 Father's name of Tirthankar Neminath Bhagawan Samudra Vijaya 173 Name all three tirthankars who were, during their Shantinah, Kuntunath, Aranath lifetimes, also Chakravartis or conquerors of the known world? 174 | In my previous life I saved a pigeon's life by Shantinath giving my own flash. Who am I? 175 The soul of king Meghrath became which Shantinath (16th Tirthankara) tirhankar? 176 What are the names of these 3 Tirthankars whose Shantinath, Neminath, Parshvanath mothers are in order): Achiradevi, Shivadevi, Vamadevi? 177 Give the Lanchhan or symbol of Bhagawan Shell Neminath. 178 Who am I? I started the Jain practice of giving Shreyanshkumar alms to sadhus. I was also the great grandson of Rushabdev. 179 Who was the first person to do parnu to Shreyanskumar Rushabdev after his Varshitap 180 Who was Mahavir Swami's father? Siddhartha 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars Page #17 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Sudharma Swami 24 Tirthankars 181 He was the longest surviving Gandhar (5th Gandhar) of Lord Mahavir and who continued teachings of Lord Mahavir after his nirvana. We are currently under the order of this Ghandar.He is one of the most talked about gandhar other than Gautam Swami 182 Name the 5 tirthankars with symbols that are neither plant nor animal? 183 Following this number sequence 1, 4, 9, please provide the name of the Tirthankar, Emblem, and Place of Nirvan. 184 | Birthdate of Mahaveer in Indian calendar 24 Tirthankars Suparshvanath, Chandra-Prabhu, Dharmanath, Mallinath, Neminath The 16th Tirthankar (1*1,2*2, 3*3, 4*4 = 16) is Lord Shantinath. Deer and Samet Sikhar. 24 Tirthankars Thirteenth day of bright half of Chaitra month 24 Tirthankars Tiryanch 24 Tirthankars Vama-Mata or Vamadevi. 24 Tirthankars Varshitap 24 Tirthankars 185 Most of the insignias or laanchans of Tirthankars are beings from this gati 186 Name the mother of a Tirthankar, who had 10 Ganadhars. ed by Bhagwan 187 | An important penance performed by Bhagwan Rushabh Dev which he broke by accepting and consuming sugar cane juice is known as: 188 Name this Tirthankar who attained nirvana at Champapuri. 1893. At what age did Parshwanath take Diksha? 1904. What was the name of the god that harassed Parshwanath and the Dev that protected him? 1915. How did Dharnendra protect Parshwanath fromMeghamali? Vasupujya Swami 24 Tirthankars 30 Meghamali and Dharnendra 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars He put a lotus under his feet so that he could float, and he spread his fangs over the head and sides of Parshwanath to protect him from the rain SametShikar at the age of 100 of 100 1926. Where and at what age did Bhagwan Parshwanath attain Nirvana? 24 Tirthankars Page #18 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 193 During_ years of meditation Bhagwan Mahavir 12 and half years faced many calamities. 194 Answer the following questions about 1) Vamadevi 2) Ashvasen 3) Sametsikhar Parswanath Bhagawan. 1) What was his mother's 4) Dharanendra name? 2) What was his father's name? 3) Where did he attain Moksha? 4) Name the dev who helped Parswanath Bhagwan when he was being harrassed by Meghmali recollecting his previous birth when Parasnath Bhagwan tried to rescue him, when he was a snake 195 At what age did Bhagwan Mahavir attain 42 Kevalgyan, 72 Nirvan Kevalgyan & attained Nirvan? 196 For how many days is Varsitap observed? This is 400 days in commemoration of these many no. of days that Bhagwan Rishabdev fasted without food after which his grandson, Shreyaskumar broke his fast by offering him sugar cane juice 197 How long Mahavirswami had to fast before he | Five months and 25 days (or approx. 6 months) accepted food from Chandanbala? 198 In Mallinath Bhagwan's previous life... Prince 6 other friends Mahabal and_ other friends always did things together. 199 | In which kalyanak does a tirthankar get ChyavanKalyanak (at birth/conception) avadhignan? 200 Mahavir Swami attained Keval Gyan on the Rujubaluka or Rujuvalika banks of which river after fasting for 2 days and staying in complete meditation. 201 Name Bhagwan Rishabdev's daughter who was Sundari exceptional in mathematics. Per Jain beliefs, she taught mathematics to the entire world 202 Name the 22nd Tirthankar of the present chovisi. Neminath, Father- Samudravijay, Mother- Shivadevi, Also name his father, mother and place of birth Birth place-Suryapur/Sauripur 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars Page #19 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 203 Name the colors for every tirthankar 204 Name the Dev who switch the wombs of mother Harinagamasi (Hari-naigamesin) trishla and devananda. 205 Name the lanchan of the 2nd, 4th, 6th and 12th Tirthankar Elephant, Monkey, Red lotus and Buffalo Dharmanath (15), Vasupujya Swami (12), Suvidhinath (9) and Padmaprabhu (6) 84 206 Name the next four Tirtankars in this mathematical series: Mahavir Swami, Naminath, Arnath, 24, 21, 18..... 207 Name the numbers of gandhars of the tirthankar you get after subtracting the #of guptis by the #of thirthankars who were born in Varanasi White (8th and 9th), Red (6th and 12th), Black (20and 24 Tirthankars 22nd), Blue (19th and 23rd), Gold (rest all) 208 Name the tirthankar who has 77 gandhars 209 Name the Tirthankar's whose color is not gold, blue or Green? Explanation: Number of Gupti :3 Tirthankar born in Varanashi: Suparshvanath & Parshvanath:2 3-2-1 (Adinath) Adinath has 84 Gandhars Shreyansnath Chandraprabh, Suvidhinath (White), Padmaprabh, Vasupujya-swami (Red), Munisuvrat-swami, Neminath (Black). 210 Name the tirthankars whose number of gandhars Naminanth, Mahavirswami, Vimalnath, Vasupujya are the same digits swami, Padmaprabha, Suvidhinath. 211 The Shvetamber tradition believes that Mallinath Female Bhagwan is a male or a female. 212 This tirthankar's mother and father's name is the Shreyansnath (Vishnu) (11) same? 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars Page #20 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 213 Tirthankar's attain their Tirthankar Naam Karms Two lives prior to the life when they are born as in which life prior to the life they attain Moksha? | Tirthankar. 214 What are some hardships that Bhagwan Mahavir Chandikaushik, Nails in the ears, and etc. faced during his 12 and a half years of penance? 215 What are the names of Parshwanath's parents? King Ashwasen and Queen Vamadevi 216 What Bhagwan Mahvir say when King Shrenik If you can buy the Punya Karma of one Samayika from asked how to destroy his bad Karmas? Punia Shravak then it may be possible to change the birth Karma of your next life 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 217 What did Sidharth and his friend the doctor do about the nails in the ears? They made lord Mahavir sit sit in a basin filled with oil, given a massage and then the pegs were removed by means of medicated pincers 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 218 What did the cowherd leave for Bhagwan Watch his Bullocks/Oxen Mahavir? 219 What type of Gyan did Lord Parshvanath use to Avadhi gyan see "Live snake inside the burning log"... 220 | What was Bhagwan Mahavir's brother's name? Nandivardhan 221 | What was Mallinath Bhagwan's mother's name? | Prabhavati 222 What was the name of Bharat and Bahubali's Bhagwan Rishabdev father? What was the name of Parshwanath's wife? Prabhavati What were the five conditions Mahavirswami 1) Person offering food should be a princess, had to break his fast? 2) She should be bald, 3) She should be in shackles, 4) She should offer boiled lentils with one foot inside and the other foot outside the house 5) She should have tears in her eyes 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars Page #21 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ On Diwali, and at Pavapuri 24 Tirthankars 225 When and where did Bhagwan Mahavir attain Nirvan? 226 When and where was Mahavir Swami born? 24 Tirthankars Chaitra on the 13th day of the waxing (increasing in size) cycle of the moon in 599 BC as per the Indian calendar or Chaitra Sud Teras, 599 BC, Kshatriya-Kund Sudharma Swami 24 Tirthankars Siddhartha, Kharak. 24 Tirthankars 227 When Bhagwan Mahavir attained Nirvana, only two out of his eleven ganadhars were still living. One was Gautam Swami, who was the other Ganadhar? 228 When Bhagwan Mahavir went to and _house they realized that Bhagwan Mahvir was in pain. 229 Where did Mallinath attained Nirvan? 230 Where did Mallinath Bhagwan attain Nirvan? And what numbered Tirthankar did she become of this cycle. 231 Which kalyanak does a tirthankar get Manah- paryava Jnan? At what age did Bhagvan Mahavir Samet Shikhar Samet Shikhar; 19th 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars Diksha Kalyanak; 30 years 24 Tirthankars get it? Tears in her eyes 24 Tirthankars Which of the conditions put down by Bhagwan Mahavir did Chandanbala didn't fulfill at first because of which Mahavirswami started walking away without taking alms? 233 Who were Mallinath's Parents? And what was her brothers name? 234 Who were six kings in their previous life who were related to Mallinath Bhagwan? 235 Why Mahavir Swami was named Vardhaman? King Kumbha and Queen Prabhavati. Brother Malladin 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars They were friends of Mallinath who was then known as King Mahabal. Because Vardhaman means to increase, and when Mahavir Swami was born, there was a increase in his family's wealth. 24 Tirthankars Page #22 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 236 Why was Mallinath a Female Tirthankar? 237 23 Tirthankars were born and took Diksha in the same place except for one Tirthankar whose birth place and diksha place were different. Name that Tirthankar 238 Give the names of Mahavir Swami's brother, sister, wife and daughter. 239 During one Kal Chakra, how many Tirthankars are born in all the Bharat Kshetras? 240 Name any three kinds of Dhyan 241 Name one good and one bad dhyan or meditation. 242 Name one good and one bad dhyan or meditation 243 It a very dangerous form of meditation. In this meditation one becomes very happy by Because in her previous life She was a King who took diksha along with his 6 friends but he did intense penance in secrecy. Neminath Nandivardhan, Sudarshana, Yashoda, Priyadarshana 240 (24*5 bharat kshetras * 2 (2 half cycles) 1) Arta Dhyan 2) Raudra Dhyan 3) Dharma Dhyan 4)Shukla Dhyan Dharma or Shukladhyan, Arta or Raudra Good - Dharma (Righteous) or Shukla (Spiritual) Bad - Arta (Sorrowful) or Roudra (Inclement) Raudra dhyan or Inclement meditation performing sinful acts towards others. 244 Rearrange the letters- "Dash kunal hy" - Clue: the Shukla Dhyan purest meditation 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 24 Tirthankars 4 Dhyans 4 Dhyans 4 Dhyans 4 Dhyans 4 Dhyans Page #23 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 245 5 Codes of Conduct Depending upon the mental attitude of the person while committing violence, violence is classified in these four categories or Name the 4 types of hinsa (violence). 1. Industrial (occupational or profession related) violence (Udyami Himsa) 2. Domestic (household activitiy related) violence (Graharambhi Himsa) 3. Defensive or protective violence (Virodhi Himsa) 4. Intentional violence (Samkalpi Himsa) 6 types Jnanachar, Darshanachar, Charitrachar, Tapachar, and Viryachar Jnanachar 5 Codes of Conduct 5 Codes of Conduct 5 Codes of Conduct 246 How many types of lives are sadhus supposed to be vigilant of? 247 List 4 of the 5 achars (codes of conduct) of shravak 248 According to this Panchachar, scriptures must be pronounced, recited, and interpreted accurately. Also, by following this, you can lessen the load of your Jnanavarniya karma. 249 Charitrachar prescribed for lay people is categorized into what 3 categories? 250 Living a life in accordance with the right knowledge and right faith is this Panchachar. 251 Our ultimate goal is of karma Observation of 12 vows, 5 Samitis, and 3 Guptis. Charitrachar 5 Codes of Conduct 5 Codes of Conduct 5 Codes of Conduct 5 Codes of Conduct Nirjara 252 Tapachar 253 Viryachar 5 Codes of Conduct The Jain scriptures that have prescribed the specific ways to observe austerities, is known as this Panchachar The set of codes of conduct relate to exercising our physical and mental capabilities to the fullest and in the appropriate manner, which is known as this Panchachar This Panchachar states that we must have unwavering faith in the teachings of Jina and virtuous activities. We also should show respect 254 Darshanachar 5 Codes of Conduct Page #24 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Darshanachar Karma or Karmic bondage towards those who follow the right faith, and steer clear of the wrong faith and people following it. 255 What is the 2nd most important thing in our journey to liberation? 256 | What is the cause of the endless cycles of birth and death for the worldly soul? 257 Name the following in the original word. - 1) A form of meditation when one gives up physical comfort and body movement and engages into deep religious reflections and meditation. 2) This is a vow-a formal renunciation of certain activities. 258 It is used to gently clean the floor (to make the space free of subtle living beings) before setting on a Katasanu on the floor. 259 Charavalo's wodden handle is how long? 5 Codes of Conduct 5 Codes of Conduct 6 Daily Essentials 1) Kayotsarga or Kausagga 2) Pratyakhyan or Pachhakhan Charavalo 6 Daily Essentials 24 fingers 32 261 In absen Panchindiya 6 Daily Essentials 6 Daily Essentials 6 Daily Essentials 6 Daily Essentials 260 How many faults are to be avoided during Samayik? In absence of a Guru, we use this sutra to establish his presence 262 Any sins comitted by us in ordinary day-to-day like activites by moving around is asked for forgiveness in this sutra 263 | Why do we recite Karemi Bhante sutra? Iriyavahiya To take the wow of Samayik 32; 10 mind, 10 speech & 12 body 6 Daily Essentials 6 Daily Essentials 6 Daily Essentials 264 How many faults do we ask forgiveness for while reciting Samaiya-Vaya-jutto sutra 265 This sutra is recited to list all virtues of a Tirthankar and offer our respect to them. The king of devs - Shakrendra recites this sutra at the time of conception and birth of a Tirthankar. Nammutthunam Page #25 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 266 In Ichkaar sutra, we offer our respect and inquiry Guru Maharaj or Maharaj Saheb about _well being. 267 What is a sutra for praise of the twenty-four Chaturvinshati Stava/Logassa tirthankaras? 268 Name three different types of Pratikraman. Devasi, Rai, Pakkhi / Pakshik, Chaumasik, Samvatsari Answer in the Indian language. 269 "Going back and repenting and asking for Pratikraman forgiveness for the sins committed" is the theme of what Jain ritual? 270 Name in the Indian Language Only - A vow to Pratyakhyan or Pachhakhan renounce certain thing for a predetermined period of time is known as 271 Give the meaning of the word Samayik. Process in which one gets equanimity 6 Daily Essentials 6 Daily Essentials 6 Daily Essentials 6 Daily Essentials 6 Daily Essentials 6 Daily Essentials 6 Daily Essentials 272 Name in the Indian language two of the six essentials in the Shvetambar Tradition and two in the Digambar tradition? Shvetambar: Samayika, Chauvisattho, Vandana, Pratikraman, Kayotsarga, Pratyakhyan or Pachchakhan. Digambar: Devapuja, Gurupasti, Swadhya, Sanyam, Tap, Dan Six Avashyak a. Pratikraman b. Chauvisattho / Chaturvimshati-stava 6 Daily Essentials 6 Daily Essentials 273 How many daily activities should be performed by a Shravak or a layman? 274 a. Among all the six daily essentials of Shravaks/Shravikas per Shwetambar tradition, which is the most important essential that covers all the other 5 essentials during the performance of its rites? b. We praise the qualities of Tirthankars while performing one of these 6 daily essentials per Swethambar tradition. Name it. 275 Does one have to practice Samayik to go to Moksha? 