Book Title: JAINA Convention 2007 07 Edison NJ
Author(s): Federation of JAINA
Publisher: USA Federation of JAINA
Catalog link:

Page #1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE jaina 2007 convention Peace Through Dialogue 14th Biennial JAINA Convention New Jersey Convention & Expo Center Edison, New Jersey July 5-8, 2007 www.janelibrary Page #2 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Congratulations to 14th th Biennial JAINA Convention * Thank You & Best Wishes to Jaina volunteers for their dedication and tireless efforts "Peace is not merely a distant goal that we seek, but a means by which we arrive at that goal" - Martin Luther King, Jr. Jain Society of Toronto * Founded in 1973 * Center acquired in 1990 * 700+ family members Digambar & Swetambar temples STD parasparopagraho jIvAnAm Navakarmantra Plate Shrimad Rajchandra Chitrapat * Pathshala & Library * Hosted 1989 & 1997 JAINA Convention * * 48 Rosemeade Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M8Y 3A5 Page #3 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 800 138 BOERERE **** erfect SEACE BE REEVELES 21473 1371 ****** 8883 For Pilvala & Personal Use Only! 199 STRESS er Page #4 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ TABLE OF CONTENTS 5 6 8 10 12 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 EDITORIAL MESSAGE FROM JAINA PRESIDENT MESSAGE FROM CONVENER AND CO-CONVENER BLESSING FROM SPIRITUAL LEADERS SPIRITUAL LEADERS (PHOTOS) GREETINGS FROM DIGNITARIES JAINA EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE LIST JAINA CONVENTION BOARD JAINA CONVENTION CHIEF GUEST JAINA RATNA & PRESIDENTIAL AWARDS JAINA ADULT RECOGNITION AWARDS JAINA YOUTH RECOGNITION AWARDS JAINA CONVENTION COMMITTEE LIST JAINA CO-SANGHPATI JAINA CONVENTION SUPPORTERS JAINA - NEXT 25 YEARS - DILIP V. SHAH VEERAYATAN - COMPASSION IN ACTION SPLENDOR OF RANAKPUR JAINA CONVENTION LIST OF SPEAKERS JAINSIM - AN OVERVIEW RELIGIOUS UNDERSTANDING - ACHARYA SUSHIL MUNUI (GURUJI) GLOBAL IMPACT OF JAINISM - DR. N. P. JAIN VIRCHAND GANDHI, AN EMISSARY TO THE WEST - PRAKASH MODY PEACE ONLY POSSIBLE THROUGH DIALOGUE - AMRENDER MUNUI PEACE - DR. PRIYADARSHANA JAIN PEACE AND HARMONY THROUGH DIALOGUE - DR. Y. K. MALAIYA & DR. S. JAIN HAPPINESS IS WITHIN REACH - PRAMODA CHITRABHANU 25 26 32 33 41 44 48 51 53 58 14+ Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #5 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ TABLE OF CONTENTS 74 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE - HH LOKESH MUNI A DIALOGUE WITH THE U. S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES - DR. ASHOK JAIN 5 A GANDHIAN ANALYSIS OF PEACE THROUGH ETHICAL DIALOGUE PROF. CROMWELL CRAWFORD 68 UNIVERSAL APPLICATION OF DIALOGUE FOR PEACE - DR. JAYANTI LAL JAIN DIVERSE, NOT DIFFERENT - SARAH HADMACK! PEACE THROUGH PERFORMING ARTS - NARESH JAIN 85 GLOBAL PEACE STARTS WITH AN INDIVIDUAL - DINESH SHAH 89 ROLE OF JAINISM IN INTERFAITH DIALOGUE - DR. HEMA POKHARNA ENGAGING THE JAIN SOUL - CHRISTOPHER KEY CHAPPLE 95 INTERRELIGIOUS DIALOGUE: A BUDDHIST PERSPECTIVE SENSEI MERLE KODO BOYD 97 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE: VEDIC HINDUISM - DR. M. G. PRASHAD 99 LOVE, MERCY AND RESPECT - DR. LEVENT KOC 102 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE-SIKHISM - DR. HARSIMRAN SINGH 104 TENETS OF ZOROASTRIANISM FOR PEACE AND HARMONY - BEHRAM PANTHAK 107 PEACE THROUGH FRIENDSHIP - FATHER VALLES 108 VEDIC AND SHRAMAN CULTURES OF INDIA - RAJIV JAIN 110 THANK YOU, AND PLEASE - TIM HELTON 112 EXHIBITION - A GREAT MEDIA OF COMMUNICATION & DIALOGUE, PLAQUES - SUDHIR M. SHAH 123 ESSENTIALS OF JAINISM: A PLATFORM FOR LEADERSHIP - PROF. DIPAK C. JAIN 125 TRADITION OR FUNDAMENTALISM? - VINOD KAPASHI 127 THE ONE WHO KNOWS THE ONE, KNOWS ALL - HH MUNI ROOP CHANDRA 129 JAIN LITERATURE - PROF. SAGARMAL JAIN 133 NAVKAR MANTRA IN JAIN RELIGION - CHANDRAKANT MEHTA 135 PRATIKRAMAN - OBSERVANCE OF SELF REFLECTION - PRAVIN K SHAH 14" Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #6 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ TABLE OF CONTENTS 139 PREKSHA MEDITATION: INDIVIDUAL & SOCIAL UPLIFTMENT - ACHARYA MAHAPRAGYA 142 JAINISM AND MODERN ERA - SAMANI MUDIT PRAGYA 144 PRAYER AND ITS POWER - PUJYA SHRI ATMANANDJI 147 THE SCIENCE OF SWAR - SAMANI PARAM PRAGYA 157 JAINISM AND ECOLOGY - NAVIN DEDHIA 161 JAIN "DHARMA" BEYOND RELIGION - PANKAJ JAIN 164 ARROGANCE - ANOP VORA 167 POWER OF GRATITUDE - DR. MANDAKINI POKHARNA 169 A NEW WORLD ORDER - DR. KUMARPAL DESAI 172 JAIN WORLD AND GLOBAL VISIBILITY OF JAINISM - VINOD DARYAPURKAR 173 GLOBAL PEACE THROUGH COMMERCE - ROLE OF JAIN VALUES - DR. KOKILA DOSHI 176 BRINGING JAINS TOGETHER - NIRMAL DOSI 180 NEW DIMENSION FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT - SAMANI AKSHAYA PRAGYA 181 HIGHER CONSCIOUSNESS IN MARRIAGE - DR. ANIL SINGHVI 185 THE ROOT OF MISERY - SAMANI ROHIT PRAGYA 196 HISTORY OF JAINISM - CHINTAV SHAH 197 MY FIRST FIFTEEN YEARS - MANSI VIRA 199 VIEWS & OPINIONS OF YOUNG JAINS - COMPILED BY JAINA SOUVENIR COMMITTEE 207 PRATIKRAMAN - RAKESH JHAVERI PUBLISHED BY:The JAINA 14 th Biennial convention souvenir is published by Federation of Jain Associations in North America (JAINA) PO Box 700 Getzville, NY 14068. Phone/Fax (716) 636-5342 JAINA is a Non-Profit Tax Exempt Religious Organization. The Federation of Jain associations in North America (JAINA), it's editors and volunteers do not necessarily agree with the views expressed in various articles and they do not take responsibility for the statements made by any author. Photographs by Thomas Dix Painting by Mahendra Shah Graphic Design by Dipti Shah 14th Blennial JAINA Convention 2007 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #7 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ EDITORIAL Every two years we gather in thousands to listen to the holy monks & nuns, scholars and speakers, say hello to our friends, and eat together. We also look for clues to make our life a bit better. Somehow, we find more and more surrounded by violence and environmental degradation, the two inconvenient truths, thus shrinking our peace as years go by. We live in a multicultural society full of temptations and violence. We have our own beliefs and our own paths to achieve our goals. Sometimes, these paths cross and that is when we have to be careful. If we want a peaceful world, we must learn to live together or we will perish together. We must work collectively to civilize our hearts. 'Ahimsa Parmo Dharma' or Nonviolence is the supreme virtue, is the foundation of Jain tradition. It insists on non-injury to all forms of life mentally, emotionally, verbally as well as physically. This attitude makes a person humble and peaceful in living with other beings. Kshma or forgiveness is a great medicine for healing any arguments. When we forgive, we heal ourselves and when we ask for forgiveness we develop our own humbleness. We move forward instead of being held back. Another important teaching of Jainism is Anekaantvaad or Multiplicity of Truth or in plain simple words Open-Mindedness. The complete truth includes all different viewpoints. The prerequisite to open-mindedness is listening to the other. It trains the mind to become tolerant, respectful and secular. Human life is an evolutionary journey. Peace is the outcome of better relations. It is a collective process. If we keep practicing small, collectively this world will be a better place for all. The theme of this convention 'Peace through Dialogue' emphasizes the wisdom of listening. We invited articles from scholars, activists, leaders, youth and children from all over the world and across religions to shape our vision as broad as possible. This is our way of inclusiveness to promote peace. Dialogues are like flashlights. When you switch on a flash light, the objects become clearer and the darkness stays away. Similarly when you enter into dialogues, the viewpoints of others become clearer and violence stays away. This convention will provide you an opportunity to meet many scholars for extended conversations. The pictures of holy persons, scholars, authors and JAINA officials will help you to recognize and meet them. Readers and those who were unable to attend can also reach them through the contact information. This convention reflects your support and hard work of hundreds of volunteers for several months. Thank you all. Have a happy and safe time! @jaina convention 2007 Peace Through Dialogue 1.4th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #8 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Jate Th HOW-MOLENCE parasparopagraha jIvAnAm President Kirit C. Daftary Waco, TX (254) 776-4209 First Vice President Dilip V. Shah Philadelphia, PA (215) 561-0581 Secretary Lata Champsee Don Mills, ONT (416) 441-2200 Treasurer Pravin Mehta Clarksville, TN (931) 648-9535 Vice Presidents Jasvant Mehta Edmonton, AB (780) 435-9070 Bipin A. Shah Atherton, CA (650) 289-9552 Udai C. Jain Sugar Land, TX (281) 980-0741 Deepika K. Dalal. Cooper City, FL (954) 431-5957 Ila G. Mehta Maumee, OH (419) 856-2727 Gunvant Shah. No. Brunswick, NJ (732) 246-4030 Past President Anop R. Vora Rochester, NY (585) 473-9290 JAINA Federation of Jain Associations in North America Founded 1981 A Non-Profit Tax Exempt Religious Organization IRS Code Section 501(c)(3) EL # 54-1280028 JAINA Headquarters: P.O. Box 700, Getzville, NY 14068 USA: Phone & Fax (716) 636-5342 Welcome message from JAINA President Jai Jinendra I am glad to extend warm welcome on behalf of the JAINA Executive Committee on this 14th Biennial Convention held at Raritan Center in Edison, NJ. This is indeed a new day for us, because JAINA is holding it for the very first time its biennial convention with the help of all centers regardless of the size. The glorious history of JAINA Conventions hosted by single Sangh in the past was exemplary of the team effort regardless of the size of the Sangh. The future is taking us one step ahead to national team work to bring JAINA convention on a major scale. It will be possible for all centers to contribute and be part of the JAINA convention. I want to congratulate and thank all Jain Centers and individuals across the nation who came forward to take the lead and be part of the history making in this fresh approach. "Peace through Dialogue" is a timely topic which addresses violence at all fronts including most recently at the university level. Nations have been successfully working at bringing peace through dialogue. Jain values are going to be discussed by the speakers and scholars. Major entertainment programs will also address the same theme. I wish you all the best time and learning experience. Kinde Kirit C. Daftary President 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 6 For Private & Personal Use Ohly PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #9 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Message from the Convener and Co-Convener DILIP V. SHAH Convener Jai Jinendral On behalf of the Convention board it gives us a great pleasure to welcome you all to the 14 Biennial JAINA Convention in Edison, NJ - the "Little India" City of North America. We hope that you will enjoy rich mix of scholarly discourses, youth events and enlightening entertainment we have planned for you. Our theme this year is "Peace through Dialogue" which is based on the Jain principle of Anekantwad. This is the first JAINA Convention planned for four full days and being organized by JAINA with help of so many Jain centers from Toronto to Washington DC. This new format has presented a unique opportunity for so many centers to work together. In having so many centers participating on the convention project, we were able to tap into vast pool of talents from all corners of North America. We have discovered many new volunteers and learned first hand importance of "Dialogue". DILIP B. PUNATAR Co-Convener We have substituted traditional pathshala children's competition by a collaborative environment in which, children from six different pathshalas are working together in one dance drama (SAMOSARAN). Instead of one winning team we will have all winners. We are hoping this spirit of cooperation and togetherness will grow along with the JAINA's message of unity. This convention event will facilitate the networking of Jains in religious, professional, cultural, and many other fields for personal and communal growth. Everyone will have a unique opportunity to express themselves individually yet unite the global Jain community's common interest and aspirations. We are very proud to see active participation of many youth in developing social programs, youth sessions, Jaina Networking Forum, Jaina Academic Bowl and other programs. We can see the magic of empowerment, a torch being slowly passed on to the next generation. We are thankful to all the dignitaries, Keynote Speakers, speakers, and donors for their valuable contributions. Hundreds of volunteers have made this convention possible. Offer to help came from all age groups and all centers. Our sincere thanks to those hard working, dedicated volunteers from many Jain centers, for their valuable time and resources to serve in JAINA Convention. We are equally thankful to you, delegates for your support and active participation. We request you take one good thing back home from this convention to make a difference in your own community. We would consider ourselves being rewarded for the job well donel 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 7 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #10 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ A message from Gurudev Chitrabhanuji JMIC Ja Meditation International Center 401 East 86 Street #20A. New York New York 10028212-362-6483 212-534-6090 TAX EXEMPT # M-75-ED-1739 NON-PROFIT EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION My dear Friends Man is caught between polarities: Between enlightenment and ignorance; between peace and war; between Ahinsa and violence. Life is wounded with war and violence. The healing balm is in the heart of Ahinsa. Awareness of time makes us vigilant to practice Ahinsa. Time is a shifting reality. It waits for none. In this time our journey started with the birth in this world, ceaselessly moving toward departure without rest. Whatever good we can do, we have to do now. We have freedom of choice. Every moment of our life is precious. Our choices will determine the quality of our future. Ahinsa is the highway where all religious exits merge. Ahinsa is practice. Ahinsa is observing with body, mind and action these six qualities in its acronym: * A-STANDS for AWARENESS-Awareness is seeing ourselves in mirror of consciousness: what we want to become and what we really are. We see our true Self: "I am indestructible sentient energy, animating everything: body, senses, mind, in our wholistic existence." We peacefully portray our own picture in harmony with the universe. This is the journey to self-realization. We realize our oneness with all life. This is Ahinsa. H- for HARMONY - In harmonious presence of our Self, we are harmless, we are peaceful, we create vibrations of peace and well being. Harmony begets harmony. Gradually peace engulfs us and becomes our shield. Protects us from violence. Peace Through Dialogue - Meditation on Ahinsa Dharma I-for INTEGRATION-Integrate everything: body, mind and soul. Bring equanimity and consideration to all races, all religions, all ethnic groups, all life. Take out the divisions from the mind of high class and low class, the curse of untouchability. "Christian. Jew. Chinese. Muslim.. Indian." These walls dissolve in the feeling of integrated life of Ahinsa and empathy. VIDIENCE N- for NOBILITY - Nobility reminds us of the magnanimity of the soul. It generates understanding for all living beings in feelings, in expressions and in relations. It forgives and forgiveness is liberation, liberation from animosity, revenge, hate, sorrow and suffering. By forgiving we are free. NCE IN 4 JAINA Convention, July 5-8, 2007 S- for SERVICE - Through service we become alive. Have you thought how many people and things serve us? Start with serving yourself by not being a victim of your emotions: hate, anger and prejudice. Then serve with purity of head and heart. Each serving person is a blessing to Self and to the world. A- for ABSTINENCE - Abstain from those things which pollute our vibrations and from worldly products which cause pain, suffering to others, and hurt our body and soul. Abstinence from the milk which is for the baby calves, not for human beings. For vibrations of peace and harmony, abstain from negativities which come from violence and suffering. The senses are a gateway to all kinds of vibrations. ACTION. RELATIVITY IN 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 So, my friends, let us recognize ourselves as travelers on this earth to realize our inherent potentiality to be Siddha by overcoming weaknesses with Ahinsa. 8 Love and Blessings, Chitrabhanu PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #11 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ A message from Muni Manak Kumar Shri. Parshva Padmavati Shaktipeeth B-7 Premsagar, Chinchwad, Pune - 411 -33 (India) Regd. No.E-3829 - saMdeza - 25 varSa pUrta nArtha amerikA kI dharatI para eka bIja lAyA gayA, jo Aja vaTa vRkSa kI taraha vistAra pAkara pUre vizva meM apanI suSamA phailA rahA hai| usakA nAma hai "jainaa"| samasta jaina samAja kI pratinidhi saMsthA ke rUpa meM jainA' apanI jo garI jamA -yukA hai| aneka mata - matAntaroM meM baMTe hue jaina samAja ko eka sUtra meM pirokara jaina ne anekatA meM ekatA kA anukaraNIya udAharaNa peza kiyA hai| _ekatA - sauhArda - samAnaya kA pratIka hai - "jainA" / isa punIta kArya meM jo bhI sahabhAgI - sahayogI bane hai - bana rahai ve saba AmajandanIya hai , sAdhuvAda ke pAtra haiN| nA ke pavitra uddezya ko yathAvat rakhate hue isako naI dizAoM aura nae AyAoM meM Age baTAle kA gurutara dAyitva sabake kandhoM para hai| AzA aura vizvAsa hai ki jaijA pUre vizva ko apanA kAryakSetra banAegI tAki susaMrakArita jaina samAja susaMzAThita raha ske| nyUjasa meM isa varSa jainA kA 14vAM dvivarSIya kanvenzAna utsAha ullAsa se saMpanna hone jA rahA hai| sthAnIya jaina samAja yA jainA dvArA kiyA jA rahA prayAsa prazaMsanIya hai| Apa saba kA prayAsa saphala ho usI zubhakAmanA - 30zIvAda ke sAtha - muni manaka kumAra pUnA, mArca 15,2007 14th Blennial JAINA Convention 2007 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jan Education International For Private & Personal use only Page #12 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ JAINA CONVENTION 2007 SPIRITUAL LEADERS GURUDEV CHITRABHANUJI HH ACHARYA CHANDANAJI HH AMRENDER MUNI HH JINACHADRAJI MAHARAJ HH JIN CHANDRA SURI MAHARAJ HH LOKESH MUNI HH MANEK MUNI HH MUNI ROOPCHANDRA HH BHUVNESH MUNI BHATTARAK CHARUKEERTI BHATTARAK DEVENDRAKEERTI SADHVI SUBHAMJI 14. Biennial JAINA convention 2007 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #13 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ JAINA CONVENTION 2007 SPIRITUAL LEADERS 229 22 012204 SADHVI SHILAPIJI SAMNI AKSHYA PRAGYA 202.1312 SAMANI PUNYA PRAGYA 1212 ARK RENES Texa 33 132R ternational 14 Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 KSHULIKA SUBHMATAJI SAMANI MUDIT PRAGYA He SAMANI ROHIT PRAGYA WEST COTS BUYER 85YLEY sw SWAMI SHRUT PRAGYA 75530 12 SAMNI MANGAL PRAGYA SAMANI PARAM PRAGYA SAMANI VINAY PRAGYA OGES TO 22 SHRI RAKESH JHAVERI 33 WHICH M 302 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #14 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Greetings FRANK PALLONE, JR. 6TH DISTRICT, NEW JERSEY ENERGY AND COMMERCE COMMITTEE HEALTH SUBCOMMITTEE CHAIRMAN ENVIRONMENT AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SUBCOMMITTEE TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND THE INTERNET SUBCOMMITTEE NATURAL RESOURCES COMMITTEE: FISHERIES, WILDLIFE AND OCEANS SUBCOMMITTEE Congress of the United States House of Representatives Tulashington, DC 20515-3006 REPLY TO WASHINGTON OFFICE 237 CANNON HOUSE ONCE BURDING WASHINGTON, DC 20515-3006 TELEPHONE: (202) 225-4671 DISTRICT OFFICES: TOLL-FREE NUMBER: (888) 423-1140 504 BROADWAY LONG BRANCK, NJ 07740 (732) 571-1140 67/69 CHURCH STREET KILMER SOLARE NEW BRUNSWICK, NJ 08901 1732) 249-8892 DEMOCRATIC POLICY COMMITTEE COMMUNICATIONS CHAR June 8, 2007 Mr. Kirit C. Daftary President JAINA Headquarters P.O. Box 700 Getzville, NY 14068 Dear Mr. Daftary: I would like to extend my warmest congratulations and support for the 14th Biennial JAINA Convention to be held July 5 to 8 at the New Jersey Convention and Expo Center in Edison, New Jersey. As the founder and former co-chair of the India Caucus, I am a steadfast supporter and advocate of Indian-American issues. With this in mind, it gives me great pleasure to offer words of encouragement and support for this very special event. Every other year since the first convention in 1981, attendees have come from all over the world to join together in promoting its humanitarian aims. JAINA is a federation of 62 Jain organizations representing more than 100,000 Jains living in USA and Canada without any distinction based on sect, language or region. It has provided a forum to foster friendship and unity among various Jain communities in North America for more than two decades. With the help of over 300 volunteers from all over North America, the nonviolent organization openly promotes humanitarian activities worldwide. Time and again, The World Community Services of JAINA have come to the aid of victims of natural disasters. Another branch of the organization, The Wheels of Hope Committee is committed to shipping free medical equipment and supplies to hospitals across India. Numerous organizations, including the American Red Cross and the World Medical Relief Inc. of Detroit, have awarded JAINA for their successful efforts in these and other charitable endeavors. Thank you for your time and energy to this compassionate organization. I wish JAINA the very best and look forward to hearing about its successes. Sincerely, Franh Pallon, h. FRANK PALLONE, Member of Congress PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 12 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE alona For Privale & Personal use only www.jaira Page #15 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ JOE WILSON 2ND DOC, SOUTH CAR ASSISTANT PUBLICAN W COMMETTI ARMED SERVICES EDUCATION AND LABOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS HOUSE POLICY Greetings Congress of the United States House of Representatives Dear Friends, 1 am writing to congratulate the Federation of Jain Associations in North America (JAINA) on the occasion of its 14" Biennial Convention. As a House Co-Chair of the Caucus on India and Indian Americans, I am delighted and proud of your service to the Jain Community. Me Des 1300 Buner US 379 Sum Wer Co, SC 29100 1936-001 June 6, 2007 I commend your efforts in extending the harmony of the Jain faith from India to the Indian American community. I appreciate JAINA's leadership and vision which has guided thousands of people to learn about the principles and philosophy of Jainism. Accordingly, the Jain faith characterizes peace and embraces diversity. It is wonderful to see these positive ideals reinforced in today's society. As an organization, you have an extensive history of engaging in proactive volunteerism and philanthropic activities. I look forward to seeing your community continue to grow. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 I hope that your convention this year is a grand success. I know that your work will help to instill the values of Ahimsa and community service within all those who attend. I wish you the best of luck in all of your future endeavors. Very truly yours, Jos Wilson JOE WILSON Member of Congress 212 CANNON HOUSE OFFICE BUILDING NOTON, DC 20515-4002 (202) 225-2462 Fax: (202) 225-2455 Toss For 1-888-3-540 13 A ALLENDALE BEAUFORT CALHOUN LENNSTON CHAN H (as o DINO TEPPARA PUBLIC SERT Box 1938 BAR, SC 2900 18488923-2530 Fax: 0431 21-03 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #16 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ A Letter from Congressman Dennis Kucinich To: My Beloved Jain Brothers and Sisters of the 14th Biennial JAINA Convention. Dennis Kucinich Greetings Greetings, I send you my deepest love and appreciation for your dedicated pursuit of the lofty principles expressed by JAINA. The theme of this convention, "Peace through Dialogue" is a beacon which will light the dark recesses of a world suffering from fear and war. Your understanding that we can tap the creative powers of the human heart to transform hate into love is the hope of the world. I honor you my dearly beloved friends. Most sincerely, Dennis J. Kucinich United States Congressman and candidate for President of the United States of America. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 14 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #17 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ JAINA EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 2005-2007 JAINA EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 2007-2009 President Kirit C. Daftary Waco, TX (254) 776-4209 President Dilip V. Shah Philadelphia, PA (215) 561 0581 First Vice President Dilip V. Shah Philadelphia, PA (215) 561 0581 First Vice President To be decided Secretary Lata Champsee Don Mills, ONT, Canada (416) 441-2200 Secretary Sushil K. Jain Gaithersburg, MD (301) 670 0519 Treasurer Pravin Mehta Clarksville TN (931) 648 9535 Treasurer Pravin Mehta Clarksville TN 1931) 648 9535 Vice Presidents Jasvant Mehta - Canada Edmonton, AB (780) 435-9070 Vice Presidents Lalit Vora - Canada Dorval, QC (514) 631 1393 Bipin A. Shah - West US Atherton, CA (650) 289-9552 Nitin Talsania - Northeast Basking Ridge, NJ (908) 306-1406 Uday C. Jain - Southwest US Sugar Land, TX (281) 980-0741 Dilip B. Punatar - Midwest US Bellbrook, OH (937) 848 3228 Deepika Dalal - Southeast US Cooper City FL 1954) 431 5957 Deepika Dalal - Southeast US Cooper City FL 1954) 431 5957 Ila Mehta - Midwest US Maumee, OH (419) 856-2727 Uday C. Jain - Southwest US Sugar Land, TX (281) 980-0741 Gunvant Shah - Northeast No. Brunswick, NJ (732) 246-4030 Nitin Shah - West US La Miranda - CA (562) 902-0277 Immediate Past President Anop R. Vora Rochester, NY (585) 473-9290 Immediate Past President Kirit C. Daftary Waco, TX (254) 776-4209 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 15 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE dominant anal For Pra Personal use only Page #18 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ JAINA CONVENTION BOARD 2007 DILIP V. SHAH Convener DILIP PUNATAR Co-Convener KEERTI SHAH Finance NITIN TALSANIA Programming NARESH JAIN Souvenir ASHOK DOMADIA Registration DR. NITIN SHAH Fundraising ALKA DALAL Exhibition DR. SUSHIL JAIN Scholar Invitation DR. MAHENDRA MEHTA Marketing DHRUMIL PUROHIT Youth Activities 14 Biennial JAINA convention 2007 16 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE hinnational Page #19 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ CONVENTION 2007 CHIEF GUEST SHRI DEEPCHAND SAVRAJ GARDI JAINA welcomes Shri Deepchand S. Gardi from Mumbai. Shri Deepchandbhai has mastered the art of giving. Growing up without a father in his childhood in very modest circumstances, he dreamed at age 11 to become capable to donatel, 000 Rupees ($25) every day. After becoming a successful lawyer at age of 47 he revised his resolve to donate at least 100,000 Rs. a day. This intense desire and commitment to give made him a shining example of what a strong will and purpose can achieve. Today at the age of 92, he is in an excellent physical and mental health. Scores of charitable institutions in India - colleges, dispensaries, orphanages, blood banks, animal shelters, Temples and Dharmashalas exist today because of support provided by "Gardi Saheb". His philanthropic works are conducted by six charitable trusts established by him. He is President of several institutions including All India Swetamber Conference, Gujarat Mahajan Panjarapol and Gaushala Federation, Shri Mahavir Jain Vidyalaya (Hostels), Bhagwan Mahavir 2600th Janma Kalyanak celebrations National Committee, and many others. He has been a member of the governing council or trustees of dozens of charitable institutions. In recognition of his philanthropic works, he has received many honors and awards including Gujarat Garima Award in 2005 by the Chief Minister of Gujarat. In a book titled "Vardhman" published by the Times of India and released by Prime Minister Vajpayee describes him as a "MILLENIUM SAINT" His motto in life is that every living creature has a right to peaceful existence and therefore, we should help them to better their life. He says that as a satisfied person he does not seek MOKSHA. "I am here to serve the people. If I have a choice I would like to be born again and again to serve the people" 14 Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE nintentional Page #20 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ JAINA AWARDS 2007 JAINA RATNA AWARD 2007 Mr. Anop R. Vora Jain Society of Rochester JAINA PRESIDENTIAL AWARDS 2007 7. Veerayatan Veerayatan has been honored with the Presidential Award for its outstanding contribution to Jainism for its efforts to extend compassion, friendship and love to all humanity. Since 1972, it strives to uplift and empower humanity through humanitarianism (seva,) education (shiksha) and inner development (sadhana) in the impoverish state of Bihar. More information about their activities is in the article 'Veerayatan - Compassion in Action'. 1. Mr. Girish Shah 4. Dr. Hukamchand Bharil 2. Prof. Padamnath Jaini 5. Prof. Sagarmal Jain 8. Jain World Jain World has been honored with the Presidential Award for its outstanding contribution to Jainism for its efforts to pioneer a comprehensive website on Jainism with translation in 24 international languages. It is estimated to be user friendly for about 95% of the global population. More information about this website is available in the article 'Jain World and Global visibility of Jainism'. 3. Prof. Cromwell Crawford 6. Pandit Dhirajbhai Mehta 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #21 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ JAINA ADULT RECOGNITION AWARDS 2007 Arvind Bhandari Jit Turakhia V Pallavi Gala Pravin C. Shah 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Pradip Gosalia Uday Jain 19 Sumati Shah Manu G. Shah Dipen S. Shah Keerti Shah PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE yog Page #22 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ JAINA YOUTH RECOGNITION AWARDS 2007 7 Neha A Shah Shaan Zaveri Anjuman Shah Shrenik Shah Shital P Shah Conquer anger by forgiveness pride by humility deceit by straight-forwardness and greed by contentment Battle with yourself Of what use is fighting others? He who conquers himself by himself gets eternal bliss. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2005 20 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE w ebstelbarely og Page #23 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ FINANCE COMMITTEE Jain Society of Metropolitan Chicago has taken the responsibility for the Finance Convention Board Bartlett Schaumburg Schaumburg Jain Society of Metropolitan Chicago Jain Society of Metropolitan Chicago Jain Society of Metropolitan Chicago Jain Society of Metropolitan Chicago Jain Society of Metropolitan Chicago Jain Society of Metropolitan Chicago Streamwood Chair Advisor Session Session Session Session Logistics Support Social Audio-Visuals Space Social Resource Special Assistance Keerti Shah Hitesh Shah Parag Shah Mahendra Shah Chair Graphic Design Dinesh Shah Shama Khandwala Nitin Talsania Prem Jain Dr. Kirit Gosalia Pravin Kothari Hemang Shah Manish Thakker Varsha Mehta Chandu Shah Himanshu Shah Vishal Shah Vipul Sanghavi Ashish Mehta Yogendra Jain Convention Board Naresh Jain Hemant Shah Dipti Shah Bhavin Shah Pooja Shah Haresh Shah Shashi Sheth Damyanti Dedhia Somchand Shah Nilesh Sheth Ashok Vora Kishore Sheth Chair Convention Board Ashok Domadia Upen Shah Namita Doshi IL IL IL IL Elgin IL Elk Grove Village IL PROGRAMMING COMMITTEE Lata Champsee Vishakha Varia Rupal Doshi Dilip Mehta Pankaj Mithani Hasmukh Batavia Ashwin Vora Paulomi Gudka Basking Ridge Fremont Phoenix Pougkeepsie Edison Edison Berkeley Heights Boston Jersey City Raritan Mahendra Mehta Manish Shah 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Hicksville Piscataway Boston SOUVENIR COMMITTEE Primary Responsibility Sangh: Jain Sangh of Cherry Hill, NJ. NJ Rutherford Voorhees Piscataway Philadelphia Voorhees Wilmington Thorofare Collins Lake Philadelphia Philadelphia Marlton Marlton NJ CA MA NJ 21 MA PA NJ PA PA CA Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Jain Center of NJ Jain Center of Northern CA Jain Center of Greater Phoenix Jain Center of America REGISTRATION COMMITTEE Freemont, Canada Canada Canada Canada Jain Center of NJ Jain Center of NJ Jain Center of NJ Jain Center of Greater Boston NJ NJ Jain Center of NJ Jain Center of NJ Jain Center of America Jain Center of NJ Jain Center of Greater Boston International Jain Sangh Jain Sangh of Cherry Hill Jain Center of NJ Jain Sangh of Cherry Hill Jain Sangh of Cherry Hill Jain Sangh of Cherry Hill Jain Sangh of Cherry Hill Jain Sangh of Cherry Hill Jain Sangh of Cherry Hill Jain Sangh of Cherry Hill Jain Sangh of Cherry Hill Jain Sangh of Cherry Hill Jain Society of No. California Jain Society of Toronto Jain Society of Toronto Jain Society of Toronto Jain Society of Toronto Jain Society of Toronto Jain Society of Toronto Jain Society of Toronto Jain Society of Toronto Jain Society of Toronto Jain Society of Toronto Jain Center of NJ Jain Center of NJ PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #24 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Convention Board Nitin Shah Chair Chair Co-chair Convention Board Sushil Jain Media Relations Media Relations Chair Social Chair Social Chair Manibhai Mehta Bipin Parikh Kishor Shah Lataben Champsee Mahesh Shah Spiritual Spiritual Alka Dalal Siddhartha Dalal Minesh Kinkhabwala Rita Kinkhabwala Snehal Dalal Meena Dalal Ranjan Shah Mayuri Shah Neela Tolia Urmi Kadia Shrenik Talati Roopa Talati Bharati Shah Jain Education l FUND RAISING COMMITTEE La Mirada Cypress Aurora Roselle Toronto Dayton Manoj Dharamsi Tansukh Salgia Rajiv Jain Dunn Yash Mehta Manu Shah Mayur Shah Convention Board Dr. Mahendra Mehta Convention Board Dhrumil Purohit Mital Chheda Amy Doshi Vanita Kothari Nirav Sheth Raju Shah Prakash Mody Sunil Vora EXHIBITION COMMITTEE Bridgewater Bridgewater East Brunswick East Brunswick 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Boundbrook Boundbrook Somerset Edison Edison North Brunswick Hillsboro Hillsboro Edison SPEAKER INVITATION COMMITTEE Primary Responsibility Sangh: Jain Society of Metropolitan Washington Gaithersburg Reston Columbus Loring Laurel Columbia San Francisco CA CA IL IL Toronto Toronto Canada OH MARKETING COMMITTEE Primary Responsibility Sangh: Toronto Jain Sangh, Canada Bear Cherry Hill New York New York Newark Washington 22 MD VA OH VA MD MD CA YOUTH COMMITTEE Jain Center of Southern California Jain Center of Southern California Jain Society of Metropolitan Chicago Jain Society of Metropolitan Chicago Jain Society of Toronto The Jain Center of Cincinati and Dayton Canada Canada CA Jain Center of NJ Jain Center of NJ Jain Center of NJ Jain Center of NJ Jain Center of NJ Jain Center of NJ Jain Center of NJ Jain Center of NJ Jain Center of NJ Jain Center of NJ Jain Center of NJ Jain Center of NJ Jain Center of NJ DE DE DC Jain Society of Metro. Washington Jain Society of Metro. Washington Jain Center of Central Ohio Jain Society of Metro. Washington Jain Society of Metro. Washington Jain Society of Metro. Washington Jain Center of Northern California Toronto Jain Sangh Toronto Jain Sangh Jain Sangh of Northern California Jain Center of Delaware Jain Sangh of Cherry Hill Jain Center of America Jain Center of America Jain Center of Delaware Jain Society of Metropolitan Washington PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #25 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Chair Co-Chair Registration Curriculum Facilities Entertainment Entertainment Director Director Director Director Director Director Chair JAIN NETWORKING FORUM COMMITTEE Chair Volunteer Menu Volunteer NY Volunteer NY Volunteer NY Volunteer NJ Volunteer NJ Volunteer NJ Volunteer NJ Volunteer NJ Volunteer JAINA Dipen Mehta Dr. Mukesh Doshi Sunil Jain Dr. Vijay Mehta Mital Chheda Bhakti Kenia Amit Shah Rena Shah Chintan Shah Shefali Shah Shilpa Shah Jina Shah Sejal Lakhani Vinay Vakani Viren Shah Mahendra Shah Manish Shah Sachin Mehta Mihir Desai Dr. Pradip Shah Mool Singhi Jaymik Shah Vinay Shah Suresh Vadhar Jaymik Shah Kundan Ghelani Suresh Shah Abhay Kothari Chirag Shah Suresh Vadhar Ushaben Gandhi Pankaj Shah Jiten Vakani Nilesh Shah Harshad Shah Chicago Chicago VOLUNTEERS COMMITTEE - TEAM NJ Jain Center of New Jersey with other Jain Centers in Metro NY-NJ Area have taken the responsibility for the Volunteer Effort 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Chicago Temple Atco New York New York Princeton New York Hartford Decatur Oakland Livingston Oradell Dayton Franklin Park Edison Teaneck Franklin Park Edison Edison New York Dayton E. Brunswick IL IL CT GA CA NJ 23 NI FOOD COMMITTEE Jain Center of Metropolitan Chicago Jain Center of Metropolitan Chicago Jain Center of Metropolitan Chicago Jain Society of Houston Jain Sangh of Cherry Hill Jain Center of America Jain Center of America Jain Sangh of Cherry Hill Jain Center of America NY Jain Center of Greater Connecticut Jain Society of Greater Atlanta Jain Center of Northern California Jain Center of America Jain Center of New Jersey Jain Center of New Jersey Jain Center of New Jersey Jain Center of New Jersey Jain Center of New Jersey Jain Center of New Jersey Jain Center of New Jersey Jain Vishwa Bharati Jain Center of America, NY Jain Center of New Jersey Jain Center of New Jersey Jain Center of America-NY Atlantic Jain Sangh Jain Center of America- NY Jain Center of America- NY Jain Center of America- NY Jain Center of New Jersey Jain Center of New Jersey Jain Center of New Jersey Jain Center of New Jersey Jain Center of New Jersey Jain Center of New Jersey PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #26 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ JAINA 2007 Co-Sanghpati Shah Associates, M.D., L.L.C. Co-sanghpati Jaina 2007 We believe that if your work is thorough, your intensions are honest and your acquisition of lenowledge remains incessant, you will prosper both individually and as an institution. It is this belief that has sustained Shah Associates throughout the years as our organization grew in response to the needs of the community we serve. It is this belief that will ensure our continued success as we meet future health care needs of our state, Maryland, and across the country. Shah Associates was founded in 1974 as a three-physician practice by Doctors ila, Vinod, and umed K. Shah Today we are a comprehensive community healthcare resource that provides a full spectrum of care in eleven medical centers housing more than sixty-five physician specialists. We are home to an innovative medical research facility, state of art diagnostic center and we employ a staff of approximately 500 people serving not only Maryland but across the country. We are a dynamic and growing organization. Our success however, is largely due to family values instilled in us by our parents as we were growing up. Perseverance, hard work, honesty, integrity, community service and trust are hallmarks of every profession, particularly that of a physician. The Late Mr. Kasturchand M. Shah Mys. Shantabank Shah It is our privilege and honor that we were asked to participate in this year's convention as the co-sanghpati. On behalf of our parents and the entire Shah family, we would like to convey our pranam to Gurudev Chitrabanu, Acharya Chandnaji, Sheelapiji and Gurudev Sushil Kumarji, Gurudev Amrendra Muniji and all Jain Sadhus and Sadhvijis. We would like to congratulate the entire executive committee for their hard work in putting on a successful convention. jai jinendra 14" Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 24 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE For Private & Personal use only www. Page #27 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ JAINA 2007 Convention Supporters Co-Sanghpati - $ 25,000 Shah Associates, M.D., L.L.C. JAINA Ambassadors Gold - $5,000 Prem & Sandhya Jain Shrenik & Rupa Doshi Silver $2,500 Jitu Turkhia Grand$ 1,500 Kishore & Kokila Parikh Siddharth & Alka Dalal Swapnil & Shail Janak Shah Vasant & Prabha Sejpal Swamivatsalya Sponsors Dinner - $7,500 Devji & Damayanti Dedhia & Family and (Nina Jewelers) Prafulbhai & Kiran Vaid & Family and Samir & Sheena Dedhia Jain Sangh of NJ.- Essex Fells 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 ith Education International Lunch-$5,000 Bhanuben & Kantilal Shah and Shashikant & Surbhi Sheth Dilip & Sarla Shah Breakfast $2,500 Anop & Renu Vora Diamond Group of LA - $3,332 Family of Late Shri Ratilal Govindji & Tarlaben R. Shah (Khaparwala) Jain Center of Southern California Jain Society of Toronto Jatin & Mina Shah Mahendra & Pushpa Shah Udai Jain Vasant & Prabha Sejpal Vijay & Madhu Chheda Souvenir JAINA expresses very sincere appreciation of individuals, families, Jain Associations, and Non-Profit and For-Profit Businesses for their very generous support with the advertisements in the souvenir amounting to a record of $ 90,655. 25 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #28 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ JAINA-NEXT 25 YEARS Previously, I have chronicled the 25-year journey of JAINA from its inception to the silver Jubilee year of 2005. The formative years of JAINA have seen a phenomenal growth from a handful of centers in 1981 to 67 centers spread all over North America in 2007. Founding visionaries Gurudev Shri Chitrabhanuji and late Acharya Shree Sushil Kumarji inspired a non sectarian organization that is the foremost example of unity in the Jain universe. Today JAINA serves over 100,000 Jains without any regard to language, place of origin or sect and is the largest such organization in the world. JAINA is seen as a model of unity around the world and admired for its ability to unite so many individuals with a common goal. Admirable as JAINA's accomplishments and stature are, it is time we paused to contemplate where we go from here. The next generation of Jains will have to meet new challenges and our growth will have to be a planned one. What follows is a discussion of ideas that have been considered many times in JAINA Executive Committee and at social occasions. The vision presented here is not a complete one just to allow people to consider what the future course of JAINA can be. JAINA is an umbrella organization - an organization of organizations. JAINA functions through Directors nominated by its member centers. It publishes a quarterly magazine Jain Digest that is mailed freely to 9,000 homes in North America and maintains a web site that provides information about the workings of JAINA. Every two years, the JAINA conventions give the community a rare chance to meet the volunteers and elected representatives and participate in workshops and discussions. Every convention demonstrates the community's enormous goodwill for JAINA and their hopes and expectations; however, the community at large does not really interact with JAINA. At the end of the convention people go back to their homes and leave JAINA back in the hands of their representatives, very similar to participating in a wedding ceremony but leaving the newlyweds on their own thereafter. This disconnect between JAINA and the community at large has been of great concern to JAINA leaders for some time and it must be addressed. The various committees of JAINA do strive to serve segments of the community. For example, the Education Committee creates uniform Pathshala curriculums for children of all ages; the Pilgrimage Committee arranges annual pilgrimages to Teerthdhams in India; the Scholar Invitation Committee facilitates visits of monks and scholars; YJP and YJA serve the young generation and JNF enables social interaction among young adults. World community service committee and North American family assistance committee taps into reservoir of generosity of community and funds relief operations world wide or helps needy families here. For all the useful services these and other committees provide, the impact of JAINA on the lives of most of the community members is fairly limited. With some help from JAINA, the Jain community in North America will continue to get more organized, a few more centers will be formed and more Temples will be built in the coming years but for JAINA, the real growth will come from providing meaningful service to all the segments of the community. To provide that kind of service, JAINA will have to transform itself into a service organization. JAINA must provide service not only to the member centers but to the community at large. From strictly a volunteer organization it will have to become somewhat professional organization. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 cation International 26 Dilip V. Shah Philadelphia, PA Every two years, the JAINA conventions give the community a rare chance to meet the volunteers and elected representatives and participate in workshops and discussions. Every convention demonstrates the community's enormous goodwill for JAINA and their hopes and expectations; however, the community at large does not really interact with JAINA. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #29 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Something in our upbringing prevents us from discussing Life for the survivor after the death of one spouse. There are no retirement communities for our elders who have special diet, social and medical needs. There is a need to build. senior activity centers, day care centers and retirement homes for them in the same community where they had lived and worked for years. The segment of the population that will demand urgent attention is the aging first generation that came here as students in the 1960's. That group of early immigrants has now reached a retirement age. They have overcome enormous odds and created in this adopted land social and religious institutions that mirrored what they grew up with back home in India. They persevered, prospered and provided excellent education opportunities to their children. They take well-deserved pride in the achievements of their children but are now experiencing "Empty Nest" syndrome. As a group, we have paid little attention to the needs of this aging population. As individuals they may have secured a financial future for themselves but they have not openly debated their social future. Something in our upbringing prevents us from discussing life for the survivor after the death of one spouse. There are no retirement communities for our elders who have special diet, social and medical needs. There is a need to build senior activity centers, day care centers and retirement homes for them in the same community where they had lived and worked for years. A pilot project in warmer climate like Florida could be a first step in that direction. Our community does not participate very much in state sponsored services even though states do offer incentives for senior citizen projects. The irony is - this is not largely a financial dilemma for our seniors. It is plain and simple lack of planning. JAINA can take a lead in this area and help plan such communities. The thirty and forty years old "Second Generation" has different needs. Many are in a secure financial health as they pursue their chosen career paths. Two paycheck families with young children at home keep them fairly busy. They are not very religiously indoctrinated and have little participation in rituals. Many of them grew up without being exposed to Temples, religious discourses or pathshalas. None existed for them. But deep in their hearts they harbor respect for their culture and their religion. They occasionally visit Temples and enroll their kids in Pathshala or dance schools but do not regularly contribute their time or treasures for ritual dominated religious activities. Many can't read Indian languages and can't teach their youngsters reading or writing language of their ancestors. They reluctantly accept erosion of old customs. They welcome any opportunity available for religious or cultural exposures for their children and are pleased when their children return from Temples reciting stories from scriptures or show interest in traditional Indian dancing or singing in Indian languages. This vital section of our community can be served by designing programs that they can identify with or see value in. Adult pathshala in English, Yoga and meditation classes, community service projects and interfaith seminars can make them regular participants and supporters in our centers. JAINA can design such programs and help centers to offer these programs. YJA offers many programs to youth. Their Biennial conventions are a showcase of talents, idealism and the dedication of our young ones. But as their members enter colleges, many leave their hometowns and old connections behind. JAINA should offer programs on campuses to these kids in an effort to keep them in our folds. Scholarships, seminars and counseling can organize them and foster a relationship with local Jain centers. Area Jain centers can be encouraged to have outreach programs as students try to celebrate Jain festivals on campuses. It is important to note that JAINA can undertake most of the above mentioned programs without spending a lot of resources and it can result in greater community participation. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 27 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #30 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Past three decades have seen a dramatic growth in our ranks and the future growth should be a planned one. Long Range Planning committee (LRP) of JAINA has produced excellent position papers under the title Vision 2020. Their group of dedicated volunteers have surveyed over 500 people and organizations like JAINA, YJA, YJP, local Jain Centers and Jains in small towns and large cities. They have studied functioning of Swaminarayan and Jewish communities and drawn a vision that could be the most useful tool as we chart our future. A four step plan prescribed by the LRP for JWOL - "Jain Way of Life" is a studied and sincere path to our future. In addition to the services to various segments of the community described above, JAINA must prepare for the future by making some structural changes. As our numbers grow and we have more centers and more Temples, we must constantly reinvent ourselves. JAINA should have a physical facility: a North American headquarters in a large metropolitan city. It should offer frequent seminars on the core Jain principles of Ahimsa, Aparigrah and Anekant in various cities. JAINA should join hands with like-minded organizations such as Vegetarian Society of America, PETA and participate in more interfaith activities. JAINA can encourage our centers to open their doors to the local communities with programs like Yoga and community activities. There are many independent Jain activities like JAIN WORLD web portal, International School for Jain studies or JIVDAYA magazine doing excellent work in their chosen area. A close relationship with these fine institutions can further JAINA's goals and multiply benefits to the community by way of avoiding duplications of efforts and streamlining all our resources. Now is a good time for all of us to come together. The core theme of JAINA - unity of Jains in North America, has made it the center of attention for Jain organizations throughout the Jain universe. JAINA stands out as the largest such organization in the world and that status brings with it certain special obligations. In this age of free flow of people, capital and ideas the whole world is our stage. To fulfill the manifest destiny of JAINA- a leader in unifying all the Jains everywhere, JAINA must participate in more international conferences and have active relationships with non-sectarian Jain organizations worldwide. To bolster its humanitarian activities everywhere, JAINA must seek an NGO status with the United Nations and a liaison office in India. Transformation of JAINA into a service organization will take some time but as a first step, JAINA should hold town hall type meetings at various centers and get the pulse of the community. I have attended several such meetings over the years and community response was always very strongly in favor of JAINA. We need to have many more such meetings. May be a web based forum - a discussion group - for members to give their input and JAINA to respond should be tried. To consider planning for senior citizen communities, a census of seniors and survey of their needs can be started with the help of member centers. The survey may also identify volunteers who will help make the project a reality. JAINA (education Committee) can develop national test or examination of Jain Pathshala a curriculum and curriculum for adult pathshala as it is developing JAINA E-Library consisting of Jain scriptures, Shastras, ancient and modern literature, stories, rituals, audio and video files etc. We should also supply University libraries with Jain literature. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Jilin Education Infamational 28 To fulfill the manifest destiny of JAINA- a Leader in unifying all the Jains everywhere, JAINA must participate in more international conferences and have active relationships with non-sectarian Jain organizations worldwide. To bolster its humanitarian activities everywhere. JAINA must seek an NGO status with the united Nations and a Liaison office in India. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #31 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Implementation of these ambitious future plans will need a coordinated action plan with financial backing. Long range Planning Committee of JAINA is projecting that by the year 2020 JAINA can have an operating budget of $10 million if every member family donates just $200 per year to JAINA. That kind of budget could allow us to have 30 full time highly qualified and talented staff combined with hundreds of volunteers to carry out our vision. The Planned giving committee of JAINA has estimated that over the next twenty to thirty years approximately ten to twenty billion dollars will be transferred from first generation of Jains to next generation. A major share of these transfers could go to our Government through income, capital gains, alternate minimum, gift and ultimately estate taxes. In the USA, tax laws generally are very favorable to generous people. Through Planned giving, one can be very generous to a charitable organization and at the same time pass on the maximum asset to their family members. As a non profit tax exempt religious organization, JAINA can be designated as beneficiary in one's financial planning Our pursuit of our dreams brought us to this country many decades ago. Since then we have endured many obstacles and have developed into a powerful and thriving community in North America. As our proudest achievements, our children are in line to be the beneficiaries of our efforts. It is time that we started planning for that future and organized ourselves into an organization that not only handles the here and now, but additionally looks forward, plans and anticipates the future needs of our community. The ideas presented here are the tip of the iceberg. Many more will materialize as we start to discuss our future. It is important that the community members give their input as to which direction JAINA should move. As an organization thriving to better serve the people at large, JAINA is ready to listen to these ideas and serve as an organizing body to make sure our dreams of the next 25 years come true. <> It is time that we started planning for that future and organized ourselves into an organization that not only handles the here and now, but additionally looks forward, plans and anticipates the future needs of our community. The ideas presented here are the tip of the iceberg. Many more will materialize as we start to discuss our future. It is important that the community members give their input as to which direction JAINA should move. UM Jambudweep - Painting Courtesy: Mahendra Shah 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 29 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Education intematonal For PEP Use Only www.intelibrary ore Page #32 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ VEERAYATAN COMPASSION IN ACTION Acharya Shri Chandanaji is one of the greatest and most incredible jewels in the history of the Jain world that has encouraged, inspired and touched many souls through her kind words and deeds. Inspired by the vision of Shri Amar Muniji to uplift the poverty-stricken state of Bihar in India, with the qualities portrayed through the life and teachings of Thirthankar Mahavir, Acharya Shri Chandanaji took on this challenge with efforts to extend compassion, friendship and love to all humanity in forming Veerayatan. Veerayatan, a non-profit, non-governmental registered organisation established in 1972 strives to uplift and empower humanity through humanitarianism (seva,) education (shiksha) and inner development (sadhana.) To carry out the message of Thirthankar Mahavir "to serve mankind is to serve God," many centers are formed in the states of Bihar, Kutch, and Maharashtra in India and also in the U.S.A., U.K., East Africa, Singapore, and many other countries. These centers are formed for service in the field of education, health care and social development. Veerayatan has become the epitome of selfless humanitarian service benefiting all regardless of cast, creed, race, religion or socio-economic status. Through the guidance of Acharya Shri Chandanaji and support from many inspiring Sadhviji's, professionals and volunteers these centers have aided in providing medical facilities in Bihar which offers Eye, Orthopedic, Dental and General Surgery. There is a purpose built center in Pune which provides tailor made courses including yoga, meditation, stress management and new age therapies. This is to awaken inner peace and development both important aspects in living a balanced life. Overseas centers are devoted in providing motivational courses on inner development and introspection. Many educational institutes have been set up including those in Jakhania and Rudrani built for the purpose of rehabilitation from the after affects of the earthquake in 2001. There is also a Pharmacy Degree College in Kutch designed to provide greater opportunities for students and become professionals. "The education is future of humanity. Education is not merely achieving of degrees and qualification but refinement of inner world, which will join people's heart." Acharya Shri Chandanaji. 2 In recognition of Acharya Shri Chandanaji accomplishments in the field of seva and her lifelong devotion to the upliftment of humanity, she has been awarded with the coveted Shri Devi Ahilya National Award of 2002 for her "extraordinary contribution towards the betterment of humanity." Others include the Mahaveer Foundation Award, the Sant Balji Award and numerous other domestic and international accolades. The dream once envisioned has truly prevailed with positive outcomes and will continue to grow with great efforts of so many people. "The flame of one candle can light thousands of others." ~ Thirthankar Mahavir 2 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Jin Education International 30 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #33 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ SPLENDOR OF RANAKPUR The interior design of the JAINA 2007 Convention Expo hall with images of Ranakpur temple is a collaborative work of the internationally famous photographer Thomas Dix of Germany and Architect Alvin Holm of Philadelphia. According to the Architect, "Alvin Holm AIA, Architects is in its thirtieth year as a small general practice firm specializing in traditional design and historic restoration. While most of our work is residential we have enjoyed a broad range of projects from a civic fountain in Kansas City to a score of new galleries for the Nineteenth Century European Collection at New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art. Increasingly, we are performing consulting services for other architects in the areas of classical and historical design". Mr. Holm has visited the Ranakpur temple and has created this tasteful display as expression of his passion for Jain art and respect for principles of Jainism Thomas Dix works as a freelance photographer and lives in Grenzach-Wyhlen close to Basle. Since 1991 he has gone to Northern India numerous times working for various books and calendar projects. The photographs used in the convention hall are from his book "JAINISM AND THE TEMPLES OF MOUNT ABU AND RANAKPUR" JAINA Thanks Mr. Dix for allowing his work to be used at our convention. tvrrOor PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 d ation international 31 at & PercusOnly H Page #34 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ JAINA CONVENTION 2007 LIST OF SPEAKERS HH Sri Ravi Shankar Swami Ramdevji Mr. Robert Arnett Mr. Balbhadra Dr. Hukamchand Bharill Mr. Pratapbhai Bhogilal Ms. Pramodaben Chitrabhanu Prof Cromwell Crowford Dr. Kumarpal Desai Ms. Tarla Doshi Mr. Vijay Doshi Dr. Kokila Doshi Mr. Mansukh Doshi Dr. Dipak Jain Pdt. Abhay Kumar Jain Dr. N. P. Jain Dr. Sagarmal Jain Dr. Shekharchandra Jain Dr. Snehrani Jain Pdt. Khemchand Jain Dr Padmanabh Jaini Dr. P.Jayaraman Mr. Narayan Kachhara Shri Babubhai Kadiwala Dr. Yashwant Malaiya Mrs. Kamala Mehta Mr. Chimanbhai Mody Mr. Dinesh Mody Prof. Vastupal Parikh Shri Dharma Chandra Pdt(Shastri) Shri Ramnikbhai Savla Mr. Nirmal Sethi Shri Sameer Prakashchandra Shah Dr. Jitendra Shah Mr. Shrenik Shah Dr. Mukesh Shah MD Mr. Pravin K. Shah Mr. Pravin L. Shah Mr. Rajnibhai Shah Dr. Nalin Shashtri Dr. L. M. Singhvi Pdt Jay Kumar Upadhyaya Mr. Hasmukhbhai Vora YJA / YJP SPEAKERS Mr. Sarano Kelley Mr. Nipun Mehta Mr. Sarman Melngailis Mr. Kenneth Williams Mr. Michael Simmons Mr. Sam Rosen Mr. Bejoy Philips Mr. Dhrumil Purohit Mr. Ismat Mangla Ms. Monica Jain Youth Art of Living 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 32 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #35 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ JAINISM: An Overview ORIGIN: Jainism is one of the oldest living religions. It has no beginning. The word Jain comes from a Sanskrit word Jina that means conqueror. It implies conquest over one's inner enemies or passions anger, greed, ego, and deceit. About 2600 years ago, Lord Mahavir (599-527 BC), the twenty fourth and the last Tirthankar (path finder, propounder, revealer or prophet) of Jain tradition of this era revived the philosophy preached by his predecessor. The present Jain scriptures called Agam Sutras reflect his preaching. They teach reverence for all forms of life, austerity, and non-violence. GOAL: The ultimate goal of Jainism is to become a perfected soul, known as Siddha, Parmaatmaa, or God. The perfected soul is pure consciousness and possesses perfect knowledge, power, bliss, and omniscience. The total freedom from ceaseless cycles of birth, life, pain, misery, and death can be achieved through willed elimination of inner enemies or passions. PATH OF ATTAINMENT: Right Perception, Right Knowledge and Right Conduct together lead to liberation. Right perception creates an awareness of reality or truth. Right knowledge impels a person to proper action. Right conduct leads to the attainment of total freedom. They must coexist in a person to make progress toward the path of liberation. PRACTICES: The sacred Jain prayer Namokaar Mantra, reveres great souls. The worship ritual is symbolical and inspirational. It does not grant favors. The followers observe five disciplines as much as possible: Non-violence (Ahimsa) - Not to cause any harm to any living being. Truthfulness (Satya) To speak the harmless truth. Non-stealing (Asteya) - Not to take what is not properly given or earned. Chastity (Brahmcharya)- Not to indulge in illicit sensual pleasure. Non-Possession (Aprigraha) - An attitude of self-restraint and benevolence. RELEVENCE IN MODERN LIFE: Jainism is a philosophy for living a blissful life. Many facts proven by modern science are described in Jain scriptures such as existence of atoms, molecules, medium of motion and medium of rest; mathematics, astronomy and the existence of life in vegetation. Jain teachings promote equality towards women, environmental awareness, protection of animals, and benefits of vegetarianism, yoga and meditation. The three tenets of Jainism: Nonviolence (Ahimsa), Multiple Reality of Truth or Open Mindedness (Anekaantvaad), and Non-possessiveness (Aparigraha) seek peace, justice, and sustainability; acknowledge equality of all human beings; foster mutual respect and understanding which would lead to a better world and attempt to address the current global issues of violence, environmental degradation and poverty. Universal Love: The basic tenet of Jainism is ahimsa or nonviolence. According to the teachings of Jainism, all living beings have a soul whose basic nature is consciousness. All souls are spiritually equal and desire to live in a safe, free and peaceful environment. As human beings are blessed with the sense of thinking, the humanity is responsible for achieving oneness and harmony with all life by being compassionate, loving and nonviolent. Ahimsa refers to refraining from visible physical acts of violence. as well as from thoughts of hurting and from speech intended to harm or upset others. This attitude makes a person humble and peaceful with other living beings. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 obat 33 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #36 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Inclusiveness: Jainism places great emphasis on the principles of the multiplicity of views or open-mindedness (Anekaantvaad). It means that the perception of reality changes depending on the time, place, nature and the state of the viewer. What is true from one point of view can be open to question from another. The absolute truth becomes the sum total of all different view points that can make up the universe. This inclusiveness attitude leads to the acceptance and tolerance of other viewpoints. Jain Education Interdependence: According to Jainism, all life is bound together by mutual support and interdependence (Parasparopgraho Jivanam). Life is viewed as a gift, lived only with support, accommodation, and assistance from the interdependent web of all creation. Therefore, harming another living being inevitably means harming our selves. This teaching combined with the teachings on ahimsa, provides an important foundation for environmental ethic. In the Jain symbol, the word Ahimsa (nonviolence) is in the center of the raised palm. It symbolizes blessings as well as to stop to review our activities to ensure that they do not hurt anyone. The wheel in the palm signifies that if we ignore our ethical responsibility, then like a wheel we will go round and round through ceaseless cycles of birth, life, pain, misery, death and rebirth. m NAMOKAAR MANTRA Jain Prayer) 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 NAMO ARIHANTAANAM NAMO SIDDHAANAM NAMO AAYARIYAANAM NAMO UVAJJHAYAANAM NAMO LOE SAVVA SAHUNAM ESO PANCHA NAMOKAARO SAVVA PAVAPPANAASNO MANGALAANAM CHA SAVVESIM PADDHMAM HAVAI MANGALAM (I bow and seek inspiration from, the perfected souls, liberated souls, religious leaders, religious teachers; and all monks and nuns in the world. These five obeisances erase all sins. Offering this obeisance is the most auspicious of all benedictions.) Ahimsa is......... Avoidance of Harm Intended by Mind, Speech and Action 34 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #37 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ JAIN CENTER OF AMERICA Jain Unity with Diversity in Practice wishing great success for the 14th Biennial JAINA Convention We are proud to be part of 2007 Jaina convention 43--11 Ithaca Street, Elmhurst, Queens, NY 11373 (718) 478 9141 Established in 1976 Page #38 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Best Wishes from Jain Center of Northern California While in San Francisco Bay Area, do not miss the opportunity to visit the majestic temple complex with splendid and detailed marble lace work architecture, making it one of the best in North America. Come Visit The Jain Bhavan A Teerth in North America with Praan Pratishthit Murtis Jain Center of Northern California 722 South Main Street, Milpitas, CA 95035 (408) 262-6242 HTTP:// TEMPLE HOURS: MON - FRI: 7:00 AM - 1:30 PM & 6:30 PM - 9:00 PM SAT/SUN & HOLDAYS 8:00 AM - 9:00 PM Join Education initiation Page #39 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Namo arihNtaannN|| Namo siddhaarnn| Namo aayriyaann|| Namo uvjjhaayaannN|| Namo loe sabyasAhUrNa / / eso paMcaNamokkAro, sbpaavssnnnnaasnno| maMgalANa ca savyesiM: pahama habai mNgl|| Lord Rishabhdev Lord Parshwanath Lord Mahavir Navakar Mantra Congratulations to JAINA volunteers for their dedication and tireless efforts in proliferating Jain Heritage in the Western Environment. 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Call us for your bookings at: 1-877-FLY-JAYA (1-877-359-5292) Fares available on all Major Carriers: Air India, Continental, Northwest, KLM, Air France, Lufthansa, Swiss, Alitalia, Singapore Airlines, etc. For Privale a personal use only etroit / Chicago / New York / Washington / Los Angeles / San Francisco / Houston / Mumbai ya Chenna Page #42 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Pretty Jewelry Inc. Subsidiary of Diasqua Group DENIM COLLECTION 580, 5th Avenue, Suite 341, New York, NY 10036, Jain Education. Tol. 212.768.7171 Fax. 212.768.2740 Toll Free: 888.786.8786 Page #43 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ RELIGIOUS UNDERSTANDING I am thinking of the name of your organization - Temple of Understanding - and feeling that all the world's problems are coming from misunderstanding, from confusion and narrow-mindedness. There are no differences between religions, although philosophically we can discuss many. For example, some people believe that God is Supreme Being separate from us. They have accepted the king system. God is king and we are his subjects, and by his grace we can attain anything. Others believe in a kind of 'democratic system where God is not alone - every soul is God. There is only karma covering this divinity or perfection. Remove it and you are God. Acharya Sushil Muni Ji (Guruji) His Holiness Acharya Sushil There is need for understanding. Lord Mahavir taught that truth has many Kumarji Maharaj was an exponent angles. If we want to know reality, then we must accept the totality of truth. of Ahimsa and well respected for We have to accept all dimensions of the truth - they are all parts of the truth. We have to accept all dimensions of the his peacemaking efforts. He We can't describe total truth in one word. Actually, we can't describe truth. founded International Mahavir Jain mission, an NGO with UN It can only be indicated a little bit. and Siddhachalam, Jain Tirth. He also founded the teaching system We must be careful when we are judging people and ideas. No one is Arhum Yoga' the science of sound bad, no one is good. No one is only one thing. For example, you can say vibration according to the ancient you are a father, but you are also a son, a brother, a husband, a friend, an Arihant tradition. A spiritual enemy also. There are so many angles. guide to JAINA and Jain centers in North America, he left his physical The same is true in accepting all the angles and dimensions of ideas. This body in 1994. This article is from is Anekant. We must not think that one system of belief is the end of truth. his talk at the Temple of Truth has so many angles. Understanding shows us the way out of narrowUnderstanding in New York City mindedness and separatism. And we have to understand perfectly. on September 29, 1986. When we are thinking "I am Jain" or "I am Buddhist" - this is the start of problems. We are not Jain, we are not Buddhist, we are nor Christian. We are human. The enlightened ones came on this earth and gave us the light of their beautiful ideas. We can benefit from the light of all the great masters and the religions that followed in their traditions. Accept this kind of understanding clearly, perfectly and with respect. If anyone is speaking against us, then there is some truth there. We should not decide rigidly that someone is our enemy just because we don't share same ideas. When I was in Punjab this year, I met with terrorists several times. We are following Nonviolence, and they are following violence. Still, I decided that we must begin to grow nearer to them in order to discuss and understand all points of controversy. A very good result came from these talks, and I will continue this work when I return to India in December. Wherever you go, don't think against others. Respect all opposing ideas. Don't think that only supporting people and ideas are perfect for you. Be humble and open-minded. Be understanding and you will also gain a deeper understanding of yourself. <> 41 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE 14 Biennial ) AINA convention 2007 Jain Education Interational Page #44 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ GLOBAL IMPACT OF JAINISM In this era of globalization and growing east-west-north-south contacts in a rapidly shrinking world, time has come to recognize the need for increasingly globalised perception of spirituality, and the valuable role inter-faith constructive engagement can play in this regard. Historically the religions of the world have not necessarily grown in isolation; they have enriched one another in diverse ways at significant points of contact, while maintaining their distinct identity. This has happened in the early centuries between Jainism. Buddhism and Hinduism. Together they have woven the tapestry of the pluralistic heritage of India. Jain religion with its central focus on Ahimsa as a compassionate ethic has made an abiding impact not only on India's cultural moorings, but in recent times inspired Mahatma Gandhi's successful non-violent struggle for independence from British colonial rule. Indeed, India's cultural mindset has been deeply influenced by the Jain perception of non-violence not as a negation of violence only, but as a point of origin of virtues such as forgiveness, mutual supportiveness, tolerance, self-control, fearlessness, synthesis and equanimity. Dr. Narendra P. Jain Dr. N.P.Jain, E-50, Saket, Indore (M.P.) India. Michael Tobias, a noted American Jain scholar has observed: "Jainism. India's and possibly the world's oldest religion is a quiet and overwhelmingly serious way of life, a cultural insistence on compassion, a sociology of aesthetics that has dramatically changed the world, and will continue to effect change. Jainism is a momentous example to all of us that there can and does exist a successful ecologically responsible way of life which is abundantly non-violent in thought, action and deed." Dr. Narendra P. Jain is the former India's Ambassador to Nepal, European Union, Belgium, Mexico, and U. N. as well as Secretary, Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India, New Delhi. He is a noted economist, ardent environmentalist, poet, prolific writer, eloquent orator, and a renowned Jain scholar. Dr. Jain is the Executive President of the World Jain Confederation and has been a speaker in numerous international conferences. His articles on Jainism appear on several websites of spiritual and interfaith organizations. Jain religion has, over many centuries, survived the vicissitudes of history and the competing claims of other faiths in multi-religious and multi-cultural India. By advocating a spirit of synthesis, it has contributed to the cultural pluralism that has characterized the growth of Indian culture and spirituality. While for many centuries it remained confined within the shores of India, it is especially in the 20th centuries that Jain businessmen, engineers, doctors and other professionals moved out and have settled far and wide in different countries and continents of the world, notably North America and Africa. It is to the credit of Jains settled abroad that they have not only been practicing their religion ritually, but have taken to actively propagating to non-Jains the relevance of the rational, scientific and deeply benevolent message of Jain philosophy in contemporary times when the world is confronted with everincreasing violence, intolerance, ethnic and racial discrimination, hatred, greed, exploitation of have-nots and terrorism. In this context, it is pertinent to recall what some north Americans have to say once they were exposed to the principles and practices of Jain religion. A transformed American Balbhadra Costain writes: 14th Biennial JAINA convention 2007 42 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #45 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ "And yet with all the freedom from want as well as opportunities knocking at the doorsteps for material progress and comforts, people do not have peace of mind or equanimity born of tolerance. Tensions, stress and distress fill the life of an average westerner. Our life and times are very fragile. It is here that Jainism has given me insight into reality and helped me to understand the purpose of human existence on this planet." Robert Goodman has felt that Jain philosophy has served to satisfy the hunger for spiritual growth and meditation, occasional fasting, abstinence from drinking and smoking, and graduated detachment with plethora of luxuries has given him a feeling of 'spiritual prosperity' with recharged soul energy and extended self-realization about self-development through self-discipline. What has impressed him most after long discussions with me in New York and reading about Mahavir that Jainism teaches first and foremost to cut through your proud and at times vain ego and wake up to the gentle Jain spirit in you that knows no arrogance, condemnation, revenge or punishment. It carries the mighty power of all-inclusive compassion, piety and kindness. It is to the credit of jains settled abroad that they have not only been practicing their religion ritually, but have taken to actively propagating to non Jains the relevance of the rational, scientific and deeply benevolent message of Jain philosophy in contemporary times when the world is confronted with ever-increasing violence, intolerance, ethnic and racial discrimination, hatred, greed, exploitation of have-nots and terrorism. In this context, it is a happy augury that in about a quarter of a century, JAINA in North America has grown from an 'idea' into an 'institution' and from an 'institution' into a 'vibrant symbol of the unified and harmoniously integrated identity of Jain community and its increasing global spread and impact. I was happily associated in the early discussions and initiatives during my tenure as India's envoy to the U.N. in the seventies. I have with exultation observed constant consolidation and expansion of its activities not only for unifying the Jains abroad, but also taking meaningful initiatives in inter-faith deliberations as well as launching of humanitarian and environmental projects with abiding impact. In India also at the time of natural calamities like earthquake in Gujarat, tsunami catastrophe as well as for the disabled in Andhra Pradesh and elsewhere, JAINA has played a valuable role. Activists in JAINA have gained recognition at important inter-faith for a like the Parliament of Worlds' Religions, Sacred Earth Gathering and similar Inter-faith assemblies both at micro as well as macro levels. Jain community was strongly represented at the 1993 Parliament of Worlds' Religions in Chicago. Leading saints from all sects, scholars and society leaders working in cohesion made a deep imprint by succeeding in enshrining in the Declaration on Global Ethic that non-violence and reverence for all forms of life and nature should be recognized globally as irrevocable principles of an emerging global ethic order. It is this achievement, which needs to be kept up in future by Jain community in India and abroad working together to advocate Jain ethical art of living as a model for humanity. There is unlimited potential for taking up environmental up gradation projects in needy communities, help for the disabled and the handicapped, healthcare for animals, education projects for the poor and so on. There is unlimited scope for such activities and splendid examples of initiatives being taken by several Jain trusts and institutions. <> 14th Biennial JAINA convention 2007 43 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #46 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ VIRCHAND GANDHI, AN EMISSARY TO THE WEST India is the birthplace of many saints and several religions and its cultural diversity mosaic has established an image in the history as a great nation. These holy sages promoted their respective philosophies and congregations to enrich the heritage of the region. However, few spoke for "India" and very few went abroad to introduce or make others aware about its rich past history. Virchandbhai was a great exponent of Indian culture, a philosopher, a reformer, a Jain scholar and a patriot who made the country proud by revealing the true nature of religion, love, compassion, tolerance and Ahimsa (non-violence). He was the one who promoted Indian philosophies including Jainism in the Western world. VRG was born on August 25 1864 in Mahuva, Gujarat, India. He did his schooling, securing first place in matriculation examination from Bhavnagar, Gujarat. While still a student, his parents got him married at the age of 16 and had one son named Mohanlal. He completed Bachelor of Arts with honors in 1884 from Bombay and got the honor of being the first Jain to graduate. In 1885, he joined as a law articled clerk in a solicitor's firm and became Barrister-at-law from London, England. The polyglot had good command over 14 languages including Prakrit, Sanskrit, Hindi, English and French besides his own mother tongue, Gujarati. VRG had studied Vedanta Philosophy, Buddhism, Christianity, Western Philosophy and made comparative study of various philosophies, which equipped him for talks on various subjects with confidence. He had read western scholars on eastern philosophies that enabled him to present his views and talks on many subjects. He had a clear vision, unbiased approach and clarity in explanation. He corrected the false, twisted and perverse impression of India as being the land of Maharajahs, tigers, cobras and magicians. He defended Indian culture, Hindu religion under unjust criticism in the Parliament of World Religions and elsewhere. Since becoming the founder secretary of the Jain Association of India (JAI) in 1885, VRG actively worked for social and cultural reforms. At that time the Jain community was having problems with government agencies at local, state and national administrative levels that he resolved successfully. In Palitana, in Gujarat, the Thakore (Collector) had levied a head tax on pilgrims visiting Shatrunjay Tirth. VRG made strenuous efforts to alleviate this hardship and brought a satisfactory settlement. Anandji Kalayanji Pedhi of Ahmedabad agreed to pay annually Rs. 15,000 for forty years to the Thakore and the tax was abolished. Makhshiji Tirth, another pilgrimage hill dispute was also brought to a satisfactory end by him in 1887. Sametshikharji, the hill stands tallest in its physical attributes as well as in its Jain sacred spiritualism, because of the fact that this sacred hill in Eastern India, where 20 out of 24 Tirthankars (linas) attained salvation. Its sacredness is spared and spread even to the unruly animals that dwell there seemingly 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 44 Prakash Mody Pravin C. Shah Mahesh Gandhi Raksha Shah Prakash Mody: Authors Prakash Mody, Pravin C. Shah, Mahesh Gandhi and Raksha Shah are members of a committee for issue of a postal stamp in India in memory of Virchand Raghavji Gandhi. They recommend JAINA member-centers to organize "Remembering Virchand program during August 7 to 25, locally in a be fitting manner. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #47 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ adhering to the Jain principle, ahinsa, being non-cruel to each other. The hill being what it is to the adhering Jains and the animals live there with peace was disturbed in late 1890's by an intrusion. An Englishman had obtained a concession from the Raja (King) of Palgunje to use the part of the hill for a factory to produce mutton tallow from slaughtering of pigs. The Jain community strongly resented this and efforts were made to have it closed. The Jains had filed a legal suit in the Subordinate Court but the case was lost. Consequently, an appeal was filed in the High Court at Calcutta. At this stage, the case was entrusted to VRG. He stayed in Calcutta for six months and learnt Bengali language to prepare the brief. He succeeded and the animal fat manufacturing plant was removed in 1891. As Jain monks do not travel, Acharyaji requested the bright young and popular thinker, VRG, to be the emissary. VRG took six months special training in Jain philosophy, mastered the principles and practices from the Acharyaji before sailing to America. This training of teachings was written down in the form of Chicago Prashnotari (Questions & Answers at Chicago). In 1893, the organizers of the first ever Parliament of World Religions at Chicago, USA, invited Acharya Vijayandsuri (Munishri Atmaramji) to represent Jainism. As Jain monks do not travel, Acharyaji requested the bright young and popular thinker, VRG, to be the emissary. VRG took six months special training in Jain philosophy, mastered the principles and practices from the Acharyaji before sailing to America. This training of teachings was written down in the form of Chicago Prashnotari (Questions & Answers at Chicago). At the 17-days Conference, in the presence of more than 3,000 delegates from all over the world belonging to many faiths, he impressed not only by the sheer weight of his scholarship but also with his six eloquent speeches and personality. At the Parliament, he played a pioneer role first time outside of India to spread Bhagwan Mahavir's (24th Last Jina - Tirthankar) message of non-violence. He illustrated the meaning of Jina's way of life and five Code of Conduct (Mahavrats & Anuvrats), Ahinsa (non-violence), Anekantvad (multiplicity of views) and Karma philosophy, doctrine of reincarnation, soul and its liberation, salvation, ethics, existence of God, etc. and convinced public about Jainism as a rational religion. His approach was the most non-sectarian. Swami Vivekananda, who represented Hinduism at this gathering also did a wonderful presentation and explained eastern thoughts to the western world. These two great sons of India changed the belief that India was the land of heathens without any culture or civilization. He was presented with the silver medal and requested to prolong his stay. In Kasadova, he delivered a lecture on 'Some Mistakes Corrected'. Later on August 8, 1894, the citizens of this city awarded a gold medal to him. VRG was one of the first Jains to set his feet on the western soil. To commemorate the centenary of that event, the Jain Society of Metropolitan Chicago has installed his statue at their temple complex. He toured thrice throughout America and Europe including England, France and Germany and delivered more than 535 lectures in different cities there about Jainism. He established several societies in the West for satisfying the thirst of many in learning more about Indian philosophy. He founded, 1 'Gandhi Philosophical Society' in Washington, 2 'Society for the Education of Women in India' (SEWI) in Chicago, 3 'School of the Oriental Philosophy' and 4 Jain Literature Society' in London. Under the banner of SEWI, several Indian 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 45 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Interational Page #48 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ women came to U.S.A. for studies. Herbert Warren, a religious enthusiast, abandoned non-vegetarianism and adopted the Jain religion. Herbert took VRG's lecture notes and wrote a book on the Jainism. V. Glasenapp, a well known German scholar, wrote his doctoral dissertation on the Jaina Doctrine of Karma; and acknowledged VRG's lectures as his sole influence. Wherever he went, all churches and societies, spiritual and literary institutions, not only accorded him warm welcome but also honored him. In 1895, VRG attended the Indian National Congress in Pune as a representative of undivided Bombay province. He represented Jains at the Dharma Mahotsav held at Ajmer, where he was awarded a gold medal. He was an All-Asia sole delegate at the 1899 International Commerce Conference, where he advocated developmental reforms of post-parcel system. VRG was a true patriot. He had talked about economic and political freedom well before five decades of India became independent and more than a century ago. Many are unaware but it is interesting to find that VRG had contact with Gandhiji, both having a common interest in law and food subjects. Mahatma was experimenting with food and VRG joined him. Had Gandhiji not mentioned about it in his autobiography My Experiments with Truth; we would not have come to know of it. VRG was a social reformer. When his father died in 1890, he did not allow women, the primitive practices of wailing and breast-beating during mourning. He mastered Yoga also. He successfully advanced the noble causes of animal welfare, vegetarianism and unjust head pool tax levy. This compassionate laity individual sent forty thousand Rupees and shipload of grains to India from USA during the 1897 famine. He had received many medals, awards and recognitions during his short life. Many are unaware but it is interesting to find that VRG had contact with Gandhiji, both having a common interest in law and food subjects. Mahatma was experimenting with food and VRG joined him. Had Gandhiji not mentioned about it in his autobiography My Experiments with Truth; we would not have come to lenow of it. VRG wrote many articles and books in Gujarati as well as English. He contributed essays on topics of cultural reforms like education for women and custom of repenting Radva Kutvani Hanikarak Chal, (1986, 37-pp Gujarati). JAI published Savirya Dhyan (1989, 134-pp Gujarati) translated by VRG, originally written by Acharyashri Shubhchandradev with a commentary by Anandan Lalan. VRG's important contributions include Yoga Philosophy, Karma Philosophy, Religion & Philosophy of the Jains and The Systems of Indian Philosophy. VRG translated besides many publications, including The Unknown Life of Jesus Christ in English from French in 1894 from an ancient manuscript found in Tibet. VRG's selected speeches titled "Jainism in Western Garb as a solution to the Life's Great Problems" and other compilations were also published. In 1912, from his speeches and writings, three important books on Jaina Philosophy (360 pp.), Karma Philosophy (192 pp.) and Yoga Philosophy (280 pp.) in English were compiled. The Systems of Indian Philosophy (2nd Edition, 1970, 148-pp English), Selected Speeches (1964, English) and Religion & Philosophy of the Jainas (1993, 232-pp English), was published. While he was in England, his health suddenly took a turn for the worse. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 46 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Interational Page #49 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ VRG was a social reformer. When his father died in 1890, he did not allow women, the primitive practices of walling and breast beating during mourning. He mastered Yoga also. He successfully advanced the noble causes of animal welfare and vegetarianism. He returned to India, but a few weeks later VRG passed away at the very young age of 37 years in Bombay on 7 August 1901. He was a brilliant promising young man, full of hopes and aspirations of service to his religion. and community. His name will continue to be remembered forever as a great champion of Indian cultural heritage and Jainism. <> References: 1. Glimpses of Jainism and Biography of Forgotten Hero: Shri Virchand Raghavji Gandhi by Pannalal R. Shah 2. Selected Speeches of Shri Virchand Raghavji Gandhi published by Shri Vallabhsuri Smarak Nidhi, Bombay. "An Emissary to North America" - Virchand Raghavji Gandhi, 1864-1901 First Parliament of World Religions, Chicago, USA, 1893' 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Photographs by Thomas Dix 47 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #50 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ PEACE ONLY POSSIBLE THROUGH DIALOGUE Repeated efforts to bring peace seem to have failed. The situation relating to existing conflicts are moving to a point of no return. New conflicts are sprouting all over the world. Each of these conflicts is threatening to take the centre stage. No one seems to have a clue as how to reduce tension and manage the conflicts within a local area, to contain it and then to bring peace by due process of dialogue. The missing link has been the non involvement of the intellectuals to take up the responsibilities to find a solution. It has been often seen that when ever intellectuals have participated in the dialogues, emotions have given way to reasons, and a solution has emerged only after a due process of reconciliation through dialogue. HH Amrender Muniji 011-91-11-27052030 (India) 908-362-5936 (USA) The participation of intellectuals brings rationality and the ability to evaluate the actual causes without biases. Fairness in the judgment process is the key for success. Intellectuals also bring freshness in the thought process. The positions that conflicting parties took earlier, normally melts down in the presence of truthful thoughts. Most of the conflicts are built on small differences. As time elapses, supporters on both sides of the fence keep adding on series of small differences to inflame passions. The issue, over a long period, becomes very complicated, not easy to unwind and difficult to solve. Do you remember the Punjab problem in India? It started by two States of the Federal Government claiming Chandigarh city as their capital. The issue blew up to demand the separation of Punjab from India. Later after a long battle and bloodshed, the matter was sorted out. Peaceful negotiations and long deliberations have resulted in the two States sharing the same capital. HH Amrender Muniji is an accomplished scholar and had written his thesis on the history of Jains traveling to East and North China. He regularly visits North America and gives lectures to Jains and non-Jains alike. He is widely traveled and a speaker in interfaith programs and international conferences. He has authored the book 'Yoga-Siddhi'; conducted numerous yoga camps; and organized medical camps to help the needy, and preached compassion among numerous prisoners. Muniji was a close associate of the late HH Acharya Sushil Kumarji Maharaj of Siddhachalam. It has to be understood that baseless talks are generally the cause of misunderstanding. This is to be avoided by all means. It has to be kept in mind that as soon as we realize that we are deviating from our path of understanding, we should immediately reconcile to the deviation and revert back to peaceful dialogue. Bhagwan Mahavir, who established the present order of Jainism, has clearly spoken in favour of self appraisal of the deeds and speeches of the day. According to Him, if any one realizes that by his thought, speech or deed, he has created violence in the society, it is imperative that he rectifies his mistake immediately. He is supposed to publicly acknowledge his position and to clarify the causes for misunderstanding. If for any reason, he is not able to discuss and resolve immediately, every effort must be made to achieve reconciliation within a week, or a fortnight, or a quarter, or at the most within a year. This teaching of Jainism specifies a time limit to resolve a dispute, which is one year. Admission of guilt has to be accompanied by a declaration that one has no more ill will and no enmity with others. This is the back bone of mutual discussion. Dialogue in a peaceful way has been a very successful method for resolving disputes. If this is coupled with little acts of kindness and a bit of surrender of one's position, pace of settlement quickens. This has been often repeated in history. Many countries have fought wars for a small piece of land that both countries thought belonged to them. In recent history, wisdom shown by the leaders of Qatar and Bahrain is commendable. Through mutual 14" Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 48 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #51 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ dialogue and help of an international arbitrator, both countries have settled their border dispute by reconciliation, and give & take process of sharing. This has avoided toughening of attitudes in both countries, and any possibility of war. There are many examples in Jain and Buddhist scriptures which confirm the statement that many criminals have undergone metamorphism when confronted with rational arguments of wise men. Gautam Muni had gone to meet Bhagwan Mahavir with a view to defeat him. Through a process of dialogue, Bhagwan Mahavir dissolved the violence in Gautam Muni's thoughts, and he ultimately became his first disciple. The complete dialogue resulted in a scripture called Bhagwati Sutra. Chandkaushik met Bhagwan Mahavir in a very aggressive posture. In response he heard soft words from Bhagwan Mahavir. After a long interaction and Chandkaushik got his answers. Jayanti Shrawika fired a series of questions to Bhagwan. Ultimately all the questions were answered to her satisfaction. There were soft words when she again met Bhagwan Mahavir. Most of the conflicts are built on small differences. As time elapses, supporters on both sides of the fence keep adding on series of small differences to inflame passions. The issue, over a long period, becomes very complicated, not easy to unwind and difficult to solve. Such occurrences are also mentioned in the testaments of other religion. Anand confronted Mahatma Buddha. After a long deliberation, Anand understood the purpose and truth of life. Geeta, the famous religious book of Hindus, is also a recording of the speech of Shri Krishna. Arjuna, his disciple, suddenly developed cold feet in a battle and started asking a series of questions. Sri Krishna gave a discourse that led to a proper understanding of the situation. This discourse is over 5,000 years old, yet so contemporary as it answers the rational thoughts for conflict resolution. I have been fortunate to be a disciple of Pujya Shri Gurudev Acharya Sushil Muniji. I have seen him resolving many conflicts through the process of dialogue. He taught me the value of positive attitude. According to his teachings, most disputes disappear if non aligned intellectuals support discussions and lead it to fruitful conclusions. He was also an instrument in the settlement of the problem that I mentioned earlier between Punjab and Haryana, the two states in the Federation of India. The current level of conflicts in the world indicates a troubled time ahead for mankind. Violence, fear and terrorism have overtaken the world. There are so many flash points all across the globe. Any one of these could escalate to another world war. We also see a disappearance of the virtues of empathy and concern for society. One is so worried about his own safety that one just ignores all acts of violence until it affects them. General apathy to the ills of society has become an acceptable form of living. One avoids getting involved in any dispute, lest it causes harm to oneself. Such an unacceptable behavior in society by intellectuals gives an open invitation to rowdy elements to take law in their own hands. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 49 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #52 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ It is high time that the intellectual people wake up to their responsibilities, and courageously take up the crusade for bringing peace in society. It has been said that a lie, if repeated several times, appears to be true. If this is so, then why is not truth repeated several times. If nothing else, at least it will prevent untruthful thoughts from taking birth. We have to remember always that those small misunderstandings are the cause for major conflicts in society I will like to sum up with the thought that it is imperative that we believe in peace, truth, love, goodwill and service to humanity. Unless these virtues are recognized and nurtured, it is not possible to achieve peace in any part of the world. So my wise men, please wake up and perform your duty to the society. Never let the evil elements score a victory over you. Lead the society with your wise thoughts and unbiased position, to create long lasting peace.<> Geeta, the famous religious book of Hindus, is also a recording of the speech of Shri Krishna. Arjuna, his disciple, suddenly developed cold feet in a battle and started asking a series of questions. Sri Krishna gave a discourse that led to a proper understanding of the situation. This discourse is over 5,000 years old, yet so contemporary as it answers the rational thoughts for conflict resolution. SUS SDSSON A HARTA NECESS Photograph by Thomas Dix 14th Biennial JAINA convention 2007 50 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #53 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ PEACE Peace today is in pieces. The tragedy of our modern times is that we talk of peace but silently prepare for war. There can be no way to peace because peace itself is the way. Peace is the quintessence and the goal of life but the world seems to have lost the keys to the kingdom of peace. Religion in Latin means 'to unite', but history reveals that many of the religions have more often been the cause of war and disunity and have disturbed the peace of mankind. Although all religions and philosophies stand by peace and nothing else, all saints and philosophers have lived and died for peace but have never killed in the name of religion. A greater need is felt today to understand the very nature of peace and to understand the role of religion in its light. Dr. Priyadarshana Jain Tel. in Chennai 09840368851 Land line-04465286778) As said earlier religion means to unite with God, with emancipation, but this unification is not possible in the absence of peace, because only a peaceful mind can be the mirror of God, of the Paramatman. Just as one cannot see one's reflection in troubled waters, so also self-realization and liberation are not possible for a person who does not know the value of peace. Dr. Priyadarshana Jain is M.A, M.Phil, and Ph.D in Jainology; and has been a lecturer for the past 10 years in the Dept of Jainology, University of Madras, Chennai. She specializes in teaching Jainism to all groups and is a resource person for Foreign students and other foreigners coming for spiritual retreats at various Christian centers. She has written many papers and translated two books of Jainism. She visited several cities in the USA in 2006 as a member of a special project for female interfaith leaders from India funded by the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi. Peace is one's own essence (svabhava), but in modern times ignorance, egotism, materialism, violence, depression, stress, emotional imbalance, pressure of varying degrees at various stages in life, seem to be mounting by leaps and bounds and there are more psychological problems and cases than ever before. We are not at peace with ourselves and are searching for peace in material pleasures and mundane accomplishments where we are never going to find it. Peace is within each one of us , in harmony is the inner strength and not in external people, places and things. Just as happiness is a state of mind, peace is a state of the pure and perfect self that is focused in the centre of life and not revolving in the circumference of men and matter. One who is at peace with oneself alone can experience and radiate that peace everywhere. A person who is at peace with himself alone can realize peace in the family, society, nation and the world at large and not the viceversa. Peace is being in the here and now of life. Peace is living in the present moment sans the dreams, imaginations, desires, expectations, worries, tensions etc. Peace is in surrendering of the external self to the inner self, realizing the potential of the supreme self within. Peace is in the bottom most part of your being waiting to be tapped, yearning to manifest, waiting there for you to return to your eternal home. The greatest journey is that which brings you to your eternal home and this is possible only through peace. Peace or no Peace - the choice is yours but remember what you wish you will find, if you choose peace you have nothing to lose, but if you choose otherwise you lose yourself and everything. Peace and freedom are the birthright of all souls but we pass from one life to another without realizing our purpose of life which cannot be anything other than enlightenment (Sambodhi and Nirvana). It is only in enlightenment that that fathomless, unobstructed, and never ending Peace can be experienced and enjoyed for ever. 51 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Jain Education Intemational Page #54 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Had peace been anywhere outside it would have been found, but it is the very essence and core of all beings and until we realize this it will elude us at every step. Hence the need for right gods, gurus and dharma who will guide us at every step to realize the peace within us, so as to be released from all external conditioning. Peace happens when love meets wisdom, knowledge meets character and mind meets the soul. So, no matter who you are with, whether you are under the sun, what you do with life as long as you are at peace with yourself, self-realized and enlightened, calm and serene, cheerful and balanced, relaxed and helpful, undisturbed and unaffected by the adversities and prosperities that come your way, chosen by you in your ignorance in past lives. Now is the time to choose peace in wisdom, happiness, cheerfulness, forgiveness, contentment and spirituality. When you live, eat, walk, talk meditatively, peace manifests with ease and you enjoy what the most materially accomplished people fail to enjoy Finally the mantra for Peace is REALISE YOURSELF, BE HAPPY AND DO GOOD. Be happy come what may, and do well to all the people you can, by all the means you can, at all the times you can and in all the places you can. May peace be with all until we find peace. <> Peace is in surrendering of the external self to the inner self, realizing the potential of the supreme self within. Peace is in the bottom most part of your being waiting to be tapped, yearning to manifest, waiting there for you to return to your eternal home. The greatest journey is that which brings you to your eternal home and this is possible only through peace. Notes Painting Courtesy: Mahendra Shah 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 52 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #55 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Yashwant K. Malaiya PhD Sulekh C. Jain PhD Jainism as part of South Asian Studies in North American Universities PEACE AND HARMONY THROUGH DIALOGUE In North American universities, now there is considerable interest in South Asian Studies, often focusing on Hinduism and Buddhism. Unfortunately Jainism, an ancient and unique tradition has been largely under-represented. Here we present an innovative approach that is attempting to change that. There is now increasing interest in the study of the culture and philosophy of South Asia, partly as a result of increasing interest in pluralism and global issues. There has been significant immigration to North America from India. Many faculty members at universities are now Indian, and so are many distinguished professionals in medicine, finance etc. There is now a lot of academic interest in Hinduism and Buddhism and even Sikhism at North American campuses in terms of course offerings and scholarly research. Unfortunately Jainism has only a miniscule presence. Among thousands of South Asian researchers, there are only 17 experts in Jainism. Since there are very few academic programs in Jainism, it is the least known and the most misunderstood religions in USA and Canada. A bold and ambitious program, about three years old, is attempting to change that. The International Summer School for Jain Studies (ISSJS) has initiated a program that is training current and futures teachers and researchers. Its target is mainly North America, although the program has attracted a few scholars from Europe and Far East also. ISSJS goes beyond training; it plans to continue the past participants motivated to initiate new Jainism related projects. The Need for a New Approach: The modern world is increasingly becoming a networked and competitive society. That has created new challenges for Jainism. In the past Jainism was concentrated in a few regions of India where traditional Jain centers were located. The Jain scholarship as well as life-style was guided by spiritual leaders like the Acharyas, Bhattaraks, Yatis as well as lay pandits. With their leadership, Jainism has survived and flourished through many centuries of adversities. Today, even Jains in India International Summer School for Jain Studies (ISSJS) maintains an extensive website at are widely dispersed. They are increasingly being more exposed to other faiths rather than Jainism. The traditional methods of passing the Jain tradition to the future generations are becoming less and less effective. The Jains overseas face a serious challenge in preserving the Jain heritage. They are a small minority within a small Indian community. It is hard for a young Jain to explain to others what Jainism is about and what is special about it. The preservation of the Jain identity has become a significant challenge among the Diaspora Jains. We need modern and innovative solutions to the difficulties faces by the overseas Jains. Today religions must strive to disseminate their message widely. Tibetan Buddhism is now familiar to people worldwide through international activities of His Holiness the Dalai Lama. Hinduism is now known around the world, 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 53 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #56 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ due to ISCON, Maharshi Mahesh Yogi etc. Gita is now widely quoted by non-Hindus. Within the past 50 years, the missionaries have made Christianity the most popular faith in Korea, leaving Buddhism behind. Jain teachings have what the world today seeks - principles like Ahimsa, Compassion, Vegetarianism, and Tolerance. Unfortunately these have been hijacked by others. Jains must use modern methods to reach people beyond the confines of the Jain community. We need to make it possible for the new generation of Jains to acknowledge their identity proudly. They should be able to discuss Jainism with non-Jains and explain why this ancient tradition is relevant today In the 25 centuries after Lord Mahavira, we have turned to the Scriptures Vina-Vani) for guidance, and to the monks and nuns for leadership. The Jain Temples have served not only as a center for worship, but also as symbols and anchors for the dharma. Devoted shravakas, through their support for Jain institutions and practices have supported survival of Jainism. There has been extensive temple building in recent years, however there is a feeling that the Temples alone will not preserve Jainism. It is essential to preserve Jain Learning and prepare competent scholars who will teach Jainism for the future generations of Jains and non-Jains The ISSJS program: It was initiated in 2005 and involves hosting a group of carefully selected scholars, mainly professors and graduate students in North America, for two months in Summer in India. They go through an intensive two month academic program on Jainism including philosophy, social aspects, rituals and pilgrimage. They are provided with opportunities for interaction with scholars, monks, nuns and practitioners of Jainism. The program is designed to be applicable to academic studies in North America and other overseas universities. After returning, ISSJS encourages and supports the scholars to carry out research and curriculum development in Jain Studies. Jain teachings have what the world today seeles - principles like Ahimsa, Compassion, vegetarianism, and tolerance. Unfortunately these have been hijacked by others. lains must use modern methods to reach people beyond the confines of the Jain community 2005 ISSJS Award Ceremony The ISSJS approach for promoting Jain studies is novel and is designed to be cost effective. Another approach of establishing a Jain Chair at a major university was considered at the beginning. However the cost of setting up an endowed Chair is prohibitive for the small Jain community. Its benefits tend to be localized and often it can take a long time to establish. In addition, 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 54 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #57 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ finding a suitable distinguished scholar can be difficult. The ISSJS approach aims to train scholars from multiple institutions who show promise of eventually emerging as teachers and researchers in Jain Studies. ISSJS also encourages graduate students to choose topics in Jain Studies as possible fields of specialization. Participation in ISSJS may permit them to earn academic credit. The Summer School immersion approach is fast-track and cost effective. ISSJS aims to bring Jain Studies to major academic institutions by seeding development of courses for all those interested, Jain as well non-Jain students. Research and publications by the scholars will make Jainism accessible to the academic community at large. The Jain institutions in North America and India will also benefit because the ISSJS scholars will be available to give lectures and seminars at these institutions. Their research will appear at international conferences. These scholars will collaborate with Jain scholars in India, opening doors of international involvement for them. This will also promote modernization of Jain Studies in India. India is now open to internationalization, and Jainism in India also needs to become global. ISSJS will promote that by creating opportunities for scholars in India to interact with international scholars. Jain scholars will be invited to visit overseas institutions for talks, collaboration, even faculty positions. This will raise the perceived quality of Jain institutions in India. Jain youth will no longer see Jainism as an old-fashioned, impractical and isolated system, but rather a modern and globally applicable philosophy. Jain scholars will be invited to visit overseas institutions for talks, collaboration, even faculty positions. This will raise the perceived quality of Jain institutions in India. Jain youth will no longer see Jainism as an old-fashioned, impractical and isolated system, but rather a modern and globally applicable philosophy. ISSJS is a non-government non-profit project led by volunteers. It is funded by a few philanthropists in USA, UK, Canada and India. Table 1: ISSJS Progress School Duration First June - July 2005 Second June - July 2006 Third June - July 2007 Scholars 07 14 34 Regions represented USA, Canada USA, Canada, Singapore, Thailand USA, Canada, Russia, Thailand The above table shows how the ISSJS has grown since its inception in 2005. The scholars for 2007 have been competitively selected and are getting ready to arrive in India. The 2007 participants include a complete team from University of Ottawa. The faculty and staff in India have been undergoing training to get ready. ISSJS uses modern teaching methods. The lectures are prepared in advance by the teachers and the lecture notes are provided to the scholars on arrival. The instruction is interactive, the students are encourages to ask perceptive questions. The instructional technology used includes PowerPoint presentations using computers and projectors. Evaluations and feedback from both the teachers and students are collected and assessed daily, weekly, monthly as well as at the end of the course. The participants undertake a one week long 55 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE 14th Biennial JAINA convention 2007 Jain Education Intemational Page #58 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ special project under the supervision of a Jain scholar in India. Visit to Jain temples and homes and meetings with sadhus and sadhvis are arranged to give the students personal glimpses into the Jain society. Even though ISSJS has only a short history, several past participants already have substantial achievements to their credit. Sarah Hadmack, who has taught Religious studies at Windward College and University of Hawaii, has done her MS Thesis on Jain asceticism. She is writing an article and a chapter on Jain asceticism. Marcel Parent, a PhD scholar at Concordia University Montreal has started offering classes in Jainism. Andrea Jain atRice University, Houston is teaching a section on Jain Diaspora. She is teaching a course at Houston University on Indian Religion with emphasis on Jainism. Dr Shugan Jain has visited University of Ottawa as a guest of Prof. Anne Vallely and Eastern Connecticut State University on invitation of Prof. Hope Fitz. ISSJS is attracting scholars from other regions also, from Singapore and Thailand in 2006 and from Russia and Thailand in 2007. The ISSJS Organization: The ISSJS program is implemented in India by International School for Jain Studies, Delhi and has been supported by several prestigious organizations in India. These include: Bhogi Lal Leherchand Institute of Indology, Delhi; Jain Vidhya Sansthan, Shri Mahavirji Jaipur Branch), Raj.; Jain Vishwa Bharati Institute, Ladnun, Raj.; Kundkund Gyanpeeth, Indore, MP; Tulsi Global Meditation Centre, Gurgaon, Haryana; Jain Academic Educational & Research Centre, Mumbai University; National Institute of Prakrit Studies and Research, Shravanbelgola; Naval Veerayatan, Pune, Maharashtra, Manglayatan University, Aligarh, U.P and Parshwanath Vidyapeeth Research Institute, Varanasi, U.P. In North America the program is supervised by the Overseas Academic Council which includes some of the best known overseas scholars on Jainism. Prof. Cromwell Crawford, U of Hawaii, has served as the Director. Others include Prof. Padmanabh S. Jaini, U of California, Berkeley; Prof. Christopher Key Chapple, Loyola Marymount U. CA; Prof. Hope Fitz, Eastern Connecticut State University; Prof. John Cort, Dennison University OH; Dr. Anne Vallely, University of Ottawa, Canada; Dr. Natubhai Shah, London, U.K; and Sarah Hadmack, University of Hawaii. The India Academic Council includes distinguished scholars with expertise in various aspects of Jain studies. Its Director is Dr. Shugan Chand Jain, Delhi. It includes Prof. Kamal Chand Sogani, Jaipur; Prof. Sagar Mal Jain, Shajapur; Prof. Kusum Jain, Jaipur; Dr. M.R. Ghelra, Jaipur; Dr N.P.Jain, Indore; Prof. Anupam Jain, Indore and Prof. M.L. Jain, Delhi as the Coordinator The Future of Jain Studies: A significant expansion of ISSJS activities is planned in future. It is planning to support the popular study-abroad programs to take students to India to study Jainism and Jain culture. A committee is actively working on a proposed Jain University of North America using the examples 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 56 is The modern world increasingly becoming a networked and competitive society. That has created new challenges for Jainism. In the past Jainism was concentrated in a few regions of India where traditional Jain centers were located. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #59 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ The Jains overseas face a serious challenge in preserving the jain heritage. They are a small minority within a small Indian community. It is hard for a young Jain to explain to others. what Jainism is about and what is special about it of institutions like the Hindu University of America or University of Notre Dame etc. It plans to initiate its activities by offering a distance learning program on Jainism. It will use the web as the primary distance learning medium to bring Jain Studies to the whole world. It aims to seek cooperation with established professors and programs. A committee has started to work on its mission and the code. The ISSJS initiative can potentially lead to goals that appear infeasible today. It can lead to the creation of Jain Centers of Excellence or Jain Chair at universities. It may even lead to a special Institute for a systematic, broad, multi-dimensional for training scholars and perhaps even monks/nuns. The success of ISSJS during the past three years has been due to the contribution of the volunteers and donations by the supporters. These will be critical resources for time to come to ensure success of the Jain Studies overseas. <> 14h 4th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Photographs by Thomas Dix 57 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #60 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ HAPPINESS IS WITHIN REACH Jain values need to be lived to be enjoyed. Today mankind is living in an interesting time, a time when the science of information technology is rapidly taking over and practically governing our life. The cave man has become a castle man. The days of cartwheels and carriages are being replaced by Cadillacs and convertibles. The period of stone grinding has become obsolete and the modern electronic grinders are taking its place. The old is being replaced by the new with tremendous speed. Pramoda Chitrabhanu As the machine is used for instant work, in the same way mankind works for instant happiness, fame and riches. He/She does not care whether it is at the cost of environmental pollution, depletion of natural resources or animal abuse and suffering. Under the powerful grip of greed, many act under the intoxication of modernization, leading to self-destruction. Motivated by ego and sensuality, many use their skills in the acquisition of worldly pleasures In this way, technology and information make the rich richer and the poor poorer. Pramoda Chitrabhanu has a Major in Psychology and Philosophy. She chairs the and is a director of PETA in India When we look around us, we see that mankind has become a burden and an enemy to oneself and Mother Earth, rather than a friend to all. Engaging in anger, lust, selfishness, deceit and competition, one ultimately paves the way to violence and war. As Thomas Merton has rightly said, "Violence can begin only where thought and rational communication have broken down." Center. She dedicates her time for working for various animal rights organizations. She lectures and teaches the philosophy of Ahinsa, Love, and Compassion. She has authored and co-authored five books. Living in this fast pace and in this technological space, mankind has become a robot. He/She now has no mind of his own and works like a machine. Society thinks for him and he obeys its orders. This herd mentality blinds vision and goads movement without any direction. Under these circumstances, does one have the same elements which are potentially capable of becoming a Mahavir, a Buddha, a Ram or a Jesus - epitomes of love, compassion and simplicity. How can one attain anything, if he does not take charge of his own life and does not discern the difference between right and wrong in the light of the truth? History tells us that no amount of wealth and fame has made mankind happy, for material happiness is fleeting and temporary, and changes with desires and dreams. Happiness does not lie in accumulation of things, but in the art of equal distribution, simplicity and contentment. Every positive or negative action has an equal and opposite reaction. A loving thought cast in the universe has a loving response, and an evil thought has an evil one. It is the law of nature that what is thrown out into the universe comes about like a boomerang. So why not give priority to our life on the basis of our needs and comfort and not based on our greed and luxury? In this way we can eliminate the possibility of acquiring negative 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 58 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #61 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ For, tomorrow belongs to the youth, the youth that holds the promise of the future. They are. the symbol of energy and zeal, openness and compassion, creativity and innovations. They have time and vigor to carry on and give life to the ancient heritage of reverence for life, to understand and practice the wisdom of the seers, and to use the insights of the enlightened masters. vibrations and unwanted karmas by channeling our thoughts, words and actions in a positive direction. To get a fresh outlook to life, probing into the philosophy of Jain Dharma as practiced and propounded by Lord Mahavir brings profound answers to our questions. It is founded on: Law of Reverence for All Life~~ Ahimsa Relativity in Thinking Law of Cause and Effect Law of Non-acquisition Law of Compassion Actions. ~~ Syadavada 14 Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Theory of Karmas Aparigraha Karuna~~ Non-violence in Thoughts, Words and ~~ Jain Dharma emphasizes tolerance and non-interference as its teachings. These perennial principles of Lord Mahavir are the avenues to health, healing, harmony, peace and love. They were useful thousands of years ago and will be useful for millenniums to come. Putting the teachings of Jain Dharma into practice, one can renew one's connectivity to that ancient source of teaching and live in harmony with oneself and in harmony with the rest of the world. Let us, therefore, work collectively for the betterment of the whole universe by changing our focus from 'I' to 'We.' The message of the new dawn is for all of us and for the youth in particular, who are the hope of tomorrow to shape the way society thinks and feels. For, tomorrow belongs to the youth, the youth that holds the promise of the future. They are the symbol of energy and zeal, openness and compassion, creativity and innovations. They have time and vigor to carry on and give life to the ancient heritage of reverence for life, to understand and practice the wisdom of the seers, and to use the insights of the enlightened masters. They are the torchbearers and trendsetters of peace, progress and prosperity for the present and future generation. Sol let us all think globally and act locally, making a difference in every moment of our life and be aware of our glorious spiritual wealth by arising, awaking and not stopping until the goal is reached.<> Painting Courtesy: Mahendra Shah 59 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #62 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Famous philosopher cum thinker C.D.M. Judd writes, 'Unity in diversity is the unique contribution of Indian culture and I consider it to be the biggest gift to the mankind'. Max Mueller, the 19th century luminary German philosopher, known for his love and devotion for Indian philosophy one said, 'If I ask myself the question as to which religious literature have given us the Europeans, bred on Greek, Roman and Jew thought processes, the formula to make us spiritually enriched and more internationally oriented or briefly more humane, then without any hesitation, my finger will point to Jain literature'. HH Lokesh Muni munilokesh Similarly unique philosopher cum thinker and devotee of international humanitarianism of 20th century Romyarola writes, 'If there is a place on this earth where from the earliest days of human civilization, all the dreams of human beings found a base and prospered, then that place is India'. There is no doubt that research on diversity of existence and viewpoints is the pinnacle of non-violence (ahinsa). As soon as the world recognizes this and owns it, it will be able to start achieving international peace soonest. Reconciliation, co-existence and independence are all synonyms of the same basic element. Jains call this basic element non-violence at physical level and Anekanta (multiplicity of viewpoints) at the mental level. To dissuade commoners from acts of violence Jain philosophy preached Non-Violence while for dissuading thinkers and philosophers from violence, it established the doctrine of Anekanta. The major benefit of Anekanta doctrine is that it protects an individual from insistence on bad / ill deeds and thoughts. This philosophy establishes the intellectual non-violence. Anekanta tries to give birth to reconciliation amongst many philosophies existing in India at any time as well as bring harmony and eliminate bitterness in thought processes of the philosophers thereby keeping their mental processes free from flaws and hatred towards others. Munishree Lokprakash Lokesh renounced the world and received Diksha from Late Acharya Shri Tulsi in 1983 at the age of 22. He has studied many Holy Scriptures of Jainism, Buddhism and Vedanta in depth. Muniji is master of meditation, Yoga and peace education. His mission in life is to spread the message of Ahimsa (Non-violence), peace and harmony. He has written over twelve books consisting of both poems and essays. His literature has been translated in several languages including English, Gujarati, Tamil, Bangla, and German. This is why the doctrine of Anekanta was so dear to the father of our nation Mahatma Gandhi. He writes that earlier he used to think himself as right and others as ignorant and opponents. Now I have started loving my opponents because I have now started looking at myself from the viewpoint of my opponents. My Anekanta is the outcome of the principles of nonviolence and truth. Basis of co-existence, living together as citizens of a nation and the world and doctrine of Panchsheel is the doctrine of Anekanta and it can also be the basis of the world peace. By following Anekanta doctrine, we can free the world from terrorism, wars and violence. 14" Biennial AINA Convention 2007 60 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #63 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ During my personal meeting with the president of Pakistan General Musharraf on April 17th 2004 at The President's House in New Delhi, I asked him the simple question 'After so many wars between India and Pakistan directly or indirectly, what did each country achieve?' Looking for a moment in my eyes, he said 'Muniji no body achieves anything from fighting or wars'. With this brief answer he kept quiet. Supporting his views I said, 'Sir you are right that nobody achieves anything from fighting. We can achieve something in an atmosphere of peace and goodwill towards each other.' In a war the one who looses is the immediate looser but the winner also looses simultaneously. I further said that the enemies of both Pakistan and India are not different but one and the same. We can jointly eliminate this common enemy and then achieve peace and progress. Now the Pakistan president became serious and was mulling on my suggestion of common enemies for some moments. Observing his inquisitive eyes, I further said 'Common enemies of India and Pakistan are poverty, illiteracy, scarcity and lack of medical care for their citizens'. Both the countries can fight and eliminate these common enemies only when there is peace in our countries and vicinity. If the two countries divert their expenditure on arms race to eliminate these enemies, then people of both the countries can live in peace and prosperity. Anekanta tries to give birth to reconciliation amongst many philosophies existing in India at any time as well as bring harmony and eliminate bitterness in thought processes of the philosophers thereby keeping their mental processes free from flaws and hatred towards others. There can be differences of opinion between members of a family. Similarly it is but natural to have differences between the two countries. Not only this but in democracy such differences are considered as the bases of progress. But when the differences get extended to direness in our mental processes and thinking, then the result is serious problems. The simple and best way to eliminate these differences in the thought processes is adopting the doctrine of Anekanta. One can find solutions to all controversial issues through the medium of dialogue and appreciating other's viewpoints. <> Painting Courtesy: Mahendra Shah 14 Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 61 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #64 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ A DIALOGUE WITH THE U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES In the 2600th Mahavir Jayanti Celebration organized by the International Jain Sangh (US) in New Jersey on April 8, 2001, over 500 people of Jain and other faiths took a pledge for Mutual Respect and Nonviolence. It reads as follows: "On this auspicious occasion, 1......commit myself to become respectful, nonviolent and peaceful person as best as I can because I know that the world will be a better place because of my effort. Therefore, from this day forward: Dr. Ashok Jain Ashok. Jain@us Tel. (732) 493-0093.) I will treat all living beings with respect and care. I will treat all human beings with respect, courtesy, and fairness, and I will avoid uncaring criticism, hateful words, and physical attacks. I will apologize and make amends when I have hurt another person. I know that we will grow in a peaceful and safe society when we honor the dignity of each and every person, I will challenge myself to be truthful, and to reduce anger and greed. In my day-to-day life, I will also consider ethical implications before taking any action. I know that my individual choices and actions when combined with others will make a difference." Dr. Ashok Jain is International Jain Sangh Trustee and resides in Monmouth County, the constituency of the Honorable Congressman Pallone. He is involved in several organizations for helping the needy in New Jersey and in India. The cultural program by children that followed highlighted the teachings of Lord Mahavir. Present in this celebration was also the US Congressman Frank Pallone Jr. Conversations all around were about violence and destruction, particularly the infamous Gujarat earthquake. The US community members requested the Congressman to take Lord Mahavir's message of Nonviolence and eco-friendliness to the Congress in some appropriate manner during that 2600th Janma Kalyanak year. Representative Pallone was receptive to this idea and subsequent steps of working closely with his office followed. On April 25, 2001, the Honorable Congressman Pallone went to the House floor with a message to commemorate the 2600th birthday of Lord Mahavir and to recognize the year 200l as the year of nonviolence worldwide. A few days later on April 29, Frank Pallone invited the US members to his office in New Brunswick, NJ, and presented a copy of the Congressional Record in a special ceremony. The inclusion of this Commemoration in the House Records establishes an important milestone in bringing awareness about Jainism and Lord Mahavir's message to America. During the next year's Mahavir Jayanti program on April 28, 2002, Congressman Pallone returned to the celebration and personally presented a copy of the congressional Record to the Jain community. Present on this auspicious occasion were several Jain community holy persons and leaders including HH Amrender Muniji, Samani Pratibha Pragya and Jagat Pragyaji, Dr. Dhiraj H. Shah, Dr. Navin Mehta, Dr. P. Jayaraman of Bharatiya Vidya 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 62 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Interational Page #65 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ I will challenge myself to be truthful, and to reduce anger and greed. In my day-to-day life, I will also consider ethical implications before taking any action. I know that my individual choices and actions when combined with others will make a difference. Bhavan, Mr. Dilip V. Shah and a large number of interfaith participants. It was truly a historic occasion. The Jain community is thankful to the Honorable Congressman Pallone for his communication to the Congress in promoting the message of Nonviolence. Honorable Congressman Frank Pallone, Jr. presenting a copy of the Congressional Record commemorating the 2600 Birth anniversary of Lord Mahavir. From Left standing are Dr. Ashok Jain, Ashok Jain Jeweler, Sampath Jain, Ashok K. Jain, Naresh Jain, Dr. Subhash Jain, Sarla Jain, Neelam. Jain, Prem Jain. Sitting with Congressman Pallone is Rajendra Kumar 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007. Era CA Photographs by Thomas Dix 63 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #66 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ COMMEMORATING THE 2600TH BIRTHDAY OF LORD MAHAVIR HON. FRANK PALLONE, JR. OF NEW JERSEY IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Wednesday, April 25, 2001 Mr. PALLONE. Mr. Speaker, I come to the House floor today to praise the Prime Minister of India, Mr. Vajpayee, in declaring this year as the year of nonviolence. April 6 commemorates the 2600th birthday of the greatest prophet of Jainism, Lord Mahavir. Jainism is a beautiful religion originating in India over two millennia ago, built on the principles of nonviolence, working on the self, and realization of multiplicity of truth through our varying perspectives of life. Lord Mahavir worked tirelessly all his life until he reached Nirvana, and then embarked barefoot to spread his message of truth across the great nation of India. Lord Mahavir practiced and preached environmental protection to safeguard trees, plants and animals for the living. The observation of the nonviolent practices of the Jainis was a major influence on the philosophy of the great Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi. The same principles of nonviolence and respect for life were practiced more recently by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., in the United States, as he led the struggle for civil rights for all Americans. Mahavir's principles are extremely important today as well. Mahavir or the great soul taught us liberation of soul by right knowledge, right faith and right conduct. We must all bring this into our lives to make this world a better place for our children and grand children. April 6th marks the beginning of pioneering celebrations throughout the world for nonviolence, and thus I ask my colleagues to join me in recognizing the year 2001 as the year of nonviolence worldwide. Reprinted from the Congressional Record Vol. 147, No. 53, Washington, Wednesday, April 25, 2001: Proceedings and debates of the 107th congress, First Session. International Jain Sangh thanks the Honorable Congressman Frank Pallone, Jr., for his efforts to commemorate the 2600h Birth Anniversary of Lord Mahavir in the Congressional Record to spread his message of nonviolence worldwide. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 64 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #67 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ A GANDHIAN ANALYSIS OF PEACE THROUGH ETHICAL DIALOGUE propose to discuss our convention theme 'Peace through Dialogue' under two main headings: first, responsibility and freedom of choice; secondly, the agents to whom responsibility is due, RESPONSIBILITY AND FREEDOM OF CHOICE. Prof. Cromwell Crawford Volunteerism: What is responsible dialogue, or more broadly, what is responsible action? Gandhi distinguishes between heteronomous and autonomous morality. The former type is dictated from outside the agent and is governed by a hedonistic ethic. It is made up of activities that follow from blind adherence to custom or convention, and are reinforced by the pleasure/pain principle. Prof. CROMWELL Crawford is a professor of Religion at the University of Hawaii at Manona. He specializes in Hindu Ethics. He serves on the Advisory Boards of Ahimsa Times and is the Director of International Summer School of Jain Studies in North America. Autonomous morality is made up of actions. The element that makes an action moral is its voluntaristic status. Only free action is responsible. No action that is not voluntary may be called moral. "even if an action is good in itself, and prompted by good motives, it cannot be called moral unless it is wholly voluntary" Responsible actions are virtuous because they are fearless in their formation and expression, and are in accord with dictates of conscience" The great heroes of the world have always been those who went against convention, or established precedent, for the sake of doing good to the world." How does the idea of free will fit in with the notion that God governs our actions and that Providence rules humanity. Gandhi believed in the overarching will of God, and debated atheists who denied that the will of God precedes human will. At the same time, though the will of God precedes human will, it is not some external law arbitrarily imposed upon us, but it is the innermost law of our being. Therefore, submission to the divine command is an autonomous act. The command is intrinsic to our being, but since human nature is a split between essential being and empirical being, divided consciousness senses the command vis-a-vis ourselves. Besides, the moral constitution of humans, being an act of creation, has priority over the will, and to that extent, freedom is compliant with nature. Nature limits us to be what we potentially are, and that is all we really need. Motives. Responsible action proceeds from free choice; it is also a matter of motive. Responsibility resides not in the act, but in the motive that prompts it. He says: Suppose two men are in the habit of feeding the poor, one moved by pity, the other with a view to earning a name for some selfish end. Though the action is the same in the two cases, it is moral in the one and clearly immoral in the other. Hence, no action can be called moral unless it is prompted by moral intention. The end cannot justify the means. Means and motives were inextricably connected in Gandhi's ethics. The end was organically connected with the beginning. This does not imply that 65 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Jain Education Intemational PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #68 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ results are inconsequential. Results are important, and in every responsible act there is the guiding element of consequences. But often results of our action are unforeseen to us. In such circumstances, we simply have to assure ourselves that our motive is pure, that the action itself is good, and leave the rest to God. AGENTS TO WHOM RESPONSIBILITY IS OWED. Gandhiji believed in a three-fold order of responsibility: to ourselves, others, and to God. Responsibility to Ourselves. Our first responsibility is to establish dialogue with ourselves, for the creation of inner peace. This is an unconditional duty. It is dialogue of the self with the Self, for it is God who speaks to us through us. Thus there is a vital connection between religion and morality, because the inner dialogue is unconditional. If the basis of responsible decisionality is unconditional, it is a matter of some wonder whether this is defensible when the concrete decision proves morally incorrect. Can a decision be deemed responsible, and yet turn out to be unfair, unjust, and incorrect? Gandhi's answer is that responsibility first belongs to the form of the moral decision. We are obligated to make an honest response to the inner voice by which we are addressed in dialogue, but the validity of will depend on many conditions. Every responsible decision is therefore fraught with the risk that we could be acting incorrectly; but risk does not justify passivity. Action is its own teacher. We the same in the two cases, are always under the responsibility to act it is moral Thus the primary responsibility we have in life is to achieve personhood-to become persons. This above all, to thine own self be true is the personal dimension of responsibility. Responsibility to others. In life personal and social dimensions are integrally connected. We become persons only through communitarian dialogue. Humans are social animals. Deprived of others we experience self-deprivation. Social integration calls for a dialogical ethic of ahimsa, that is: non-violence toward those of different gender, class and color, different economic and social status, different religion, culture and species. Responsibility to God. Who is God? Truth is God, nothing else, nothing less. The nearest Sanskrit word for Truth is Sat. Sat means 'being' God alone is Sat. He alone is. As the ground of all being, Truth is the sum mum bonum (highest good) of all ethics; it is the essence of dharma. I reside in each individual as divine potential; therefore it is man's foremost obligation to discover Truth in himself, and to begin dialogue with it. Gandhi states Devotion to Truth is the sole justification of our existence. Once Truth is internally naturalized, and becomes the breath of our life, moral conduct becomes spontaneous, 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 66 Suppose two men are in the habit of feeding the poor, one moved by pity, the other with a view to earning a name for some selfish end. Though the action is in the one and clearly immoral in the other. Hence, no action can be called moral unless it is prompted by moral intention. The end cannot justify the means. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #69 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ instinctive, joyous, and effortless. But without Truth, it is impossible to observe any principles or rules in life How do we attain Truth? As rational beings we must make full use of our minds, yet, reason cannot take us far. Reason is a poor thing in the midst of temptations and easily succumbs to passion and instinct, Reason must therefore be reinforced by faith. Faith takes us beyond, but it is not unreasonable. Faith only begins where reason stops. What then is faith? True faith is the appropriation of the reasoned experience of people whom we believe to have penance. The act of appropriation takes place through intuition. The insights of ancient rishis can be immediately apprehended because we share a common humanity that transcends place and time. Intuitively understood, Truth is a discovery, but that discovery to be complete Our first responsibility is must be actualized in deeds. Truth is mystical and motor- the product of to establish grace and works. Dialogue without deed is therefore meaningless. dialogue with ourselves, Finally, a dialogue has nothing to do with patriotism. Gandhi agrees with for the creation of the British literary critic Samuel Johnson: "Patriotism is the last refuge of a inner peace. This is scoundrel." George Bernard Shaw concurs: "You'll never have a peaceful an unconditional duty. world till you knock the patriotism out of the human race." For Gandhi, It is dialogue of the self "patriotism is the same as love of humanity." <> with the self, for it is God who speaks to us through us. Thus there is a vital connection between religion and morality, because the inner dialogue is unconditional. Photograph by Thomas Dix 14 Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 67 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #70 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ UNIVERSAL APPLICATION OF DIALOGUE FOR PEACE "Don't miss or misinterpret but verify trueness of what I tell" - Acharya Kundakunda, Samayasar, verse 5 The word 'dialogue' means - talk, discussion, discourse, communication, exchange of ideas, information flow etc. Dialogue is, therefore, the nonviolent way of resolving issues. Exchange of information brings out the different perspectives and facilitates better understanding of other's perspective. Every object is complete in itself and no object is incomplete by itself. However, incomplete knowledge of objects leads to misplaced faith and conduct. For e.g, How far a blind man can walk alone in the land of darkness? He will hit several obstacles. Not to have dialogue is like walking in the land of darkness. Dialogue helps in narrowing down areas of conflicts and promotes peace. Dr. Jayanti Lal Jain Dr. Jayanti Lal Jain is PhD in Economics from Oklahoma State University and in Jain Philosophy from University of Madras (India) He has over two decades of experience in subjects dealing with Jainism. He delivers Lectures in Chennai and other parts of India and abroad. 1. Conflicting properties The Universe consists of matters having conflicting properties. The properties and forms of matters may look alike or completely opposite to one another and yet describe the same substance (Amritchandracharya's commentary on Samayasara, Verse, 247). The logic is to be applied to all the substances in the Universe such as soul, atom, space, time, medium of movement and rest. Reality is thus multifaceted. This is the infallible concept of Jain philosophy used in proving the nature of any substance. Properties are infinite and our understanding of them is very little. In order to reduce divergence in understanding of reality between speakers and listeners, writers and readers etc., dialogues are needed. Consider following illustrations: a. Conflicting properties of water - such as hot and cold b. The same man may be both father and son depending on relation C. A medicine can cure or kill a person. d. Milk is sweet but when it turns into yogurt, it becomes sour e. Gold is yellow in color but many objects have yellow color. Yellowness cannot entirely describe what is gold, f. Distance in directions of a city seem conflicting depending on a person's residence. In such cases, conflicts lead to no where, dialogue solves them all. 2. Necessity of Dialogue Dialogue is necessary due to complexities in understanding. Study of any object/concept requires a reading or listening to words b questioning where necessary c to think again and again on what has been told/said on the questions and answers, d remembering and acquiring the ability to communicate correctly and e teaching or preaching the subject to others (Tattavarth sutra, Chapter 9, 25). Words are incapable of describing an object in its entirety. Consider the 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 68 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #71 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Once a person appreciates and comprehends the truth through dialogue, none of the philosophy, principles or beliefs or religions would appear to be absolutely false. Every belief has an element of truth provided one goes beyond words and captures the intention of the statement. following ten processes which are needed for complete understanding of an object: 1. The knower first attempts to describe an object partially and conveys the nature of a matter partially through words to the listener. 2. The listener converts the words into his ideas/images about the matter and grasps separate meanings of different words and in parts. 3. If someone is to read the description of an object in words and attempts to draw a picture, it may not be the same but quite different. 4. If we listen or tell the words only according to one's belief or imagination and refuse to heed the other's point of view, this only leads to biased or partial view contrary to the truth. 5. The listener goes beyond words and converts his understanding of separate parts/properties into an indivisible whole to know the truth. True knowledge is like a mirror, it reflects instantaneously the matter as it is and in its most natural manner. 6. Timeless, inseparable and unchangeable characteristics of a matter are known as properties and the description of such properties represents intrinsic or real point of view. 7. A particular property assumes or displays changeable and momentary characteristics. These are known as forms of the object. 8. Understanding an object with its many properties and forms collectively and as an indivisible whole is known as 'anekantawada' or 'multifaceted reality concept'. 9. Mere idea of the object developed through illustrations or description following the principle of 'anekantawada' is also indirect knowledge. 10. A matter and its knowledge are indivisible and thus complete understanding is required for resolving all conflicts. People adopt conflicting views of these ten processes making dialogue an absolute necessity. 3. Process of Dialogue Jain scriptures are divided into 12 parts (anga). The 5th part describes Jain principles through a medium of dialogue. Gautam had dialogue with Lord. Mahavir and asked 60000 questions which are explained in this part. Dialogue helps in knowing the consequences of our actions of the past, present and future relating to gain or loss, victory or defeat, happiness or unhappiness, life and death, worldly life or moksha etc. In the 10th 'Anga', process of dialogue is dealt with in accordance with the type of questions raised. Among many other things, it says dialogue can take four forms. a. telling similar events in the stories of great persons b. the structure of universe and its operations c. following of a code of conduct and d. narration of principles involved (Virsenacharya, Dhavala, Book 1, P.105-107). In the process of dialogue, one has to deal with 1. One-sided or incomplete/partial view of the problem involved 2. the problem of taking sides with any particular point of view 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 69 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #72 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 3. views relating to permanent or transient/apparent/empirical nature of the object 4. good or bad consequence of actions. If these issues are tackled in the process of dialogue, conflicts can be resolved. 4. Universal Application Dialogue has universal application for all conflicts and is relevant for all fields of life like philosophy, psychology, religion, physics, medicine, chemistry, economics, political science, society, family, wars, terrorism, business deals, negotiations, disputes, individuals and so on. There are different schools of thought in each of these disciplines and there are several examples where conflicts are resolved through dialogue. a. Once a person appreciates and comprehends the truth through dialogue, none of the philosophy, principles or beliefs or religions would Little lenowledge appear to be absolutely false. Every belief has an element of truth is a dangerous thing'-a provided one goes beyond words and captures the intention of the famous proverb statement. None has absolutely false beliefs like donkey's horns or flowers blossoming in the sky as these do not exist(Acharya Samanta applies to all fields of bhadra, Swayambhu Stotra, verse 23). A glass of water does not knowledge. Little mean that glass is made of water but it refers to the glass which knowledge often contains water. Thus, every statement is partially true. The concept Leads to one-sided of multifaceted reality focuses on the whole truth. b. There is absolutely no scope for communalism. The conflict seems to ness, dogmatism, exist in words and not in matter. Conflicting properties or forms co- belligerence, conflict, exist in the matter and the matter cannot be dismantled. A matter matter cannot be dismantled. A matter violence, sins, insistence cannot be false (partial), its understanding may be false (partial). Thus, it is based on the real nature of the substance itself and not on on a guven point OT VIEW, on on a given point of view, the policy of compromise or cowardice. imaginary fears, etc. c. 'Little knowledge is a dangerous thing' - a famous proverb applies to all fields of knowledge. Little knowledge often leads to one-sided ness, dogmatism, belligerence, conflict, violence, sins, insistence on a given point of view, imaginary fears, etc. This disturbs peace of individuals and society. Only when people acquire complete knowledge of various facets of a substance, there will be peace, tolerance, friendship, kindness, non-violence, fearlessness etc. d. In familiar objects such as gold, water, etc., there are no difficulties of comprehension irrespective of words used to describe these. However, when objects are subtle, invisible and difficult to understand, one focuses too much attention on words and does not go beyond them and hence comprehension is lost; e. In terms of implications for religious philosophy, questions such as whether a soul is independent or dependent, one or many, timeless or perishable, changes or remains the same over a period of time, etc., will be resolved. For universal application, truth is to be validated by examining whether the dialogue is (i) as per accumulated wisdom of mankind (ii) supported by logic (iii) in line with teachings of great scholars and (iv) based on our own experience. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 70 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #73 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Dialogue should not be for dialogue's sake. It should be taken as seriously as the ones between a patient and doctor or like a student and teacher. Such dialogues only. lead to logical conclusion of peace. 5. Limitations of Dialogue Dialogues fail when strong biases persist. For e.g., there were two ants, one living in a sugarcane field and the second in a salt field. Both had dispute about the taste of sugar and decided to have a dialogue. The first ant invited the second ant to the sugarcane field to taste the sugar. The second ant had taken a piece of salt in its mouth before leaving for the sugarcane field. Thus when the second ant tasted sugar it did not find any difference between salt and sugar and defeated the purpose of dialogue. Dialogue should not be for dialogue's sake. It should be taken as seriously as the ones between a patient and doctor or like a student and teacher. Such dialogues only lead to logical conclusion of peace. For e.g., when Indradeva raised certain questions to Gautam about what Mahaveer said, Gautam felt the necessity to have a dialogue with Mahaveer and at the end of this dialogue process became his disciple. In sum, through use of this omnipotent tool of dialogue, many of our mundane as well as eternal questions of existence and apparent contradictions can be solved. When the seeker of truth, understands fully the dialogue of Arihant, it paves the way for peace, achievement of moksha and ultimate-happiness (Acharya Kundakund, Pravachansar, verse 274-5). In "Samosaran", the conference of Universe, "Arihant" resolves all issues of the Universe for all beings of all times through dialogue. <> 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Photograph by Thomas Dix 71 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #74 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ DIVERSE, NOT DIFFERENT Peace means more than just non-violence. Peace is an active process, a conscious choice one makes. To establish lasting peace, the focus must be on how peace is created and maintained, not just curing any given current conflict in any geographical area. These conflicts are the symptoms of a deeper psychological lack of peace. Peace must be established as a meaningful value, a principle one cannot live without. Sarah Hadmack Living peacefully should be as natural as breathing air. Evolutionary biologists may argue that violence was important to the survival of a tribe. Although in ancient times it may have been viewed as necessary to go to war for food and land, we are now a world dependent upon each other. That dependence necessitates a revision of which values are more important to survival - learning to truly respect others and the land, or continuing to war with others and pollute the earth. Fortunately, many people already do value peace to some degree. There is evidence of this within our religions. Whether we are Jain, Buddhist, Jew, or Christian, our values remain quite similar. The Jain Mahavrats, the Buddhist Panchasila, and the Jewish and Christian Commandments teach many of the same messages. The Mahavrats and the Panchasila encourage nonviolence, truthfulness, non-stealing, celibacy for monks and nuns, and no sexual misconduct for the laity. They only differ over the last vrat, vow, or sila, precept. For the Jains it is non-attachment and for Buddhists it refers to refraining from intoxicants. Some of the Jewish and Christian commandments such as thou shalt not murder, thou shalt not steal, and thou shalt not commit adultery, are similar to the teachings of the Mahavrats and the Panchasila. Yes, religious adherents are diverse in that our practices may vary from one another, and yet, we are not all that different in what we value. If we make significant efforts to practice the religious values we hold so dear, then minimal conflict and the establishment of peace would be reflected in many areas of life. Sarah Hadmack is an instructor of religious studies at Windward Community College and the University of Hawaii. She was among the first group of graduate students accepted into the International Summer School for Jain Studies (ISSJS) in 2005 held in Delhi, Jaipur, Ladnun, and Indore, India. She will return to India for ISSJS 2007 program as a visiting scholar. This upcoming fall semester she will be teaching, Understanding Indian Religions with an emphasis on Jainism in addition to her other courses. "Of what use is fighting others? He who conquers himself by himself wins bliss." Uttaradyayan Sutra "A person who is without desires and does no harm unto any living beings in the whole world, is called by me 'unfettered." Acharanga Sutra 7.3.1 "Love does no harm to its neighbor. Therefore love is the fulfillment of the law" Romans 13.10 The Jain principle of ahimsa, or nonviolence, to all jivas, or souls, is one of the best teachings on peace. Ahimsa is directed not only toward other humans, but also to act nonviolently toward all other animals and not only in action but also in speech and thought. I learned of many wonderful stories while a student of the International Summer School for Jain Studies 14th Biennial ) AINA Convention 2007 72 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #75 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ The best place to start working toward peace is from a feeling of respect and acceptance. If we respect ourselves and others, then naturally peace will evolve in 2005. One particularly memorable one was given in response to a student's question. One of the scholars had asked what a Jain would do if asked a question in which the honest answer would result in violence. She was answered by one of the lecturers with a story about a monk who was in meditation at a fork in a road. The monk observed a cow pass him. Shortly after, a butcher approached the monk and asked which direction the cow had gone. The monk sat quietly for a moment, then smiled at the butcher and returned to his meditation. If the monk had told the butcher where the cow had gone, it would have led to violence. If he had lied he would have broken a Mahavrat. The monk was able to elegantly avoid violence and lying by a powerful third option that most people forget is an ever-present option: silence. The best place to start working toward peace is from a feeling of respect and acceptance. If we respect ourselves and others, then naturally peace will evolve. It does not matter if one is loving all beings for their jivas within, recognizing that each jiva at its finest is capable of liberation, or if we are loving each being because we view them as God's creation and thereby divine. Regardless of which specific viewpoint one subscribes to, the message remains the same. Coming from a place of respect, acceptance and love directs one toward peace. This also helps us deal with another concern, namely, the wounds of the environment. All of nature is also composed of jives, according to the Jains, or can be viewed as God's creations from the Jewish and Christian perspective. If we actually live our beliefs and extend love, we would not continue to hurt the environment in the multitude of ways it is currently being scarred. Protecting and restoring the environment loops us back toward the starting point, love of self. If we do not save the environment then we kill ourselves as well because we depend upon it for our very survival. The majority of this short article has been using the model of interfaith dialogue, looking at the similarities of two faiths as a good mutual starting point for peace. Ideally, however, people should move beyond any need. for that. Even where there are no commonalities, one hopefully can admire, appreciate, and treasure the diversity of the world's viewpoints, not merely tolerate it. Often people preach tolerance. However, tolerance only extends so far. Once a viewpoint begins to encroach on your own, many people will abandon tolerance. If we truly value diversity as so many people claim, then appreciation of differing views should become the norm, not the exception. It is in our diversity that this world is truly enriching, interesting, and meaningful. >> 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 73 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #76 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ PEACE THROUGH PERFORMING ARTS Outside my office window, the sky on September 11, 2001, was clear blue and beautiful. Shortly before 9 AM while checking e-mail I heard that a plane had crashed into the World Trade Center. I almost ran to the other side of our floor. In next two hours, we saw the second tower hit and collapse. Since then Sept. 11 has become a new word with a new meaning. In the weeks and months that followed, the thirst for knowledge took a different direction. People wanted to know more about Islam and other religions. They want a life where they understand each other and where there is hope for a better future. Naresh Jain When people were recovering from the disaster at the World Trade Center, where many of New Jersey residents perished, the Monmouth Center for Naresh Jain co-chairs the World Religions and Ethical Thought held its first 'United We Sing' program Interfaith Committee of the to bring different faiths and communities together to start the process of Federation of Jain Associations healing. Children in colorful costumes from International Jain Sangh of New in North America (JAINA). Jersey recited Namokar Mantra in that program attended by 14 faith groups. He also serves as Since it was a big success, this program has been repeated every year on Vice President of the the last Sunday before Thanksgiving. International Jain Sangh, Trustee of the Educare Foundation, Bharatiya Vidya Bahvan organized the second Ahimsa Diwas (Day of Advisor to Nonviolence) program in New York on May 11, 2003. A highlight of this the Board of the Monmouth Center program was an interfaith seminar on "Ahimsa: A Religious perspective". of World Religions and Ethical Thought; and a We included a prayer "Iswar Allah Tero Naam" choreographed by a Bharat Member of the Board of the Natyam artist Divya Jain. The dancers in the background had placards of Council for a Parliament of the many religious symbols. The item was very well received. Artistic World's Religions. performances and colorful costumes seemed to be doing the trick. After all, art and music know no political and religious boundaries. The gyrating motions of the 'Whirling Dervishes' dance from the Sufi sect of Islamic mysticism in the 2004 Barcelona Parliament of World's Religions were spellbinding. The Sacred Music Concert held outdoors in the Sagrada Familia Church premises was the most attended event during the eight day Parliament. Over 5,000 participants from around the globe representing every religion practiced on earth rose from their seats listening to the beats and rhythms of the Sheva, Jewish and Muslim music ensemble from Israel with roots in Hebrew, Arabic and Tribal cultures. They sang, clapped and danced together that evening. JAINA had sponsored two youth in the Barcelona Parliament Academy Scholarship, Nirav Shah from Connecticut and Karishma Shah from U.K. In the closing ceremony we were amazed to watch Nirav perform on violin at the stage with other youth. Later we learned that music had made him popular among youth from around the world. Dance and music is a great way to keep the youth connected with our traditions. Watching the reaction of participants in several interfaith events, we learnt that performing arts is a great communication media to promote peace and 14th Biennial )AINA Convention 2007 74 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #77 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ harmony. A Jain symbol included with other major religions on stage generated curiosity among those unaware about the existence of this religion. When JAINA decided to participate in the "Global Congress of World's Religions After September 11" to be held in Montreal in 2006, we discussed that the Jain community should host an entire evening divine music program 'Dharma Music Concert'. The Executive Committee agreed and the Montreal Jain Association, Jain Society of Toronto and International Jain Sangh of New Jersey offered their artists. The two hour program coordinated by Hemali Ajmera of Montreal included a rhythmic dance on a favorite prayer of Mahatma Gandhi, a classical dance on human values, a dance for unity, chanting of mantras and short plays sharing ahimsa and inter-religious experiences; among other items. The audience rose and danced to the music and lyrics of the last item embracing all religions by the Satya Sai Center of Montreal. The performance by the beautifully costumed artists had incredible choreography by Jaya Srivastava-Chawla, a Bharata Natyam dance teacher from La Troupe Lasya of Montreal; Puja Amin, an Artistic Director of the Sanskriti Dance and Yoga Center in Toronto; and Divya Jain, a dance guru from the Creations Dance Academy in Edison, New Jersey. The items included English, French, Sanskrit and other Indian languages. Translation in English and French was provided. The two hour program coordinated by Hemali Ajmera of Montreal included a rhythmic dance on a favorite prayer of Mahatma Gandhi, a classical dance on human values, a dance for unity, chanting of mantras and short plays sharing ahimsa and interreligious experiences; among other items. The Montreal Dharma Music Concert was very successful. Those who attended can hardly forget that evening. The opening ceremonies of the UNESCO Forum in Monterrey, Mexico, will be held during September 2007. Based on the performance in the Montreal event, the Monterrey organizers have invited JAINA for an artistic performance item depicting peace and harmony. The next (fifth) Parliament of World's Religions will be held in Melbourne, Australia in December 2009. For Jains that could provide an opportunity to bring Mahavir's message of Nonviolence to the worldwide community through organized participation including performing arts. In essence, dance, music and rhythms have no barriers. We may identify ourselves as Buddhist, Christian, Hindu, Jain or a Muslim, but we are humans first. If we all could sing and dance happily together, the world would be a wonderful and peaceful place to live. Whirling Dervishes at the 2004 Barcelona Parliament. Nirav Shah from JAINA in youth group at the Barcelona closing ceremony. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Jain Education Interational 75 Page #78 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ PHOTO CREDITS: Namokar Mantra Skit in the 2001 Concert. Sheva, Jewish and Muslim music at the Barcelona Parliament. Over 5,000 people dancing to Sheva music after sunset in Barcelona. 'Vaishnav Jan to...' by Int. Jain Sangh in the 2006 Montreal event. UANS N TY Unity Dance by La Troupe Lasya in the 2006 Montreal Global Religions Congress. Bharat Natyam by Divya Jain group in the 2003 Ahimsa Diwas. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 76 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Interational Page #79 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Best Wishes and Compliments ana 2007 from Rosemarie & H.R. Shah TV ASIA "Home Away From Home" 24 Hrs. I 7 Days Coast - to - Coast Subscribe to TV ASIA Call: d sh 1-888-887-7264 or your cable company Page #80 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ ATTENTION HOTEL / MOTEL OPERATOR Come to One Source for all Your Supplie SHOWER CAP CORO Breeze Rain Breeze Rain Breeze Rain Breeze 12:00 Ultra Pro Card HOTEL MOTEL SUPPLIES Soaps Shampoos Towels Linen Bedspreads Blankets -Freshners Paper Cups Key Tags -Vacuums Garbage bags Coffee Phones Airconditioning -Microwaves Irons Ironboards Refrigerators Hairdryers Ice Machines TV's AM-TEX V American Tex-Chem Corporation 107 E. Rialto Ave., San Bernardino, CA 92408 Phone 909-383-8626 * Fax 909-383-8628 800-650-3360 Email: and all kinds of Franchise Operational Supplies Budget Best Western Holiday Knights Inn HANN Travelodge PAYSUINN ann LUM PEVE S Polse Only ary ore Page #81 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ DIAMONDS AND GEM MERCHANTS OF LOS ANGELES Congratulate Federation of Jain Associations in North America on this auspicious occasion of the 14th Biennial JAINA Convention July 5 to 8, 2007 With best compliments from Aakash Diamonds, Inc. - Raju & Nita Shah Ankur Diamond Inc. - Dipak & Rita Savani Bright Diamonds, Inc. - Pankaj & Nira Sheth Di-Moksh Diam, Inc. - Alpesh Shah & Sachin Shah . Diam Gate, Inc. - Devang & Bhavita Shah Diamond Source, Inc. - Shashin & Rajul Shah . Diampol, Inc. - Vijay & Mina Sheth Diaring, Inc. - Devang & Sarju Vora Earth Star Import, Inc. - Vipul & Prerana Udani Excel Residence Services - Pinkal & Pamita Jogani Gem International of California - Harish Daga & Sunil Jain H & R International - Hemendra & Rekha Doshi Horizon Diamonds, Inc. - Nilesh & Krina Shah Jayesh Diamonds - Jayesh & Jigna Vadecha K. R. Gems & Diamonds Int'l - Rahul Parikh & Kalpesh Jhaveri Karatrade, Inc. - Devang & Bina Shah * Kothari & Co. - Lalit Kothari Kripa Gems -Manish & Bina Parekh MBN Imports - Nitin & Bina Shah * Monique Diamonds Corp. - Prakash Sheth Neon Gems, Inc. - Nirmal & Nina Jain . Nice Diamonds, Inc. - Hitesh Sheth & Samir Sheth Orna Gems, Inc. - Sumati Shah & Kirit Shah Pratik Diamonds, Inc. - Shashi & Renu Jogani Sanghavi Diamonds, Inc. - Nirav & Sweta Shah Shah Imports - Jitu & Bhavana Shah Shemon Gems, Inc. - Ashish & Bhavini Sheth Smart Style, Inc. - Arun & Indu Jain Sparkle Gems, Inc,- Nishith & Mina Chokshi * Super Diamonds - Rajen & Rajul Mehta Syndicate Gems, Inc. - Tarun & Chandra Jogani Trilok Dia. Inc. - Kirit & Piyulata Jogani Page #82 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ PROFE in Education International Best Wishes to 14th Biennial Jaina Convention If you want to make peace, you do not talk to your friends. You talk to your enemies ..Moshe Dayan Desai Construction and Developers, Inc. 2040 S. Santa Cruz Street, Suite 115 Anaheim, California 92805 714-940-0040 Page #83 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Samyag darshana gyana charitrani mokshamarghah TATTWARTH SUTRA The enlightened world-view, enlightened knowledge, and enlightened conductare the path to liberation Congratulations and Best Wishes to JAINA On 14th Biennial JAINA Convention from JAIN SOCIETY OF PITTSBURGH (Host: 7th Biennial JAINA Convention JULY 1993) 515 Illini Dr., Monroeville, PA, 15146 Tel: 724-325-2073 Page #84 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ FILTELE CAUTIVITAT 10/11 01 G bananana We wish grand success to JAINA Convention 2007 JAIN SOCIETY OF HOUSTON 3905 ARC STREET, HOUSTON, TEXAS 77063 (713) 789-2338 President - Rajni R. Shah Executive Committee - Ashish Bhandari, Rajesh Shah, Himanshu Ajmera, Hemal Solanki, Rajan Vora, Nirdesh Oswal & Lata Pravin Mehta Chief Trustee - Dr. Ragini Lakiha Board of Trustees - Mukesh Turakhia, Rajeev Daga, Ramesh Shah, Chetan Jhaveri & Dr. Viren Shah JSH Jaina Directors: Udaibhai Jain & Mahendra S. Shah - Photograph by Lalit Sheth in Education Intemational Page #85 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ O DO LIVE AND LET LIVE With Best Wishes From JAIN CENTER OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA Front View Of The Jain Center 11 Beam Ceremony May 2007 Main Deities Wooden Temple Come to Los Angeles this year for PARYUSHAN - September 2007 Visit our website to get latest news about Temple Construction & Pratistha 8072 Commonwealth Ave, Buena Park, CA 90261 Our Website: Sain Education International Page #86 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ SHREE BIDADA SARVODAYA TRUST Non-Profit Charitable Organization Bidada Hospital Village Bidada, Mandvi, Dist.: Kutch, Gujarat, India. 370 435. Tel.: 01191 (2834) 244444/244143 Fax: 01191 (2834) 244466 Website: E-mail: BEST WISHES TO JAINA FOR A VERY SUCCESSFUL 2007 CONVENTION 50,000 Patients Treated Yearly in the Medical Camps. Organization Bidada, Kutch, Gujarat Upleta, Rajkot, Gujarat Disa, Gujarat Vyara, Surat, Gujarat This trust works with doctors and volunteers to provide better health care facilities to patients in rural India and many other places around the world. Palanpur, Gujarat Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh Mumbai, Maharashtra (Cardiology) You can also make a difference. You can be a volunteer (medical & non medical) to help us brighten the future of many less fortunate patients. A dentist from New York University treating one of the 1230 school-going children who attended the dental camp in January 2007. 3 MILLION PATIENTS TREATED IN 33 YEARS TENTATIVE DATES FOR VARIOUS CAMP Camp Dates For 2008 We can also provide guidance to enable you to organize a medical camp in your own town. Jan 2 to 25 Jan 2 to 12 Jan 9 to 11 Jan 17 to 20 Jan 12 to 13 Jan 21 to 25 Jan 12 to 15 You can help a humanitarian cause with your skills and efforts, you need to be is at least 16 years old and be ready to smile! Vijay Chheda: 3153 Atherton Dr, Santa Clara, Ca, 95051. (Tel)714-654-6097; Dr.Manilal Mehta: 11403 Tortuga St, Cypress, Ca, 90630. (Tel)714-898-3156; Dr.Nitin Shah - (Tel)562-902-0277; email:, Arvind Shah - (Tel)248-797-5843; email:, Peter Bheddah - (Tel)516-883-0345; email:, Navin Gangar (Tel)714-283-0323; email:, Dev Furia - (Tel)781-270-9409; email: Page #87 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Dinesh Shah New Jersey dshah GLOBAL PEACE STARTS WITH AN INDIVIDUAL Many volumes are written about history's major wars - from Alexander's expansions to Vikings' invasions. During the Ancient period countries, kingdoms, and regions fought to expand their territories, power and seize more wealth. Then came the middle ages and battles were fought in the name of religion. And now, with our technological expertise, we build advanced and lethal weapons to unleash destructive power at the push of a button. Whether it's a world war or gang war, typically at the center of many of these conflicts is a megalomaniac, egotistic, self centered personality. And when the beliefs are so strong and mistrust clouds the judgment of the whole community, the hatred is passed on from generation to generation, creating a breeding ground for strong personalities to rise to the top, riding the waves of strong ideological emotions. However, the crux of all human wars and annihilations lie in the self-centric, human ego. While peace rests within us, we are also capable of destroying it. Ideology coupled with a strong desire to crush the opponent, allows leaders. to dictate the energy of negative sentiments of the masses to unleash the wrath on opposing communities as well as to gain personal power. And innocent people suffer because they happen to be at the wrong place at the wrong time. However, it is my belief that hatred at the individual level does not see race, religion or cast. Hatred is born when the human ego, fed by biased beliefs, greed and power, conspires to force others to comply or submit for its own gain. Greed and jealousy coupled with instigation fuels worry in the mind; eventually turning into uncontrollable anger. Disputes occur at every walk of life such as the workplace, home, school, sports, organizations etc. Let's talk about a place of worship, where the human soul comes to seek peace, the ego should be left at the door. With people belonging to the same faith, you would expect that they work happily together towards the higher goal. However, there are many occasions where disagreement among them turns into aggression and this is vented through insulting speech or sometimes even physical actions. Ego gets tangled up in rituals and misses the end goal of a higher level of spirituality. Rituals become the goal instead of path to higher goal. How many times have we personally witnessed close friends become arch enemies? I'm sure you have heard the story of two mothers who were close friends, but became enemies because their children fought. Well, the children became friends again, but the mothers remained enemies long after the incident. What's the difference between the adult and children? The answer is the ego. The mothers remember the harsh words that were lashed out at each other, but the kids forgot the fight because their ego was not developed yet. Adult's mind keeps reliving the negative experience and wants to redefine the past and blame others. Enemy of the enemy become friends but later once the enemy is weakened; friends become enemies themselves at state level, community level, group level or at individual level. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 85 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #88 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ When two parties are at odds and ready to destroy each other, both are under the spell of emotions, and their ability to think and act logically is lost. Traditional approach for conflict resolution such as mediation, arbitration, dispute management, and negotiation techniques don't always work and if they work they don't always accomplish long lasting peace. That's because most of the time the compromise does not come from within. Krishna's teachings to Arjuna, occur during the major battle of Kurukshetra. Battle among family members and friends is well depicted in Mahabharata. Krishna's teachings cover human goals of karma, duty, dharma, and moksha. The most famous one liner "Karm kiyeja, fal ki itchha mat kar" - meaning: "Just do your duty, don't set any expectation of results", urges one to live life without any expectation and follow the natural path. Mahavir, Buddha, Jesus and many other sages and saints have preached non-violence, nonaggression, forgiveness and compassion. At the philosophical level most accept and understand these concepts but fail to implement them. Why? Because the ego gets in the way of clear thinking. Our mind plays tricks with us by finding justifications for our actions. In the name of personal gain we get engaged in daily battles, some mundane and some intense. We label our drive, the drive to achieve something, "our karma". But when we don't achieve what we set out to do, what happens? We get angry. Our conscious mind understands philosophical concepts, but our mind is not in control. Is it? All of us want peace and happiness, yet most strive to achieve it without success. At times we all experience difficulties, anger, and agitation. ! understand that it is easier to preach than to follow. At some level, we all agree that peace begins and ends within ourselves, but how do we find it? And if we find it, how do we allow our ego to recognize it and accept it? To seek answers and navigate these intense questions, I attended a Vipassana meditation course conducted by Sri. S.N Goenka. And I learned, understood and gained first hand experience of the mind, body and ego at the microsubatomic level. I would like to share this with you and perhaps help you with your questions. Understanding the self is a four step process that progresses at a lightning speed and repetition: 1. Mind receives a sense input from one of the five sensei.e. sight, taste, smell, touch and hearing. 2. The intellect (subconscious mind) interprets the input as pleasant or unpleasant. For example if someone curses you in a language that you understand, it gets labeled as an unpleasant input. But if the person curses you in a language you don't understand, then there is not interpretation, they are just words. 3. Sense input creates sensations at the subatomic level throughout the 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 86 What's the difference between the adult and children? The answer is the ego. The mothers remember the harsh words that were lashed out at each other, but the kids forgot the fight because their ego was not developed yet. Adult's mind keeps reliving the negative experience and wants to redefine the past and blame others. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #89 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ body. These sensations could be tingling, itching, dryness, wetness, heat, cold etc. These sensations rise, intensify, subside and eventually cease. They could be gross or subtle, short lived or prolonged, but they are all temporary. If you check the next time you are angry, you will notice that your breathing will be heavier and your body temperature will be higher - These sensations are noticeable but there are so many sensations that are at a subtle level that our mind does not recognize them yet they occur at every micro seconds throughout our body. 4. Subconscious mind associates these sensations with a pleasant or un pleasant label (step 2). It wants more of the pleasant sensations and tries to avoid unpleasant sensations. The desire to get more pleasant experience or aversion for unpleasant sensations turns into determination in the mind, building knots. These knots generate reaction, which comes in two forms, verbal or physical. Most of the time, the reaction takes shape in both verbal as well physical. Sometime an individual is successful in suppressing the reaction but it's still building steam until it explodes like a volcano at a tipping point sometime in the future. All of us want peace and happiness, yet most strive to achieve it without success. At times we all experience difficulties, anger, and agitation. I understand that it is easier to preach than to follow. At some level, we all agree that peace begins and ends within ourselves, but how do we find it? These steps are repeated at such a rapid speed at the subconscious level that our conscious mind does not even recognize what happened. Before you know it, one is angry if unpleasant sensations are experienced. If the experience is pleasant, it wants more of it. But sooner or later it will not get what it wanted and eventually leads to an unpleasant experience and hence agitation, and anger. When an individual doles out a negative reaction toward another person, that person receives an unpleasant input which in turn produces negative reaction toward the originator. The ego of both parties ups the ante escalating the intensity of the reaction and the aggression eventually turning into hatred. By the time a reaction is generated (step 4); it is too late to stop. An individual's ego and emotions take strong hold of the reaction and the subconscious mind takes control of the body like an autopilot. Individual is not in control of the mind, but the subconscious mind is in control of the body. The key is to stop the reaction in its tracks before it takes any form. Imagine you can experience these sensations at the subatomic level and learn to observe these temporary sensations whether pleasant or unpleasant. Imagine that you can train the mind to observe these sensations without indulging in the reaction. No matter how intense these sensations are or how long they last, recognize that they are just sensations either pleasant or unpleasant, observe them with equanimity. Then there is no craving or clinging for the pleasant sensations or no aversion for unpleasant sensations. They are just sensations, they rise and eventually they fall. Even if your opponent sends a negative reaction which becomes a sense input (hearing or touch), your mind which is in your control, observes the negative sensations generated at the subatomic level in perfect equanimity. There is no ill will generated in you towards the other person. The flow of negative reaction is turned into a positive energy in the form of compassion. Many have mastered this technique and gained from it, you could too! 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #90 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Peace is one of the side benefits of Vipassana technique. Another side benefit is the cure from physical ailments. But the biggest benefit of all is the spiritual advancement. Mahavir, Gautam Buddha, and many others achieved the highest level - 'Keval Gyan" or "Nirvana". It may take more than a life time to reach much higher level of spiritual advancement but the path to that stage starts with small steps. To get the benefits of longer lasting peace along with peace of mind and riddance of physical ailment and negativity can be achieved in this life time. Like hatred, peace exists inside of us, and it is up to us to discover it. The Vipassana meditation course was only a tool that accelerated my learningyou may choose another path, another tool but irrespective of what path you choose, discovering is the easy part, accepting it and embracing it, is a challenge we should strive to live by. A seed of peace is planted which with practice and nurturing grows into a tree which in turn produces many more fruits and more seeds, which in turn develops into many more trees. Thus many trees form lush forest of global peace. It can happen and it can start with you. What it requires is an action, not just another theory that our conscious mind understands but never implements. <> Photograph by Thomas Dix 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 88 It may take more than a life time to reach much higher Level of spiritual advancement but the path to that stage starts with small steps. To get the benefits of longer Lasting peace along with peace of mind and riddance of physical ailment and negativity can. be achieved in this life time. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #91 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Dr. Hema Pokharna 1-866-NONVIOLENCE Dr. Hema Pokharna is a researcher at the University of Chicago and Director - Journeys of Life. She serves on the Board of the Council for the Parliament of World Religions and Play for Peace. She is a member of JAINA Interfaith committee. She is a Nonviolent Communication trainer and mediator. ROLE OF JAINISM IN INTERFAITH DIALOGUE What Is Interfaith Dialogue? William Isaacs, author of Dialogue and the Art of Thinking Together shares - Dialogue is a conversation in which people think together in relationship. Thinking together implies that you no longer take your own position as final. You relax your grip on certainty and listen to the possibilities that result simply from being in a relationship with others possibilities that might not otherwise have occurred. "Most of us believe at some level that we must fix things or change people in order to make them reachable. Dialogue does not call for such behavior. Rather, it asks us to listen for an already existing. wholeness, and to create a new kind of association in which we listen deeply to all the views that people may express. It asks that we create a quality of listening and attention that can include but is larger than any single view." Interfaith dialogue involves people of different religious faiths coming together to have a conversation. Interfaith dialogue is not intended to be a debate but it is aimed at mutual understanding, not competing; at mutual problem solving, not proselytizing. Jainism more than being a religion, is a way of living with a set of values, attitudes, modes of behavior and ways of life that reject violence and prevent conflicts. Jains have a responsibility to share and model this way of life by helping the world tackle with the root causes of violence and to solve problems through dialogue and negotiation among individuals, groups and nations. The 3 fundamentals of Jainism Enlightened world view, Enlightened knowledge and Enlightened action can be key in facilitating the interfaith dialogues. Jain participation can facilitate and demonstrate deeds of reconciliation which are usually much more effective than engaging in conversation. Jains can truly participate with the understanding and action that the underlying feature of interfaith dialogue is reverence for life, the shared devotion to high ideals. Reverence will enable participants from different faith traditions to jointly affirm transcendent ideals such as honor, justice, compassion, forgiveness, and freedom. It is time for Jains to step forward and share with the world their central principle of Ahinsa as a positive force to make each casual encounter heartfelt, empathic connection, a relationship that creates a deep sense of the fundamental humanity of the other. The Jain doctrine of Anekantavada (the theory of multiple perspectives, 'non-one sidedness') which is all encompassing and based on equality and friendliness. Based on these principles Jains need to actively participate in interreligious dialogue and mediate actively to promote hospitality towards other religions, interfaith harmony and mutual co-operation. What the world needs at this point is what Jainism has addressed thousands of years ago - to be at ease with the mystery and the ambiguity that invariably comes with globalization and its 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 89 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #92 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ complexity. Jains can bring this ease and share it with the world in unified practical ways, where religious leaders can dialogically address the pressing need to establish common values. This could be achieved by finding ways of promoting openly, the process of interfaith appreciation where the quiet study of our common humanity is stimulated. For me the greatest gifts of participating in the interfaith work through the Parliament of World Religions and learning to be open hearted is the gratitude of being part of the human family, a sense of joy in its variety of expressions of awe, love, and the sacred. Jain leadership through interfaith dialogue is necessary to bring forth a shared vision rather than to articulate their own and expect others to follow. Simple occasions to share meals together with a few friends and colleagues of different faiths can provide the nourishment for body and spirit that comes from a combination of good food and good conversation - conversation that gives perspective, heals, and helps us resume an attitude of gratitude. And music can help us hold it all together - the suffering and the wonder of life itself - in a way that anchors and re-invigorates the soul. How we are together and what feeds our souls is what finally makes the difference in a world hungry for hope. Gratitude this spiritual element of Jainism can encourage looking beyond one's personal interests toward a greater good. Interfaith dialogue has shown to provide a way to serve peaceful goals within the context of religious faith. Interfaith dialogue can unlock the power of religious traditions and provide the inspiration, guidance, and validation necessary for populations to move toward non-violent means of conflict resolution. Such dialogues have already become an increasingly important tool for those who seek to end violent conflict worldwide. Through interfaith dialogue, each faith group can make its unique contribution to the common cause of creative co-existence. But this is far easier said than done, and the Jain doctrine of Anekantavada (the theory of multiple perspectives, 'nonone sidedness') can truly play an important role in facilitating such dialogues with ease. The primary approach would be to reach out as a neutral third party to religious leaders in areas of conflict and thereby facilitate interfaith communication and provide feedback to determine how to maximize their efforts and resources. It is time for Jains to step forward and share with the world their central principle of Ahinsa as a positive force to make each casual encounter heartfelt, empathic connection, a relationship that creates a deep sense of the fundamental humanity of the other Guidelines that can make interfaith dialogue valuable have much in common with those that lead to success in mediation. Leonard Swidler of Temple University in Philadelphia has written The Dialogue Decalogue: Ground Rules for Interreligious Dialogue. Here is an adaptation for secular peace building contexts: * The primary purpose of dialogue is to change and grow in the perception and understanding of each other's reality and then to act accordingly. * Dialogue, to benefit the entire community, must ultimately be a project in volving all perspectives. * Each participant must come to the dialogue with the fullest possible honesty and sincerity. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 90 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #93 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Interfaith dialogue has shown to provide a way to serve peaceful goals within the context of religious faith. Interfaith dialogue can unlock the power of religious traditions and provide the inspiration, guidance, and validation necessary for populations to move toward non-violent means of conflict resolution. Each participant must assume a similar commitment to honesty and sincerity in the other partners. Each participant must define him/herself. * Each participant must come to the dialogue with no hard-and-fast assumptions as to where the points of disagreement are. Dialogue can take place only when each person's contribution is given equal value. * Dialogue can take place only on the basis of mutual trust. Persons entering into dialogue must be at least minimally willing to be critical of their own positions. * Each participant eventually must attempt to experience his/her partner-in-dialogue's perspective "from within." For thousands of years Jains have been active in enhancing and preserving the sanctity of life and human dignity through their daily behavior and steady efforts. Now they must actively participate in interfaith dialogue expanding its culture of peace to the world and help deepen and strengthen the global civilization. Even with handful of Jains leading the way, we will be able to transform the present culture of war, and foster and nurture energy toward the creation of a century of peace by simply sharing and participating in a mode of empathic listening in every interaction one encounters. Resources to learn more about dialogue: * United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations * UNESCO Celebrates the Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations * Global Dialogue Institute - * The Dialogue to Action Initiative - * How to Resources" to Help You Get a Dialogue Started * Learn More About the Dialogue Movement & Process * Peace Through Dialogue: A Time to Talk Peace, 2000 Peace Proposal by Daisaku Ikeda president/works/peace/ peace00.htm 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Thoughts on a Culture of 91 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #94 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ ENGAGING THE JAIN SOUL The Jain tradition challenges many traditional categories and conceptions regarding the nature of the soul. First, it exhibits a radical pluralism. Innumerable souls take seeming countless forms. Second, it suggests a radical egalitarianism. Each soul has endured countless births in a variety of different forms of life. Each human knows innately how it feels to be an animal, how to be a member of the other gender, how to feel empathy even with the earth itself. Third, this tradition evokes a rugged individualism. Each of the Tirthankaras forged a life of privation through which they gained great spiritual strength, serving as a model for later practitioners. Dr. Christopher Chapple Website: If we examine the three soul qualities of Jainism: pluralism, egalitarianism, and individualism, we confront a religious system quite markedly different from those that emphasize monism (such as Brahmanical Hinduism) or monotheism (Judaism and Islam) or trinitarianism (Christianity) or even harmony (Confucianism and Taoism). Furthermore, unlike Buddhism, Jainism affirms the existence of a soul. How then, can one develop an interpretation or hermeneutical approach to Jainism so that it can make sense in terms of dialogue with other religious traditions? Dr. Christopher Chapple is the Doshi Professor of Indic and Comparative Theology at Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles. He served as Asst. Director oft he Institute for Advanced Studies of World Religions and taught Sanskrit, Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. He has published several books including "Karma and Creativity' and 'Nonviolence to Animals, earth and self in Asian Traditions'. American psychology, as articulated by William James in his Varieties of Religious Experience (1902), has been characterized as both pragmatic and spiritual. Though he wrote during the career of Freud and Jung, James did not emphasize the role of sexuality or the importance of symbol. His narrative of the "sick soul" serves as a paradigm for coming to grips with the ups and downs of life through religious narrative. James tells the story of mystics such as George Fox who through their personal struggle developed new religious communities. James speaks of the role of conversion in moving the individual from the unremarkable to the spiritual, just as years later Philip Kapleau narrates the transformative power of satori in the lives of Zen Buddhists. For Jains, this would be readily recognizable in the experience of awakening (samyak drsti) wherein concerns of the humdrum world disappear, liberating one into an extended moment of pure energy, consciousness, and bliss. For James, as for the Jains, this can result in an utterly new approach to life, a restructuring of priorities. This process might also be recognizable to those familiar with Alcoholics Anonymous, which draws from William James, Carl Jung, and the ideas of Indian philosophy. In all these systems, a momentary pause in the normal state of affairs can create great opportunities for change. A person inspired by a transformative spiritual experience is likely to change his or her everyday personal behavior. For the awakened Jain, a strong resolve might arise to become more mindful not to create harm in thought, word, or deed. For the Buddhist, there might be a deep resolve to continue the practice of meditation that resulted in a moment of enlightenment. For George Fox, the founder of Quakerism, speaking truth, gathering people in silence, and enduring long bouts in prison for his beliefs came about after 14 Biennial JAINA convention 2007 92 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #95 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ In Jainism and in Buddhism, this concept of "others" extends beyond the human realm to animals and in the case of Jainism to plants and insects. Non-violence requires a careful consideration of how one's actions affect not only the human order. his experience of the inner light. An alcoholic, having seen the harm caused by drinking, seeks others to support his or her sobriety. Each of these individuals will most likely take great care not to offend others, to apologize for wrong-doings, and to ask for forgiveness. The Jain tradition of Paryusan includes contacting all one's friends and relatives asking pardon for any wrong committed, intentionally or unintentionally. A renewed sense of connectivity with others arises as one enters into the spiritual journey. For Jains, this requires care in all inter-personal and animal relationships, to be enacted through adherence to the vows of nonviolence, truthfulness, not stealing, sexual restraint, and nonpossession. Quakers seek counsel from one another when making decisions and adhere to nonviolent pacifism. Their resolve to end slavery and their work for the liberation of women changed the course of history. Buddhists emphasize the importance of community (sangha) and of individual effort and responsibility. Similarly, an important part of the recovery system followed by members of Alcoholics Anonymous entails daily contact by phone with a friend in recovery, weekly meetings, and diligence in making amends for past bad behavior. gathering people in silence, and enduring long bouts in prison for his beliefs came about after his experience of the inner light. An alcoholic, having seen the harm caused by drinking, seeks others to support his or her sobriety. Each of these individuals will most likely take great care not to offend others, to apologize for wrong-doings, and to ask for forgiveness. The Jain tradition of Paryusan includes contacting all one's friends and relatives asking pardon for any wrong committed, intentionally or unintentionally. A renewed sense of connectivity with others arises as one enters into the spiritual journey. For Jains, this requires care in all inter-personal and animal relationships, to be enacted through adherence to the vows of nonviolence, truthfulness, not stealing, sexual restraint, and nonpossession. Quakers seek counsel from one another when making decisions and adhere to nonviolent pacifism. Their resolve to end slavery and their work for the liberation of women changed the course of history. Buddhists emphasize the importance of community (sangha) and of individual effort and responsibility. Similarly, an important part of the recovery system followed by members of Alcoholics Anonymous entails daily contact by phone with a friend in recovery, weekly meetings, and diligence in making amends for past bad behavior. The sense of community and personal responsibility in these traditions leads. to the development of not only a normative ethics that may be universally applied, but it also leads in many cases to the cultivation of a personal ethics in keeping with one's individual tastes and inclinations. All these systems would agree to the principle of the Golden Rule: treat others as you would like to be treated. In Jainism and in Buddhism, this concept of "others" extends beyond the human realm to animals and in the case of Jainism to plants and insects. Non-violence requires a careful consideration of how one's actions affect not only the human order. In traditional Jainism, 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 93 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #96 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ vegetarianism, periodic fasting, vows of stability (limiting the extent of one's travel), and in some instances the donning of a face mask and the use of broom to sweep one's path constitute adaptive ethical responses that exceed what would normally be expected under the general requirements of normative ethics. Particularly for laypersons, the application of the Jain ethical code requires imagination and creativity. Jains in the pharmaceutical industry, for instance, have developed animal-friendly testing to minimize harm and suffering. Many Jains in America, aware of the peril to the wellbeing of animals caused by factory farming, have eschewed dairy products that otherwise would be consumed in more cow-friendly India. The list of ethical issues to be considered in Jainism includes topics not generally taken into account when thinking about the "good life" in Europe and America. Jainism's unique cosmology gives cause for Jains to think deeply about their role in such environmental issues as industrial pollution and global warming. Jains state that the waters and the air contain life, in addition to the living creatures that dwell therein. Hence, pollution deemed harmful in either element must be mitigated, not only for the sake of human health, but also for the sake of the life that thrives in air and water. Similarly, global warming will not only cause great disruption for humans but will displace and perhaps decimate countless species, the most famous at present being the polar bear. Given human complicity and causality in regard to climate change, Jains would have a double incentive for taking action: protection of humans and protection of other life forms. The Jain definition of soul puts life in the recesses of the earth, in the waters of Lakes and oceans, in the very air itself. in order to preserve the well-being of our own soul, Jainism suggests that steps must be taken to protect the Lives of all beings. Carl Jung suggested that we live in a world of symbols, that the task of being human involves a quest in search of the imago dei, the image of God within US. Jung developed a system of analysis that uses dreams and symbols to bring the human being to a state of individuation, a balance point where the recesses of the unconscious become known to consciousness, allowing a person to move into the world from a place of self-understanding. In Jainism, the contents of the unconscious might be regarded as karma, and the path of analysis for a Jain would entail assessing and correcting the accretions of karma. The ethical life of a Jain might be seen as similar to the path of the Jungian hero who seeks self-understanding for the betterment of not only oneself but of the world at large. To know one's motivations gives one power over one's actions. Jainism suggests that by applying nonviolent principles when making decisions, large or small, one imitates and takes on the attitude of the great religious sages. The Jain definition of soul puts life in the recesses of the earth, in the waters of lakes and oceans, in the very air itself. In order to preserve the wellbeing of our own soul, Jainism suggests that steps must be taken to protect the lives of all beings. With disregard and perhaps intentional harm, karma accrues that deprives the human being of energy, of happiness, even consciousness itself. By respecting life in its human and non-human forms, the soul embarks on a steady course of self-purification that benefits all beings. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 94 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #97 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Sensei Merle Kodo Boyd Sensei Merle Kodo Boyd represents Buddhism on the Board of the Monmouth Center of World's Religions and Ethical Thought and leads a small Zen Buddhist Sangha in Lincroft, NJ. She was recently installed as a Dharma Teacher at the Zen Center of Los Angeles. INTERRELIGIOUS DIALOGUE: A BUDDHIST PERSPECTIVE Interreligious conversation calls for honesty and openness. Because the language of religious and spritual practice is a very intimate language, it requires trust and a willingness to share ones deepest thoughts. In interreligious dialogue we speak the language we use when we carry on the conversation between ourselves and that which is far greater than ourselves. We must choose our words with care and listen with openness and patience. For each of us, even among those who practice the same religion, our religious language is uniquely our own. No one else can know our experience of the meaning of life or our experience of union with the truth of life, whatever name we give it. We have our own words for it, words that change as our experience with our religion changes and deepens, words we often keep private. When we dare to share them, we express a deep trust in each other. It is important that this trust be honored. In honoring this trust, how do we speak to each other? How do we listen to each other? This is the Buddhist teaching of Right Speech-speaking and listening in a way that honors the trust we are placing in each other. We speak in a way that recognizes our true nature as impermanence, selflessness, and interdependent.. We use words of honesty and kindness. We choose words that fit the time and circumstances. We choose words that nurture our experience of the best in us. Right Speech is a manifestation of absolute life, life that takes many forms moment after moment and at the same time always remains One. Our effort and intent is to speak to both the sameness and the uniqueness of each being. We make this effort under all circumstances, but nowhere is the effort more important than in interreligious dialogue. Speaking across religious boundaries can often seem challenging and sometimes even threatening. Differences can feel like a separation, and give the illusion that we are not connected to each other. They can delude us into thinking that the life of a stranger does not really touch our own, or that we can hurt another while remaining free from pain ourselves. Buddhism and many other religions teach the opposite: to harm another is harm to ourselves, and harm to ourselves is harm to another. All traditions have some form of this Golden Rule. Living in accord with this truth, it is essential that we respect our differences, especially our religious differences. Those who are Zen Buddhists take vows to Cease from Evil, Practice Good, and Do Good for Others. These vows are called the Three Pure Precepts. We cease from evil by letting go of our habitual notions of separateness, and by acknowledging our oneness and the infinite forms we can take. We let go of all fixed ideas about who we are and who others are, freeing ourselves and others to change and become more and more themselves. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 95 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #98 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ In doing good we are taught to bear witness to the joys and sorrows of all beings and circumstances. That is, we let ourselves completely feel what is happening to us and to the people around us. And this feeling tells us what we need to know in order to truly be of help. We are able to " create from another's suffering, our own usefulness". We let dissolve the wall of defensiveness and pretense that often characterizes our relationships and allow ourselves a view of life from the other person's perspective. We do not need to agree with another's belief in order to understand the depth and sincerity with which they believe it. Even in strong disagreement we accept the fact of the existence of another point of view. To cease from Evil is to see and directly experience our oneness as a living fact. Do Good is to see and embrace the myriad differences that make up this Oneness. We see more clearly that no matter how different we are in gender, race, religion, age, and circumstances we are connected. In this way, we prepare ourselves for interreligious conversation. We prepare ourselves for conversation with everyone who is not us, in other words, the entire universe. From the Buddhist perspective it is essential and unavoidable that there be many religions. In a constantly unfolding world, there is the potential for infinite ways of being. In a universe unfolding according to the laws of cause and effect, the arising of one thing is dependent on the existence of another thing. There is no independently arising existence. We cannot exist apart from each other. Even in conflict, we remain interconnected Therefore we can cause each other great harm and we can bring each other great happiness. We are able to form the intent and make the effort to act in ways that bring others happiness... we do not need to agree with another's belief in order to understand the depth and sincerity with which they believe it. Even in strong disagreement we accept the fact of the existence of another point of view. In interreligious conversation we have the opportunity to nurture each other spiritually. The Sixteen Bodhisattva Vows-the vows of one who wishes to awaken themselves in order to assist in the awakening of others-begin with taking refuge in the Oneness of life's true nature, the diversity of life's true nature, and the harmonious interdependence of oneness and diversity, Oneness has no way of manifesting other than through diversity. The last of these sixteen vows is the vow Not to Speak Ill of the Three Treasures-the Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha. In other words the vow not to violate oneness, diversity and the harmony of oneness and diversity. Another way of viewing this vow is to see it as a commitment to the universal community of beings. We are committing ourselves to honor the religious and spiritual practice of each person. In all practices, however diverse, we make an effort to understand and realize our relationship with an absolute that holds all possible differences and is beyond our description.<> 96 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE 14th Biennial JAINA convention 2007 Page #99 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE: A view of Sanatana Dharma (Vedic Hinduism) Dr. M. G. Prasad 1 Osborne Terrace, Maplewood, NJ 07040 Introduction It is well known that industrial development, technological advances, global communications, international economics, consumerism etc have not only made all the countries connected but also impacted human life and living. In spite of all the scientific and technological developments and their advantages, we also see that there has been an increase in the conflicts resulting in unrest between people, societies, countries etc. Thus there is a greater need for peace and understanding in dealing with problems arising out of conflicts and miscommunications. Each society and religious faith has tried to contribute solutions. It is seen from the literature of Sanatana Dharma also known as Vedic Hinduism that peace based on recognizing and understanding of unity in diversity has received primary importance from ancient times to our times. Peace cannot be assumed to exist in the temporary absence of war or conflicts. This brief article presents how the peace through dialogue can be achieved at all levels namely between people, organizations, societies or countries. Dr. M.G. Prasad is a spiritual disciple of yogi-seer Sriranga Sadguru. He has published four books related to Hinduism. He gives lectures on Hinduism at schools, churches, temples, universities, conferences and on radio. He is professor of mechanical engineering at Stevens Institute of Technology. His activities can be seen at Unity in Diversity Vedas and Vedic literature emphasize that as large number of branches in a tree come out of the same roots similarly there is One Source for all manifestations representing diversity. Although conflict seems to appear due to diversity, peace results due to recognition of unity. The well-known mantra "Ekam Sat Vipraha Bahudha Vadanti" means, "The realized ones describe the same reality in several ways". In Bhagavad Gita, through a beautiful simile in chapter 7 (verse 7), Lord Krishna says "Dhananjaya! There is nothing whatsoever higher than Me. As rows of gems are strung on a thread, all these things and beings are strung Me". In this simile, we see that the thread is the unifying element in the necklace although there are diverse types of gems. Thus we need to understand that the principle of unity in diversity is the implicit law of nature, universe and life. This basic principle is referred as Dharma that holds all of us together in the universe. This forms the basis of peace. It is for this reason that the Vedas have so many Shanti (peacerelated) mantras. In the words of His Holiness Sriranga Sadguru, a yogiseer of Karnataka, India, "The India (Bharata) is the land in which a massive effort was carried out to discover Dharma. Hence, Bharata is the land and abode of Dharma". Thus we see that dharma is the unifying principle of the universe and peace based on dharma will be ever lasting. Peace though dialogue The co-existence of diverse people demands communication and dialogue. Also it is important that harmony and peace should result. Thus the nature of dialogue becomes extremely important in yielding peace. It is known that wherever the dialogue is absent or improperly carried out in which case conflict has resulted. Again referring to the Bhagavad Gita, three types of dialogues between two persons are described. The first one is termed as egotistic. In the egotistic type, both persons are boasting about themselves without much caring for each other's knowledge. The second type is referred as intimidating in which both persons are trying to intimidate each other PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE 14" Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Page #100 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ without recognizing each other's knowledge. The third type is referred as harmonious in which case both persons are respectful of each other's knowledge and are willing to learn from each other. In addition the persons engaged in harmonious dialogue are eager and willing to learn from a third knowledgeable source, in the case when both persons realize that both of them do not know about the subject. In the third type of dialogue as we can see the very basis of harmony, mutual respect and understanding. has resulted in not only peaceful dialogue but also peaceful experience and increased knowledge for both persons involved in the dialogue. It is for this reason that Lord Krishna says in the tenth chapter of divine manifestations, that He (Krishna as peace) exists in such harmonious dialogues. These three models of dialogues can be applied at all levels. The essential characteristics of such a harmonious dialogue is that each party should truly respect each other and also be humble enough to learn from each other and also from a third knowledgeable and trustworthy source. However such a harmonious dialogue requires initiative from both the parties to achieve peace through dialogue. It is important to realize that violence; conflicts, war, terrorism, etc will not end conflicts and also will not result in peace. the same time, it is only peaceful efforts such as meaningful, insightful and harmonious dialogue not only resolve conflicts but also bring about peace. Peace through dialogue is more relevant in today's world as several countries are capable of nuclear strengths, which means that any conflict can only lead to non-peaceful catastrophic results. We can also see in the historical and cultural literature of any society that whenever and wherever the harmonious dialogues are not carried out, conflicts and destruction has resulted. At Concluding Remarks It is known that all efforts need to begin with individuals and expand to groups and so on. As individuals when we practice to achieve peace through dialogue in our interactions with others, then that peace effort expands. Also if the leaders at various levels such as communities, organizations, states, societies, countries etc understand the nature of various types of dialogues and implement them then peace will result. At an individual level one can practice peaceful dialogue approach as advised by Lord Krishna in chapter 17 (verse 15) in which He says, " Without hurting, insulting others one should speak truth in a pleasing way and also one should study and practice scriptures (such as Vedas)" it is understood that peace through dialogue, refers to peaceful attitude, peaceful behavior, peaceful interactions, etc. The Vedic Hindu scriptures again and again emphasize and warn that the human life is unique and special because it is only the human beings who can bring about peace not only among ourselves but also in the world around us. Of course, if we ignore our role in bringing peace and harmony then the alternate way is conflict, war and misery. Let us put our effort and become instruments for everlasting peace at various levels such as individual, family, community, organizations, society, state, country and world through dialogue. Let us pray the Almighty for success in our endeavors. <> 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 98 Peace through dialogue is more relevant in today's world as several countries are capable of nuclear strengths, which means that any conflict can only lead to non-peaceful catastrophic results. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #101 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ LOVE, MERCY AND RESPECT Dr. Levent KOC Website: Bismillah-irrahman-irrahim - (In the name of God the most Compassionate, the most Merciful). Muslims start every positive action by uttering this short verse from the Qur'an. This verse mentions two of God's names which are derived from the word mercy. They are Ar-Rahman and Ar-Rahim, which respectively mean "The Most Compassionate" and "The Most Merciful." All chapters except one in the Qur'an begin with this verse. It is also mentioned in the middle of one chapter. Consequently, it is repeated 114 times in the Qur'an. This phrase is a continuous reminder for the servants of God to contemplate on His endless mercy and great bounties. An entire chapter in the Qur'an is named after God's divine name 'Al-Rahman' or 'The Most Compassionate. This chapter calls the reader to remember God's extensive and all-encompassing bounties and blessings upon humanity. Love, compassion, mercy, and similar names and attributes of God are mentioned frequently in the Qur'an and in the sayings (Hadith) of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and all the other Prophets). Frequent references to these qualities remind Muslims how to behave and interact with people of other faiths throughout their lives. Dr. Levent KOC is the Executive Director of the Interfaith Dialog Center (IDC), Carlstadt, New Jersey. IDC is a non-profit proactive interfaith organization established by Turkish Muslims to foster dialogue and understanding between faiths, and cultures. In fact, God wants us all to know and love each other, and to behave towards each other with virtue and honesty. The following verse asserts this meaning very well. "O Mankind: We created you from a male and a female; and made you into tribes and nations that you may get to know each other. And verily, most honored before God is the most virtuous/ righteous of you." Qur'an (49:13). The following Prophetic tradition carries a similar meaning: "An Arab is not more privileged than a non-Arab, nor a white than a black. Spiritual excellence and true piety is the only distinction amongst humans recognized by God." Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is telling a story to teach us to what extent we should be merciful: "A certain person had committed 99 murders. He went to a scholar and asked, is there any chance for me to be forgiven? He said no, you have committed too many crimes. The man killed that scholar too, but his heart was restless, so he went to another scholar and asked the same question. This scholar said yes, but he added, you must leave this town of bad people and go live in the next town in the company of good people. The man set out to another town. On the way he died. A man passing by saw two angels arguing over his dead body. The Angel from Hell said, 'His body belongs to me because he had not done any good in his entire life.' The Angel from Heaven said, 'His body belongs to me because he had repented and left his town to be with good people.' The man who was the passer-by said, 'Let's measure the distance of his body from the town he was coming and the town he was going to.' This was done. He was found to be nearer to the town he was going to. In another version, the earth was ordered by God to shrink and make the distance smaller, so that he was admitted to Heaven." Reward for kindness and compassion was also assured by the Prophet Muhammad: "The merciful are shown mercy 99 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE 14" Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Jain Education Interational Page #102 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ by the All-Merciful. Show mercy to those on earth, and He Who is in heaven will show mercy unto you". Showing mercy to those on earth is an essential principle for all humanity. This Prophetic tradition does not distinguish between Muslims and people of other faiths as well as human beings and the rest of the creation, including animals and plants. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) practiced these qualities in his life. When he entered the city of Makkah in a complete peaceful manner, the Prophet (pbuh) had in front of him some of his staunchest enemies; those who fought him for many years, persecuted his companions, and killed many of them. Now he had full power to pay back and punish them for their crimes and for what they did to him and to the Muslims. Instead the Prophet (pbuh) asked them, "How do you expect me to treat you?" They replied, "You are a noble brother and the son of a noble brother! We expect nothing but goodness from you." Then the Prophet announced, "I speak to you in the same words as the Prophet Joseph spoke unto his brothers: "No reproach on you this day, God will forgive you, He is the Most Merciful of the Merciful" (Qur'an, 12:92). Go, for verily you are free." He forgave even Abu Sufyan and his wife Hind who had caused the murder of his uncle Hamzah -may God be pleased with him. After killing him she had his body mutilated and chewed his liver. The Prophet even forgave her. On this day, when tolerance and forgiveness were least expected, the Prophet set an example of mercy and forgiveness by releasing all the captives without ransom, and forgiving them for the persecution and brutal torture of the Muslims, which was continuous during the first 13 years of conveying the message of Islam. This kind of behavior is parallel to the following verse as well: "those who restrain (their) anger and pardon men; and God loves the doers of good (to others)" (Qur'an, 3:134). It is important to build bridges of dialogue under any condition, and the two crucial qualities of people of dialogue are restraining anger and forgiveness. Showing mercy to those on earth is an essential principle for all humanity. This Prophetic tradition does not distinguish between Muslims and people of other faiths as well as human beings and the rest of the creation, including animals and plants. A group of Christians visited Prophet Muhammad in Medina. Long talks continued between Muslims and Christians for 3 days. They wanted to go back to their town for Sunday service. The Prophet told them they did not need to go back, that they might pray in the mosque. Muslims left the Mosque to Christians and re-entered after the Christians performed their prayers. They signed an agreement with the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). According to this agreement, ministers will continue to perform their ministry; freedom of religion will be granted to Christians; their churches shall not be demolished or not be taken over; ministers, priests, monks, and other clergymen shall not pay tax; no one will be forced to accept Islam; if a Muslim gets married to a Christian, he will not force her to accept Islam, he will help her worship according to her religion; if Christians need help to fix their churches, monasteries, Muslims shall help them as a sign of obedience to the Prophet and as charity/blessing of God. There are many such agreements and all of them secure lives, chastity, property, religion, and churches of Christians. Successors of the Prophet showed the same respect to people of other faiths. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 100 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #103 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ For example, when Caliph Omar conquered Jerusalem, he was offered to pray in a church. He rejected and said: "If I pray here, next generations may convert this church into a mosque." This instance teaches us all a universal principle: If we do not respect others, we have no right to expect others to show respect to our religion and/or culture. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and his successors rose such a merciful and loving generation that some remarkable people from the generation that followed the companions went to the Caliph of the time to inquire what their punishment would be if they accidentally stepped on a grasshopper. When we look at the outer walls of the mosques and minarets, we see tiny holes made for birds to nest in; this is an expression of the depth of love embedded in the hearts of the earlier Muslims. History is intertwined with such tremendously humane acts; acts that protected even animals and plants. <> On the way he died. A man passing by saw two angels arguing over his dead body. The Angel from Hell said, 'His body belongs to me because he had not done any good in his entire life.' The Angel from Heaven said, 'His body belongs to me because he had repented and left his town to be with good people. Painting Courtesy: Mahendra Shah 14 Biennial JAINA convention 2007 101 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #104 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE-SIKHISM Ever see a flower vase containing flowers of different colors. Each flower is contributing its beauty, and its fragrance to the entire bunch of flowers but still maintains its own identity. The rose still remains to be the rose, the lily flower remains to be a lily, and the carnation remains to be the carnation. God created the universe in the same fashion as he created the nature. He created each human being different from each other. No one voice or one person matches with the other. You could recognize the voice of a friend even from far off distances. He created different colors of the human beings as well, some black, some white, some brown, and some yellow. God created this diversity in the universe to create the beauty so we don't get bored of looking at only one kind of thing. He made this universe so beautiful that no one wants to die whether it's a creature that flies, swims, crawls, or walks. Humanity at large did not appreciate this beauty in diversity. A person of one color started feeling superior to one of another color. A person of one religion started feeling superior to a person of another religion. Dr. Harsimran Singh New York The principles of Sikhism are based upon equality and justice to all without any discrimination to age, gender, status, origin or in any other respect. The world needs to wake up to the realization of understanding each other's faiths and religions so the humanity at large loves each other rather than hate because of religious boundaries. Dr. Harsimran Singh has authored several books on Sikhism including the Divine Power, the A to Z's of Healing Through Prayer, the Spiritual Power; and the Power of Prayer. He has been on several interfaith panels, and conducted many symposia on the miraculous power of prayer through the Divine Power, Inc. Let me just give a few briefs of the Sikh religion. The word Sikh originates from the Pali texts in which the word Sikho is used as the searcher of truth. It was in the 15th Century that the Indian subcontinent had two pre-dominant faiths which were Islam and Hinduism. During those days certain practices such as female infanticide, sati, forcible burning of widows on their husband's pyres, polygamy, practices of ritualism, superstitions, and the caste system whereby unsociability was common. It was at that time there was a need for a voice that could say that all humanity is created by God and they are all equal, all days are auspicious, no time or place can be sacred in itself. That voice was the voice of Guru Nanak with a command to him. "Oh Nanak here is the liquid of immortality, go drink it in my name. I am with you and I bless you, go rejoice in my name and preach to others the lesson of nondiscrimination and equality. Let this be your calling." For the society which was so much infested with the human degradation, it was not possible to accomplish to convey the message of God within Guru Nanak's own lifetime. So the divine light that Guru Nanak had gotten as a direct revelation from God passed on to nine more living Gurus and finally to the holy book Shri Guru Granth Sahib. Each Guru laid emphasis on one or the other aspect of life during this period of 250 years. The first Guru, Nanak, rebelled against futile practices, empty rituals, superstitions and idol worshipping etc. He gave the humanity a lesson of one God who is infinite and all powerful. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 102 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #105 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ * * The world needs to wake up to the realization of understanding each other's faiths and religions so the humanity at large Loves each other rather than hate because of religious boundaries. The second Guru Nanak, the inculcated, the spirit of selfless service, and humility. The third Guru Nanak, was a great defender of women's rights, he institutionalized the tradition of community kitchen, langar, and enforced equality for all rich and poor. The fourth Guru Nanak, founded the spiritual Sikh capital to lead the humanity towards a spiritual way of life. The fifth Guru Nanak, who was a literary giant gave a spirit of self sacrifice. The sixth Guru Nanak, implemented the doctrine of spiritual and temperal equality in the Sikh's character. The seventh Guru Nanak, instilled the spirit of fighting against oppression and respect for the hymns of Gurbani. The eight Guru Nanak, proved that age has no barrier for gaining the spiritual power that is the gift of God and God bestows upon whomsoever God is gracious. The ninth Guru Nanak, was one of the greatest defenders of freedom as he gave his life for defending the Hindu faith while they were being forcibly converted to Islam. The tenth Guru Nanak, gave the spirit of giving up everything to fight against oppression. He sacrificed his four sons, his parents, and gave his own life while preaching the message of love. It was the tenth Guru Nanak, Guru Gobind Singh, who initiated amrit, he gave the title of Guru to the five sikhs to whom he baptized. For the first time in the human history on this birthday of Khalsa in 1699, the Guru title was bestowed upon five most common people and they were made into Khalsa, meaning pure by baptizing them with amrit meaning something that shall never die. Another example of history was set when Guru Gobind Singh Ji requested amrit to baptize himself from the five beloved ones setting an unequal example of equality having no status difference between the preceptor and the follower. All these Gurus had instituted the spirit of saint soldier in the Sikh character. The Sikh's proved their saintliness by keeping outwardly looks of keeping long hair and the spirit of praying for the whole humanity in their everyday prayer rather than just for Sikhs. <> "One day we must come to see that peace is not merely a distant goal that we seek, but that it is a means by which we arrive at that goal. We must pursue peaceful ends through peaceful means." Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968) 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 103 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #106 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ TENETS OF ZOROASTRIANISM FOR PEACE AND HARMONY The Zoroastrian prophet, Zarathushtra (Zoroaster to the Greeks), who was born some 3500 years ago in old Persia, composed a short but most significant prayer of 12 words among many others, in the Avestan language, the language of all Zoroastrian prayers. The prayer is the ASHEM VOHU, Ashem meaning righteousness. This is the very first prayer a Zoroastrian child is taught. Free Translation of Ashem Vohu Prayer Ashem (righteousness) is good. Righteousness is best. Righteousness is bliss. It is the highest bliss for the individual who is righteous for the sake of righteousness not for reward or return. What does Righteousness Mean? Righteousness is a very lofty word but what does it mean to an individual? Righteousness connotes virtues of life. Righteousness means truth, uprightness, honesty, integrity, justice, decency, sincerity, virtue, morality, benevolence, goodness. These are virtues that we would like to see in the ideal person. However, it is very easy for us to expound these virtues on paper but very difficult to put them into practice in today's materialistic world. How do you put these Virtues into Practice? In a very simplistic way, righteousness is to do the right thing, at the right time, in the right place with the right means to achieve the right purpose. Righteousness is the universal law that stands for order, progress and prosperity. According to this law good deeds produce good rewards, and evil deeds have bad consequences. A scientist working in a lab, a mathematician solving a formula, a musician composing music, a person counseling the needy, a mother caring for her family, and a student struggling with his homework are all implementing righteousness in their lives if they act with truth and integrity. According to the teaching of Zarathushtra, Ahura Mazda (the creator) has given every human being a Vohu Manoh (Good Mind) to help us follow this path of righteousness. With our Vohu Manoh we can not only think, but we can reason and articulate, and this is what makes us so unique from all other living species on this planet. We have a mind that can think, analyze, separate, and distinguish between right and wrong, good and evil. In the Gathas, the divine songs of Zarathushtra, which form the core principles of the Zoroastrian faith, the Prophet says: "Shraota Geush Aish Vahishta Avaenata Sucha Manangaha Avarenao Vichithaya Narem Narem Khakhyai Tanuye 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007. 104 Ervad Brigadier Behram M. Panthaki Ervad Brigadier Behram M. Panthaki is a fully ordained Zoroastrian priest who provides honorary service to the Zoroastrian community and runs Sunday school for over 75 Zoroastrian children in Washington DC Metropolitan Area. Brigadier Panthaki took voluntary retirement from the Indian Army after serving for 30 years. He currently works as Human Resources Director at Kingsbury. a non-profit organization in Washington, DC, that runs K-12 day school for children with learning difficulties. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #107 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Para Maje Yaongho Ahmai ne Sazdyai Baodanto Paiti" (Song 3; paragraph 2) "Hear with your ears the highest truth I preach And with illumined mind weigh them with care Before you choose which of the two paths to tread Each one for himself Before the great new age is ushered in" (Dr. US Taraporewalla) My interpretation of the above passage of the Gathas is that since Ahura Mazda has given every human being a good mind, one must make use of it. When facing any situation, think with your illumined mind and decide for yourself and act. Thereafter, take responsibility for your decision and its This responsibility is consequences, either good or bad. not only to advance oneself by living Zarathushtra also knew that in an increasing fast paced world, his adherents would have very little time to absorb his entire philosophy. So he left behind a righteous life, but in a short prescription for daily life. He coined a triad of three words - HUMATA, doing so, to help advance HUKHTA, HUVARASHTA. Good thoughts, good words and good deeds: one's family, society, the thought, speech and action, in that order. Unless you think well of an world and the universe individual you will not speak well of him. And if you think and speak well of an individual you will do something for him, you will help him. towards frashokereti, the final resurrection, when Zoroastrian Ethics all will be in a state of Zarathushtra did not prescribe any code of conduct for mankind. Zoroastrianism is not a prescriptive ethic based on obedience, fear, love, perfection and repentance or submission. Rather, it propounds a simple philosophy that everlasting bliss. encourages responsibility of choice that an individual must exercise with a clear mind to ascertain the truth and act in accordance with the principle of righteousness. This responsibility is not only to advance oneself by living a righteous life, but in doing so, to help advance one's family, society, the world and the universe towards frashokereti, the final resurrection, when all will be in a state of perfection and everlasting bliss. Another maxim in Zoroastrian scripture states: AEVO PATHAO YO ASHAHE VISPAYE ANYAESHAM APANTAM (Yasna 72) "There is only one path and that is the path of Asha - Righteousness All other paths are false." What this maxim means is that there are many paths that lead to untruth, but there is only one path that leads to order and righteousness. Our main mission in life should be to promote Ashem - Righteousness, for that will bring happiness to all and it will make this world a much better 14th Biennial JAINA convention 2007 Jain Education Intemational 105 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #108 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ place not only for the present generation but also for generations to come. The reader must wonder how righteousness would help in today's world where you are surrounded by dishonesty, corruption, greed and arrogance. To that I would respond that you do your bit, and play your part. If all of us decide to follow our own conscience and do what is right within our own domain; we would have made a beginning. Over a period of time it will spread, may be slowly, but we will have the satisfaction of bringing about a small change in the society that we live and work with. Whatever education you may have and position you may hold in society, if you do not have righteousness, truthfulness, peace and love in your daily life, all is without purpose. Without these qualities human life will collapse. An individual should lead an active, industrious, honest and above all, a happy and charitable life. To this end, Zoroastrian theology recommends the generation of wealth provided it is acquired honestly and with propriety. This acquired wealth then should be shared with the needy (charity). Charity should be done without expecting any returns or gains; otherwise it is not considered charity. Do not give in charity to have your name displayed on a plaque or to expect something in return. Charity should come from the heart. We all came to this world empty-handed and shall all leave empty handed. After we have departed we will not be remembered for our material wealth, but for the good words we spoke and the good work we did in our lifetime. Conclusion I would end by saying let us not forget to follow the principle of Ashem - Righteousness, and recommend that we base every word, every step, every move, and every phase of our life on this principle because: If there is Righteousness in the heart, There will be Beauty in character, If there is beauty in character, There will be Harmony in the home.. If there is harmony in the home, There will be Order in the Nation. And if there is order in the nation, There will be Peace in the world. <> Photograph by Thomas Dix 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 106 whatever education you may have and position you may hold in society, if you do not have righteousness, truthfulness, peace and love in your daily life, all is without purpose. Withou t these qualities human Life will collapse. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #109 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Father Valles Father Valles came to India from Spain in 1949 as a missionary to start a new St. Xavier's College in Ahmedabad. He represented Gujarat University at the International Mathematical Congress in Moscow, Niece and Exeter. He has published more than 40 books in Gujarati, and received several literary awards. He is a citizen of India and popularly known as 'Honorary Jain'.. PEACE THROUGH FRIENDSHIP Chesterton tells the story of a Catholic family that came to live in a Protestant neighborhood. The Protestant neighbors frowned when passing in front of their house and said under their breath, "God knows what they must be eating in there!" One morning a Protestant boy had to knock at their door to retrieve a ball that had strayed inside. He saw the family at the breakfast table eating, came out clutching the ball and shouting through the street, "They are eating porridge! They are eating porridge!" He was excited and happy that just like any other British family they too were eating porridge. Prejudices grow through lack of contact. We may live in the same neighborhood, but if we don't mingle we don't know each other, and we nurse all kinds of fantasies and falsities and distortions of reality about each other. In India I heard this phrase from Hindu friends referring to some fine Muslim acquaintance of theirs: "He is such a good person that he couldn't possibly be a Muslim!" That is a compliment for that Muslim person, and a slur on their religion. I also remember what was lovingly said to me in playful jest: "You are such a nice person that you couldn't possibly be a Christian!" I had smiled. I knew that it is only when we meet face to face that prejudices can be dissolved and friendship born. I count myself fortunate that, my first Indian friend in Vallabh Vidyanagar University (Anand) where I went to learn the Gujarati language was a Jain. A fellow student and fellow boarder in the hostel, he was Harkishan Becharlal Shah from Khambhat. Thus my first contact with Jainism was through a person, not through a book. That made all the difference. Harkishanbhai brought to me the living practice of Jainism from the direct, simple, devout, standpoint of a Jain lay person. He didn't prefer go to the cinema. I asked him why. He answered, giving me his life principle I have remembered to this day: "If I can do without something, I don't go for it." Jain wisdom in a nutshell. He explained to me the idea of Paryushan, as he was observing fast those holy days. At that time I had no idea I would be giving talks to Jains at the Paryushan in Mumbai in the years to come. My first talk in Mumbai was presided over by the then member of the Indian delegation to the UN, Chimanbhai Chakubhai Shah. It was later explained to me that he had been chosen for my talk so that with his knowledge, his wisdom, and his diplomacy he could correct any errors I might make being new to Jainism. We became lifelong friends. Official dialogue between followers of different religions is fundamental for mutual understanding and for world peace it has to flower into personal friendship. That is the message. <> "If we have no peace, it is because we have forgotten that we belong to each other." Mother Theresa 14 Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 107 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #110 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ VEDIC & SHRAMAN CULTURES OF INDIA Many western scholars claim that Jainism was founded by Bhagawan Mahavira in the 6th century BC. This is accurate from an organizational and reforming perspective. But from a philosophical perspective, the major tenets of Jainism trace back to a much older culture of India - the Shraman Tradition. The Shraman Tradition is likely Pre-Aryan in origin. That is, its origin is prior to the Aryan migration to India that took place around 1500BC. Shraman tradition is said to be Pre-Vedic meaning its philosophy being. different from the Vedas (which were compiled between 1500-11008C). Therefore we had two principle currents prevalent in India during those times Vedic and Shraman with Jainism having it roots in Shraman Culture. The Shramanic philosophy was systematized by Jain Thirthankars starting from Rishabdev Bhagawan continuing to Mahavir. The word "Srama" means labor. The wandering mendicants, as they are commonly known, were named Shramanas because of their observance of strict austerities, renunciation of worldly affairs and reclusion. These Shraman monks believed in the soul's ability to transmigrate and achieve god-hood through shedding of Karma. In addition, they believed in observing austerities, being reclusive and non-violent. All of these are essentially Jain tenants. The major "named" Shramana branches prevalent during early India were the Jains, Buddhists, Ajivakas and Sankkyas (there were many monks who were just known as Shramana monks without any particular affiliation). On the other hand, the Aryan (Vedic) people who settled in India, were nomadic and in search of happiness, prosperity and materialistic enjoyment - worshipping many gods to fulfill their needs. As they settled and conquered the lands, they would have encountered people with very different attitude toward life than theirs. After the Aryans settled, they quickly began to think more deeply as they assimilated with the indigenous people of India, imbibing some of the philosophical ideas of the Shramana Culture. This can easily be seen from studying the transformation of ideas from Rig Vedas (the earliest Vedas) to the Upanishads. Just prior to the time of the Upanishads (around 800 BC), the interaction and influence of Shramanic culture on Vedic ideas (known as Brahmana around this time) intensified enriching the thoughts of the latter. With the acquaintance of ideas like non-violence, austerities, soul and karma, they started to think deeply and determined a course that would create theories based on some of these ideas. This is readily seen in many of the Upanishads including the Chandogya Upanishad where, for example, a rishi explains the secret of the soul's true nature to his son. In addition, there are many question and answer sequences with conversations on the true purpose of life, life after death, science of atman take place (Yajnavalkya is featured prominently in these passages). So, with the intellectual fervor set, the most important challenge to Vedic and Post-Brahmana Culture was ready to take hold. Rrishis and sages challenged the usefulness of the Sacrificial Rituals. The Shramanic monks (Jain Thirthankar Neminath) already challenged this 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 108 Rajiv Jain East Brunswick, NJ Rajiv has been an active contributor to Jain community for over 15 years. His articles have previously been published in the Jain Digest and other Jain circulars. Rajiv has given talks at Bhartiya Vidhya Bhavan programs and has been a lecturer for children during Payushan at Jain Center of NJ. He also teaches at Patshala. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #111 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Shraman tradition is said to be Pre-vedic meaning its philosophy being different from the vedas (which were compiled between 15001100BC). Therefore we had two principle currents prevalent in India during those times. vedic and Shraman with Jainism having it roots in Shraman Culture. The Shramanic philosophy was systematized by Jain Thirthankars starting from Rishabdev Bhagawan continuing to Mahavir long before the Upanishad period, however, now, the intensity grew to a tipping point as Parsavana and ultimately Mahavira and Buddha organized a final assault on the Brahmin Priestly practice of Animal Sacrifice. Within. a few hundred years from this point, animal sacrifices were largely discontinued. The great sage Sankara in the 8th century AD finally assimilated ideas of Vedas, Upanishads, Shramana (Jainism and Buddhism) into what is known as Vedanta. As we can see, Jainism's origin is much older than 6th century BC since Shraman thought is quite likely to be pre-Aryan. Wandering ascetics. (Shramanas) walked in India during the Vedic period influencing the thought. of people with their values of non-violence, austerities, and transmigration. This can be considered early Jain Philosophy. Both Vedic and Shramana culture have influenced each other for thousands of years. For example, Jain idol worship, Pujas, Bhakti are likely Vedic/Brahmana influences. Therefore, the synthesis of Shramana and Vedic Cultures over the years has resulted in the Indian culture we know today. <> 14 Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Photograph by Thomas Dix 109 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #112 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ THANK YOU, AND PLEASE As a Christian, I write to express both gratitude and anticipation to the Jain community. My gratitude stems from the contribution of Jaina practice and theology to Christian practice and theology, particularly the theology of Martin Luther King Jr., and the impact of that theology on the Civil Rights movement in the United States. Someone has cynically said that gratitude is the anticipation of favors yet to come, and in addition to expressing gratitude, I write in a spirit of anticipation. Jainism is a rich faith, and it is my hope that its trinity of values, ahimsa, aparigraha, and anekantvada will provide an important corrective to American Christianity's absolutism, tolerance of violence, and subservience to consumerism. The Civil Rights movement of the 1960s was as successful as it was, largely because it was a non-violent movement. This fact is particularly startling, since it had little to draw on by way of non-violent example in its larger cultural context. Rather, wars tended to accompany social change in the United States. The nation, and with it democracy, were born in violent revolution, and war accompanied the abolition of slavery a little less than a century later. Yet, while violent acts attended the activism of the 1960s, the movement itself was radically non-violent, and this was largely due to the efforts of Martin Luther King Jr. King was a brilliant scholar, and he certainly knew that non-violence was not without precedence amongst Christians. The Society of Friends (Quakers) had long advocated pacifism, and, indeed, one can read several of the teachings of Jesus as non-violent manifestos. Yet, King found another, more recent model for his non-violent strategy in Mahatma Gandhi. He traveled to India a decade after Gandhi's death in order to "observe firsthand Gandhi's legacy," Gandhi's practice of aparigraha deeply impressed King, and after his visit to India, he spoke frequently of his wish to reduce his own consumption. Indeed, his desire to live by the principle of aparigraha led to some marital tension since he resisted his wife's desire for a larger home and he drove a "run-down old car." 2 However, King's statement "Christ furnished the spirit and Gandhi provided the technique" suggests that ahimsa was the most important concept that King learned from Gandhi. Indeed, non-violent resistance became the backbone of his strategy. Just as King found inspiration for the Civil Rights movement in Gandhi's beliefs and practices, Gandhi also learned from others, among them the Jain community. Pratibha Jain tells us that Gandhi's secretary reported that Jainism influenced his life and policies. A more compelling proof of Jainism's influence on Gandhi, however, is the fact that his life so thoroughly demonstrated Jaina values. Gandhi's ashram movement provides compelling evidence of his adoption of the idea of aparigraha, and his answer when asked to prosecute those who had assaulted him on his arrival in Durban is a poignant example of anekantvada. He did not blame them, he said, because they believed that he "had made exaggerated statements in India 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 110 Tim Helton 805-231-6986 Tim Helton has a Bachelor of Arts in Ministerial Studies from L.I.F.E. Pacific and a Master of Arts in Theological Studies from Claremont School of Theology. He is currently a Ph.D. student at Drew University in New Jersey where he is studying the Anthropology of Religion. He traveled to India for the first annual International Summer School for Jaina Studies, where he developed a love for Jain people and their rich religious tradition. Tim is also deeply interested in interfaith dialog as a vehicle for religious self-critical thought. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #113 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ about the whites in Natal." "It is no wonder that they were enraged," he declared. While he knew that he had not made "exaggerated statements," his response demonstrated that he understood more than his own perspective in the situation. Finally, as I have indicated, ahimsa became the backbone of King's strategy. This is because it was the hallmark of Gandhi's movement as well. The 1930's Salt March is legendary for the fact that it galvanized a nation in its desire for independence, but it also symbolized the nonviolent struggle that eventually won that independence. The United States, though largely unaware of the fact, owes much to Jainism for its lessons on ahimsa mediated through Gandhi, and practiced by King. Without such lessons, we might have endured yet one more violent social struggle like that of the War of Independence and the Civil War. I write, then, in gratitude for the contribution of Jaina philosophy to Christian theology and its material effect on social policy in the United States. However, I also write in The Civil Rights anticipation of benefits still to come from dialog between Jains and Christians, movement of the 1960s for Christians have much to learn from Jains. was as successful as it One of the most important things that Jains can teach Christians is the was, largely because it meaning of aparigraha. American Jains, like all Americans, live in a was a non-violent consumer culture. Billboards, television and radio commercials, and printed movement. This fact is ads bombard Jains as well as Christians with the message that their lives will be infinitely better with just one more purchase. Unfortunately, while particularly startling, Christians have a rich ascetic heritage, American Christians know little and understands less of that heritage. As a result, American Christianity is often on by way of non-violent complicit in rather than resistant to consumerism. For Jains, on the other example in its larger hand, aparigraha is a core belief, and, in their sadhus and samnis, Jains have living examples of its practice. As a Christian, then, I ask for your cultural context. Rather, hely help. Teach us how aparigraha can confront our culture's relentless demand wars tended to that we continually consume ever more things. accompany social change in the United States To be clear, I am not asking that Jains teach Christians to be generous. American Christians, like Jains, are amongst the most generous people in the world. They give blood to the Red Cross; they give food to the homeless; and they give money to world relief organizations. It is not, then, generosity that we American Christians need to learn from Jains. Rather, we need to learn what aparigraha can teach us about consuming. Show us how this important Jain concept can help us the next time that advertising creates a longing for a new car or wide-screen television, or the next time that we walk through a mall and see still another pair of shoes that we just have to have. Nor will it be enough for us merely to learn the word or its meaning. It will be helpful if the Jain community provides us with practical examples of implementing aparigraha to educate the American society absorbed in the consumer culture. <> 1 Michael J. Nojeim, Gandhi and King: The Power of Nonviolent Resistance, (Westport, Connecticut: Proscer, 2004), 184. 2 Nojeim, 186 3 Pratibha Jain, "Gandhi and Jainism," lecture to International Summer School for Jaina studies, Jaipur, India 23 June 2005. 4 Ved Mehta, "Blazing a Trail: Gandhi's Salt March Gave the World a Glorious lesson in Civil Disobedience," Time, 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 111 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #114 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ EXHIBITION a great media of communication and dialogue Despite its formidable history, the Jain faith has less than 10 million members, the vast majority whom reside in India. Only 1% of the world's population is even aware of Jainism. This poses a challenge for many of us active in the interfaith activities. Today, an estimated ten thousand Jain families live in North America. Though many go often to the temple, and some regularly attend pathshala Jain educational classes), few truly understand and apply the principles of Jainism in their day to day lives. Why, a philosophy that has so much to offer is understood so little? This is because Jains, the followers of Jainism, have historically remained passive and complacent both in the practice as well as in active promotion of their great philosophy. "Understanding Jain Way of Life" a 72 penal JAINA exhibition, is our attempt to address this issue. Background and inspiration: As JAINA delegation was preparing to attend the Parliament of the World's Religions summit held in Barcelona, Spain, during the summer of 2004, JAINA thought that an exhibition on the introduction to Jainism could be very effective in this interfaith environment, where we were only a very small minority. A small 16 penal exhibition was constructed and displayed in Barcelona. The overwhelming success and positive feed back from that exhibition set the stage for the construction of a larger exhibition for JAINA 2005. With a strong support from JAINA Executive Committee, JAINA Exhibition committee was formed. And the exhibition was designed with the following purpose. 1. to educate its viewers about the Jain philosophy and its rich, scientific, and historic background 2. to expose the Jain youth to their glorious heritage 3. to motivate its viewers to apply these ideologies in their every day lives. 4. to unite members of the Jain community This exhibition named Jain Way of Life' is dedicated to the youth, who are the future of Jainism. For illustration, the structure of panels is described. below. The Essence of Jainism in this section, the three fundamental Jain principles are shown. It is important for better understanding, that a religion be able to be simplified. This simplification may, in no way, replace the complex philosophy. It is merely a condensed form of this philosophy, and is therefore easier to practice. Panels in this section - Essence of Jainism, Non-Violence, Anekant of the Jains, The Blind Men and the Elephant, Aparigraha. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 112 Sudhir M. Shah Compiled by Sudhir M. Shah, Chair, Exhibition Committee Sudhir M. Shah chairs the JAINA Exhibition Committee. He has been involved in Jain education for over 10 years and is a Jain representative of Yale University Interfaith Group. The exhibition is available on loan to any center at a nominal cost to support the JAINA exhibition projects. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #115 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ jainiges in action Frontli "Paraparako Jista dh mqlh jainism in action gma Leuthy hinge Bou Ho jainism in action Humanitarian Service skele Genera Tacherds Philosophy - after understanding the fundamental principles, one may now comfortably delve deeper into the Jain philosophy and attempt to understand the more complex, and abstract parts. Panels in this section -The Concept of Jina, Siddhachakra, Worship, Soul, Karma, Jain Symbols, Swastik. Common Misconceptions - this panel addresses some of the most common misconceptions about Jainism, in an effort to correct them. Jainism in Action - the next step is to bring the Jain philosophy from ideals and ideologies to practice, and integrate them into our daily lives. Panels in this section-Jain Conduct, Forgiveness, Conflict Resolution, Humanitarian Service, Social Activism, Vegan Lifestyle, Environmentalism, Socially Responsible Investments, Yoga & Meditation. Knowledge - it is important to remain a free thinker. For this reason, we have taken a step back, into the history of Jainism, to see where our current knowledge of the religion comes from. During the sixth century BCE, the Jain's most recent prophet, Mahavir revived the religion, and our current practices and beliefs stem directly from his teachings. However, there was no writing during his time and so his teaching were passed down orally from teacher to pupil until they were finally compiled into texts. This section includes these texts as well as acharyas, the Jain's spiritual teachers, who were particularly prolific in their work. Panels in this section - Jain Dharma Through Time, Jain Scriptures, Kalpasutra, Tattvartha Sutra, Jain Acharyas (4th Century BC - 2nd Century AD), Jain Acharyas (5th Century AD - 7th Century AD), Jain Acharyas (7th Century AD 16th Century AD), Jain Shravaks, Jain Shravikas Jain Contribution - Many of the things in this section are amazing because you had previously believed them to be of Western scientific origin. This brings to your attention as to how advanced and scientific the religion, and its members, truly was. We have again kept this authentic by providing quotations from the ancient Jain scriptures. Panels in this section - Religion and Science, Jain contribution to Atomic Science, Applied Physics, Mathematics, Biology, Anatomy & Physiology, Psychology, Cosmology Jain Temples the next section is a slideshow of Jain temples. Jain art has been unique since its conception. This is evident in the engravings and layout of the ancient Jain temples. Panels in this section - Jain Art and Architecture, Jain Temple, Many prominent Jain temples. JAINA finally, the ongoing effort of JAINA is presented to increase the awareness of Jain religion. A sample of panels from several sections is displayed to give an idea of this Jain Way of Life' exhibition. The entire exhibition is available on loan to any Jain center at a nominal cost to support the JAINA exhibition projects.