6 Daily Essentials Page #26 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 276 Name any 3 essential observances (Avashyakas) according to Shwetambar traditions and 3 according to Digambar traditions. Shwetambar traditions-l. Samayik, 2. Chauvisattho, 3. Vandana, 4. Pratikraman, 5. Kayotsarga, 6. Pratyakhyan or Pachchakan Digambar tradition- 1. Devapuja, 2. Gurupasthi, 3. Swadhyay, 4. Sanyam, 5. Tap, 6. Dan 6 Daily Essentials 277 What does Chauvisatto mean? Praying and appreciating the attributes of the 24 Tirthankars Respecting and saluting 278 What does Vandana mean? 6 Daily Essentials 6 Daily Essentials 6 Daily Essentials 6 Daily Essentials 6 Daily Essentials 6 Daily Essentials 279 Which is the most important Avashyaka Pratikraman according to Shwetambar tradition? 280 Give at least 4 sutras recited during Pratikraman 18 papasthanak, 7 lakh, khamemi Savva Jive, and all samayik sutras as well 281 Name at least 4 sutras recited during Samayik Navkar, Panchindiya, Iriyavahiyam, Tassa Uttari, Karemi Bhante. Samaiya vaiya Jutto, Chattari Mangalam 282 Which Pratikraman is for the sins committed Devasi and Rai respectively during the day and which one is for the sins committed during the night? 283 | In Kshampna Sutra, how many species of Jivas or 84 lakh (8.4 million) lives, are asked for forgiveness? 284 | The pool of souls is known by this name in Nigod Jainism. It is also the lowest form of soul. 285 | What is the soul called who possesses earth as its | Prithvikaya body? 286 Rearrange the bold letters to get a Jain word. PUDGALASTIKAY Each letter must be used and may not be used more than once. I hurt APKAY souls to clean DUST off the little GAL Clue 1. It means joining and breaking away or 6 Dravyas 6 Dravyas 6 Dravyas 6 Dravyas Page #27 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ separating Clue 2. It is one of the universal substances. Shwasoshwas 6 Dravyas 287 Unscramble: WOASHSHSAHWHS: Clue: It is a pran 288 "There are plenty of good fruit on the ground, so let's eat them first." What type of leshyas is this 289 Which is best and worst Leshyas Shukla (white) Leshya 6 Leshyas The Krishna Leshya is the worst and the Shukla Leshya | 6 Leshyas is the best 6 Leshyas 6 Leshyas Best - Black/Krishna Leshya, Worst - white/ Shukla 6 Leshyas Leshya Black (Krishna) 6 Leshyas Black or Krishana 6 Leshyas 290 The thought process behind any actions? 291 Name the best and the worst leshya in English and Sanskrit. 292 What color Leshya am I? I show no compassion or mercy toward others, and burn with jealousy. I have ill will toward all. 293 Someone chops a tree to get fruit. What kind of Leshya or state of mind do they have? 294 | What is state of thought called which at the time of death determines next gati 295 Krishna, tejo, padma, and shukla are kinds of what? 296 | The example of Leshya or state of mind in which one collects and eats fruits fallen from tree. 297 | Which is the most desirable and least desirable Leshya? 298 Name any Three Leshyas 6 Leshyas 6 Leshyas Leshyas 6 Leshyas Shukla Leshya - white 6 Leshyas Shukla Leshya and Krishna Leshya or White and Black 6 Leshyas Shukla, Padma, Tejo, Krishna, Neel, and Kapot 6 Leshyas Page #28 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 299 How many types of leshyas are there? Name all of them. Also name the best and worst leshya. 6 Leshyas There are 6 types of leshyas. Krishna (black) leshya, Neel (Blue) leshya, Kapot (Gray)leshya, Tejo (Red) leshya, Padma (yellow) leshya, Shukla (White) leshya. Black is worst and white is best leshyas. Tejo Leshya (Red) and Shukla Leshya (White) 6 Leshyas 300 Name the two leshyas during which if any living being dies, it may be reborn as a human being 301 | Based on the intensity and the period of time Kashayas (passions) stay with the soul they are classified in four categories. Name any two of these. 8 Karmas 1) Anantanubandhi (life long) : 2) Apratyakhyani (non- renunciatory); 3) Pratyakhyani (partial renunciatory); 4) Sanjwalan (Flame like, totally renunciatory) 302 | 8 Karmas Kashayas (Passions) are classified into four levels of intensity. NAME ANY THREE OF THEM Anantanubandhi (Life-Long) Apratyakhyaniya (non- renunciatory) Pratyakhyaniya (partially renunciatory) Sanjwalan (totally renunciatory) Purushartha 8 Karmas Sanjvalan 8 Karmas Raag- Greed and Deceit, Dwesh - Anger and Ego 8 Karmas 303 | U ha rust harp - Clue: Of the 5 samvayas, the only one in our control 304 Name in the Indian langauge, the degree of intensity of a kashay which is as easy to get rid of as a line in the water. 305 What two categories are the Kashayas classified into? 306 How many attributes did Sri Mantungsuriji have? 307 Who was Changdev's Mother? 308 Who am I? I get" kevali", when I am a Childhood muni? 309 What was the childhood name of Acharya Hemchandra? 310 Which Acharya led King Kumarpal to accept Jainism and spread Vegetarianism in Gujurat? 36 Pahini Aimutta Muni Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Changdev Acharyas Acharya Hemchandracharya Acharyas Page #29 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas 317 Acharyas 318 Acharyas 311 | A great composer of numerous Jain texts lived Acharya Kundkunda around this time - 100 AD 312 This Jain Acharya composed 1444 Jain Hari Bhadra Suri compositions OR books. 313 Name him: people called him Kalikal Sarvajna. Hemchandracharya 314 He was the mentor (Dharma Guru) of King Hemchandracharya Kumarpal 315 He impressed Emperor Akbar who issued Hirvijaysuri proclamation forbidding slaughter on certain days. 316 Who was the last omniscient (kevali) in this time Jambuswami cycle in Bharat Kshetra? | Though he stayed at a dancer's place, he was able Sthuli Bhadra. to spend 4 months in meditation. Name this person He was probably the first Jain scholar to write on Acharya Haribhadra Suri Yoga. Yogabindu, Yoga-Vinshika, Yoga-Shatak and Yogadrashti Samuchhaya are some of the leading compositions by this great Acharya. Name this Acharya born around 6 century AD 319 Jambu (Jambuswami) got married to the 8 wives, | That he would become an ascetic the day after his but with what condition? marriage. 320 Name any 5 books composed by Kunda Junda Samay-sar, Pravachan-sar, Niyam-sar, Panchastikaya, acharya? Ashta-pahuda 321 Name the birth name of Gautam Swami. Indrabhuti Name the thief that came to steel at Prabhav theif Jambuswami's house that steel the night of his wedding? 323 Name this person: He was the head of the Jain Jambuswami order for 44 years, attained nirvana at the age of 80, and was the last omniscient of this current time cycle Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Page #30 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 324 Shri Anandghanji who was a great poet has composed 24 stutis in praise of 24 Tirthankas. What is the name of the stuti? 325 What did the baby Vajrakumar do to make Sunanda want to give him away? 326 What did the cowherd then do to Bhagwan Mahvir when he found out his cowherd were missing and why? 327 What has Acharya Kunda-Kunda been called out "Light of this Dark Age" of respect? 328 What was Acharya Kunda-Kunda in his previous A cow herder life? 329 Where and when was Acharya hemchandra born? 330 Who was Acharya Kunda-Kunda related to an acharya from past? 331 Why did the baby Vajrakumar want to take Diksha? 332 Name who wrote the Bhaktamar Stotra and in whose praise? 333 Name the person who wrote the Tatvarth Sutra 334 In the 19th century, who was the muni and poet of a devotional song in praise of the 24 Tirthankars? 335 Name any three of the following Jain Anandghana Chovisi monks/personages, in chronological order. Bhadrabahuswami, Bahu Bali, Yashovijay, Umaswami 336 Who was the head of the religious order about 160 years after Lord Mahavir's Nirvana in the Magadh region during the Nand dynasty. Also name the capital city. 337 Which famous stotra was recited by Cry Stuck nails in his ears He was born 1088 AD in Dhandhuka Bhadrabahu Swami As it was the right spiritual path for liberation Acharya Maantunga for Bhagwaan Adinath (Rishabhdev) Acharya Uma Swami (or Uma Swati) Anandganji Bahubali, Bhadrabahuswami, Umaswami, Yashovijay Bhadrabahuswami and Pataliputra. Bhaktamar Stotra Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Page #31 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Brahmi, Lonkashah, Shrimad, Kanji Swami Acharyas Chandragupta Maurya Acharyas Gautamswami Acharyas 341 Hemachandra Acharya, 63 Acharyas 342 Hemchandra Acharya, Sayyambhavsuri, Mantungsuri Acharyas Mantungacharya to break his shackles? 338 Name three of the following Jain lay personages in chronological order - Pujya Kanjiswami, Brahmi, Lonkashah, Shrimad Rajchandra 339 This Jain King who was a follower of Bhadrabahu Swami. 340 Solve the following riddle for 30 points in the first clue and 15 points in the second clue. Ist clue: Who am I? I am Brahmin. I have two brothers: Agnibhuti and Vayubhuti. 2nd clue: I was the first disciple of Lord Mahavir, and I had doubt about Jiva. Who was the writer of Trishasti Shalaka Purush and name the number of great personalities that the book describes? Name the authors of the following 3 books (in order): Sakalarhat, Dashavaikalik, Bhaktamar Stotra? 343 Between 1400 and 1500 AD, this man founded the Sthanakvasi sect of Jainism. 344 Name any two popular works of Shrimad Rajchandra 345 He was born in 1868, he heavily influenced Mahatma Gandhi and he wrote Atmasiddhishastra? He who wrote Mokshamala? 346 He composed Namorhat Siddhacharya Sutra. 347 Who is the author of Kalyan Mandir Sutra? 348 Which two Acharyas and where they held Jain conventions simultaneously around 97 AD? 349 Author of Das Vaikalika Sutra 350 All his works are written in an ancient dialect known as what? Lonkashah Acharyas Acharyas Moksha Mala, Atma Siddhi, Amulya Tattva Vichar, Apurva Avasar Shrimad Rajchandra Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Acharyas Siddhasen Divakar Suri Siddhasen Diwakar. Skandil Acharya in Mathura, and Nagarjun Acharya in Vallabhipur, Gujurat Svayambhu Suri Saureni Prakrit Acharyas Acharyas Page #32 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 351 What was AcharyaSiddhasen's major text which Shvetambar Jains value greatly today? 352 Solve this anagram using bold words. All letters SYAD VAD must be used at least once and may not be repeated: ANAGRAM: Mayur's DAD was born in VYAS gotra Clue 1) Mitesh and Mita both may be right. Clue 2) Multiplicity of viewpoints. 353 Anagram: V SAY DAD. Not a person or thing. Clue: Is a system of thought related to Anekantvad. 354 Which unique Jain principle allows for two 357 Name 3 types or category of souls who possess Avadhiyjnan since birth? 358 What is Avadhi-Gyan? 359 According to Jainism, there are how many ways truth can be stated? seemingly contradictory statements to be part of the complete truth? 355 What Jain principle does the story of the six blind Anekantvad men and the elephant illustrate? 356 What does Anekantvad mean? 360 What is the only type of karma bondage that cannot be undone and requires you bear the results? Sanmati- tark 361 The root cause for any incidence or situation to develop is a congruence of Five reasons that always work together. Name three of them. 362 True or False- God is neither the creator nor destroyer of the universe Syadvad Anekantavad It means that the truth has many facets Dev, Naraki and Tirthankar When the soul becomes aware of other worldly matters, even from a distance. 7 Nikachit Kaal [Time] Svabhav [Inherent nature of the thing) Niyati [Destiny] Prarabdha [Karma] Pursharth [Self effort] TRUE Acharyas Anekantvada Anekantvada Anekantvada I Anekantvada I Anekantvada I Anekantvada II Anekantvada II Anekantvada II Anekantvada III Anekantvada III Basics of Jainism Page #33 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 363 Concept of God in Jain Religion. God is not a creator, destroyer or preserver. Any body who destroys their karmas can become Siddha (god) Basics of Jainism In his 10th Bhav as Prince Megharath Conduct TRUE Dharma 364 In which of the past life did Shantinath Bhagwan attained tirthankar Naam Karma? 365 Is the following sentence true or false: There is no separate existence of God. Everyone can attain Godhood by making supreme efforts in the right direction. The ritual of bathing the newborn Thirthankar is symbolized by what Pooja? 366 Snatra Pooja 367 Which sutra is sung by Lord Indra in praise of the Namutthunam (Shakra Stav) tirthankars? Emblems, Dreams & Puja rituals Emblems, Dreams and Puja Rituals Emblems, Dreams and Puja Rituals Emblems, Dreams, Puja Rituals | What is the name of the dev who performed the Harinaigameshi act of transferring the fetus, in the Swetamber tradition? 369 Take the number of Gunastanas and subtract the | 14 - 6 Chandraprabhu, Moon number of internal austerities. Name that Tirthankar and symbol of that Tirthankar that corresponds to the number you get. 370 | Where in the universe is Simandar Swami present Mahavideh kshetra now? 371 Simander Swami This is one of the twenty Tirthankars in Mahavideh Kshetra. Emblems. Dreams, Puja Rituals Emblems, Dreams, Puja Rituals Emblems, Dreams, Puja Rituals Fundamentals Beliefs of Simandhara-swami. 372 | Rearrange the letters in bold to form a Jain word - MANHAR and AMISI OWN SWAD Restaurant. Clue: Name of a Tirthankar. 373 | Is the following sentence true or false: The universe has no beginning or no end. TRUE Page #34 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 374 The part of us that never dies? Soul Fundamentals Beliefs of J Gautam Swami Gautam Swami 375 Gautam-swami had special powers which he used Akshinmahanasi Labdhi (non-diminishing power) to serve 1500 hermits. Name it? 376 | What did mahavir swami say when gautam Attachment towards mahavir swami (Raag) swami asked why he could not attain moksha? 377 Gautam Swami attained Nirvan at what age and 92 in 515 B.C. era (year). 378 Which sutra is known as "Panchang Pranipat"? Khamasamana Gautam Swami 2 hands, 2 knees and forehead 379 Which 5 body parts need to touch the floor while reciting Khamasamana sutra? 380 Acharya Hemchandra was born in and city 381 This Acharya established Terapanthi sect 382 He was the mentor of King Akbar 1088 AD, Dhandhuka Acharya Bhikshu or Bhikku Acharya Hirvijay Suri Going to Temple Going to Temple Hemchandra History History and Literature Jain Festivals 383 Name any five of the Das-Lakshana. (As in Das Lakshana Parva) 1) Kshama-Forgiveness 2) Mardava-Humility 3) Arjava-Straightforwardness 4) Shaucha-Contentment 5) Satya-Truthfulness 6) Sanyam-Self-control 7) TapaAusterity 8) Tyag-Renunciation 9) Aparigraha (Akinchanya)-Detachment 10) Brahmacharya-Celibacy DASH LAKSHANA Jain Festivals 384 Digambar's celebrate which festival as cardinal virtues 385 What is Amari Pravartan? Jain Festivals It spreads the message of non-violence. It is one of the 5 duties of shravaks/shravikas during Paryushan 386 The process in which we go visit and pray in different Derasars in town in group is called? Chaitya Paripati Jain Festivals Page #35 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 387 List 3 major jain festivals Mahavir Jayanti, Paryushan/Dash Lakshana, Diwali Jain Festivals Jain Festivals Jain Festivals Jain Festivals 388 The fifth day from New Year when people Jnan Panchami perform pujas to worship and read Jain Agam scriptures and other educational materials is called? 389 Name the day on which Lord Adinath broke his Akshya Tritya by Prince Shreyans / Shreyanskumar. fast and had paarna after 13 months and 13 days. Who broke the fast? 390 Paryushan is most auspicious event of 8 days that Ayambil Oli (Shaswati eternal), Shripal & Mayna comes once a year, but there is another auspicious event of 9 days that occurs twice a year. Which one is that? Who were ardent followers? 391 In Navpadas, 5 pad are the Panch Parmesti. Darshan, Gnan, Charitra, and Tap Name the other four. 392 Name the auspicious Digamber festival following Das Lakshan. Kshama, Mardav, Arjav, Shaucha, Satya, Paryushan. Name any three specific days from it. Sanyam, Tapa, Tyag, Aparigraha, Brahmacharya Jain Festivals Jain Festivals Jain Festivals Jain Festivals 393 What is the festival in honor of Bhagwan Diwali, Gautam Swami Mahavir's Nirvan? Who attained kevalgnan the next day? 394 | In Shvetambar tradion, this sacred book is recited | Kalpa Sutra during Paryushana 395 Who was the lady whose husband was cured of Mayna Sundari, her husband's name - Raja Shripaal. leprosy by her penance? 396 Which festival do we celebrate on the day of New Year's Day (precisely the day following Diwali) attainment of Kevaljnan by Gautamswami? 397 | ANAGRAM: RUA PANSY? Clue - 1) Means Paryushan to "settle down" or to stay close to the soul 2) Time to concentrate on religious studies, apologizing for our misdeeds, fasting, and Jain Festivals Jain Festivals Page #36 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ unselfish work Shripal and Mayana Jain Festivals 398 Name the married couple from ancient Jain history, who were the devout worshipper of Siddha Chakra. 399 | What is the general meaning of "Paryushan"? 400 What does Diwali mean? Jain Festivals Jain Festivals To stay close or go back to one's soul The word 'Diwali' comes from the Sanskrit word, 'Deepavali'. 'Deep' means light and 'Avali' means a row, i.e. a row of lights. Parvadhiraj dukham-sukham kal Jain Festivals Jain History 401 | What is another name for Paryushan? 402 Which kal was Neminath bhagwan born in, Sukham-dukham kal or Dukham-Sukham kal? 403 Voluntary spiritual death when body is no more useful is called 404 path to liberation (Moksha), which consists of what three trinity Sanlekhana Jain Lay People Right perception ---Samyag Darshan, Right knowledge- Jain Path of -- Samyag Jnan, Right conduct --Samyag Charitra Liberation samyag darshan or right perception 405 If one doubts the tattva, which one of the three jewels of Jainism is the soul violating? 406 What are the 5 internal qualities of Samyak Darshan? Jain Path of Liberation Jain Path of Liberation Astikya - True Faith in Religion, Anukampa - Empathy towards all living beings, Nirved - Realize that World is full of sorrow, Samveg - Only desire left is to achieve Moksha, Upsham - Feeling of detachment towards worldly objects and relationships 407 Uppannei Va, Vigamei Va, Dhuvei Va Give the Tripadi in Indian language as expounded by Mahavir Swami that explains the phenomenon of appearance, disapperance and Jain Path of Liberation Page #37 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ persistence 408 Samveg, Nirved. Astikya, Anukampa, Upsham Jain Path of Liberation Name these two qualities of Samyak Darshan in Indian language respectively: Only desire left is to achieve Moksha, Realize that World is full of sorrow. Also list down the other three qualities Other name of Syadvad 409 Anekantvad (Theory of multiplicity point of view) Jain Principles 410 Samvay is the name given to the connection Time, own nature, karma, fate, self-effort (Kal, svabhav, Jain Principles between cause and actions. Name three of the karma, niyati, purushartha) five samavays. 411 The Kalpa Sutra describes this? The life of 24 Tirthankars, the conduct of lay people, Jain Scriptures and life of Acharyas. 412 A) How many Agams are according there to 45. Acharang Jain Scriptures Swetambers? B) Name the first one. 413 | What was the century when the Agams were 5th century Jain Scriptures written down for the first time? 414 a) What are the scriptures composed by Ganadhar a) Agam b) Ardhmagadhi or Prakrit Jain Scriptures called? b) What languages they are written? 415 Kalpsutra, name the writer of this one of the most Acharya Bhadrabahhu Swami Jain Scriptures sacred books of the Agam. What are the scriptures composed by the Agams, Ardhmagadhi or Prakrit Jain Scriptures Ganadhars called and what languages are they written in? 416 Page #38 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 417 Name four of the ten instincts listed in the agamas. Jain Scriptures Appetite (ahard samjna), Sex (maithun samjna), Possession (parigraha samjna), Anger (krodh samjna), Pride (mana samjna), Deceit (maya samjna), Greed (lobh samjna), Imitation (ogha samjna), Worldly desire (loka samjna) Devardhigani Jain Scriptures Dharsen or Gundhar Jain Scriptures Drashthivad. Jain Scriptures Jain Scriptures Niyamasar, Panchastikaya, Pravachansar, Samay-sar, Asta Prabhrtha or Pahuda NIYAMSAR 422 Jain Scriptures 418 As per Svetambar tradition Agams were first written 980 years after nirvana of Mahavir Swami under the leadership of this Acharya. 419 These Digamabar munis compiled the first texts of Digambar scriptures. 420 | Which 12th Agam Sutra is extinct and is said to contain the texts called 14 Purvas? 421 Name any three scriptures written by Kunda Kunda Acharya. Solve this anagram using bold words. All letters must be used at least once and may not be repeated: ANAGRAM: Solve the anagram using all the bold letters without repeating. 30 points without any clue, 20 points with 1st clue, 10 points with 2nd clue Before coming to convention, SAM and RIYANA went to the temple to pray. Clue 1. Sacred book Clue 2. Written by Kundkundacharya 423 Name the Jain ancient text expounded by Jain monk Kanji Swami in recent years. 424 | What was one of the written works of the poet Banarasi Das? Samaysar Jain Scriptures Samaysar Nataka Jain Scriptures Page #39 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Jain Scriptures 425 Name any three scriptures written by Acharya Kundakunda Name any 2 ancient book that ends with the letters s-a-r. 427 Recite the first line of the Tattvarth Sutra Samaysar, Asta Pahud, Niyamsar, Panchastikaya, Pravachansar Samaysar, Pravachansar, Niyamsar, Pancahastikaysar, Labdhisar, Gomatsar Samyag darsana jnana chartrani mokshamargh Jain Scriptures Jain Scriptures Shrut Kevali Jain Scriptures Uttaradhyana Sutra Jain Scriptures Bhadrabahuswami Jain Scriptures Kalpasutra, Uvasaggaharam Sutra Jain Scriptures None Jain Scriptures 45 Jain Scriptures 428 One, who has knowledge of all Agams but is not omniscient, is known as: 429 What is the last sermon of Mahavir entitled? It is also one of our agam. 430 Name the last shrut Kevali; the Jain monk who knew all the Jain scriptures in the present cosmic cycle. 431 Name two scriptures written by Bhadrabahuswami? According to Digambaras sects how many Agams are available at present? 433 According to Shewatambars how many Agams are available at present? 434 Agam that describes 5 great vows and 5 worst sins 435 Agam that describes the conduct and behavior of ascetic life: 436 Ang Agam that is lost (not available) 437 Bhagwan Mahavir's preaching's are compiled into several scriptures, collectively known as what? 438 | Jain scriptures compiled by Gandharas and shrut kevali is known as: 439 Monks and nuns have to study this sutra in the early ascetic life: Prashana vyakaran Jain Scriptures Acharang sutra Jain Scriptures Drashtivaad Agams Jain Scriptures Jain Scriptures Agams (total 45) Jain Scriptures Mool sutra Jain Scriptures Page #40 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 440 Name any 3 Mool sutras? Avashyak sutra, Das-vaikalik sutra, Uttaradhyayan sutra Jain Scriptures 441 Name the first and the last anga agams? Jain Scriptures First one is Acharang sutra and the last and the lost one is Drashtivaad sutra. Shatakhand agam, Kashaya-pahuda Jain Scriptures Sthulibhadra Jain Scriptures Mool-sutra Jain Scriptures Chedda-sutra Jain Scriptures 442 Name two scriptures followed by Digambar sects based on agam sutra. 443 Only Jain monk who had knowledge of 14 purvas: 444 Scriptures which provide a base in the earlier stages of the monkhood is called: 445 Texts relating to the conduct and behavior of monks and nuns are called: 446 Three places in India where you can find Agam temples: 447 | What agam does a sadhu/sadhvi have to know to become a ganipad? 448 what are 14 oral Jain texts called: 449 What are the categories of agams, how many are there in each one, and how many agams are there in total? Palitana, Shatrunjaya and Surat Jain Scriptures Bhagavati Sutra Jain Scriptures Purvas 11 Angs, 12 Upangs, 4 Mool Sutras, 6 Chhed Sutras, 10 prakirnas, and 2 chulikas: 45 agams in total Jain Scriptures Jain Scriptures 450 What does Acharang sutra contains? Jain Scriptures This Anga contains a subtle and sutra-style description of the pure conduct and thoughts of the Jain monks. 451 What does Ang-agam means? Teachings of Bhagwan Mahavir compiled by Gandharas Jain Scriptures 452 What does ang-bahay agam means? Expanded matters defined in the ang agams written by shrut kevali is called ang-bhay agam. Jain Scriptures 453 what does avashyak sutra contains? 454 what does Das-vaikalik sutra contains? All about 6 avashyaks It explains conduct of ascetic life Jain Scriptures Jain Scriptures Page #41 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 455 what does uttaradhayan sutra contains? Jain Scriptures It has preachings regarding religious principles and practices. Preaching regarding religious principles and practices 456 what does Uttaradhyayaan sutra conains? Jain Scriptures 457 Which Sutra includes the 5 Maha Vratas? Avashyak and Uttaradhyan Sutras are two of the Anga Bahya agams accepted by Digambar tradition - True or False 458 Avasha Acharanga Sutra FALSE. None of the 45 agams of Swetambar tradition are accepted. Instead, their main texts are Shatakhand Agam, Kashay Pahuda, Four Anuyogas Jain Scriptures Jain Scriptures 34, 21 and 14 Jain Scriptures 459 How many texts are accepted as Anga Bahya Agams per Swethambar, Sthanakvasi & terapanthi and Digambar traditions respectively? 460 Name at least 4 Anga Agams and 4 Anga Bahya Agams Jain Scriptures Anga Agam - Acharang, Bhagwati, Sutrakritang, Sthananga Anga Bahya - Dash Vaikalik, Avashyak, Kalpa sutra, Uttaradhyayan Sutra Skandil Acharya and Nagarjun Acharya respectively J ain Scriptures Devardhi-gani Jain Scriptures 461 Name the acharyas who convened the second vachana or convention of the Agams at Mathura and Vallabhipur respectively 462 | Traditionally Kalpasutra was recited only among Sadhus during Paryushan. However, it is now recited in public for over 1500 years, ever since this Acharya recited it to King Dhruvsen of Vallabhi to relieve the king's grief over the death of his son. Name the Acharya 463 Which sutra praises the teachings of the Tirthankars including Jain Agams 464 Which year did we 2500th year of Mahavir Bhagwan's Nirvan celebrations? What was the major jain book that got compiled and published during this year? Pukkhara-vara-di Sutra Jain Scriptures 1974, Saman Suttam Jain Scriptures Page #42 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Jain Symbols Jain Symbols Jain Symbols Jain Symbols Jain Symbols Jain Symbols 465 How many levels of hell are there? 466 | What is an island at the center of the middle Jambodweep region in the Jain universe? 467 Which part of the universe do humans exist on? | Madhya Lok 468 | The single lamp in Mangal Divo represents Keval Gyan which Gyan / Knowledge? 469 Give the meaning of Parasparopagraho Jivanam - It means all life forms are interdependent for their existence. 470 Which Jain Phrase declares that non-violence is Ahimsa Parmo Dharma the supreme religion? 471 What do the four ends of Sathio represent? Name Gatis - Dev, Naraki, Tiryancha and Manushya them? 472 As a Jain, what phrase should you use as a Jai Jinendra salutation or greeting? 473 Translate the following Sanskrit phrase into Non-violence is the supreme religion English: "Ahimsa Parmo Dharmah" 474 | What phrase, written on the Jain symbol, means Parasparopagraho Jivanam souls render service to one another? 475 Give the meaning of the following phrase: Paras- Souls render service to one another paro Pagraho Jivanam. 476 What does the symbol of the raised hand with the Stop and think about what we do before we do it, and word Ahimsa within it mean? make certain we commit no violence of any kind. Jain Symbols Jain Symbols Jain Symbols Jain Symbols Jain Symbols Jain Symbols Jain Symbols 477 Translate the following Sanskrit phrase into English: "Parasparopagraho Jivanam". 478 What does "ParasparagrahoJivanam" mean? The life forms are under obligation to or dependent upon one another All life forms are interdependent of each other." Jain Symbols Page #43 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 479 What does the "chakra" inside the hand symbolize? 480 What does the darpana symbolize? 481 What is the Jain word or symbol, also called as Seed Mantra that represents the invisible sound, infinity and divine energy of 24 Tirthankars. 482 Name any three objects within Ashtamangal 483 Who is the Mulnayak Bhagwan at Taranga in Gujarat? 484 Name the place and who is worshipped in Karnataka, where the maha-mastak-abhishek is performed every 12 years must be used at least once and may not be repeated: GOD HAS RAVEN LAB - Clue 1: Place of pilgrimage. Clue 2: It has the largest statue of Bhagvan Rushabhdev's son. The religion preached by the 24 tirthankars (24 spokes) | Jain Symbols consisting of nonviolence, compassion, anekaantvaad, aparigraha and the equality of all souls 489 A 57 feet statue of Bahubali is located in south India. Can you name the place? Seeing the reflection of your inner self/ seeing your true Jain Symbols soul. Hrim Jain Symbols 485 Name two of the people credited with building the temples on Mt. Abu. 486 Rearrange the bold letters to get a Jain word: SHIKHA MET Samir at a RASgarba. Clue: It is a pilgrimage place. 487 Even though it is not a place of birth or place of nirvan for any Tirthankar, it is the most visited Tirth in Gujarat. 488 Solve this anagram using bold words. All letters SHRAVAN BELGODA Swastik, Nandavart, Min Yugal, Vardhamanak, Bhadrasan, Darpan, Shrivatsa and Kalash Ajitnath Bhagwan Bahubali at Shravanbelgola King Tejpal, Vastupal and Vimal Shah Samet Shikhar Shatrunjay or Palitana Shravan Belgoda Jain Symbols Jain Tirths Jain Tirths Jain Tirths Jain Tirths Jain Tirths Jain Tirths Jain Tirths Page #44 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Vastupal, Tejpal, Vimal Shah Jain Tirths Adinath and Neminath respectively Jain Tirths 490 Name three builders of the marvelous temples on Mount Abu. 491 Give the main idols (mulnayaks) of Vimal vasahi and Lunaga vasahi temples of Mt Abu 492 Name any 3 very important jain tirths where the main idol is of Rishabdev 493 Pranatipat means Shatrunjay, Delwada (Vimal Vasahi), Ranakpur Jain Tirths Violence, hurting or killing any livingbeing Rati-Arati 494 When you have strong liking or disliking for something it is called 495 Maya Mrushavada means? Karma Philosophy II Karma Philosophy II Karma Philosophy II Karma Philosophy II Maliciuos lie. 496 How many different ways can one bind pap and name any four? 18 ways - Pranatipat, Mrushavad, Adattadan, Maithun, Parigraha, Krodha, Man, Maya, Lobh, Rag, .Dvesha, Kalah, Abhyakhyan, Paishunya, Rati-arati, Par-parivad, Maya-mrushavad, Mithyatva shalya 497 Non-acquisitiveness tendency is called this. Aparigraha 498 Name the four Kashaya Krodh, Maan, Maya, Lobh Karma Philosophy II Karma Philosophy II Karma Philosophy II Maya, Parparivada, Rag, Mrushavada (Asteya), Dwesh 499 Give the Sanskrit word for three of these five sources of sin: Deceit, criticism, attachment, untruth, and hatred. 500 If I say "I just don't believe in this whole Punya - Pap thing," which Papsthanak am I committing? 501 | What is the first cause of pap or sin as listed in 18 Papsthanak? Mithyatva. Karma Philosophy II Karma Philosophy II Pranatipat (Violence or Hinsa) Page #45 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 502 Name three paps that begin with the letter P in the Indian language Pranatipat, Parigraha, Paishunya, and Parparivada (violence, possessiveness, gossip, and criticism) Karma Philosophy II Karma Philosophy II Karma Philosophy II 503 Name any three categories out of 18 categories of Pranatipat, Parigraha, Paishunya, Par-parivad sources of sin (Pap sthanak) beginning with letter 'P' (Answer in Indian Language Only) 504 Solve this anagram using bold words. All letters Pranitipat must be used at least once and may not be repeated. PAT & PATI RAN Chicago marathon in a record time. Clue 1: Butcher Clue 2: First category of sin 505 Name the Paapstanak that was holding Raag, Rati, attachment, love, liking Guatumswami from Kevalgnan. 