<> 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 113 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #116 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Essence Of Jainism Non-violenee (Tihims) Respect for the life of all beings leading to compassionate living and selfless service Non-absolutism(tingkantavad) Respect for the views of others leading to mutual understanding and peaceful co-existence Non-possessiveness (Tiperigraha) Respect for the environment setting voluntary limits on desires, and ethical living The concept of Jina Sains are the followers of JINA JINA band a Anadol Andr de Saab An JINA of the JINA a spot tr Over Hes like anger, age deceit and greed Eyes open Anal soul Reply all JINA as a symbol of freedom free of all attachments and a Eyes closed in meditation light Oky dal 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 114 Non-Violence Ahimsa is AVOIDANCE OF HARM INTENDED BY Depth and Breath of Violence Outward Vo Violence MIND SPEECH & ACTION Ahimsa Continuum New Jsterna Vies jain conduct in day-to-day living Co E oth Just-Impartial with all Hearts Kindess Amiable-Cordial to all Inclusive-Seeking views of all Respect for all Non-violent PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #117 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ INFINITY HOTEL GROUP LLC DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT * ADVISORS W Best Western Comfort INN QUALITY INN & SUITES Mayur Chheda, CPA, CHA, CHO Chief Development Officer Contact Us: 277 White Horse Pike, Suite 102 Atco, New Jersey 08004 Phone: 856.753.3300 Fax: 856.753.0996 Mital Chheda, MBA, CHA, CHO Chief Investment Officer Helping Hands Of America Inc. 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AGLC102366-Al Page #121 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ A A.H.Inc Ajit Healthcare Incorporation's goal is to make life more livable for individuals who are dependent upon others. Whether it is assisted living or skilled nursing care, our professional and dedicated health team members strive to maximize each resident's health and functionality in a comfortable and supportive home-like environment. We offer a wide variety of quality resources for the care or rehabilitation of family members, and now at two conveninent locations at Orange and Los Angeles Coutny Newport Subacute Healthcare Westlake Convalescent center 2570 Newport Boulevard Costa Mesa, CA 92627 Tel: (949) 631-4282 1 Fax: (949) 631-8681 CONVALESCENT Hospital 316 South Westlake Avenue Los Angeles. California 90057 Tel: (213) 484 0510 Fax:(213) 484 5931 "A Commitment to Excellence" Best Wishes and Congratulations to JAINA from Drs. Meera and Jasvant Modi Page #122 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Congratulations to Jaina Convention and Best Wishes to Jaina volunteers for their dedication and tireless efforts NIMISH & PINAKI MEHTA ATIT Diamond Coroporation 22 West 48th Strret, Suite# 902 New York, NY 10036 Phone: 212.944.2848 Peace, like charity, begins at home ---Franklin D. Roosevelt Page #123 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ JAIN SOCIETY OF METROPOLITAN WASHINGTON 1021 Briggs Chaney Road, Silver Spring, MD 20905. Phone: (301) 236-4466 MAILING ADDRESS: P.O. Box 4548, Silver Spring, MD 20914 Web Site: 0000000 FOOTBOD 0000000 0007000 Contgratulations and best wishes to Federation of Jain Associations in North America on 14th Biennial Convention Jain Society of Metropolitan Washington Established: 1980 Jain temple: Since 1989 Membership:550 Families MAX Page #124 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ u BEST WISHES JAINA From INTERNATIONAL JAIN SANGH (A non profit tax exempt organization, FED ID #22-3655912) 42 Cotswold Circle, Ocean, NJ 07712 Tel: (732) 493-0093 Website: An endeavor to promote understanding, mutual respect, and nonviolence in day-to-day living Page #125 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Professor Dipak C. Jain A distinguished scholar and teacher, Dipak Jain has been dean of the Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL., since July 2001. He brings more than 20 years of experience in management, marketing and education to his position. A native of Tezpur, Assam, a northeast state in India, Dean Jain was born in 1957. His father, a teacher, instilled in his son the importance of education, a lesson Professor Jain has taken to heart with unmitigated passion throughout his career. ESSENTIAL OF JAINISM: A PLATFORM FOR LEADERSHIP Through its foundational teachings of Ahimsa (nonviolence), Aparigraha (nonpossessiveness), Anekantavada (multiplicity of viewpoints) and others, Jainism offers many insights of profound value for leaders. Through such practices, one can endeavor to eradicate the Papsthanaks-those qualities such as anger, criticism, violence and deception that form impediments. preventing a liberated soul. The world today seeks the enlightened leader, one who is responsible both for creating shareholder value and value for society in general. The challenge of preparing such leaders is one that confronts business schools. No longer is it sufficient for leaders to concern themselves narrowly with material gain only. While shareholders and those involved in the life of an organization do indeed seek material returns, they also wish to balance those returns against the larger social good that they and their colleagues can effect. Hence, today's leader must be aware of an array of responsibilities inside and outside the organization. Jainism can help cultivate this sensibility through its emphasis on right thought, right speech and right action-the underlying framework for nonviolence. By practicing nonpossessiveness and controlling the desires, Jainism encourages leaders to look beyond mere material objects, finding a more profound central focus and motivation. While yesterday's "command-andcontrol" leader used authoritarian tactics to manage people, today's leader understands the importance of seeking a multiplicity of perspectives in a world moving ever faster and growing increasingly more complex. By benefiting from others' counsel, the leader not only increases the odds of making wise decisions, but also creates an environment based upon compassion, since Anekantavada requires us to regard the world through. the eyes of others, not merely through our own limited view. Personally, these principles have helped me tremendously in both my dayto-day practice as dean of the Kellogg School and in setting the school's strategic direction. For example, the principle of nonviolence may be translated as "inclusiveness," and so in creating an organizational culture around this important tenet one learns not to hurt people but rather to include them in an environment that is caring and enables them to achieve their full potential. In addition, multiplicity of viewpoints creates a culture of mutual respect and trust, since, rather than following just a single perspective, the leader and the organization benefit from many views that allow for context-dependent assessments and a more nuanced understanding of reality. Nonpossessiveness, in turn, helps cultivate socially responsible leaders, since they are not merely pursuing the maximum personal gain for themselves or their family. Instead, they regard the larger social fabric and seek to make a positive difference in the lives of others too. For academics or knowledge Jadu BiennialAINA Convention 2007 123 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #126 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ workers, one way to cultivate this quality is by sacrificing lecture fees when making public appearances. Doing so helps place the focus on the benefit others derive from the information communicated, rather than concentrating on personal gain. Great leaders are those who inspire caring, inclusive cultures where people can thrive in pursuit of organizational goals, and where all are collaborating toward a common good. The practice of Jainism helps a leader achieve this objective, creating value for everyone throughout the organization. Indeed, the real essence of leadership is making a difference in the lives of employees, getting the best performance from them while helping them realize their potential. While the principle of nonviolence confers the benefits described above, another important quality associated with it is its emphasis on forgiveness. For leaders, to forgive is good, to forget is better and to move forward is best of all. The sense of forgiveness that arises through the practice of nonviolence enables leaders to put the past behind rather than carrying negative experiences forward where they undoubtedly cause impediments to future beneficial action. Indeed, at its heart, Jainism is a very forward-looking framework. Since great leaders must anticipate change and prepare for uncertain events, Jainism helps instill the focus, ability and energy to allow leaders to excel, telling them in effect: "If we let the past control our present, there will not be any future." <> Great Leaders are those who inspire caring, inclusive cultures where people can thrive in pursuit of organizational goals, and where all are collaborating toward a common good. The practice of Jainism helps a leader achieve this objective, creating value for everyone throughout the organization Painting Courtesy: Mahendra Shah 14 Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 124 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #127 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ TRADITIONS OR FUNDAMENTALISM? Dhammomangal mukkitham, ahimsa, sanjamo tavo Devapi tam namassanti jassa dhamme saya mano. (A religion based on non-violence, self-control and austerities is the auspicious and best one. Even the Gods bow down to him whose mind is fixed on this religion - Dasa-Vaikalika-Sootra 1/1) Vinod Kapashi, UK Our saints, scholars and even lay Jains have stressed upon us that our vinod@kapashi religion is based on solid principles, age-old values and teaching of Bhagvan Mahavir. Our religion stands on the bedrock of principles, which are time tested and eternal yet, relevant for any time and any place. Those who have Dr Vinod Kapashi, studied Jain scripture would happily subscribe to these ideas. Our religion a Jain scholar, has explored indeed is based on eternal principles like non-violence (Ahimsa), few traditional beliefs and consideration and acceptance of multiplicity in human thinking and explained how they have approaches (anekantvada) and non-possessiveness (aparigraha). These are affected our religious enough, if we understand properly and practice them to have a peaceful thinking and actions. co-existence and sustenance of environmental harmony. Do we need to change? Dr. Kapashi has lectured in Bhagvan Mahavir our 24th Tirthankara who taught us these values was a the Parliament of Worlds' great philosopher, thinker, reformist and above all a great environmentalist. Religions in Chicago, He has provided guidelines and code of conduct for every human being on Cape Town and Barcelona. He is teaching Jainism this earth. since 15 years and has gained Ph. D. It is now more than 2,500 years of His nirvana and we have been left with in Jain sacred Hymns the great legacy of His thinking and His discourses. Jainism, like any other (nav-smarana). He is religion has gone through quite a few changes over the past two to three the president of Mahavir thousand years. What we follow now as day-to-day rituals and minute Foundation and takes keen interest behaviour patterns were not all explained in our original scriptures. We in Interfaith activities follow certain guidelines based on what our great saints and acharyas in the U.K having served have given to us in post-scriptural books. Patterns of rituals were carefully as the president of worked out like how one should sit whilst doing certain rituals or how to the Harrow Interfaith Council in the past. recite certain verses (gathas). There are certain lines of verses, which only man can recite. Certain books which can only be read at particular times by particularly qualified person or persons and so on. A strict code of conduct as to what food should be consumed at what time, in what quantity and at what stage were all meticulously written down by our acharyas. Now the question is being asked: Do we need to examine and change at least some of our practices? Do we need to replace some of the wordings in Pratikramana Sootra to make them more relevant? We ceremoniously and like a parrot recite certain verses during the time of Paryushana, which were written down when our forefathers used to cook food by using cowdung cakes. They have mentioned everything related to that particular lifestyle. All these seem out of trend and out of place to our young people now. Our acharyas have laid down rules of giving our money to various meritorious du BiennialJAINA Convention 2007 For Private & Pers1 25. Only PEACE THROUGH DIALOGM Page #128 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ causes. They have carefully devised systems of different accounting methods of all such incomes. We are advised that we must give money to various causes. Seven different places or kshetras have been mentioned. Making and installing an idol comes on top of the list1. This was a very good idea when it was formulated. However over the centuries, we have maintained the same thinking, same ideal and same pattern of donating our money. As a result there is always a surplus in temple-funds and less money in other humanitarian accounts. Questions are being asked now by our young people as most of them think that we ought to change. We do respect the fundamental values and teaching, which are eternal, but we do need to examine certain guidelines, which are related to a particular time or place. At least let us not cultivate fundamentalism over certain ritualistic practices. I use the word fundamentalism here because I have noticed that there are group of people who follow every ritual, every pattern and every advice as to what to eat and how to eat with utmost precision. Not only that they are quick to criticize or condemn others who do not follow such patterns. Every small posture whilst doing certain rituals has to be observed with strict care and precision- they would say. Even a colour or make of your rosary and the cloth (katasanu) you sit on are more important for them then concentrating on God's name. It is widely noticed that most Christians have accepted the theory of evolution (at least in part) and say that whatever is written in Bible about the evolution, is not the ultimate and final truth. However, some of our Jain scholars still maintain that there are two Suns, which are circling round the earth, and the earth is flat. For them modern concept of astronomy is just not acceptable. There are many issues and many other points, which one can discuss without arriving at any certain conclusion. One can go on listing many points, which needs to be addressed. But the main point is this: Do we really believe in philosophy of many-sided approach or multiplicity of different view-points (anekantvada)? Are we prepared to listen to others and respect their views as well? If so are we prepared to sit down and have a meaningful dialogue? Are we prepared to re-examine some of the post scriptural advices and be bold enough to challenge them? Let us meet, discuss and explore few things. We have not yet decided who we are and what is the name of the last Tirthankara? Is our religion a Jain religion or Jaina religion? (We do not find two different spellings like Islam or Islama). Who do we believe in: Mahavir, Mahavira, Mahaveer or Mahaveera? Time for a dialogue, if not interfaith then for intra-faith it should be. Michchhami Dukkadam, <> Seven Kshetras are: Jina-Murti, Jina Dravya, Gyan Dravya, Sadhu Dravya, Sadhvi Dravya, Shravaka Dravya, Shravika Dravya. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 126 1 Our religion indeed is based on eternal principles like non-violence (Ahimsa), consideration and acceptance of multiplicity in human thinking and approaches (anekantvada) and non-possessiveness (aparigraha). These are enough, if we understand properly and practice them to have a peaceful co-existence and sustenance of environmental harmony. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #129 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ THE ONE WHO KNOWS THE ONE, KNOWS ALL I've heard it, the Blessed one, that the Lord Mahavir has said: "The One Who knows The One, Knows All and The One Who knows all, Knows the one". HH Muni Roop Chandra Jain Ashram Roop Vihar, Ring Road, Opp. Saray Kale Khan New Delhi, 110013 Muni Roop Chandraji Maharaj was initiated under the Acharya Tulsi Sangh. He is the founder of 'Nav Terah Panth' and 'Manav Mandir Mission' and has authored over 15 books. He is a poet, writer and philosopher, and has walked over 35,000 miles bare foot in India and Nepal. What's this world like? From time immemorial the people have been trying to know the outside world. From the dust particles to the Mountains, from the water-drop to the ocean, from the earth to the solar system, and beyond that the stellar system and beyond that the milky ways and the stars. Man has been curious to know them and have tried to work out a solution. Physics discovered 'atom' after having traversed through this infinite expanse, even reached the 'waves' and the Sevent' across the ways. Across the events is the one that never happens. Science calls it 'the field'. This infinite region where the events are happening is bound by the inevitable law of cause and effect. And whatever man knows till now by that, that is the ultimate truth of physics. These events have a sequence. There are few equations in this sequence. These equations can be expressed through mathematical symbols. No difference is perceivable between the events and that which is happening. The one that is beyond happening can be the background of all events. Events are only possible when something is to happen. So, it is not at all possible to draw out a differentiating line between all that is happening and all that does not happen. The expanse from a particle of sand to the stars has now been limited to that 'One' by knowing whom all other things are known. This is the limit of physics. It knows only qualities and considers these essentials for substance. There can not be substance without qualities and qualities without substance. It has been the assumption till now. These qualities are: weight, color, form, odors etc. What's the weight of the substance? It is known now what physics defines as weight is the result of gravity. What weights 4 kg? on earth will only weigh 1 kg. on the moon. It is because gravity is four times less there. There is weightlessness in the space where there is no gravity. The cosmonauts have experienced it the first hand. They have, therefore, to use special instruments for physical and mental effects of gravity and have to undergo a specific training. Weight is not at all a quality of substance. Substance has no weight in itself. Weight is the effect of mutual attraction. That weight is of one matter fragment upon another fragment. Even that effect is reciprocal. The earth pulls man and man pulls the earth. It is a different thing that the earth is larger in size. Its gravitational force is higher in total quantity. That is why man can not pull it but it can pull man as a larger magnet pulls the smaller one. Discovery of atom changed the concept of color and form. With the nucleus even the form disappeared. In this process whatever was obtained could not be called matter according to a conventional definition. The source of matter is that which is not matter. That is only vacuum- 'Utter nothingness' Jadi Bienna JAINA Convention 2007 For Private & Pers: 27se Only PEACE THROUGH Page #130 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ that which is empty fills up everything. That which has no shape-is amorphousis behind all shapes. That which can not be experienced through sense is the one that they have been experiencing. It seems to be a paradox. Laotse has very aptly observed that 'paradox is the language of truth.' Pudgal : Attributes of Melting and Fusion Mahavir defines Pudgal: that which melts and crumbles down, takes on forms. Defines the matter: the one which contains GUNA (attributes) and Paryay (constant change). The statement is very simple. But it has been grasped after going through all complexities. Matter is that which has a form. It is created and destroyed constantly. Matter and form are two different things. The attributes of Form are not in the matter but only the matter has a Form. The attributes of the matter that the physical science takes up as reference; in fact, belong to the Form. They keep changing with the Form. They are not the attributes of the matter. Matter does not have any attribute. The aroma of the rose, the taste of a ripe fruit, the feel of a luxuriant grass, the malice notes of a musical instruments, the fascinating smile of Mona Lisa are all related to form. Form is not shape; though shape is a kind of form. Form is the ultimate end of the constant cycle of change. Change is a constant thing. So, form keeps changing. Form is an expression. The attribute is the medium of expression. There can not be a form without attribute. There can not be attributing without a form either. What the physicist perceive as the events of the unified field are also Form. That is expression too. Mahavir considers that too as Paryay-melting away-crumbling down, taking-changing of shapes come under Form, come under Paryay. Paryay is the product of matter, not the Matter itself. Meeting and crumbling is the consequence-end of Pudgal not the Pudgal itself. What is then Pudgal itself? What is matter? We do not know. Science explores the mathematical equations only. These equations stop at Form only. Science does not look beyond that. It accepts that it can not be known, Weight is not at all a quality of substance. Substance has no weight in itself. weight is the effect of mutual attraction. That weight is of one matter fragment upon another fragment. Even that effect is reciprocal. The earth pulls man and man pulls the earth. It is a different thing that the earth is Larger in size. Divisions is in Matter, not in knowledge At the conclusion of his ten-volume 'Synthetic System of all knowledge' Herbert Spencer has confessed that reality is unknowable. Mahavir says we do not have to stop at this point. Knowledge has infinite dimensions. Democritus could not go beyond atom. Enjoyment, Form, Odor and Touch are all in the atom. After establishing that he became silent. He had assumed that the atom was unbreakable and there was nothing else to be known after that. Einstein split the atom and gave the foundation of the nucleus - electron moving round the proton - a miniature solar system. Then it went farther than that from particles to wave and then quantum. Further than that-events. And now the theory is that of the unified field: thereby meaning that the whole universe from the minutest to the largest-is an interrelated thing. Activities are forms too. Even they will be invaded. Even the field as a concept is a mental form. What is that in which exist all these but which is not all these. Mahavir says knowing of that is important. Once you have known that One then all other things will be known by themselves. The one who knows One, he knows all, the one who knows all, knows one. Know the cosmos, the nucleus will be known by itself. Division is in the Matter, not in knowledge. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 128 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #131 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ JAIN LITERATURE Among the religions of the world Jainism is a very minor religion, because it does not cover even one percent of the total world-population; but its literacy contribution is not much less than other world's major religions. As per available information total volume of known Jain works is more than twenty thousand and number of total Jain manuscripts is more than one million. The word 'Jain literature' does not mean only the Jain religious and philosophical literature. It also includes the secular literature written by Jain seers and scholars. Thus it covers a very vast area. It includes various branches of knowledge, such as metaphysics, ethics, epistemology, logic, cosmology, biology, physics, chemistry, mathematics, geology, geography, history, astronomy, and astrology, various arts, architecture, grammar, linguistics, medical sciences and so on. In Jain canonical literature these different subjects are inter-mingled, though there are some specific Jain works which deals only their own subjects. Prof. Sagarmal Jain 35, Oswal Seri, Shajapur (M.P.) Phone: 91-7364-22218, 227425, 227405, Fax: 91-7364-226038 Prof. Sagarmal Jain is M.A., Ph.D. in philosophy, and Secretary of Parshwanath Vidyapeeth, Varanasi, India. He has held several academic positions, and over 25 Ph.D. degrees have been awarded under his supervision. He has authored more than 25 books and 150 research articles; edited 160 books; and participated in numerous seminars in India and abroad. He is the General Editor of the Encyclopedia of Jaina Studies Though the primary Jain literature was composed in Prakrit Language, but later on Jain scholars composed their works in Sanskrit, Apbhramsa, Kannada, Maru-gurjer, Hindi, Gujrati, Marathi and English also. Its composition had been begun from 5th century B.C. and remain continue till today. We can divide total Jain literature into these five categories : 1. Canonical literature along with its commentaries. 2. Works on Jain metaphysics, karma philosophy, cosmology, epistemology and Logic. 3. Works on Jain ethics, Jain code of conduct yoga and religious rituals. 4. Works on religious preachings along with Jain narrative literature. 5. Jain literature on secular subjects. So far as Jain canonical literature is concerned it is composed in Prakrit between 5th century B.C. and 5th century A.D., on the basis of the preaching of the Tirthankaras. This canonical literature includes many books; we find a detail list of these works in Nandisutra (5th Century A.D.). In which 12 Angas, Covasyakas, 31 Klikasktras and 29 Utklikasktras, in all 78 works had beert mentioned. According to Svetambara tradition among these 78 works, one Angagama i.e. Dristivada, 15 Klikasktras and 11 Klikastetras are not presently available, but the remaining 51 works are available. According to Digambara tradition except a very little part of Dristivda, all the canonical literature has been lost. It is believed that on the basis of some remaining part of the Dristivda, Digambar Acryas have composed some works, such as Ksayapahuda, Satkhandgama, Tiloyapannati, Samayasra, Niyamasra, Pravacanasra, Mulcr, Bhagvati-Ardhan etc. 14 Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 For Private & Per 129se Only PEACE THROUGH DIALOG Page #132 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ According to Svetambara tradition at present 11 Anggamas, 12 Upngas, 6 Chedasktras, 4 Mulasktras, 10 Prakirnakas and 2 Chuliksktras are available. This canonical literature restored through five councils. The first council has met at Ptaliputra after the 150 years of Mahvira's Parinirvna, under the leadership of Sthulibhadra. The second council has taken place at mountain Kumari in 2nd Century B.C. in Orissa, which was organized by the king Kharavela. The third and fourth councils took place at Mathura and Vallabhi simultaneously in 3rd century A.D. under the leadership of Skandila and Ngrguna respectively, till the third and fourth councils canon had been retain orally, It is in the fifth council at Vallabhi in Gujarat in the year C 453 or 466, under the leadership of Devardhigani, after the final editing, canon had been given written form. The composition of commentary literature on the canonical works had been begun from 3rd century A.D. First of all, on the canon, Niryuktis were written, The word jain Literature in Prakrit Poetry they deals with the technical terms of the canon along with does not mean only the some information regarding the subject matter of that particular work. Jain religious and After Niryuktis, Bhsyas and Curnis had been written respectively. They discuss philosophical literature. It the subject matter of canonical works in detail with some concrete examples. also includes the secular Where as the Bhsyas had been written in Prakrit Poetry, the Curnis were Literature written by Jain written in Prakrit prose mixed with Sanskrit. The Bhsyas and Curnis, were seers and scholars. Thus written in 5th and 7th century respectively. After Curnis, Tikas, Vrattis and Vivaranas had been written in Sanskrit language. These Sanskrit it covers a very vast area. commentaries were writers by Haribhadra (8th Century), Silnka (9th Century), It includes various Abhayadeva (11th Century), Malayagiri (12th Century), Sntisuri and some branches of lenowledge, other Svetambar Acryas. In Digambara tradition Virasena and Jinasena (9th and 10th Century) had written the commentaries on Kasyapahuda and such as metaphysics, Satkhandgama namely Dhavala, Jayadhavala and Mahdhavala. ethics, epistemology, Logic, cosmology, Among the Jain philosophical works Tattvrthasktra written in Sanskrit with its "biology, physics, autocommnetary by Umaswati (3rd-4th Century A.D.) is the pioneer one. chemistry, mathematics, On this various commentaries had been written in both the sects. In geology, geography, Swetambara tradition Siddhasena Gani (7th Century) and Haribhadra (8th history, astronomy, and history, astr Century) and in Digambara tradition Pujyapada (6th Century), Akalanka (8th Century) and Vidhyanandi (9th Century) wrote the commentaries on it. astrology, various arts, After the Tattvrthasktra, among Jain philosophical literature Siddhasena's architecture, grammar, Sanmatitarka and Niyyvatra, Samantabhadra's ptamimms Mallavadi's Linguistics, medical Dvdasranayacakra, Haribhadra's Anekntajayapataka, Satdarshanasam sciences and so on. mucaya and Sastravetsammuchya, Akalanka's Niyayaviniscaya, Vidyanandi's Astasahasri, Prabha candra's Prameyamamalmartanda, Vadidevasuri's Pramnanayatattvloka and Syadvdaratnkara, Mallisena's Syadvdamanjari had been written, which are the important works of this category. So far as the literature on Karma-philosophy is concerned after the Kasyaphuda and Satkhandgama the main works are Kammapayadi, six 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 130 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #133 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ old Karmagranthas, four pancasamgrahas, Gommatasra and five later Karmagranthas of Devendrasuri. In the present age Acrya Devendramuni has also composed 9 volumes on karma theory in Hindi and Virasekharvijaya and Jagatacandra Vijaya in four volumes in Prakrit and Sanskrit. The literature related to Jain religious practices, ethics, yoga and code of conduct is very vast. Most of the Jain literature comes in this category. It can be further divided into five subcategories: 1. Hymns composed in the praise of Tirthankaras cover the greatest part of Jain literature. Among this category Siddhasena's Dvatrimsikas, Samantabhadra's Svayambhustotra, Kundakunda's Dasabhakti, Manatunga's Bhaktambarastotra, Siddhasena's Kalyanamandirastotra etc. are prominent. The fifth sub-category comprises the work related to the ethics and code of conduct for the monks, nuns and house-holders though various canonical workes and Tatvarthasletr a and its various commentaries also deals with this subject matter, but some independent worles are also written in this field 2. The works related to the modes of worship, religious rituals andcere monies are also, much more in number than other categories. Umaswati's Pujaprakarana was the first work of this sub category, which is not available at present. It is being noted the works of this category are mingled with the works related to Jain ethics and code of conduct. Haribhadras works such as Astaka, Sodasaka, Vinsik, Pancavastu, Catyavandanabhasya are belongs to this category. The work of the Jain literature related to rituals is near about one thousand and five hundred. It is very difficult to mention even their names in this short article. 3. Third sub-category of religious literature includes the works such as Kundkunda's Niyamsara and Astapahuda, Pujyapada's Istopadesa and Haribhadra's Upadesapada, Dharmabindu, Upadesaprakarana Sambodha prakarana etc. 4. The fourth sub-category is related to Jain Sadhana and Yoga Umaswati's Prasamarati, Jinabhadra's Dynasataka Haribhadra's Yogavinsika, Yogasataka, Yogabindu & Yogadristisammucaya, Puiyapada's Samadhi tantra, Sivarya's Bhagavati-radhana and various other works related to Aradhana and Samadhimarana comes under this category. 5. The fifth sub-category comprises the work related to the ethics and code of conduct for the monks, nuns and house holders though various canonical works and Tatvarthasktra and its various commentaries also deals with this subject matter, but some independent works are also written in this field. In Svetambara tradition Haribhadra's Svayapanthi Hemchandra's Yogasastra, various Smacris and Yatidinakratya were written under this sub category, while as in Digambara tradition Asadhara's Angradharmarta and Sgradharmamrita along with various Srvakathair had been written. 14uBiennial JAINA Convention 2007 For Private & Pers! 3 Use Only PEACE THROUGH Page #134 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ IV Jain narrative literature cras of this period is generally divided into five sub categories, viz. (i) biographies of the 63 illustrious personalities (Salkpurusas) described together in one book, (ii) life-stories of these religious great personalities described independently in a work, (iii) religious tales in romantic form, (iv) semi-historical Prabandhas and (v) compilation of stories in the form of Kathkosas. Some prominent works of the narrative literature such as caupannamahpurisa cariyam of Silnka, Trisastisalkpurusa caritra of Hemchandra, some semihistorical Prabandhas Prabhvakacarita, Prabandha-cintamani, Akhyanakamanikosa, Prabandhakosa, etc. had been composed between c. 12th-14th A.D. V In the beginning of c. 3rd A.D. several independent works were composed of various secular subjects such as -Astronomy, Astrology, Geography, Mathematics, Biology, Arts and Architecture, Linguistic and Medical science, i.e., Ayurveda, etc. It would be in the fitness of the things to record some of the details about such works, viz. Lokavibhaga of Sarvanandi (c. 6th A.D.Jand Tiloyapannatti of Yati vrsabha composed in Prakrta, are two important works on Astronomy and Geography respectively. Some more works like Umasvati's Jambudvipasamasa and Ksetravicra (c. 3rd A.D.) and Brhatksetrasamasa of Jinabhadragani Ksamasramana (c. 7th A.D.) also dealt with Geography and some aspects of Jaina cosmology. Among these works, Ksetravicra is not available today. Jivasamasa and Jivavicara as well as Tandulavaicarika are the works, dealing with Jaina Biology, Pujyapada-Devanandi (c. 6th A.D.) had composed a treatise named Vaidyakasastra dealing with Ayurvedic medicines, but this work is also not available. Jyotisakarandaka is a prakirnaka which also deals with Jaina Astrology. In the field of Grammar, Jainendra Vykarana or Endravykarana of Indranandi (c.6th A.D.), Sakayayana Vyakarana of Sakatyana (c.9th A.D.) and Svayambhuvyakarana of Tribhuvana Svayambhu (c. 8th A.D.) are regarded as important works on grammar. Thakkarpheru's works Ratnapariksa and Dhtu pariksa as well as Vstusra are also belongs to this category. It shows that Jain scholars have also written various works on secular subjects. <> Photograph by Thomas Dix 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 132 Astronomy, Astrology, Geography, Mathematics, Biology, Arts and Architecture, Linguistic and Medical science, i.e., Ayurveda, etc. It would be in the fitness of the things to record some of the details about such works, viz. Lokavibhaga of Sarvanandi (c. 6th A.D.) and Tiloyapannatti of Yati-vrsabha composed in Prakrta, are two important works on Astronomy and Geography respectively. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #135 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ NAVKAR MANTRA IN JAIN RELIGION The three significant teachings of Jain religion are described in the following shloka. "Vitrag samo Devo, Shatrunjay samo Giri Namaskar samo mantra, na bhuto na bhavishyati" Chandrakant Mehta 5 Lucille Drive, Parsippany, NJ 07054 cbmehto There is no God in the universe like Vitrag Dev (Tirthankar). Vitrag is the one who has reached the state of non-attachment towards worldly matters. Secondly there are many holy mountains in the world. Shatrunjay is the holiest because infinite souls were liberated on this mountain and it will stay forever. Thirdly among all holy mantras Namaskar mantra is the holiest. No such thing in comparison to these three, Vitrag Dev, Giriraj Shatrunjay, and Namaskar mantra, had happened in the past nor will they occur in the future. Chandrakant Mehta has been giving discourses on Jainism for the past nineteen years. He is a well-respected Jain scholar who has provided a remarkable contribution by giving lectures, arranging Samayiks, and Shibirs in many Jain centers of USA, Canada, Singapore, and Bangkok. He holds a Masters degree in Physics from India and a Masters degree in nuclear engineering from USA He retired in 2005 to devote more time for religious activities. Navkar mantra is also known as Namaskar mantra or Namokar mantra. We recite Navkar mantra everyday. Mantra is an energy. There are thousands of Mantras in Jain religion. The greatest Mantra of all mantras is Navkar mantra due to some special characteristics and attributes. 1. There is neither demand nor any expectations from Navkar mantra. All other mantras have some form of hidden ambition or demand. For example, most mantras use phrase such as "mama Vanchitam","Vancha Purni","Prasid prasid", "bhave bhave tumh chalananam", "Bhave bhave pas Jinchand", etc. In simple terms we ask for a favor to fulfill our ambitions by reciting other mantras. Navkar mantra does not have any word that begs for something. All ambitions automatically dissolve in Navkar mantra. 2. In Navkar mantra, the namaskar (bow) is not towards any individual. For example it does not say "namo Mahaviranam" or "Namo Hemchandracharya" or "Namo Kundkundacharya". The namaskar is towards the five supreme beings. This type of namaskar has no boundary. It doesn't matter which Bhagvan you bow as long as he is Vitrag. The same is true for any Acharya, Upadhyaya or Sadhu. No particular name is mentioned. It does not matter which religion Sadhu belongs as long as he follows the path shown by Vitrag Parmatma. 3. All other mantras are extinguishable while Navkar mantra is permanent. 4. It is the holy nectar that is produced by squeezing all Aagams. So it is called the cream of fourteen purvas. Binitako AINA convention 2007 For Private & Pers! 33 se Only PEACE THROUGH DIALOGH Page #136 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 5. Any person lying on the death bed is considered very fortunate if he can listen Navkar mantra. Even a Monk/Nun would love to listen or recite Navkar mantra during last moments of his/her life. 6. You may recite Navkar mantra anywhere and at any time. It will not harm you. If you do not recite other mantras at the right place and at the right time, they may harm you. 7. Jains memorize Navkar mantra right from childhood because it's meaning and pronunciation is very simple. However its spiritual meaning is so deep that a span of human life is not enough to tell its attributes. 8. Of all Panchpermesthi (Arihant, Siddh, Acharya, Upadhyaya, and Sadhu) four of them are humans. This indicates the value of human life. Therefore Indra from heaven wishes to be born as human. while reciting the Navlear Mantra, we are 9. In most mantras either Dev or Devi becomes center of attraction. They howina down with respect control everything. You can please them by reciting the mantra properly. It is just the opposite in Navkar mantra. Devs and Devis are worshippers to Arihantas (souls who like humans. It is said that 1008 devis sit on each letter of Navkar have reached the state of mantra. By reciting Navkar mantra you remember 68,500 (68x1008) non-attachment towards devis. worldly process), 10. Navkar mantra has been accepted by all sects of Jainism. In fact many siddhas (liberated non jains also love to recite Navkar mantra. Other mantras of Jain reli- souls), Acharyas (heads gion are accepted by either Shwetamber or Digamber tradition but not both. Upadhyayas (those who 11. In Navkar mantra we worship Panchpermesthi who are five supreme teach scriptures to spiritual people. They are Vitragis (have reached the state of non-attach sadhus and sadhvis), ment towards worldly matters or liberated souls) and Vairagis (have Sadhus (monks, who renounced worldly affairs by becoming monk). In other mantras we worship to those who are Ragis (can be pleased or displeased). have voluntarily given up social, economical and 12. In this mantra the word "Namo" is repeated five times. The meaning of family relationships) "Namo" is exactly opposite to "Ego". So by reciting Navkar mantra we and sadhvis nuns. whe eliminate our ego. have voluntarily given 13. The Navkar mahamantra is from time immemorial, it has no beginning up social, economical and and no end. The word "loye" (namo-loye) represent three lokas of the family relationships). universe. And the word "savva" (savva-sahunam) means it has no boundary. This mantra has limitless energy. Its recitation has been ongoing in the whole universe and it will continue forever. In closing, just as all rivers flow and end into ocean, the hidden energy of all mantras flow into Navkar mantra.<> 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 134 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #137 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Pratikraman - Observance of Self-Reflection Six Avashyak Jainism believes that from time immemorial, every soul has assumed a distorted and impure nature. Anger, ego, deceit, and greed arising out of attachment and aversion are the soul's impurities. To remove such impurities, Jainism has prescribed certain practices known as Avashyaka (essential practices) to be performed regularly. These practices free the human mind from negative thoughts of attachment and aversion and enhance the soul's spiritual progress ultimately leading to liberation. Ancient Jain literature defines six such activities of which Pratikramana is defined as the 4th Avashyak to be performed daily. Pravin K. Shah 919-859-4994 The six practices are: 1. Samayika 2. Chaturvimshati-Stava 3. Vandana 4. Pratikraman 5. Kayotsarga 6. Pratyakhyana / Pachchakhana Equanimity Devotional Prayer Respecting Ascetics Repentance and Confession of sins Non-attachment to the Body Religious Vows Pravin K. Shah is a founding member of Jain Study Center of North Carolina. He is the chairperson of JAINA Education Committee and advisor to YJA and YJP youth organizations. He is also a member of the Harvard University Pluralism Project Advisory Council. He is a Jain scholar and activist against animal cruelty. He has published several articles and books on Jain philosophy, cruelty to animals, and Comparative religions. He offers a two-day workshop on Jainism to prepare Jain Sunday school teachers. JAINA website contains significant information of Jainism. Pratikraman "Prati" means "back" and "kraman" means "to go", i.e. to go back, to reflect and review, to confess and atone for transgressions of mind, body, and speech in one's daily activities. In other words, it means returning to and reaffirming the path of nonviolence, truthfulness, and non-attachment. Pratikraman means sincerely confessing and repenting for our faults, forgiving faults of others, asking for forgiveness from others for one's own transgressions, and extending friendship to all. The Pratikraman ritual is included in many original texts (Sutras) written in Ardha-Magadhi and Sanskrit languages. These Sutras consist of many hymns in praise of Tirthankaras and many verses of repentance, confession, and requests for forgiveness. Among the two traditions of Jain community, namely; Shvetambar and Digambar, both Murtipujak and Sthanakavasi branches of Shvetambar sect perform six essential practices daily. Monks and nuns of these two branches must perform these rituals in accordance with the tradition. Devoted Jain laypeople staunchly observe these rituals while others practice them occasionally. It is recommended that Pratikraman be done twice a day, once in the morning called Rai Pratikraman and once in the evening called Devasi Pratikraman. The morning Pratikraman is for the atonement of transgressions incurred during the night and the evening Pratikraman is for the transgressions of the day. There is provision for fortnight (Pakkhi), once every four months (Chaumasi), and yearly (Samvatsari) Pratikraman observances, if one is unable to comply with the daily Pratikramans. The annual Pratikraman that all Jains should strive to observe is called Samvatsari Pratikraman. The BienviaLJAINA Convention 2007 For Private & Pers135se Only PEACE THROUGH DIALOG Page #138 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Samvatsari Pratikraman is performed on the last day of Paryushan, During the last few centuries, studies of Jain literature work indicate that the word "Pratikraman" is used as a common noun for all six essential acts (six Avashyaka). This is also meaningful because during the course of time the Pratikraman ritual is enhanced to include all six Avashyaka. Hence the entire Pratikraman ritual which covers all six Avashyaka or six essential acts, occupies such an important place in the Jain tradition as does Sandhya in the Vedic (Hindu) tradition, Namaj in the Islam, Kharavela Avesta in the Zoroastrian, prayer in the Jew and the Christian traditions. Pratikraman and Six Essentials: 1. Samayika - Equanimity To remain in the state of equanimity without yielding to attachment and aversion and treat all living beings equal to one's own self is called Samayika. This procedure is performed to cultivate equal regard towards all living beings, equanimity towards pleasure and pain, and to be free from attachment and aversion. The Samayika is performed at the commencement of the observance of Pratikraman ritual. Pratikraman means to repent and confess for past sinful deeds and thoughts, to protect oneself through the process of spiritual discipline from the present sinful acts, and to prevent the future sinful acts through renunciation 2. Chaturvimshati Stava - Prayer This is the reverential worship of the twenty-four Tirthankars to reflect on their qualities, such as freedom from attachment and aversion (Vitaragatva). This devotional prayer is also of two types; external (dravya) and internal (bhava). To express one's devotion by worshipping them with good purifying substances like rice and flower is the external praise (dravya stuti). And to devotionally praise their internal natural qualities is the internal praise (bhava stuti). The prayer inspires an individual to practice these ideals in one's own life. During Pratikraman ritual, this is accomplished through the recitation of Logassa and Namutthunam Sutras. 