506 Give the literal meaning of 'Adattadan To take something that is not given to you. Krodh (Anger), Maan (Ego), Maya (Deceit), and Lobha (Greed) Mrushavad, Maithun, Maan, Maya, Maya Mrushavad, Mithyatva Shalya Karma Philosophy II Karma Philosophy II Karma Philosophy II Karma Philosophy II fig 507 Are the four Kashayas part of the 18 Papstanaks? If they are, name them. 508 Name any 4 Paps (sinful activities out of 18) whose name starts with the letter 'M' in the Indian language 509 Say you mix cheaper oil with expensive oil and you write its "Expensive Oil". What types of Papastanaks are you committing? 510 What is meaning of Abhyakhyana Mrushavad (Lying), Parigraha (Possessiveness), and Adatadaana (Stealing) Karma Philosophy II Accusation 511 What is meaning of Paisunya Gossiping or spreading rumor Karma Philosophy II Karma Philosophy II Karma Philosophy II 512 What is Par parivada means? Criticising Page #46 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 513 What is Papanubandhi Punya? Karma Philosophy II 514 How many different ways can one bind Punya? Name any four. While enjoying the fruits of Punya or wholesome Karmas, one may acquire Pap Karmas is called Papanubandhi Punya. 9 ways. Anna-punya (offering food), Pani-punya (offering water), Layan-punya (offering shelter), Shayan-punya (offering bed), astra-punya (offering clothes), Man-punya (good thinking). Vachan-punya (good words), Kay-punya (helpful activity), Namaskarpunya (paying homage). Karma Philosophy II All 8 karmas are Pap karmas while. 4 Aghati karmas are both Pap and Punya karmas Karma Philosophy II Papanubandhi Punya Karma Philosophy II Punyanubandhi Paap Karma Philosophy II 515 Name all the Karmas that can be classified as Punya Karma and name all the karmas that can be classified as Pap Karmas 516 Sometimes to acquire fame, social status, and power a person may involve virtuous activities. This is an example of which type of anubandh of Pap and Punya within the 4 fold classification? while suffering the consequences of past Pap or non-virtuous Karma, a person reflects that his miseries are the consequence of his past bad deeds or actions and he bears the miseries calmly and with a sense of detachment and objectivity. This is an example of which type of anubandh of Pap and Punya within the 4 fold classification? A soul interacts with only 8 types of matter or pudgal collectively known as what? 519 Give the three karmas that are destroyed within 48 minutes after the complete destruction of Mohaniya Karma Name any 3 Varghanas that are not visible to the ordinary soul? Karma Theory Gnanavarniya, Darshanavarniya and Antaray Karmas Karma Theory I Karma Theory I Karman, Man, Swachchoswas, Bhasha, Tejas and Aharak Page #47 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Karma Theory I Karma Theory I 521 Souls activities of mind, body and speech without Prakriti bandh and Pradesh bandh. Mithyatva, Kashays the involvement of passion are responsible for and Leshyas are responsible for Sthithi and Ras these two types of bandh, name them. 522 The bodies of manushya, Tiriyanch are made of Audarik varghana this varghana, name it 523 The four kashays are part of which category of Charitra Mohaniya Mohaniya Karma? 524 Who wrote Anandghana Chovisi? Shri Anandghanji 525 This Stotra is accepted by both Digambar and Bhaktamar Stotra Shvetambar Jain sects. Karma Theory I Literature Major Traditions & Sects Major Traditions & Sects 526 Name the year in which Lonka Shah started a 1451 AD; (1400 or 1500 AD is also acceptable) - He new sect in opposition to the prevailing started a new Jain sub-sect of Sthanakavasi corruptions in the temples. What was the century when the Sthanakvasi sect | 15th century formed? 527 19th Mallinath Bhagvan, 22nd Neminath Bhagvan. 528 According to the Swetambar tradition, two Tirthankars never got married. Give their names. Upashray/ Sthanak 529 Some sects in Jainism do not worship idols in temple. Where do they meditate instead? Major Traditions & Sects Major Traditions & Sects Major Traditions & Sects Major Traditions & Sects Major Traditions & Sects Major Traditions & Sects Marudevi Mata (Shwetamber) & Bahubali (Digambar) 530 Name the first person who attained Moksha according to Shwetamber & Digambar tradition. 531 | According to Digambar tradition, name any four tirthankar's who never got married. | Mallinath, Neminath, Vasupujyaswami, Parshwanath, Mahavirswami 532 Name the Tirthankars who never married. Neminath and Mallinath Bhagawan Page #48 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 533 Name the two main sects of Jainism. Shevtambar and Digambar Major Traditions & Sects Major Traditions & 534 Name the most commonly performed puja by Swetambar sect and Digambar sect. Swetambar Sect: Snatra Puja Digambar Puja: Dev Shastra Guru Puja Sects Terapunti 535 | What is a new sect of Stanakvasi started by Acharya Bhikshu? Major Traditions & Sects Major Traditions & TRUE 536 Digambar Terahpanth sect observe idol worship - True or False? Sects 537 Give the 3 main sub-divisions of both Swethambar and Digambar Traditions Swethambar - Murtipujak, Sthanakvasi and Terapanthi Digambar - Bisapanth, Terahpanth, Taranapanth Major Traditions & Sects Bhaktamar Stotra, Tattvartha Sutra, Navakar Sutra 538 Name at least two sacred books or stotras that are common to both Swethambar and Digambar traditions? 539 Terapanthi Sect was established by which Acharya and is part of which major Jainism sect? Acharya Bhikhu & Swethambar Tradition Major Traditions & Sects Major Traditions & Sects Major Traditions & Sects Math Lonkashah 540 Which Swethambar sect was established by a scholarly householder? 11 Gandhars X 3 Jewels = 33-25 attributes = 8th Dream Flag 541 Name the dream of Mother Trishla. Multiply the number of gandhars of the tirthankar whose symbol is the lion by the number of jewels, and then subtract the number of attributes of an upadhyas. Page #49 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 542 Subtract the total number of jewels from the total number of a shravak's vrats. Tell which Tirthankar in the present life cycle corresponds to that number, and give the corresponding emblem. 543 Subtract the number of yati-Dharmas from the number of Parishaha-jays and name the nirvana place of the Tirthankar that corresponds to this number. 544 Take the number of attributes of Upadhyays and subtract the number of Avashyaks, and name the symbol of the corresponding Tirthankar. 545 Subtract total number of Leshya from total number of attributes of Sadhu. Give the corresponding Tirthankar's name and symbol. 546 Name the place of moksha for the corresponding tirthankar. Divide the number of attributes of Sadhu/Sadhvis by the number of guptis. Add the number of Bhavnas. 547 What is the Lanchan (Emblem) of the Tirthankar by subtracting the number of qualities of a Sadhu from the number of qualities of an Acharya & then by adding the number of qualities of an Arihant? 548 Take the number of samitis, multiply it by the number of ghati karma, and name the Tirthankar and symbol of the Tirthankar that corresponds to the number you get. 549 Add the total number of Samitis to the total number of jewels and give the name and the emblem of the Tirthankar which corresponds to that number. 550 Give the name of this Tirthankar by adding the number of dravyas to the number of Abyantar 12-3=9. Suvidhinath Bhagvan, Crocodile. 22 Parishaha 10 Yati-Dharmas = 12th Tirthankar a Vasupujya Swami a Champapuri 25 attributes of Upadhyays - 6 Ayashyaks = 19th Tirthankar a Mallinath a Vase 27-6=21, Naminath, Symbol is Blue Lotus 27 Attributes/3 Guptis = 9+12 Bhavnas = 21 = Samet Sikhar for Lord Nami Nath. 36-27+12=21 Blue Lotus (Naminath) 5*4=20 a Munisuvrat Swami, Tortoise 5+3=8. Chandraprabhu Swami, Moon 6+6 +7 19 a Mallinath Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Page #50 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Tapa to the number of Narkis? 551 Name the next three Tirthankar in this (15) Dharmanath (18) Aranath (21) Naminath Math mathematical series...3,6,9,12 552 Take the number of types of Punya and add it to 9 Punya + 14 (Anantnath-hawk) = 23-Parshwanath = Math the numerical number of the tirthankar whose Vamadevi symbol is hawk. Name this tirthankar's mother. 553 Multiply the number of Samitis with the number Dharmanath Math of Guptis. The Answer corresponds to which present cycle Tirthankar? 554 Subtract total number of virtues of Upadhyaya Hippopotamus (Gendo) (36 - 25 = 11. Shreyans Nath) Math from total number of virtues of Acharya. Name the symbol of the corresponding Tirthankar. 555 This is a math problem. Take the number of Munisuvrata Swami. Symbol - Tortoise (4 x 5 = 20) Math Ghati Karmas, mutiply by the number of samitis. Give the name of the corresponding Tirthankara and his symbol. 556 Multiply number of Samiti with number of Gupti; Samet Shikhar. (5x3, Dharmnath) Math name the corresponding Tirthankar's Nirvana place. 557 Subtract number of Gatis from number of total Chandraprabhu Swami, Symbol - Moon (12-4=8) Math Vratas of Shravak. Give the corresponding Tirthankar's name and symbol. 558 This is a math problem. Take the number of Suvidhinath or Pushpadanta. Symbol - Crocodile. (5+4 | Math Anuvratas, add the number of Kashayas. Give = 9) the name of the corresponding Tirthankara and his symbole 559 Multiply total number of Guptis with total Swastik (Sathio) (3 x 5 = 15 - 8 = 7 Suparshva Nath) Math number of causes of Samvyas, then subtract total number of categories of karma. Name the corresponding Tirthankar's symbol Page #51 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 560 Multiply the main causes of Ashrava (Inflow of karma) with number of Gatis. Name the symbol of corresponding Tirthankar. 561 Multiply the numbers of Jnan Tirthankars are born with, by the number of Mahavratas. Name the emblem of a Tirthankar corresponding that number. 562 How many types of hardships are there in life 563 How many fundamentals or tatvas in Jainism? And name only the desirable ones. 564 What is the process by which karma are eliminated through normal fruition and without self effort? 565 This is a second cause for Asrava. It means not taking any vows to abstain from sinful activities. 566 Give three divisions of the Navtattva. 567 What is Ashrav and name any 4 causes of Ashrav? 568 For 5 points for each correct Answer, list five of the nine Tattavas. 569 Name the five causes of ashrav 570 Nav Tattvas (Nine fundamentals) may be divided in three groups. One of them is 'worth abandoning or Heya. Name three Heya tattvas Tortoise (5 x 4 = 20. Munisuvrata Swami) Vajra or Thunderbolt (5x3, Dharmnath) 22 (Parishahas)? 9 tatvas. Punya, Samvar, Nirjara, Moksha Akam Nirjara OR Saripat Nirjara Avirati or Non-abstinence or Vowlessness. Hey (To be Discarded), Gney (To be Known), Upadey (To be Acquired) Influx of Karma, Mithyatva (wrong perception), Avirati (lack of restraints), Pramad (laziness), Kashay (passions), Yog (activities - Man Vachan, Kaya Yog) Math Pap (sin), Ashrav (inflow of karma) and, bandh (bondage of karma). Math Nav Tattva Nav Tattva I Nav Tattva I Nav Tattva I Nav Tattva I Nav Tattva I Jiv, Ajiv, Punya, Paap, Ashrav, Samvar, Bandh, Nirjara, Nav Tattva I Moksh Mithyatva, Avirati, Pramad, Kashaya and Yoga Nav Tattva I Nav Tattva I Page #52 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 571 What are the three of the five causes of Ashrav (of karmas)? 572 Out of the five causes of bandh given here in random order namely yoga, avirati, mithyatva, pramad, and kashay which one is removed last in spiritual progress? 573 Of the 9 Tattvas, one tattva is considered Upadeya for the beginners while it is considered Heya for spiritually advanced. Name this tattva 574 Some literatures define Punya and Pap tattvas as part of which other tattva and hence not counted separately making it only 7 tattvas? Name that tattva Wrong Belief (Mithyatva) Vowlessness/ Non-abstinence | Nav Tattva I (Avirati) Negligence (Pramad) Passions (Kashay) Activities (Yoga) 576 What is the ritual of repentance called? 577 Name any four external austerities. Yoga Punya Tattva Ashrav, since Punya and Pap are result of the Ashravs 575 Answer each of the following 1) Name the Tattva 1) Ashrav 2) Nirjara which indicates the influx of any karma. 2) Name the Tattva which means the destruction of karmas. Prayashchitta 1) Anshan (fasting), 2) Unodari (partial fasting), 3) Vrutti sankshep (limiting number of food items consumed) 4) Ras tyag (Not eating or limiting tasty foods) 5) Kayaklesh (Physical forbearance) 6) Sanlinta (control of senses) 578 Name the austerities in the original word - 1) One 1) Attham 2) Sanllekhna observes fast for consecutive 3 days. 2) One embraces voluntary death by abandoning food and water, while being in a continuous state of meditation, when the end of life is very near due to the old age or incurable disease. Nav Tattva I Nav Tattva I Nav Tattva I Nav Tattva I & II Nav Tattva II Nav Tattva II Nav Tattva II Page #53 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 579 Name the austerities in the original word - 1) One | 1) Navakarsi 2) Atthai 3) Sallekhna or Anasan must take food or water only after 48 minutes after the sunrise. 2) One observes fast 8 days. 3) One embraces voluntary death when the end of life is very near due to the old age or incurable disease 580 How many sub-categories of samvar are there? 581 Which Bhavna gives the realization that our body is made up of impure substances & one should discard attachments to our bodies? According to the Swetamber tradition, which Tirthankar is a perfect example of who realized this Bhavna in the last life? 582 Name the six internal austerities 583 During Paruyshan many people take part in fasting. What is a complete fast for eight days known as? 57 Asuchi Bhavna, Mallinath 586 Name the vow in which after sunset no food or water is taken until next day morning after Sunrise Atonement (Prayashchit), Respect (Vinay, humility), Serving others (vaiyavrutya, selfless service), Scripture study (Swadhyaya), Dhyan (meditation), Vyutsarga (Kayotsarga, abandonment of external and internal aspects). Atthai 584 This is the specific name for a bahya-tap in which Ayambil spice, salt, sugar and oil are avoided in food. 585 Give the meaning of bandha; moksha; samvara; nirjara bondage; liberation; stoppage of influx; removal of karma Chovihaar Nav Tattva II Nav Tattva II Nav Tattva II Nav Tattva II Nav Tattva II Nav Tattva II Nav Tattva II Nav Tattva II Page #54 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 587 What is Nirjara and name 4 internal (abhyantar) types of austerities. 588 Name one of the Bhavana or Contemplation where one remains neutral or uninvolved. 589 Name 4 of the 5 samitis 590 What is Eshna Samiti: 591 Name this bhavna where we offer support to the helpless and weak? 592 Name in the Indian Language Only.-. A kind of internal austerity, in which one abandons external or internal objects. 593 Name four of the ten yati dharma. Provide the English and Indian versions 594 What is the name, in the Indian language, of the bhavna which tells us to stay neutral; for example, even after our best efforts to advise, one Destruction (eradication) of Karmas. 1) Prayaschhit (Repentance), 2) Vinay (Respect), 3) Vaiyavrutya (Service), 4) Swadhyay (Self-study), 5) Dhyan (Meditation), 6) Kayotsarga (abandonment) Indifference or Madhyastha Bhavna Irya Samiti, Bhasha Samiti, Eshana Samiti, Adana Nikshepa Samiti, Utsarga or Parishtha-panika Samiti It is about the carefulness to be observed while getting alms. Karuna bhavna or contemplation of compassion Kaussagga or Kayotsarg Nav Tattva II Madhyasta Nav Tattva II Nav Tattva II Nav Tattva II Nav Tattva II Nav Tattva II Kshama (forbearance, forgiveness), Mardava (modesty, Nav Tattva II humility), Arjava (straightforwardness, candor), Shaucha (contentment), Satya (truthfulness), Samyam (self-restraint, control of senses), Tap (austerity, penance), Tyag (renunciation), Akinchanya (nonattachment),Brahmacharya (celibacy, chastity) Nav Tattva II Page #55 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ does not follow the right path? 595 What are the 4 bhavnas? Nav Tattva II Maitri (Friendship),Pramod (Appreciation), Madyasta (Neutrality), Karuna (Compassion) 596 Name three guptis or restraints. 597 Name the three guptis. Man, Vachan, Kaya Nav Tattva II Man Gupti (control over mind), Vachan Gupti (controlNav Tattva II over speech), and Kaya Gupti (control over body) Nav Tattva II Nav Tattva II Nav Tattva II Nav Tattva II Nav Tattva II 598 | Among the tattvas which is the most desirable? Moksha 599 What activity must be purified when practicing Moving or walking irya samiti? 600 Name the austerity, in which one can eat or drink | Navakarsi no sooner than 48 minutes after the sunrise. (Answer in Indian Language Only) 601 The concept analogous to cleaning up Nirjara accumulated dust in the house 602 Name the Bhavna which praises or delights over Pramod Bhavna, Appreciation the virtues of others as a state of experience of real joy for those who possess higher and superior qualities. 603 Give the meaning of the word upvas. stay closer to the soul 604 If you stop eating before you are full, what type Unodari Vrata of vrata is this called? 605 Name this penance where a householder or a Varshi tap monk observes fast every other day for a year. 606 Name any 4 external austerities Anshan (fasting), Unodari (partial fasting), Vrutti Sankshep (Limiting no. of food items consumed), Ras Tyag (not eating or limiting tasty foods), Kayaklesh (Physical forbearance), Sanlinta (control of senses) Nav Tattva II Nav Tattva II Nav Tattva II Nav Tattva II Page #56 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Prayaschitta, Vinay, Vaiyavacch or Vaiyavrutta and Swadhyay Nav Tattva II 607 During Dhyan, one contemplates and meditates on the nature of the soul after acquiring four other virtues or internal Taps? Name all the four 608 Jainism explains that on a path of spiritual progress a person should remove the previously acquired karma before their maturity. What is this type of Nirjara salled? Nav Tattva II Akam Nirjara. When it happens naturally when we wait for karmas to produce their results at the time of their maturity is called Sakam Nirjara Sanlinata Nav Tattva II 610 Tan Val Kshama, Sanyam, Tap Nav Tattva II (Federation of) Jain Assocations In North America Other 609 Sitting in a lonely place in various postures, with all the senses and mind withdrawn inwardly and giving up the pleasures of the five senses and the mind is what kind of Tap? | Tap, Vaiyyavrutta, Vinay, Kshama and Sanyam. Out the above five, list the virtues as listed under 10 Yati dharmas 611 | This is the full form of acronym JAINA (capital letters). 612 The Answers to the following questions start with the letter C 1) Name of the snake that bit Mahavir Bhagwan 2) Name of the princess who broke Mahavir Bhagwan's fast 3) One of the three jewels. Samyak 4) One of the eight attributes of Arihant, created by heavenly Gods. 5) Birthplace and Nirvana of Vasupujya Swami 6) A kind of Pratikraman performed every four months. Other 1) Chandakaushik 2) Chandanbala 3) Charitra 4) Chamar 5) Champapuri 6) Chaumasi Page #57 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 613 All Answers start with "K" 1) Anantakaya vegetables that grow underground 2) He is the 17th Tirthankar of the present cycle. 3) It is used to pour milk or water to bathe the Tirthankar idol. 4) This very famous Hindu God, according to Jain belief, is going to be a Tirthankar in the next time cycle. 5) This is the ultimate knowledge. 6) The auspicious events occurring in a Tirthankar's life are called what? 7) One type of Kashaya. 8) An imaginary wheel of time. 9) It is a type of internal penance or Abhyantar tap in which you immobilize your body and meditate. 10) He is the rain god who tried to drown Lord Parshwanath. 11) A sacred book written by Bhadrabahuswami which is read during Shvetamber Paryushan. 12) A great Sadhu and a writer from the Digamber sect in the 1st Century AD. 13) They are the main cause of the cycle of birth and death and they are 8 in number. 1) Kandamul 2) Kunthunath 3) Kalash 4) Krishna 5) Kevalgnan 6) Kalyanak 7) Krodh 8) Kaalchakra 9) Kausagga 10) Kamath 11) Kalpa Sutra 12) Kundkundacharya 13) Karmas Other Page #58 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Other 614 The Answers to the following questions have a 1) Muhapatti 2) Paroksha Gnan 3) Parishaha 4) Bhog. "Pa", as in aparigraha 1) Some monks carry it to Upabhoga Vrata 5) Parigraha 6) Kalpa Sutra 7) assist their vow of nonviolence. Laymen use it parmanu 8) Manah-Paryaya Gnan 9) Pushpa-Vrusti for the same purpose during rituals. What is this | 10) Patliputra square piece of white cloth? 2) Shrutagnan and matignan are categorized together in this category of knowledge that is acquired by means of the physical world. 3) It is not reassuring to know that all of these can not occur simultaneously. Any one would be a challenge and sadhus and sadhvis must bear them with equanimity. Name this means of stopping the inflow of karma. 4) A householder who gleeify hordes goods and gluttonously consumes food violates which gunavrata? 5) This is one of the 18 paapasthanak or sources of sin. It refers to not only attachment to but also to excessive hoarding of worldly goods. Name this behavior that should be avoided. 6) What scripture detailed accounts of the lives of several arihants, including Neminath, Parsvanath, and Mahaviraswami? 7) What is the smallest unit of matter? 8) What direct form of knowledge allows one to know the thoughts and emotions of others? 9) Arihants have 8 attributes relating to heavenly beings. Which one is the continuous shower of fragrant flowers that accompanies a tirthankar? 10) It once served as the capital of the Magadha empire. During that time, a council of Jain monks was organized by Acharya Sthulibadhra to organize the knowledge of the agams. Name the city. Page #59 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 1) Nikaachit karma 2) Nigod 3) Nirved 4) naam karma Other 5) Nirvaan kalyanak 6) Nirjara 7) Nam 8) Naivedya 9) Nirgranth 10) Nandivardhan 615 All the Answers to the questions start with the letter "N" 1) Even tapa can not eradicate this class or type of karma 2) Single body having infinite souls 3) One of the qualities of a samyag drishti - lack of affection towards worldly things and relationships 4) That karma which determines the characteristics of physique 5) One of the panch kalyanak 6) Name the tattva. 7) Name the karma. 8) Name food offered to deity. 9) Another word for muni who has no internal or worldly bondage. 10) Name Mahavir Swami's brother Other Other Vegeterians who don't use even dairy products. 1) Paryushan 2) Pratikraman 3) Prayashchit 4) Poushadh 5) Panch Parmesthi 6) Panchendriya 7) Parvartana or Pruchhana 8) Pran 9) Paryapti 10) Patliputra 616 Who are vegans? All the Answers to the questions start with theletter "P". 1) Chaitya Pari Pati, Sadharmik Bhakti, Attham - all occur during which festival 2) To turn back from one's sins from all sides 3) An internal austerity that deals with repentance 4) One type of Shiksha Vrat 5) The beings represented by the 5 divas in the aarti 6) Subdivisions of this life type can be sangni and asangni 7) A division of Swadhyay 8) The 10 types of vitalities 9) 6 powers all souls can possess 10) A convention took place here under the leadership of Sthulibhadra Page #60 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 618 The Answers to the following questions start with the letter "S" 1) He wrote 800 letters which chronicle his spiritual development. In 1896, he wrote about his view of Jainism to his friend Sobhagbhai 2) Name the mahavrat? 3) Name the dream that indicated that Queen Trishala's son would reform and restorn religious order. He would also remove blind faith and orthodox rituals. 4) As per his instructions, the killing of animals in the city would be stopped. 5) He was the 11th Tirthankar and his symbol was the rhinoceros 6) The prayer wishing happiness and peace for all living beings 7) Accumulated karmas that are not currently operative 8) The Murtipujaks were the original sect of which group? 9) This karma is caused by unnecessarily grieving, and weeping and making others do the same and this results in grievous nature in one's life 1) Shrimad Rajchandra 2) Satya (truthfulness) 3) Smokeless Fire 4) King Shrenik 5) Shreyansnath 6) Shanti Path 7) Sanchit 8) Shvetambars 9) Shoka Mohaniya Karma Other Page #61 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 619 The questions to all Answers begin with the letter 1) Mithyatva 2) Mallinath 3) Mrushavada, Maithun, "M" 1) One of the five causes of Ashrava Mana, Maya, Maya- Mrushavad, Mithyatva Shalya, (inflow of Karma) 2) According to Shevambar (Only two names are required) 4) Madhya Loka 5) belief this the only female Tirthankar. 3) Two of Maitri Bhavana, Madhyastha Bhavana 6) Man, Maya the eighteen categories of sources of sin. 4) Only | 7) Metarya Muni 8) Mahavideha Kshetra 9) Matthen Loka, from where one can attain Moksha 5) One Vandami 10) Michchami Dukkadam 11) Man Gupti of the four categories of Bhavana 6) Name of 12) Muha Patti 13) Man (Mind) 14) Mohaniya 15 ) Kashay 7) This Muni attained Moksha, by Moksh saving a life of a bird, which swallowed golden grains. 8) A place where there is always a living Tirthankar present 9) You say this phrase, when you greet a Shvetambar Sadhu/Sadhvi 10) What you say after Samvatsari Pratikraman 11) One of the name of the Guptis 12) A piece of white cloth, you keep in front of mouth while performing Samayika 13) Name the sixth sense 14) Name the karma 15 )Name the tattva 68 Other 620 How many letters do the 9 padas of Namokar Mantra have? 621 Recite 7th Pada (line) of Namokarmantra and explain the meaning of that line. Other Savva Pava Panasano - May such prayer help diminish all my negative vibrations and sins. Aguru Laghu Other 622 Anagram: HA GUVUL RAG is not a place or a thing. Clue 1: It is a quality of Siddha soul. Clue 2: Means neither high nor low 623 Name three different people who have some connection to an elephant. 624 Anagram: YA NEAT RAVEN is not a bird or a person. Clue 1: It is a quality of Siddha souls Clue 2: Means infinite energy Ajitnath, Meghkumar, Marudeva, Bahubali Other Anant Veerya Other Page #62 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 625 Other 1) Shrava-Indriya or Shrotra-Indriya 2 Siddhartha 3) Samyag-darshan-jnan-charitrani Mokshamargah 4) Samsara and Samvar 5) Swami Vatsalya or Samvatsari Pratikaman 6) Sthulibhadra 7) Simander Swami and Subahu Swami 8) Samvaya 9) Sayyambhavsuri 10) Shukla Leshya (white) The Answers to these questions start with the letter "S" 1) Name the pran or vitality which refers to the ability to hear 2) He had a son born in Kshatriyakund 3 ) Recite the first sutra of the Tattvartha Sutra? 4) Name the two bhavnas 5) Name one essential activitiy that Shravaks and Shravikas should perform during Paryushan 6) Name he who is praised in the stuti/stavan that starts like "mangalam bhagavan viro" 7) Name the tirthankars present in Mahavideh Kshetra 8) What is the generic name to the group of five causes that are associated with every situation or event? 9) Who wrote the book- Dashavaikalik? 10) The example of Leshya or state of mind in which one collects and eats fruits fallen from a tree Name another Indian religion, which arouse at the time Lord Mahavira.B41 Buddhism Other Page #63 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 627 All Answers start with the letter S 1) What is the 1) Sallekhana 2) Sambhavnath, Sumatinath, Other term for voluntarily fasting till death? 2) Name 5 Shreyansnath, Shantinath, Shitalnath, Suparshvanath, Thirthankars that begin with the letter S. 3) What (Suvidhinath) 3) Samayik 4) Samvar - stoppage of the is the Jain practice of focusing on auspicious influx of karma 5) status 6) Stavan 7) Samet Shikar, religious activity for a set amount of time to gain Shravan Belgola, Shatranjay, Shankeshwar 8) Sayogi equanimity? 4) Define and name the tattva that Kevali 9) Siddhachakra 10) Shrut Kevali 11) begins with the letter S. 5) What does gotra Siddhashila 12) Shravak or Shravika 13) Swastika 14) karma determine? 6)While performing Shravan Belgola 15) Samay 16) Siddharth Chatyavandana, this "S" must be sung to praise the Bhagwans. 7) What are 3 important Jain pilgrimage sites that begin with S? 8) Embodied Kevali Bhagawan at the 13th Gunastan is known as 9) The circular arrangement of Panch Parmesti and Pad is known as: 10) Acharya who has complete knowledge of Agam. 11) Place where liberated souls reside 12) Name for Housholders in the Sangh 13) Symbol representing the four gatis 14) Tallest standing statue of Baubali located in this town 15) Smallest unit of time as described in Jain scriptures is known as: 16) Mahavir Swami Bhagwan's father's name was. List 3 groups with 4 members in each, and list the 1) Gati (Dev, Manushya, Tiryancha, Naraki), 2) Sangha Other members also. Example: Dhyan (Arta, Raudra, (Sadhu, Sadhvi, Shravak, Shravika), 3) Kashaya Dharma & Shukla) (Krodha, Mina, Maya, Lobha), 4) Dharma (Dina, Sheel, Tapa, Bhava) 628 629 I once said that animals are my friends and that I | George Bernard Shaw don't eat my friends. I am a British philosopher and scholar who loved Jainism so much that in my next life I hoped to become a Jain. Who am Page #64 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Other Other Other 630 Name the two Non-Vedic religions of India. Jainism, Buddhism 631 Rearrange the letters in bold to form a Jain word. Maha-videha Kshetra. KAVITA and MAHESH HEARD a nice sermon. Clue: It is a place where Tirthankar currently gives sermons. 632 Answers of all these questions start with letter | 1) Nirjara 2) Neminath 3) Naam Karma 4) Nay 5) "N" (Answer in Indian Language only) 1). One Nikachit 6) Niyati 7) Naivedya 8) Nissihi 9) Nav Pad of the Nine tatvas 2). He was to marry a 10) Nigoda 11) Niyamsar princess named Rajul 3). This kind of karma determines if one is to be born as a cow or a handsome prince 4). Jain word for only partial point of view 5). This kind of karma can never be eradicated 6). Jain name of one of the five samvaya 7). One of the dravyas used in Asta prakari pooja 8). This Jain word means to renounce worldly thoughts and activities 9). Siddhachakra depicts 10). Lowest form of life is known as 11). Kund Kundacharya is the author of this revered book 633 Uvasaggaharam Stotra is in the praise of this Parshvanath Bhagwan. Other Page #65 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 634 The Answers to the following questions start with a letter "A" 1) Name the 5th Mahavrata which means non-attachment to worldly things 2) It is one of the tapas or penances and is when one eats only once during the day with many restrictions such as very little spice in the food 3) It is one of the 6 substances or dravyas and means space 4) It is the karma which determines age or life span 5) Name the 14th Tirthankara 6) Name the Second Tirthankar 7) Medium of rest 8) Violation of a vrata 635 In 60 seconds, without using letters twice, list as many Jain words as you can in the original language from the word Pratikraman. (Spell the word out loud for the teams). Hand me the lists at the end of 60 seconds). 1) Aparigraha 2) Ayambil 3) Akaash 4) Ayushya 5) Anantnath 6) Ajitnath 7) Adharmastikay 8) Atichar Rati, Arati, Aarati, Karma, Mana, Prakrit, Krita, Karita, Pramana, Prana, Rama, Naraka, Naraki, Mati, Apa, Pranam, Kripa, Atma, Apta, Karman and many more 636 Name the four parts of the Jain community and a Sadhu, Sadhvi, Shravak, Shravika; Sangha term for the community or union itself (resp. in an Indian language) 637 Rearrange the bold letters to get a Jain word: If you didn't get any sleep last night and are too sleepy to Jain Bowl, you may want to visit GARY'S CHAI MART. Clue: One of the three jewels.B52 Samyag Charitra Other Other Other Other Page #66 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 1) Panch Parmesthi 2) Prakrit 3) Panch Kalyanak 4) Pavapuri 5) Punya 6) Panchendriya 7) Paap 8)Parshwanath 9) Pratikaman 10) Paryushan 11) Padmaprabha 12) Palitana 13) Prithvikay 14) Priyadarshana 15) Papasthanaks 16) Paishunya (Gossip) 17) Pratyek vanaspatikay 18) Palyopam 19) Pramad Pooja 20) Pudgalastikay 638 All Answers to the following questions start with the letter "P": 1) What are Arihant, Siddha, Acharya, Upadyaya, and Sadhu called? 2) In what language are Jain scriptures written? 3) What are the five auspicious events in a Tirthankar's life called? 4) In what city did Mahavir Swami attain Nirvana? 5) Influx of karma due to good activity is called what? 6) What is an animal with five senses called? 7) Influx of karma due to bad activity is called what? 8) What is the name of the 23rd Tirthankar? OR According to historians, which Tirthankara is most depicted in statues and images? 9) An activity done in the morning and in the evening to get rid of paap karma is called what? 10) This Swetamber festival translates to stay close to soul" it is also the important 8-day festival? 11) What is the name of the 6th Tirthankar? 12) What is the most famous and sacred place in Gujarat? 13) What is the soul called who possesses earth as its body? 14) What is the name of Mahavir Swami's only daughter? 15) These are known as the eighteen sources of sin? 16) This is one of the 18 categories of Papshanaks, other than Pranatipat. Answer in Indian language. Name one. 17 )Plant bodied souls are categorized in Sadharan Vanaspatikay and ........... 18) This is a Jain unit of time. 10^16 (10 to the power of 16) of these equals one Sagaropama. This also means an innumerable number of years. 19) Ashta Prakari and Snatra are types of this Jain practice or ritual 20) This is one of the six universal substances Page #67 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Other Shravak, Shravika, Sadhu, Sadhvi Sita, Draupadi, Kunti, Kaushalya Other 639 Name the constituents of the Jain Sangh. 640 Name three Jain Satis (revered women) who are also revered women in the Jain and Hindu Mahabharat and Ramayan? 641 List 3 groups with 3 members in each, and list the members also. Example - Ratnatraya (Jnan, Darshan, Charitra) Other Trikal Puja (Morning, Noon, Evening). Three Gupti (Mind, Speech, Body), Three Yoga (Mind, Speech, Body), Dharma Trayi (Ahimsa, Samyam, Tapa), Puja (Dev, Guru, Shastra), Three Karan (doing, getting done, consenting), Puja (Anga, Agra, Bhava), Tattva (Heya, Jneya, Upadeya), Tattva (Dev, Guru, Dharma). 642 All Answers start with a letter U (All Answers in Uttaradhyayan sutra. Utsarpini. Uvasaggaharam Stotra. Indian language). A scripture, which contains last Uppannei Va. (Vigamei Va, Dhruvei Va) Upadeya. sermon of Bhagawan Mahavir. The cycle of the Upavas. Upabhogantraya. Uday. Upadan. Upasham Kalchakra in which happiness gradually increases Unodari. with each ara. This sutra was written by the last Shruta-kevali. This phrase constitutes a part of Tripadi by Bhagawan Mahavir Some Tattvas that are worth attaining. A penance which means "To be in tune with the soul". A subdivision of Antaraya karma. Fruition of karma. According to theory of Syadavad for anything to happen these two things are needed. One is Nimitta and other is: The process of suppression of Karma and passions. It is a type of Bahya Tapa. 643 Virchand Raghavji Gandhi Other In 1893, a conference on World Religions was held in Chicago. This man from India traveled to USA to represent Jainism. Page #68 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Other 1) Ratna Trai - 3 2) Panch Parmesti - 5 3) Sapta Bhangi -7 4) Bar Vrat - 12 5) Shad Dravya -6 6) Bar Bhavna - 12 7) Adar Paapstanak - 18 8) Dwadush Ang - 12 9) Pancham Ara - 5 10)Trishasthi Shalakapurush - 645 Eso Pancha Namukkaro Savvapavappanasano Other 644 The Answers to these questions require both the number (either Indian or English) and associated category ONLY in Indian. Example - Nav Tattva or Nine Tattva. 1) These are represented as dots above the Swastik. 2) The Namaskar Mantra praises. 3) When Anekantvad is explained analytically, it is called? 4) All of the shravak's vows. 5) The elements of the universe. 6) These contemplations or meditational thoughts are part of Samvar. 7) The sources of sins. 8) The Ganadhars complied Bhagwan's messages into these main scriptures. 9) The trying times that we live in today is called? 10) The great personalities in our current avasarpini. By doing Namaskar to these 5 supreme beings. the sins are abolished. Recite the two lines of Namokar Mantra that holds this meaning 646 Name the two samvayas and gynans that start with the same letter. 647 Name the person who wrote Uvasaggaharam Stotra 648 Name who wrote the Kalyan Mandir Stotra and in whose praise? 649 Who composed Stotra, "Sansar Davanal Dah Niram?" 650 Word Arihanta is made up of two words. Name and explain them Arihanta has the most beautiful, powerful, and proportionally built body with auspicious birth marks. As he is full of compassion, his blood is white, like milk. Other Kaal (samvay) and Keval-gyan (gyan) Swabhav (smavay) and Shrutgyan (gyan) Acharya Bhadrabahu Other Other Acharya Kumkumchandra (Sidhasen Diwakar) for Bhagwan Parshwanath. Haribhadra Suri Other | 1) Ari means enemies 2) Hant means destroyer Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis 65 A riba Page #69 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 652 Give all twenty Five Attributes of Upadhyays 653 The process in which sadhus go to different householders and receive a small amount of vegetarian food from each house? 654 Jain monks and nuns always walk bare footed and continuously travel from one place to another, this is known as.... 11 Angas, 12 Upangas, 1 scripture of proper conduct, Panch 1 scripture of proper practice Parmesthis 659 Navkarvali represents total attributes of Panch Parmesti. 1) Tell the total number of attributes of panch permesthi. 2) Give the number of attributes of each Acharya and Sadhu. 660 Take the total number of attributes of Panch Parmesti, divide by the total number of ways to Gochari (Alms) Vihar (Travel) 655 Sadhus pluck their hair or they get the hair plucked by others. This is called? 656 The entire responsibility of the Jain Sangha rests Acharya on the shoulders of this person? 657 The Sanskrit word Om (Aum) is made up of five a, a, a, u, and m sounds and letter 658 Name many attributes does Siddha have? Name any 3? Loch 1)8 2)a. Infinite Knowledge- Anantgyan b. Infinite Perception-Anantdarshan Perfect ConductAnantcharitra c.Infinite Energy-Anantvirya d. Infinite Happiness-Avyabadh Sukh e. Immortality-Akshay Sthiti f. Formlessness-Arupipanu g. IndividualityAghurulaghutva 108, Acharya 36 attributes, Sadhu's - 27 attributes - 108/9 12 Vasupujya Swami Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Page #70 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ get punya. Give the Tirthankar whose name corresponds to that Answer. 661 In navpad how many Dev tatva and how many Dharma tatvas? Give them names? 662 List 3 major characteristics of Siddhas? 663 The place above which the Siddhas reside? 664 Ascetic who has learned, mastered and taught religious scriptures, follow them and is the head of the sangh 665 How many qualities does an Acharya have? 666 How many letters is the word OM made up of? What does each letter represent? Devtatva: 2 Arihant,Sidha Dharma Tatva: 4 Darsan,Gyan, Charitra, Tap Siddhas are liberated souls They are pure soul and does not possess a body They have ended the cycle of birth and death Attained Salvation No karmas are attached to them Siddha resides in the space called "Moksh" Siddhashila Acharya 36 Panch Parmesthis 5, 1st letter a Arihant, 2nd letter a- Ashariri, 3rd - Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Panch letter aa- Acharya, 4th letter u- Upadhyay, 5th letter m- Parmesthis Muni (Sadhu and Sadhavi) Panch Parmesthis Page #71 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 667 What is the very short form of Namokar Mantra and give explanation of all letters Panch Parmesthis OM - A, A, A, U&M A- Represents Arihanta A Represents Ashariri - Siddha who does not have physical body A - Represents Acharya U - Upadhyay M - Muni or Sadhu Sadhvis 668 Name the eight attributes of a Siddha Panch Parmesthis 1) Anant Jnan infinite knowledge), 2) Anant Darshan (infinite perception), 3) Avyabadh Sukh (Eternal Happiness), 4) Anant Charitra (Perfect Conduct), 5) Akshay Sthiti (Immorality), 6) Arupipanu (Formlessness), 7) Aguru Laghutva (No Status, neither heavy or light), 8) Anant Virya (Infinite energy) 669 Name the nav pads. Arihant, Siddha, Acharya, Upadhyay, Sadhu, Darshan, Gnan, Charitra, Tapa Arihanta-12, Siddha-8, Acharya - 36, Upadhyays - 25. Sadhu - 27 Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis 670 Navakarvali - 108 Beads of Rosary -Identify the number of virtues/attributes of each Paramesthi in Navakar Mantra. 671 Name any three attributes of an Arihant. Ashok tree, Dev Dundubhi, chamar, Sihnasen, Pushpa Vrushti, Chatra, Shihasan, Bhamandal Panch Parmesthis 672 Why do we have 108 beads in the Navakarvali? Because of 108 characteristics of Panch Parmeshti. Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis 673 Give the literal meaning of the word Arihanta Destroyer of inner enemies, namely four Kasyas or passions, which are: Anger, Ego, Deceit, Greed Page #72 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 674 Short version of panch parmeshthi mantra used many times during Shvetambar pujas 675 What is another word for ogho, a soft broom used Rajoharan by a sadhu. 676 In the Navakar Mantra whom do we bow down in Sadhus and Sadhvis fifth place? 677 Give three differences between a Siddha and a Tirthankar 678 What does the arc at the top of the Jain Universe symbol mean? 679 Where do sadhus and sadhvis live? Namo Arhat Siddha Achary Upadhyaay Sarva Sadhu Bhyaha 680 In contrast to God in most other religions, Jain Bhagwans and Kevalis have this unique characteristic which earns them the name Veetarag. Define Veetrag. 681 Name at least 4 Atishayas that are endowed by heavenly gods after Tirthankars attain Keval Gyan 682 Name the 5 great vows that sadhus and sadhavis take at the time of initiation. Answer in Indian language or English Siddha - no body, 8 attributes, does not establish sangh, no karma, lives in Siddhashila Tirthankar - has a body, 12 attributes, establishes sangh, 4 karma, lives in the world The siddhashila or abode of the siddhas Upashray/Paushadhshala Without attachment and hatred or with victory over attachment Simhasan, Bhamandal, Chamar, Chatras, Ashok Vruksha, Pushpavrushti, Dev Dundubhi and Divya Dhwani Ahinsa Mahavrata- vow of absolute Non violence Satya Mahavrata- vow of absolute Truthfulness Asteya or Achaurya Mahavrata- Vow of absolute Non stealing Bramacharya Mahavrata- Vow of absolute Celibracy Aparigraha Mahavrata- Vow of absolute Non attachment Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Page #73 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 683 Of the 108 attributes of the Pancha Parameshti, name the parameshtis who have the highest and the lowest attributes of this number 684 The Sadhu who has mastered all Agams Scriptures, all other philosophical systems and teach Jain scriptures to other Sadhus, Sadhvis and lay people is called what? 685 This is a two part question: What is called the vows of complete renunciation of worldly attachment practiced by the Sadhus and Sadhvijis? What is called the partial renunciation of worldly attachments practiced by Shravaks and Shravikas. 688 What Word Jain Sadhu Sadhvis say to devotees to give blessings and what it means? 689 Who is spiritual head/leader of the Jain congregation (Sangha) in the absence of Tirthankar? / Who bear the responsibility for the spiritual well being of the entire Jain Sangha. 690 What is an ancient measure of distance that measures approximately 8 or 9 miles? 691 This eightfold aspect of the lord's teaching is as beneficial as a mother's guidance. What is it called? Acharyas - 36 and Siddhas - 8 686 To attain the status of 'Ganipad', the Sadhus should have in-depth knowledge of this Sutra. Please name the sutra 687 What is the highest title can any Sadhu achieve? Acharya 692 Who attained Kevalgnan while walking on a tightrope to please the king? Upadhyay Mahavrat and Anuvrat Bhagwati Sutra Dharmlabh, may you attain spiritual prosperity Acharya Yojan Astapravachanmata or 3 guptis, and 5 samities Ilachi Kumar Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Panch Parmesthis Pancha Parmesthi Panchachar Sadhus/Sadhvis Page #74 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 693 What are we supposed to say when we see a Jain monk? Give the meaning of it. 694 What are Yati-Dharmas? Mathen vandami. I bow down my head to you and offer Sadhus/Sadhvis my reverence to you. They are religious virtues that Sadhu and Sadhvi's Sadhus/Sadhvis follow Panyas-pad Sadhus/Sadhvis 695 When a Sadhu obtains a comprehensive knowledge of all the agams, what is the title conferred upon him? 696 Name the 5 pap that valuate the 5 Anuvrat. Pranatipat, Mrushavad, Adatadaana, Maithuna, Parigraha Collection of spaces 697 What is Astikay? Shravaks and Shravikas Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances 698 What is Skandh? Any object, which has a mass of matter, is called Skandha. e.g. stick, stone, knife, a particle of sand 699 What is Skandh-Pradesh? Six Universal The smallest undetached portion of Skandha, which cannot be further divided, is called Skandha Pradesha. 700 One Yuga is equal to 5 years Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances 701 Name all five categories of Sthavar (Immobile) living beings 1) Prithvikay earth bodied); 2) Apkay (water bodied): 3) Teukay (fire bodied);4) Vayukay (air bodied); 5) Vanaspatikay (plant bodied) 702 One Avali equals to Innumerable Samays it is the time it takes to blink an eye) Dukham Kal;It is an Ara of unhappiness, which began a little over 2,500 years ago and will last for a total of 21,000 years.; Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances 703 What is the other name of 5th ara? Give its beginning and end Page #75 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 704 Name the four categories of Pudgala or matter. 1) Skandha (whole matter); 2) Skandha-desa (portion of matter): 3) Skandha-pradesa (smallest particle of matter); 4) Paramanu or Anu (atom); Six Universal Substances 705 How many years are left in this current ara? 18,500 years 21,000 years 706 | What is the duration of fifth or sixth Ara (time period)? 707 When did the 4th Ara end in this cosmic cycle? 3 years and 8 months after the nirvana of Mahavira. 708 One day is equivalent to how many muhurts? 30 Muhurts Aharak Body Ajiv or Pudgal 709 | The highly accomplished Sadhu can assume this type of body and travel huge distances with it. 710 | What is the name given to non-living matter in Jainism? 711 It is one of the 6 Dravyas or dravyas and means space712 Which name identifies the part of the universe containing no other substance? 713 Name any of the three unique qualities of Pudgal Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Akash Aloka or Alokakasha Color (Varn), Taste (Ras), Smell (Gandh),Sparsha (Touch) Dharmastikay 714 What is Jain word for medium of motion? 715 Which two aras are 21000 years in length Dukhum Kal (unhappy) and Dukham Dukham Kal (unhappy unhappy) or 5th and 6th ara Fifth Ara 716 According to Jain mythology, which time period do we live in? 717 Name any 4 dravyas. Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Jiv, Pudgal, Dharma, Adharma, Kal, Akash Page #76 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 718 Name the longest unit of time. 719 Soul, matter, and Time exist only in this kind of space. Name that space in the original word. 720 Name the non-living substances of the universe. 721 Human body is which one of six dravyas and which one of nav tattvas 722 What is the smallest unit of time? 723 Name the four forms of Pudgal 724 During which aras of the Jain Time Cycle can souls attain moksh? 725 Devas (Celestial beings) and Narakis (Infernal beings) have this type of body. 726 What dravyas are the visible ones, and which dravyas are the invisible ones? Kalchakra Lokakash Medium of motion, or Dharmastikay, Medium of rest, or Adharmastikay, Space, or Akashastikay, Matter, or Pudgakastikay or Pudgal, Time or kal. Pudgal dravya and Ajeev Tattva Samay Skandha (whole-mass), Desha (portion of mass), Pradesha (smallest part of matter), and Paramanu (atom) the 3rd and 4th aras Vaikriya Visible: material atoms (Pudgalastikay) Invisible: medium of motion (Dharmastikay), medium of rest (Adharmastikay), space (Akashastikay), and time (kal) 727 After destruction of all charitra mohaniya karma, Vitarag state the soul attains a passionless state. Name this state in indian language only 728 what is the duration of Dukham Sukham, Dukham and Dukham Dukham Kaals respectively? 729 How long is the fourth ara (DukhamSukham)? IKK Sagaropam - 42000 years, 21000 and 21000 years respectively 1*10^14 sagaropams - 42,000 years Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances Six Universal Page #77 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 730 Which aras do the Kalpa Vrikshas (wishing trees) provide luxurious items? 1st ara (SukhamSukham). 2nd ara (Sukham), beginning of 3r dara (Sukham Dukham) Substances Six Universal Substances Jambu Swami 1) Six. 2) Jiv, Ajiv, Dharma, Adharma, Kal, Akash Six Universal Substances Six Universal Substances I 731 | Who was the last Kevali of the current era of our Bharat Kshetra? 732 Answer the following questions: 1) According to Jain philosophy, how many Dravyas are there? 2) Name any two Name all three phrases first expounded by Mahavira to his disciple Gautam. English Answer is also acceptable. 1) Upanneyi Va: There emerges a new phase of matter: 2) Vighaneyi Va: Old mode of the mater vanishes :3) Dhuveyi Va: Original qualities of the matter remain constant Six Universal Substances I 734 Maximum number of Pranas a Jiv may possess 735 Conch shell animals have this many senses. 2,1,3,4,5 Six Universal Substances I Six Universal Substances I Six Universal Substances I Six Universal Substances I 3, 5, 4, 3, 2 5, 1, 3,2 Six Universal Substances I 736 How many senses do following living being have? Worm, trees, bugs, spider, lion? 737 How many senses do the following living beings have? Lice, Birds, Scorpions, Centipedes, and Worms How many senses do the following living beings have? Heavenly being, rose plant, ant, earthworm. 739 According to Jainism, how many senses do the following have? a) hawks; b) plants; c) scorpions; d) conch or shell; e) water bodied beings 740 How many senses to the following living beings have? Fish, Shell, Spider, Centipede. 5, 1, 4, 2,1 Six Universal Substances I 5, 2, 4,3 Six Universal Substances I Page #78 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ All 10 (since they are sanjni panchendriya) Six Universal Substances I Six Universal Substances I Six Universal Substances I Five Immobile or Stationary 741 Sanjni Panchendriya Jiva has these many numbers of Paryapti. 742 Cows, pigs and chickens each have this many pranas or vitalities. 743 There are six substances that make up the universe. They are called dravyas. How many of them are classified as not living? 744 Sthavar is a type of ekendriya jiv. What does it mean? 745 Living beings go through the process of change such as childhood to old age, one life form to another. What is the term used for these changes? 746 What are five sensed beings with a mind AND without a mind called? 747 | There are two types of souls, one being liberate. The other is...? 748 Name the substance that is live and invisible? Six Universal Substances I Six Universal Substances I Paryaya Sanjni (with minds), Asanjni (without minds) Sansari, Worldly or Transmigratory soul Six Universal Substances I Six Universal Substances I Six Universal Substances I Six Universal Substances I Soul or Jiva 749 Name the four substances that are pure and do not have deluding capacity Space, Time, medium of motion, and medium of rest or (Akashastikay, Kal, Dharmastikay, and Adharmastikay) 750 Name the four pran that all jivas including ekendriyas have Sparsh or Sense of touch, body or kaaya, shvasochchavas or breathing, and aayushya or life span Six Universal Substances I Sthavar and tras 751 Living beings can be broadly categorized based on mobility. What are the two categories called? 752 Which Tripadi did Bhagwan Mahavir give to Gandhars from which they constitute the foundation of Jain philosophy? Six Universal Substances I Six Universal Substances I Upanneyi Va, Vighanei Va, Dhuveya Va Page #79 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 753 What are 4 prans all Jivs possess? Touch, Body, Respiration and Longevity, and (Sparsh, Kaya, Shwasoshwas and Ayushya) Six Universal Substances I 754 What does Paryapti mean? Name them? Stength, Food, Body, Senses, Breathing, Speech, and Mind 755 List all Jiva types who possess only 5 Paryaptis Beindriya, teindriya, Chaurindriya, Asangni Panchindriya Paryapti, 6 Six Universal Substances I Six Universal Substances I Six Universal Substances I His own flesh Stories Stories Kshama ( forgiveness), Vinay (respect), Samayik, Tyag. 1867 Stories Chandanbala Ananda Shravak Stories Stories 756 Name in indian language the term that defines a Jiv's bio-potential power? How many such powers are defined in Jain philosophy? 757 | What did king Megharath offer the Hawk for food when he refused to eat frits and vegetables 758 What was famous of this people : Mahavirswami Gautam swami, Puniya Shravak Shalibhadra 759 Shrimad Rajchandra was born in this Christian year. 760 Which princess was sold at the market? 761 Gautam Swami was surprised to know that this Shravak possessed Avadhi Jnan. What is the name of this Shravak. 762 At the foot hill of this mountain 1500 Tapas greeted Shree Gautam Swami. What is the name of this mountain? 763 Who am I? (Two clues) 1) My feet were chained, I was locked in the basement for three days without food and my head was shaved. 2) I was fortunate enough to offer food to Bhagawan Mahavir after his six month fast, and I became his first female disciple. 764 This king cut off his limbs and offered them in order to save a dove. Ashtapad Stories Chandanbala Stories King Meghrath Stories Page #80 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Stories Stories Stories 765 Name the person whose Samayika was praised by Punya or Puniyo Shravak. even Bhagawan Mahavir. 766 I was a bandit. A single sentence heard from the Rohineya sermon of Bhagwan Mahavir changed my life. What is my name? Who am I? (Two clues) 1) In my previous life. Shalibhadra with great joy, I offered my whole lunch (mostly milk pudding) to a sadhu. 2) Being a son of a very wealthy merchant I live on the seventh floor of my mansion with my 32 wives. Realizing, even with this great wealth, that I have a master, I decided to renounce the world to become a master of my own. 768 | According to Shwetambar tradition, did Bharat Shravak attain Keval-Jnan as a Sadhu or Shravak? 769 | At the most, how many tasks did Shrimad 100 complete? 770 At what age did Shrimad Rajchandra die? 771 Did Bharat have to fight his 98 brothers? No 772 Finish the Sentence: Good Karma can not be good Karma personally purchased, one has to do 773 How many types of arts and crafts did 72 types Meghakumar learn when he was eight? 774 In Meghakumer's past life what was the Compassion important value he had? 775 | King Shreniks wealth was not even equal to Punia Shravaks one Samayik Stories Stories 33 Stories Stories Stories Stories Stories Stories Stories 776 Shrimads preaching's were mainly off this Mahavir Swami Bhagwan? 777 Unscramble the following letters: aiirnhd. Clue: Dharni Name of Meghakumar's mother. 778 | What animal was Meghakumar when he saved a | An Elephant rabbit? Stories Stories Page #81 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Stories Stories Stories 779 What day was Shrimad Rajchandra born? On full moon day or Dev Diwali 780 What did Punia say when his wife told him about He told her that they should not take anything from the dry cow manure? anywhere unless it is bought from their own daily earnings What did Vimalsha and his wife want but Not to get a Child, He did not want any of his deicded not to get and why did they not want this descendants to collect toll on the temple he built thing? 782 What dream did Queen Dharini have, which A white elephant entering her mouth indicated that her Meghakumar son would become very intelligent and would be very handsome? 783 | What is the temple bulit by Vastupal and Tejpal Delwada called? 784 What Kashaya was holding Bahubali back from Ego attaining Keval-Jnan? 785 What vow did Punia take? Not to earn money more that needed to survive Stories Stories Stories Stories 12 Dokadas or 1/12 of a rupee Stories Chakraratna Stories i Mount Vaibhagiri Stories First - Vimalsha, Second - Vastupal & Tejpal Stories 786 What was the minimum needed to survive for one day in Punia Shravaks day? 787 What was the name of the miraculous wheel that Bharat possessed? 788 Where did Meghakumar fast for a month than die? 789 Who built the first and second temple in Delwada? 790 Who did Shrimad Rajchandra marry? 791 Who praises Punia Shravaks Samayika in his sermons? 792 Who was the daughter of King Chetak, ruler of Vaishali? 793 | Who went to Lord Mahavir and asked him how Zabakben Mahavir Swami Stories Stories Chelna Stories King Shrenik Stories Page #82 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ to destroy his bad karma? 794 Why could Punia Shravak not concentrate on his Because his wife had picked up cow dung that was not Stories samayik? theirs. 795 Why couldn't King Shrenik purchase good Because you have to earn by yourself. Stories karma? 796 Why did Meghakumar want to go back home? Because of all of the discomfort. Stories 797 In the story of Chandanbala, Bhagawan Mahaviri Material (dravya), Area (kshetra), Time (kal), and Mode Stories undertook 4 categories of conditions or (bhav) abhigrahas and vowed only to break his fast when they were met. What are the 4 different categories of conditions? 798 Name the patron king of Lord Mahavira Shrenik Stories 799 Finish this stuti that starts like this "arhanto "siddhashcha siddhisthita, acharya Stutis bhagavanta indramahitah ..." jinashasanonnatikarah pujya upadhyayaka, shri siddhantasupathaka munivara, ratnatrayaradhakah, panche te paramesthinam pratidinam kurvantu vo mangalam" Stutis 800 Finish the stuti that begins like this "virah sarvasurasurendra-mahito" "viram budhah samshritah, virenabhihatah svakarma nichayo, viraya nityam namah, virat tirthamidam pravruttamatulam, virasya ghoram tapo, vire shri dhuti kirti kanti nichayah shri vira bhadram disha" Stutis 801 Say this verse in Ardha-Maghdi. 1) I forgive all 1) Khamemi savva jive, savve jiva khamantu me 2) souls, let all souls forgive me. 2) I am in friendly Mittime savva bhuvesu, veram majjha na kenai terms with all, and I have no animosity towards anyone. Page #83 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 802 What is the first line of this stuti... "ADIMAM TIRTHNATHAM CHA RSABHASVAMINAM STUMAH" 803 Recite all four lines, meaning: Lord,bow to you ,the eradicator of the three world; bow to you the adorable ornament on the face of the earth; bow to you, the Lord of the three worlds; omniscient Lord; bow to you, the destroyer of the sea of the life cycle. 804 Name 4 auspicious entities given in Chattari Mangalam. 805 Name the persons that one bows to in the Navakaar or Namokar mantra 806 Complete. 'Chattari sharnam pavajjami... 807 Complete the prayer: Upasargah Kshayam Yanti 808 Name three tattvas in Namaskar Mantra. 809 Recite Stuti Darshanam Dev Devasya.... 810 Recite the entire sutra for Panchang Pranipath. Adimam Pruthivinaatha-maadimam nishparigraham | Adimam Tirthnatham cha rushabhasvaminamStumah Tubhayam namstribhuvanartiharayanatha | Tubhayamnamahksititalamalabhusanaya | Tubhayamnamastrijagatahparameshvaraya | Tubhayamnamojinabhavodadhishosanaya ||" Arihant, Siddha, Sadhu, Religion taught by Kevali Arihant, Sidha, Acharya, Upadhaya & Sadhu or Panch Parmeshti Arihante sharanam pavajjami Siddhe sharanam pavajjami Sahu sharanam pavajjami Kevali pannatam dhammam sharanam pavajjami Dev, Guru, Dharma Darshanam Pap Nashanam, Darshanam Svarga Sopanam, Darshanam Moksha Sadhanam Stutis Ichammi Khamasano Vandium Jhaunijaye Nissihi-aye Mathaena Vandami Stutis Stutis Stutis Chidyante Vighnavalaya, Manahprasanna Tameti, Pujya Stutis Maane Jineshware Stutis Stutis Stutis Stutis Page #84 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Stutis 811 Recite the last four lines of the Namokar mantra, and the meaning of each. Points will be given ONLY for BOTH the line AND the meaning. Eso pancha Namukkaro - Bowing to these five beings, Savva pava panasano - Is the destroyer of all sins, Mangala nancha savvesim - and of all the holy things, Paddamam havai mangalam - the first and the foremost among all auspiciousness 812 | What does Namo Loe Savvasahunam mean? I bow to all Saints in the universe Stutis 813 Complete the common shloka, "man-gal-am sthu- Jaino dharmostu mangalam Stutis li-bhad-radh-ya" 814 Complete the common slokh: "Sa-hu shar-a-nam kevali pannato dhammo saranam pavajjami Stutis pavva-jami" 815 Recite all the four lines, meaning: I forgive all K hamemi Savve Jive, Savve Jiva khamantume, Mitti me Stutis souls; recite all the four lines that pronounce this savva Bhuesu, Veram majza na Kenai declaration. 816 Complete the line: Maitri Bhavanu pavitra Muja haiyama vahya kare Stutis jharanu ... 817 Complete the prayer: Shivamastu Sarva Jagatha Parahita Niritah Bhavanthu Bhutagana, Dosam Prayam Stutis Tu Nasham, Sarvat Sukhi Bhavatu Lokah Samaro Mantra Stutis Sarva Mangal Mangalyam....... Stutis 818 Which famous mantra or sutra contains the following words? "Ee na mahima no nahi par/ Ee no arth anant apaar 819 Sing the last four lines of the Shanti Stotra (Moti Shanti sutra) Finish the following phrases, and give the meaning. Points will be given ONLY for BOTH the line AND the meaning. Jainam Jayati_ Micchami_ Veram Majjam_ Stutis Shasanam, - Jainism reigns supreme Dukkadam, - I ask for forgiveness Na Kenai, I have no animosity towards anybody Page #85 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 821 (NO POINTS FOR PARTIALAnswer) Enumerate four auspicious people OR entities mentioned in stuti "Mangalam Bhagwan" 822 Recite the stuti Aadimam pruthvinathai... & give Adimam pruthivinatha-madimam nishparigraham | it's meaning Adimam tirthanatham cha, Rushabhasvaminam stumah 823 Recite the stuti Mangalam bhagawan viro and who do we consider auspicious here... Vir Prabhu (Bhagwan Mahavir), Gautam Swami, Sthulibhadra OR Kundkundacharya and Jain dharma OR Jain darshan. 824 Recite the stuti that means: "All problems get resolved, all obstacles get removed, the mind and heart become full of joy, for who has got in touch with the inner self"? || We pray to Bhagawan Rishabhadev who was the first king, who was the first one to renounce all his possessions and who is the first Tirthankar. || Mangalam Bhagawan Viro, mangalam Gautam prabhu || Stutis Mangalam Sthulibhadradya, Jain dharmostu mangalam Bhagawan Mahavir is auspicious, Ganadhar Gautam Swami is auspicious; Acharya Sthulibhadra is auspicious; Jain religion is auspicious. Stutis Stutis 825 What is the first line of the sutra? The first line's "ArhantoBhagvanta Indramahitah" meaning is: "I bow down to the arihantas who are praised by heavenly beings" "Upasargahkshayamyanti, Chiddyante VighnaValleyah, Stutis ManahPrasanna Tameti, PujyaManneJineshware" Stutis Page #86 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 826 Dasha -Trika, or the ten rituals that should be followed at a temple are 827 Nissihi means? 828 Jal (Water) Puja repesents? 829 Which pooja come in 5th place in Asthprakaripooja? 830 Rice with the husk removed is called? 831 Name all Anga Puja according to Shvetamber Tradition 832 Name all Agra Puja according to Shvetamber Tradition 833 What color is the dhaja/ flag in the temple/dehrasar? What do they represent? 834 Why do we put chandan tilak on the forehead before entering the temple? Nissihi ---Renunciation, Pradakshina--- Circumambulation - going around the Jin's idol, Pranam----- Salutation, Puja--- Worship, Avasthachintan--- Contemplation upon the various states of the Lord, Dishatyag ---Concentrate only on Jin's idol, Pramarjana----- Cleaning the floor before sitting down, Alambana---- Mental support, Mudras----- Postures for meditation, Pranidhana---- Remain meditative Giving up impurities of our Karmas wash away from our soul. Red and white. Red - represents Siddha, White - represents Arithant Temple Rituals & Pujas Dhup pooja Temple Rituals & Pujas Temple Rituals Akshat or polished white rice Jal Puja, Chandan Puja, Pushpa Puja & Pujas Temple Rituals & Pujas Dhoop Puja, Deepak Puja, Akshat Puja, Naivedya Puja, Temple Rituals Fal Puja & Pujas Temple Rituals & Pujas Temple Rituals & Pujas Putting on Tilak means that we are accepting Bhagawan's teachings. Temple Rituals & Pujas Temple Rituals & Pujas Page #87 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 835 Why do we ring bell/ ghant in the temple? 836 Most tirthankar's idol's sit in which posture in the Lotus position. The lotus posture represents purity even temple? Why? in worldly life, just as a lotus grows beautifully in muddy water and shows no effects of the mud. 839 This is a common phrase that is recited when leaving the temple. In India, after reciting this phrase, you would normally go to the Upashraya. 840 One type of Jin Pooja is called dravya pooja, or material pooja. What is the other called, with the English meaning? To express our happiness for Darshan and to spread a joyous and divine sound through the temple and our heart 837 In "Mangal Divo" what does divo repsent? 838 The Jin Pooja which contains 8 substances, three Ang (body) of them being water, sandalwood, and flowers, is called this type of pooja. 841 AH, DRESAR. When you love your bedroom dresser very much you are under the influence of parigraha or possessiveness. If you rearrange the letters, you will find with the help of the clues: 1) a place Jains should go everyday 2) what a Jain should build at least once in his lifetime 842 Which three times at the temple do we say Nissihi, or renounce unrelated thoughts? 843 This is the term for the area inside a Derasar in which the idols, or murtis are located. It represents knowledge & liberation Avasahi Bhaav Pooja, with thoughts behind the symbolism Dehrasar Entrance, Ghabaro, before Bhav puja Ghabharo 844 Puja dravya symbolizing my soul has no desire of Naivedya food Temple Rituals & Pujas Temple Rituals & Pujas Temple Rituals & Pujas Temple Rituals & Pujas Temple Rituals & Pujas Temple Rituals & Pujas Temple Rituals & Pujas Temple Rituals & Pujas Temple Rituals & Pujas Temple Rituals & Pujas Page #88 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 47 845 What are we supposed to say when we go close Namo Jinanam. I salute the Jina., or I bow down to Jina. Temple Rituals to the temple and see the idol of Jina from & Pujas outside, and what does it mean? 846 Puja of Jina idol by touching nine body parts is Nav Ang Puja Temple Rituals called this & Pujas This word means "I enter this temple after giving Nissihi Temple Rituals up all desires and anxieties of the world" and & Pujas traditionally should be uttered 3 times before entering a temple 848 Jal or water, dhoop or incense, akshat or rice, and Puja or asthaprakari pooja Temple Rituals deepak or lantern are all items used in what ritual & Pujas that means worship? 849 Name any 5 dravya used in Ashtaprakari pooja. Rice, Water, Flower, Dhoop, Diva (Lamp), Chandan Temple Rituals (sandal wood), Naivedya (sweet) and Fruit & Pujas Temple Rituals & Pujas Temple Rituals & Pujas 852 850 Ratna Trayi, or the Three Jewels, are helpful in Samyak Darshan, Samyak Gnan, Samyak Charitra attaining Moksha. Name them. OH, SITA! This exclamation reminds you of Sathio Rama. But if you rearrange the letters, you can find with the help of the following clues: 1) A symbol of ending the birth-death cycle in the four gatis. 2) Something made with rice. Give at least 3 out of the ten 'Dash Triks' or ten Nissihi, Pradakshina, Pranam, Puja, Avastha Chintan, rituals of the temple Dishatyag, Pramarjana, Alambana, Mudras and Pranidhana 853 During Paryushan, one of the five essentials of Sadharmik Vatsalya Shravak/Shravikas is to Respect fellow human beings and support humanitarian activities. Name this kartavya in indian language 854 Name the Avastha in Avastha Chinthan where we | Padastha Avastha contemplate on the state of life as a Tirthankar Temple Rituals & Pujas Temple Rituals & Pujas Temple Rituals & Pujas Page #89 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 855 Mukta Shukti Mudra Temple Rituals & Pujas This posture is used at the time of recitation of the sutras Javanti Cheyi Ayam, Javanti Kevi Sahu, and Jai Viyaraya. Name this posture in indian language Vedniya karma is further divided in these two categories. Name all five kinds of knowledges. Answer in Indian Language only 1) Ashata Vedniya (Pain producing) 2) Shata Vedniya (Pleasure producing) 1) Mati Jnan; 2) Shrut Jnan; 3) Avadhi Jnan; 4) Manah Paryav Jnan ; 5) Keval Jnan Theory of Karma I Theory of Karma I 857 858 Name any 3 of the 5 categories of Antaraya karma. Answer in any language is acceptable. Theory of Karma l 1) Charity Obstructing (Dana Antaraya) 2) Gain or Benefit Obstructing (Labha Antaraya) 3) Ejoyment Obstructing (Bhoga Antaraya) 4) Re-enjoyment Obstructing (Upbhoga Antraya) 5) Will power Obstructing (Virya Antaraya) 859 Name any three of the four categories of perception related Darshanavarniya (perception obscuring) Karma Theory of Karma I 1) Vision perception obscuring (chakshu darhana varniya):2) Non-vision perception obscuring (achakshu darshana varniya):3) Clairvoyance perception obscuring (avadhi darshana varniya); 4) Omniscient perception obscuring (keval darshana varniya) 860 How many types of karma are there? a) Gotra; b) Gnanavarniya ; c) Antray Theory of Karma I Theory of Karma l 861 Name the karma involved in the following situations A) You are not born in a religiously oriented family B) Even after studying, you cannot remember a math formula C) Because of diabetes you cannot eat ice cream Page #90 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 862 Antaray Karma If you want to go out and play basketball with your friends, but you have broken your leg, so you are unable to play, what karma is acting upon Theory of Karma I you? Antaray Nam Darshanavarniya Theory of Karma I Name the type of karma involved in each situation. 1) You have a strong desire to donate money, but you can't find a good opportunity. 2) A person is born with a beautiful and handsome body.3) Despite extensive reading of scriptures, one does not have conviction in religious beliefs. 864 A Kevali has infinite energy by shedding this karma. 865 Name the karma and the subtypes that is responsible for determining our life span? Antaraya Karma OR Obstructing karma Theory of Karma I Theory of Karma I Ayushya (life span-determining) Karma. ; 1) Infernal Age Determining (Narak Ayushya Karma), 2) SubHuman Age Determining (Tiryancha Ayusha Kamra), 3) Human Age Determining (Manushya Ayusha Karma); 4) Celestial Age Determining (Dev Ayushya Karma); Theory of Karma I Theory of Karma I Theory of Karma l 866 Give 3 of the names of the subdivisions of Danantray, Labhantray, Bhogantray, Upbhogantray, Antarai (Obstructive) karma. Viryantray 867 Name two categories of Mohniya Karma. Darshan Mohniya (Right belief deluding), Charitra Mohniya (Right conduct deluding). 868 ANAND and VARSHA walked carefully in rainy Darshanavarniya season as they learned about IRYA Samiti in Pathashala slass Clue 1. Because of this one cannot see and hear properly and is sleepy most of the time. Clue 2. It is one of the categories of Karma 869 This karma acts like a watchman. It leads to Darshanavarniya karma inefficient senses, more sleep, impaired vision, speech etc. Theory of Karma l Page #91 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Darshanavarniya karma or Perception obscuring karma Theory of Karma I Theory of Karma I Darshnavarniya Gnanavarniya 870 Which type of karma includes a subtype dealing with the inability to see? Rearrange the bold letters to get a Jain word: HANSA and ARVIND went to AR Ya Bhavan. 10 point clue: Name of a karma. 872 Even with great effort you cannot understand or remember something. What karma causes this? 873 Anagram: RAT GO Not a person, animal or thing. Clue: It relates to status and is a type of aghati karma. 874 Name the type of karma involved in each situation. 1) You are born in a religiously oriented family. 2) Even after cramming you don't remember a math formula. 3) Because of diabetes you can't eat ice cream. 875 What Karma am I? I determine your social status, caste, family, etc. 876 Name the two karmas with five subdivisions? Theory of Karma I Theory of Karma I Gotra Gotra Gnanavarniya Antaray Theory of Karma l Gotra Karma Jnanavaraniya Karma and Antaraya Karma Jnanavarniya Karma 877 What karma has been compared with a blindfolded person? 878 List the four ghati karmas Theory of Karma I Theory of Karma I Theory of Karma l Theory of Karma I Theory of Karma l Jnanavarniya, darshanavarniya, mohniya, antaray 879 Name the subdivisions of Jnanvarniya Karma? Or Name the five types of knowledge? Mati (Sensory), Shrut (Scripture), Avadhi (Clairvoyance), Manahparvya (telepathy), and Keval gyan (omniscience) Mohaniya karma (Darshan Mohaniya Karma) 880 Name the Karma that creates doubt about true religion and destroys the faith in the Jina. 881 Name this Ghati karma which obscures perception and conduct. 882 Of the 8 karmas, which is the most dangerous Mohniya Karma Theory of Karma I Theory of Karma I Theory of mohniya karma Page #92 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 883 Obstructing Profit Karma or Labha Antaraya Karma and difficult to overcome? What karma does not allow one to profit or earn in spite of efforts made? Name the two types of Vedniya Karma 884 Shata vedniya and Ashata vedniya Karma l Theory of Karma I Theory of Karma I Theory of Karma I Shrutgyan 885 There are five kinds of Gnana, or knowledge. or knowledge. What is the Gnana obtained from scriptures called? 886 Because of which Karma do you experience pleasure or pain 887 What Karma am I? I obscure the blissful nature of the soul, producing pleasure, and pain. 888 Give the meaning of the word Vitaraga Vedaniya Vedniya Karma Theory of Karma I Theory of Karma I Theory of Karma I Vitaraga means the one, who is totally detached from all Kashayas (passions), OR the one who has removed and is free of all Kashayas (passions) 889 Which Agathi Karma has the most subdivisions? | Naam Karma 1) Prakriti (Nature) 2) Pradesh (Quantity) 3) Sthiti (Duration) 4) Ras (Intensity) Theory of Karma l Theory of Karma I 890 The fruitation (manifestation) of karma upon its maturity depends upon these four factors when the original (initial) karma was bound to the soul. Name them. 891 Name the four types of Bandha. Answer In Indian language only. Theory of Karma I 1) Prakriti Bandh (nature of bondage) 2) Sthiti Bandh (duration) 3) Ras) Bandh (intensity) 4) Pradesh Bandh (quantity) Karma 892 | The end result of our actions is what? Theory of Karma I Theory of Karma I Duration or length of time 893 | What a What aspect of karmic bondage is determined by stithi bandh? Page #93 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 894 Karma inflow and bondage occur by five causes Theory of False Belief, Vowlessness, Passions for wrong things, carelessness, inappropriate psychophysical activities or Mithyatva, Avirati, Kashay, Pramad, and Yoga Passion (Kashaya) 895 The duration (Sthiti) and intensity (Rasa) of Karma bondage depends on what? 896 Name the four characteristics of the bondage of karma. Theory of Karma I Theory of Karma l Prakriti (Type), Sthiti (Duration), Anubandha or Ras (Intensity), Prades (Quantity) | 1) Prakriti (Nature) 2) Pradesh (Quantity) 3) Sthiti (Duration 4) Ras (Intensity) Theory of Karma I Punyanubandhi Paap Theory of Karma II 1) Padmavati 2) 100 yrs 3) Snake 4) Shankheswar 5) Sameta Sikhar Yakshas & Yakshinis 897 The fruitation (manifestation) of karma upon its maturity depends upon these four factors when the original (initial) karma was bound to the soul. Name all the four in either Indian language or English. 898 This term is for a situation when earlier unwholesome activities result in new wholesome activities. 899 Answer the following questions about Parshwanath. 1) Name the Yakshini or attendant Goddess. 2) How long did he live? 3) What animal did he try to save from a burning wood? 4) In Gujarat, which is the most famous Yatra or pilgrim place for Parshwanath? 5) Which place did he attend Moksha? 900 Name the goddesses of Lord Adinath and Lord Parshvanath and also the goddess of knowledge 901 | What is the name of the devi associated with Bhagwan Parshva Nath? 902 Two hands hold a veena, a musical instrument. Her other two hands hold a mala and a book. Who is this goddess of knowledge? Chakeswaridevi, Padmavatidevi, Saraswatidevi Padmavati Devi Yakshas & Yakshinis Yakshas & Yakshinis Yakshas & Yakshinis Saraswati Devi Page #94 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ a. Shasandevs and Shasandevis. b. Dharanendra and Padmavati Yakshas & Yakshinis 903 a. What are the male and female guardian angels of Jain religion/Tirthankars called in Indian language? b. Name the guardian angels of Parsvanath bhagwan 904 An image of six armed Yaksha with an elephant as a vehicle 905 Deity in the shape of a mountain Manibhadra Dev Bhomiyaji Yakshas & Yakshinis Yakshas & Yakshinis Yakshas & Yakshinis Yakshas & Yakshinis 4 Yaksha and 5 Yashninis 906 Give the number of popular Yaksha and Yakshinis are there? 907 Name some commonly found Yakshas and Yakshinis in Jain temples Yakshas: 1) Manibhadra dev 2) Ghantakarna vir 3) Nakoda Bhairava 4) Bhomiyaji 908 Name the dedicated diety's of the following. Also name their colors and vehicle 1. 1. Adinath, 2. Neminath, 3. Parshawanath Yakshas & Yakshinis 1. Adinath - Chakeshwari Devi-golden- eagle 2. Neminath- Ambika devi-golden- Lion 3. Parshawanath-Padmavati devi-golden-snake with cock's head 909 Name the devi with 8 arms Chakeshwari devi 910 Name the vehicle for goddess of Knowledge edge Saraswati devi-Peacock or swan Yakshas & Yakshinis Yakshas & | Yakshinis Yakshas & Yakshinis Ghantakarna Vir 911 | The deity worshipped for protection and for driving away evil influence created by malicious yakshas and yakshinis 912 The goddess of wealth Lakshmi Devi Nakoda Bhairava 913 | This deity is usually found near the entrance of the temple 914 True or False. Yakshas and Yakshinis have liberated souls. Yakshas & Yakshinis Yakshas & Yakshinis Yakshas & Yakshinis FALSE Page #95 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Yakshas & Yakshinis Yoga Yoga Yoga 915 Yakshas and Yakshinis are heavenly beings of Vyantar this group who have supernatural powers including the ability to change their forms and sizes. Name the group or category of 'Dev or heavenly beings' they belong to in Indian language 916 Name any 3 of the four primary paths to Yoga Bhakti, Jnan, Karma and Asthanga per Indian traditions? 917 | This is the yoga of action and selfless service for Karma Yoga the benefit of humanity and all living beings at large. Name this Yoga 918 | This yoga aims at the liberation and perfection Asthanga Yoga not only of the body, but also of the mental being, the control of the emotional and sensational life, the mastery of the whole apparatus of thought and consciousness. Name this Yoga 919 Two great saints propounded Asthanga Yoga as a Acharya Haribhadra Suri path to liberation. One of them is Sage Patanjali who pioneered it, who is the other great personality who promoted it in Jainism? Name any 4 steps in Asthanga Yoga Yam, Niyam, Asan, Pranayam, Pratiharya, Dharana, Dhyan, Samadhi 921 In this particular step within Asthanga Yoga, one | Dhyan gets into an unbroken flow of thought towards an external object or an internal idea. Name this step Yoga Yoga Yoga