3. Vandana - Respecting Ascetics Vandana means offering of respectful salutations to all ascetics such as Acharyas, Upadhyayas, and other Sadhus and Sadhvis. The Suguru Vandana sutra is recited during Pratikraman to pay respect and obeisance to the ascetics and teachers. 4. Pratikraman - Repentance and Confession of Sins Pratikraman means to repent and confess for past sinful deeds and thoughts, to protect oneself through the process of spiritual discipline from the present sinful acts, and to prevent the future sinful acts through renunciation. Hence Pratikraman means to go back, reflect, review, confess and repent for transgressions of mind, body, and speech in one's daily activities. Along side the six rites, the Jain ethics system outlines 12 vows of limited nature to be practiced by the lay people that are less intense than those 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 136 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #139 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ To accept right belief after having given up the wrong one. to achieve self-restraint after having shunned non-restraint, to become spiritually Vigilant after having abandoned lethargy. to cultivate good qualities like perseverance after having renounced passions and to attain the true nature of soul after having given up worldly activities is Pratikraman followed by monks and nuns who have totally renounced worldly life. Jainism defines that every one should strive to adopt these vows according to one's individual capacity and circumstances. The ultimate goal is to accept them as full vows. During the Pratikraman, a lay person reflects on these vows. One would repent and ask for forgiveness for one's past minor transgressions that may have occurred knowingly or unknowingly. One would contemplate on each of these vows so that one would be more aware of such circumstances and would avoid such transgressions in the future. This is accomplished through the recitation of Ascetics Forgiveness Sutra (Abbhuthio Sutra), Atonement of Eighteen Sins (18 Papsthanak), and Vandittu Sutra reflecting on Transgression of the twelve vows of the laypeople. One should also know that to effectively guard against sinful activities, one should abandon wrong belief (Mithyatva), non-restraint (Avirati), unawareness or lethargy (Pramada), passions (Kashaya) and inauspicious activity (Aprashasta Yoga). To accept right belief after having given up the wrong one, to achieve self-restraint after having shunned non-restraint, to become spiritually vigilant after having abandoned lethargy, to cultivate good qualities like perseverance after having renounced passions and to attain the true nature of soul after having given up worldly activities is Pratikraman. If one performs the Pratikraman ritual only physically and verbally to confess the past sinful acts and makes an open declaration not to commit them in future, but in real life one continues to commit sinful activities without any hesitation, then this type of recitation of ritual is called Dravya or external Pratikraman. Such Dravya Pratikraman is not useful; on the contrary is harmful. It deceives one's own self and is meant simply to deceive others. If after the performance of Pratikraman ritual, one minimizes or eliminates the sinful activities in real life then the Pratikraman is called Bhava or internal Pratikraman, which is very useful for the purification of the soul. 5. Kayotsarga - Non-attachment to the Body Kaya means body and Utsarga means moving away or rising above. Therefore, Kayotsarga means rising above the bodily activities to focus on the inner self and thus, develop non-attachment (Kayotsarga) towards our body. To perform Kayotsarga in its true definite form one should also give up all the defilements from one's life. One needs to renounce attachment to one's body to attain proper concentration, which is required for virtuous meditation (Dharma Dhyana) and pure meditation (Shukla Dhyana). During Pratikraman ritual, this is accomplished during meditation after repentance and confession of sins. Also the Pratikraman is performed while sitting or standing in the meditating position, practicing Kayotsarga throughout the ritual. 14% Biennial AINA Convention 2007 For Private & Perl.37Use Only PEACE THROUGH Page #140 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 6. Pratyakhyana / Pachchakhang - Religious Vows Taking religious vows (Renunciation) and its declaration is called pratyakhyana. It too is of two types - external (Dravya) and internal (Bhava). Renunciation of external things like food, shelter and other possessions is external renunciation (Dravya pratyakhyana). The renunciation of internal impure states of soul, viz, ignorance, anger, greed, ego, deceit, non-restraint, attachment and aversion are all internal renunciation (Bhava Pratyakhyana). One cannot attain true Bhava Pratyakhyana without performing complete Dravya Pratyakhyana. Hence in the beginning, one needs to renounce for example rich and tasty food, renounce all luxury, and live a simple life. Now the true performance of Bhava pratyakhyana (true renunciation) leads to stoppage of karma (Samvara), which gives rise to ultimate equanimity (Sambhava), which in turn leads to the attainment of liberation. At the conclusion of the Pratikraman one chooses to observe certain vows (within one's own capacity). This practice fosters spiritual advancement through self-control. Conclusion Jain literature clearly indicates that Pratikraman ritual is meant for repenting and requesting forgiveness for 'one's past minor transgressions of the vows that may have occurred knowingly or unknowingly". The vows for monks and nuns are the 5 great vows and for laypeople are 12 vows of limited nature. Hence monks, nuns and only those laypeople who follow these vows are eligible for Pratikraman. The logic is that if one does not practice the vows then question of repenting and forgiveness of minor transgression of the vows does not arise. jain literature clearly indicates that Pratikraman ritual is meant for repenting and requesting forgiveness for "one's past minor transgressions of the vows that may have occurred knowingly or unknowingly Many Jain laypeople do not practice 12 vows. Hence after understanding the purpose and meaning of our great ritual, every Jain should strive to adopt the 12 vows of laypeople according to one's individual capacity and circumstances. They should review them before Samvatsari Pratikramana and improve the limit every year in such a way that ultimately they will reach to practice full vows and live an ascetic life. Hence by performing Pratikraman one completes all six essential acts which are required by Jain tradition for our spiritual progress.<> Photograph by Thomas Dix 14** Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 138 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #141 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ PREKSHA MEDITATION: INDIVIDUAL & SOCIAL UPLIFTMENT Indian philosophy has discussed truth, which is bound by time, and also the eternal truth, which is not limited by time. The eternal truth is relevant in the dimension of the past, the future and the present moment. Nowadays everybody is short of time. Most people have no time for self-study, meditation and many important things. The paucity of time is observed among one and all - industrialists, managers and laborers, without exception. I have deeply pondered over this aspect and concluded that it is not basically deficiency of time but ignorance of time management. People do not know how to organize their time properly, though they have ample time. There are twenty four hours in one day and a person can organize and do what he feels like in this time. Because of ignorance of time management, the problem of lack of time cannot be tackled effectively. We should divide the time in two parts - holistic and integrated. Acharya Mahapragya Jain Vishwa Bharati University, Ladnun, 341306, Rajasthan, India. Phone +91-1581-222110 Acharya Mahapragya is a Jain religious leader. He is tenth and the current Acharya of Terapanth sect in succession to Acharya Tulsi. He is a writer, poet and a philosopher; and is known for Preksha Dhyan and Ahimsa yatra. He has authored over 150 books on Philosophy, Literature, Yoga, and Religion in Hindi and Sanskrit. Two Aspects of Life The holistic and integrated aspects are important in their respective fields. In case one wants to seek the truth, he has to integrate himself because the truth is holistic in the sphere of utility and behaviorisms. We divide everything in the material world, so life also has to be divided. We divide life into two parts, namely, individual life and social life. Today, there is a big discussion going on regarding socialism, its end result is that the individual is being ignored. In olden times, the individual was very important, discussion was mainly centered on the individual and society was ignored. There is incompleteness in both the outlooks. We are always inclined to ignore one thing and develop a one-sided outlook. Today, there is much discussion on society, so an individual is being marginalized. It is important to give equal importance to both the parts of life. Individual life and social life should be equally attended to. If the individual is not healthy, society will not be healthy, and if society is not healthy then the individual will not be healthy. Essentiality of Individual Development Individual life has three aspects, namely physical, mental and emotional health. If the body is unhealthy, it creates obstacles. If the mind is not healthy, it is bad; if the emotion is not healthy, it is the worst situation. First of all our emotions should be healthy so that our capacity to control our impulses remains effective. Many people are not able to control their impulses; they easily get tempted by impulses. Though anger, greed, fear hate and lust exist in everyone, only healthy people are able to control their impulses. And those who cannot control their impulses often get provoked by impulses, thereby creating negative health. First of all there is a need for individual health, which is achieved by restraining the emotions. People practicing Prekshadhyana should clearly understand its purpose. The primary objective is to achieve emotional health, physical health is secondary. We should enhance our capacity to control our impulses, though it may take a lot of time to reach that state, where there 14 Piemmi AINA Convention 2007 For Private & Per39se Only PEACE THROUGH DIALOG Page #142 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ is no existence of impulses at all in the mind. It is possible that though impulses exist, they do not impress. For this we should be able to control them which are a big achievement. Prekshadhyana means purification of emotions. The emotions should be so pure that anger can be controlled. Even if anger crops up, it should not be exhibited. The lips should remain sealed. Practice which is used to reduce the restlessness of the mind is the same as the one adopted to render anger fruitless. When anger rises, turn your tongue up towards your palate. Then anger will be ineffective. By speaking, anger gets aggravated. If one is speaking angrily and the other also responds in the same tone then anger gets strengthened. If one speaks and other keeps silent, then the anger becomes weak, ineffective and unsuccessful. The angry person enjoys himself only when the other person responds angrily. If the other person does not respond angrily person feels alone and so he clams down. This is the application of controls. It is applicable for all the waves of impulses, not merely for the spurt of anger alone. Your emotions will be calmed. The first segment of individual health is emotional health. If emotions are healthy, then only mental health will be good and the mind will be calm. When anger erupts, the mind gets totally disturbed. Various thoughts arise and provoke unrighteous acts. When there is no anger and fear, then the mind will not be misguided. The mind will remain calm, composed and healthy. Emotional health promotes physical health automatically. Commonly, the case of physical sickness is mental and emotional disturbance. Though simple disease may be caused by germs and viruses, chronic ailments are caused by the mind and its imbalance. The practice of Prekshadhyana improves three aspects of health, namely physical, mental & emotional. Therefore, the practice of Prekshadhyana is the process of individual development. When there is no anger and fear, then the mind will not be misguided. The mind will remain calm, composed and healthy. Emotional health promotes physical health automatically. commonly, the case of physical sickness is mental and emotional disturbance. Though simple disease may be caused by germs and viruses, chronic ailments are caused by the mind and its imbalance. Meditation for Social Health One cannot live without society. If a man is a businessman and deals in cloth, then where does he get cloth from? There are lots of processes involved in getting things. Let us examine the breathing process. It sounds simple but several muscles and organs collectively work to enable us to breathe. In one breath, about seventy to eighty muscles have to work. Similarly, thousands of people collectively work and then one can get a piece of cloth, milk, bread or water. An individual's life depends upon society. Thus if society is not healthy, then how can the individual remain healthy? The practice of Prekshadhyana improves individual health and simultaneously nourishes social health also because the reform in individual tendencies promotes the general reform in social tendencies also. Basically, greed, possession and selfishness render the society sick and unhealthy. Dr.Lohia, a well-known socialist revolutionary leader of India, was a very clear and outspoken personality. During discussions, he made a statement that if his social revolution succeeded, then many people would loose their money and life. However, Mr. Prabhudayal, a businessman who was working for the welfare of the poor people, might loose his money, but he could not loose his life, whereas other businessmen may loose money as 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 140 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #143 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ well as life. I was stunned to hear this. There was a revelation in what he said. At the onset of the economic and violent revolution, the person who is away from the society and does not know social life finds it very difficult to protect his life. But the one who is working for society will never find his life endangered, for he is fully respected. Therefore, individual mental personalities which create obstacles in promoting social health should be given up totally. Meditation can help to rectify the personality. Emotional Reformation Our psyche should be purified so that cruelty does not exist in it. In the absence of cruelty, selfishness will not exist. Selfishness, cruelty and greed are interrelated. if greed is present, then selfishness will exist and cruelty will also be there. The greatest fruit of meditation is to awaken sensitivity in man. If he has no compassion towards others and he does not consider other's grief as his own, then it is obvious that meditation is nothing more than intoxication for him. Intoxication just provides simple peace by suppression of worries without curing them. Peace descends even in the state of sleep but this peace is not meaningful. Meditation is not meant just for peace, it is also meant for reforming emotions. After practicing meditation for an hour, if you start a quarrel, then what is the use of the so-called peace? The end result of Prekshadhyana is to reform the emotions, the tendencies, the habits and one's nature. This reformation obviously enhances the value of meditation. Basically, greed, possession and selfishness render the society sick and unhealthy. Dr.Lohia, a well-known socialist revolutionary leader of India, was a very clear and outspoken personality. During discussions, he made a statement that if his social revolution succeeded, then many people would loose their money and life In a nutshell, if one will practice Prekshadhyana then he will meet success in life. The meditation will provide a harmonious and happy life. There will be birth of a new man and new society. There will be upliftment of individual and society in real sense. Ultimately, this would lead to the welfare of the individual, the family and the society. <> NE Painting Courtesy: Mahendra Shah Jalt du treneral AINA Convention 2007 For Private & Pers: 4 Use Only PEACE THROUGH Page #144 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ JAINISM AND MODERN ERA Jainism is among the most ancient religions of the world. Despite its antiquity, it has been a lesser understood religion in modern times. There are four folds in Jainism: Sadhu, Sadhvi, Shravak, Shravika. Sadhus and Sadhvis are the prime teachers of Jainism. However due to restrictions incumbent on the religion, such as the avoidance of man made vehicles which may harm the environment, their travel is limited only to areas that can be traversed by foot. Therefore, many regions of India as well as abroad have been deprived of the greater understanding of Jainism. Samani Mudit Pragya Over the years the world has advanced with improved technologies, resources and opportunities such as better education, increased standard of living, better jobs and status in life. People of Jain faith have traveled to countries outside India in significant numbers. The migration that started as individuals slowly grew with the addition of their families and friends who coalesced in to groups and eventually their own society. Samani Mudit Pragya is M.A. in Science of Living, Yoga and Meditation; and an Assistant Professor at the Jain Vishwa Bharati University, Ladnun, India. She is a disciple of Acharya Mahapragya and was initiated in to the Saman order in 1981. As a result, practicing Jains saw the need to build an edifice where people could unite and share their knowledge. This eventually led to Jain temples around the world to worship and perform religious rites and activities together. Jain philosophers, scholars, Samans and Samanis, disciples of Acharya Mahapragya, were invited on a regular basis from India to increase the greater understanding of Jainism. JAINA conventions for adults and YJA conventions for youths are now held annually and serve as a good educational foundation for all Jains. The foundation for subsequent generations of Jains is evolving rapidly in USA and bodes well for a greater appreciation of Jainism worldwide. The growing networked society is indeed very encouraging for Jains outside India, yet the awareness of Jainism remains limited primarily to Jains. The majority of American society is still unaware of the religion and practice of Jainism, many of whom are unaware of the term 'Jain'. The intent of wider awareness is not conversion, but to increase the appreciation of the benefits that Jainism can bring to daily life in all societies. Jainism is not defined as a religion or sect, but a "practice of living" which may help people in all strata resolve many of the imbalances in their universe. For example, in the present age of rapid technological and scientific advances, resulting globalization, centralization, and privatization of society have greatly increased the desires of man. Feelings of dominance over the whole world are taking root in many parts of society. Individuals begin their own companies, and as more enterprises are established, competitions increases. Due to cut-throat competition, often the economy falters. When technological advances bring a new idea or invention, the economy surges forward again. These cyclical swings cause economic systems to be in turmoil. We have lost unity in the relationships in business, society and above all in 14 Biennial JAINA convention 2007 142 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #145 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ our family. Friendliness and compassion are no longer held dear, a rise in envy has changed the meaning of happiness. There is greater focus to out-compete or succeed over our friends instead of a spirit of cooperation and mutual growth and success. Family structures, social networks, economic and national relations are being lost. If one were to limit one's boundaries to a smaller area and stay true to that promise, they would allow others to also have the opportunity to grow. To resolve this problem the practice of Digvrata (limit of directions) may allow a person to minimize his confusion resulting from over achievement. This vow of Digvrata would bring more balance to our economy and equality amongst our community. This will help break down jealousy and hatred and instead foster goodwill for all. The intent of wider awareness is not conversion, but to increase the appreciation of the benefits that Jainism can bring to daily life in all societies. Jainism is not defined as a religion or sect, but a "practice of Living" which may help people in all strata resolve many of the imbalances in their universe. Consumerism has led to an ecological imbalance. People have become obsessed with material desires and a constant need to improve their physical bodies. This has caused an explosion in the demand for products and services for these industries, which in turn has led to over-production of these goods by their manufacturers. These activities lead to ecological destruction and depletion of natural resources which are eventually exhausted. To prevent this wanton destruction and restore ecological balance, one must practice Bhogopbhoga Pariman vrat. By practicing this vow, we help in saving our resources by decreasing demand and therefore decreasing production. Another problem is unnecessary violence. We reinforce this behavior by watching horse races, using cosmetic products that require testing on animals or supporting ideas of increase in armaments. This only exacerbates the problem in our society. By practicing Anarthdanda viraman vrat, we may limit our use of unnecessary cosmetic products and lend our support to non violent practices, thus reducing violence and promoting kindness and compassion. In present era there is need to understand the significance of these three small vows. Conventions, Meditation and yoga camps, spiritual seminars and other religious efforts are the ways through which one can understand the religious values and their importance in modern age. The intention of arranging this kind of activities is to minimize the individual selfishness and develop the feelings of humanity and unity. But only by attending such spiritual events is not enough. To create a peaceful, healthy and balanced environment one has to bridge the gap between knowledge and conduct by practicing Jainism in daily life.<> "Peace is a daily, a weekly, a monthly process, gradually changing opinions, slowly eroding old barriers, quietly building new structures." John F. Kennedy 11 BiennialdAINA Convention 2007 For Private & Per 143 se Only PEACE THROUGH DIALOGM Page #146 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ PRAYER AND ITS POWER A prayer may be defined as the universally accepted mode of communication between the devotee and the Divine, practiced in all religious traditions. PREVALENCE OF PRAYERS: Regarding its prevalence, we find prayer to be universal and international because no elaborate preparations, either in the form of materials or in the form of its method of implementation, are required. The Almighty will always listen to me even if I were illiterate or a pauper or ugly or otherwise downtrodden. He has no distinction among His devotees regarding race, religion, nationality, caste, creed, color or any other external criteria. The only real instrument required to approach Him is divine love, untainted by selfish motive or falsehood. In its pure spiritual form, it is the pouring out of our hearts before God. An important point to note here is that all great men of the world pray to God. Even those saints who have attained a very high spiritual state also pray to Him and spend decades of their lives in the eulogy of the Divine. This is the case of the great sage Maharshi Vyas in the Hindu tradition who wrote Shrimad Bhagvata, and Acharya Jinsen-l & Acharya Hemchandra who wrote respectively Mahapurana and Vitrag-Stava, in the Jain tradition. FORMS OF PRAYERS: The three main ways to approach the Divine are physical, vocal and mental prayers. 1. Physical Prayer: This is in the form of adoration, bowing before the image and performing the ritual called Pooja with various materials such as water, flowers, sandalwood, incense burning, waving of lights before the deity and so on. Other non-verbal forms of prayers include dance, food-offering, etc. 2. Vocal Prayer: This is the main form of prayer. It may be in the form of prose or poetry; very short in the aphoristic form of Mantra, medium in the form of Stotra (psalm or hymn) or quite elaborate as in Pooja. In all these forms, the devotee invokes purer thoughts in his mind through the medium of sound. These thoughts have close cause and effect relation with sublime emotional feelings in the human mind. 3. Mental Prayer: This is the highest form of prayer from the spiritual point of view; and is usually carried out silently along with the different forms of meditation and contemplation. The practice of this form is possible for an advanced aspirant who is well versed in right spiritual tenets, and has good control over his mind and senses. Normally, when the prayer begins, it is vocal in nature and subsequently, when the mind of the aspirant becomes steady, the vocal aspect ends and the silent prayer takes over. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 144 Pujya Shri Atmanandji Shrimad Rajchandra Adhyatmik Sadhana Kendra, Koba, Dist. Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India Pujya Shri Atmanandji was formerly known as Dr. Soneji. He is a well respected spiritual leader and this article is a piece from his research work on the Power of Prayer. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #147 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ The path of Self-Realization is a long one with several stumbling blocks. Many a time the devotee finds himself helpless in making any advancement. He realizes that his efforts are insufficient to overcome the obstacles and worldly passions. TYPES AND CONTENTS OF PRAYERS: There are many types of prayers with differing contents. The four main types are praising, dedicating, confessing and community prayers. 1. Praise-Dominated Prayer: Here, the purpose is to glorify God's superhuman virtues and belittle oneself. This practice helps in eliminating one's ego, the main barrier to Self-Realization. It also intensifies one's devotion for the Divine by repeatedly singing, eulogizing and remembering the supreme qualifications of God, higher than anything else in the universe. The devotee may praise the external form or inner virtues of God. How Saint Tulsidas describes Lord Rama is an example of praising God in external form. The devotee may glorify and concentrate on the inner virtues of God like infinite knowledge and bliss, as Pujya Gnanvimalsuriji describes the internal glory of Lord Adinath (Rushabhdev). In accordance with one's spiritual development, the approach to the Divine may be monotheistic or polytheistic and the external object may be in the form of a photograph, painting, carving, idol or scripture and is only a means of support and inspiration. Intense love for divine virtues burns away the shortcomings and worldly passions of the devotee. It makes him pure so that the Divine Grace descends more readily upon him. These are considered as positive prayers and are usually joyous and uplifting. With advanced spiritual experience, all the differences of personal, impersonal, formless and incarnate disappear. Then at last, the worship, the worshipper and the worshipped all merge into one divine, ineffable mystic experience which represents the summum bonum of achievements in spiritual life. 2. Dedicating and Petition Prayer: The path of Self-Realization is a long one with several stumbling blocks. Many a time the devotee finds himself helpless in making any advancement. He realizes that his efforts are insufficient to overcome the obstacles and worldly passions. It is at this juncture that he feels the intense need for the Divine Grace, which hel prays in the form of petition, while depicting his innermost feeling of complete dedication. Here, he expresses that none else but God alone can be his true Savior. He frankly admits before God that in absence of His guidance and merciful blessings, he will lose the battle. It is here that a true devotee makes an open minded revelation of his total, unilateral and unconditional surrender at the lotus feet of the Master and becomes free from all worries. Such dedicated and emotionally-charged prayers are well documented by devotees of great repute all over the world. The author of this paper himself had passed through such a stage and had the occasions of the spiritual survival by Divine Grace. Therefore, this is neither a conjecture nor a proposed theory, but a hard fact of realism and true experience in spiritual life. One of the most authentic, inspiring and historically recorded prayers is Bhaktamar Stotra by Shri Mantungacharya. 4th BiennialgAINA Convention 2007 For Private & Pers 45se Only PEACE THROUGH Page #148 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Confession Prayer: This type of prayer is quite popular and the devotee open-heartedly takes refuge at the lotus feet of God. With immense inner repentance, he narrates all the negative qualities of his personality like faults, vices, shortcomings, defects and sins. He even states, "O Lord! All sins which I may have committed knowingly or unknowingly may be forgiven. I abide by my vow of not committing them again." In real repentance with total dedication, the sins are burnt like dry grass in a fire. An example of this type of prayer is Kshamapana (asking forgiveness) in the 56th lesson of Mokshamala by Shrimad Rajchandra, the spiritual guide of Mahatma Gandhi. A partial translation is given here."Oh God! I forgot, wandered aimlessly, rambled here & there and I am caught in the snare of transmigratory worldly life. I am sinful, intoxicated with pride and my soul is defiled with the dust of my Karmas. I am Any prayer which always engrossed in the machinations of worldly life and I have been does not evoke inward blinded by ignorance. I have no discretionary power, and so I am awareness, that is foolish." awareness of God's Community or Mass Prayer: Like many religious practices, mass prayers presence in one's own are also conducted in several traditions. Sunday, Saturday and Friday heart, can't be regarded are the usual days fixed for mass prayer by the followers of Christian, Jewish and Muslim religions, respectively. The main significance of as truly spiritual. these prayers is social, ritual and cultural. They are conducted in an Thus community prayers appropriate dress, at proper timings, with directional orientation, and and individual prayers sequential body movements such as, standing, prostrating, bowing in a should be considered as particular posture and so forth. In order to have true spiritual value added to it, it is essential that the participants, at times, also perform complementary to individual prayers. Any prayer which does not evoke inward awareness, each other for that is awareness of God's presence in one's own heart, can't be spiritual progress. regarded as truly spiritual. Thus community prayers and individual prayers should be considered as complementary to each other for spiritual progress. SUMMARY: The purpose of prayer may be summarized as the most universally accepted form of worship for one's own spiritual benefit, as well as a vehicle for goodwill, harmony, peace and universal well-being of mankind. It contributes towards peaceful coexistence among nations and between peoples. It was, is, and will remain one of the most prevalent instruments for self-improvement and for the betterment of society. While uplifting spiritually, the power of prayer spreads peace on earth and goodwill towards all.<> "The superior man is modest in his speech, but exceeds in his actions. Confucius 14th Biennial JAINA convention 2007 146 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #149 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ THE SCIENCE OF SWAR The Science of Swar is related to our breathing. Our normal breathing has two phases - inspiration and expiration. This normal bodily function of breathing in and out is called "Swar" where air flows through our nasal passages alternately, not simultaneously. The Three Categories of Swar Chandra (Moon) Swar or through Left nostril Surya (Sun) Swar or through Right nostril Susumna (Madhyam) Swar Samani Param Pragya For an average individual, the Science of Swar (breathing through particular nasal passages) offers four advantages: Good Health Optimal timing of the various activities of life The knowledge of future events - good and bad. The knowledge of how to earn happiness and prosperity. Samani Param Pragya initiated in 1981 by Acharya Shri Tulsi and Mahapragya is M.A. in Jainism and in Science of Living. She has studied Aagamas under the guidance of Acharya Mahapragya. She is a qualified Yoga and Meditation instructor and has participated in many meditation camps, seminars, conferences and conventions. The science of Swar says that when we breathe through the left nostril, our right cerebral hemisphere is activated and emotions like faith, religion, humanity, wholesome behavior, spirituality, knowledge, and a peaceful state of mind are experienced. When we breathe through the right nostril, the left cerebral hemisphere is activated and intellectual pursuits, thinking power, philosophical points, mathematics, speech and its analysis are executed. Swar and Health: Right or Sun Swar - alleviates poor digestion, indigestion, acid reflux, nausea and vomiting, low blood pressure, asthma, joint pains, inflammation of various joints and cough-related chest diseases. Left or Moon Swar alleviates high blood pressure, palpitations, arrhythmia, feeling scared and urinary infections. Sudden illnesses like acute pain in the chest, back, muscles or chronic illnesses like migraine, asthma or high temperature can be reversed by physically changing the active Swar, that is - if the current Swar is left, immediately change it to right and vice versa. Swar and Successful Endeavor Success is more assured if one leads with the foot or uses the hand corresponding to the active Swar when one commences work. Food and Swar To eat when Right or Sun Swar is active and drink when Left or Moon Swar is active, leads to a healthy life. Jatt du blennialdAINA Convention 2007 147 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #150 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Sleeping and Swar Right or Sun Swar during sleep, that is, sleeping on the Left side is recommended. Sleeping supine when the Susumna Nadi is active is not conducive to restful sleep. In this posture, one can experience nightmares and bad dreams. Waking Up and Swar During waking up, it is ideal to be in Right or Sun Swar. However, during awakening if one notices Left or Moon Swar, then stay in bed longer until Right or Sun Swar becomes active. Waking up with Right or Sun Swar (i.e. on your left side) leads to a fresh and active day. Waking up with Left or Moon Swar (i.e. on your right side) leads to fatigue and laziness. Good Relations and Swar When speaking to an angry individual, if we keep our quiet (inactive) Swar facing him, his anger will diminish because the quiet Swar's cool energy will counteract the heat of individual's anger. Moving Into a New Home & Swar Moving into a new home in Left or Moon Swar is more auspicious and results in peace in the home and loving relationships among family members. Starting of Auspicious Activities & Swar If one starts auspicious activities in Left or Moon Swar, success becomes more assured. < Painting Courtesy: Mahendra Shah 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 148 The science of Swar says that when we breathe through the left nostril, our right cerebral hemisphere is activated and emotions like faith, religion, humanity, wholesome behavior, spirituality, knowledge, and a peaceful state of mind are experienced. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #151 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Greater New Jersey Mortgage The solution to your MORTGAGE needs! Best Rates and Service in the Industry!!! Sam Doshi Samir Dedhia * FAST Pre-Approval and Closing * NO Application Fee * FREE Consultation and Planning * NO Lock-In Fee * Residential and Commercial Mortgages * NO Closing Costs for REFINANCE * 100% Financing * NO Hidden Charges * Stated Income/Stated Assets * NO Point Loans * NO Income/Asset Loans * Debt Consolidation 1740 Oak Tree Road, Edison, NJ 08820 908-227-6042 Celebrating over 25 years of service to the community!! GREATER 72.9 Mortgage Co. Equal Housing lender LICENSED MORTGAGE BANKER NJ DEPTARTMENT OF BANKING For Private Personal use only Page #152 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Congratulations to JAINA on 14th Biennial convention Savitaben & Manibhai Mehta Asha, Ashish, Karina, Shaina Nisha, Minesh, Siena, Melina Dr. Jaykumar & Ramila Shah Akash Shah Avni shah 11403 Tortuga Street, Cypress, CA 90630 536 N. Alta Vista, Monrovia, California imperfect ourselves we should be tender towards others. ... Gandhi Jai Jinendra Jain Education Intemational Page #153 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Biennial JAINA Convention July 5 to 8, 2007 Better than a thousand hollow words is one word that brings peace--Buddha With best wishes from Mehul and Mita Shah SHIVANI GEMS, INC. 589 5th Avenue . New York NY, 10017 Tel: 212.593.2750 Page #154 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ ER OF NEW JAIN CENS th W JERSEY Anniversary 1982-2007 Congratulations to Jaina Convention and Best Wishes to Jaina volunteers for their dedication and tireless efforts Design of the Franklin Township Temple The 9.6 acres site of the temple is located in central New Jersey, about 1 mile off Exit 10 on Interstate 287. The total area of the full project is about 51,000 square feet. A large parking lot with a capacity for over 320 cars has already been constructed in 2004. The project is divided in two phases. Phase 1: it consists of a the Derasar, a connected wing of the Prayer Hall Building, and a caretaker house The Derasar will have a total area of about 6000 square feet. Five Pratimajis (Munisuvratswami, Simandharswami, Mahavirswami, Sankheshwar Parshvanath and Vasupujayaswami) will be installed in Gabhara. There will be Bhamti with 24 Tirthankars, a large Rangmandap and a partial basement. The upper floor of prayer hall building will have a Digamber Derasar, Sthanakvasi Upashray and Shrimad Rajchandra Dhyan mandir. The total area of Phase 1 is about 17000 square feet. Pratistha ceremony is tentatively planned in summer 2009. Phase 2: it will include completion of the remaining portion of the Prayer Hall Building, which consists of the Assembly Hall, Pathshala rooms, Audio/Video rooms and Library. The total area of phase 2 is about 34,000 square feet JAIN CENTER OF NEW JERSEY 233 Runnymede Road * Essex Fells * New Jersey 07021 * Phone: (973) 226-2539 E-mail: WEB: Jain de For Private & Personal use only Page #155 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Tu Jain Society of Metropolitan Chicago SOC) ETY 435 N Rt.59 Bartlett, minois 60103 (630) 3710T71088 CHICAG Jain Society of Metropolitan Chicago Our Heartiest Congratulations & Best Wishes TO JAINA On this Auspicious Occasion on the sennial JAINA Cony Convention 14th Biennic July 5 - July 8, 2007 Board of Trustees Devendra U. Shah-Chairman 847 358-8578 Jyotindra N. Doshi 847 392-4577 Narendra Khandwala 847 985-6858 Urmila Talasania 630 969-8845 Prabodh Vaidya 630 789-8243 President V. President Secretary Treasurer Joint Treasurer Edu. Secretary Mem. Secretary Youth Secretary Food Secretary Executive Committee Arvind M Shah Bhanu J Shah Atul B Shah Girish M Shah Vimal N Shah Mukesh M Doshi Kushalraj P Singavi Nirav P Shah Hitesh R. Shah 847 699-7778 847 749-4507 630 428-1360 847 843-1338 847 258-6040 847 517-2505 815 254-9305 708 457-1992 630 653-7097 Ee 2 GRE For Pet Peronnants Only Page #156 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Jai Jinendra! Best compliments to JAINA JARCO Adilson @D from Ben's Store / KG Check Cashing Camden, NJ Mahen Gala Revanti Gala Dr. Amy Gala Dr. Ketan Gala Vasant Chheda Dr. Veena Chheda Dr. Lena Chheda Samir Chheda "Peace is not merely a distant goal that we seek, but a means by which we arrive at that goal." - - Martin Luther King, Jr. FO SHOP Page #157 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ J. Jai Jinendra (Jal-Jinendra means "Praise to the Jinas.") A- Ahimsa (Ahimsa means non-violence.) H-Immortal (Immortal means Eternal.) N-Navkar Mantra (Navkar Mantra is the most important prayer.) EERDER With Best Compliments from Jain Center of Cincinnati and Dayton, 6798 Cincinnati-Dayton Road Cincinnati, Ohio 45044 (513) 755-1400 Email: Best Wishes from Jain Center of Greater Phoenix P.O.Box 64221 Phoenix AZ 85082 E-mail: jain Site Specifications - 12000 sq.ft. Building - 900 sq.ft. Ghabhara - 41 feet tall Marble Jain Stambh - 2 Idols of Tirthankar Bhagwan 51" - 1 Siddha Bhagwan idol - 24 Tirthankar Bhagwan idols in Bhamti - Jain Library Conceptual Rendering of Front Elevation - Jain Center of Greater Phoenix UCGP) has been established for 23 years. * Regular Pathshala is held Every Sunday for children and adults as well as various religious activities / events throughout the year. JCGP is in the process of building a Shikharband Jain Derasar. It will be constructed on a four acre site and estimated to be completed in 2008. For Additional Information Please Contact: Piyush Mehta: (480)-892-4172 Jain Education Intemational Page #158 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ With best wishes To JAINA Jain Community of Buffalo 1560 North French Road, Crefzille, NY 14068 All works of love are works of peace -Mother Teresa Wishing you much success in achieving your goal! Raina 2007 Peace Through Dialogue With best compliments from ROBERTET, INC. Manufacturer of Flavors and Fragrances 125 Bauer Drive Oakland, NJ 07436 201.337.7100 Page #159 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ JAINISM & ECOLOGY Summary: Jainism and ecology are both related. Environment conservation and preservation are part of the Jain religion principles. Jains have always supported and preserved the environment with their practices and philosophies. In this article Jain principles and it application in the day-today activities to preserve the environment are explored. Navin Shamji Dedhia Introduction: Ecology is a science of the interaction and relationships between living organisms and their environment. Our body is made up of the following five key elements (Panch Maha Bhuta): Navin S. Dedhia is a former President of the Jain Center of Northern California in Milpitas. He resides at 5080 Bougainvillea Drive, San Jose, California 95111. 1. Earth (Prathvi) 2. Water Wal or Pani) 3. Air (Vayu) 4. Fire (Agni) 5. Space (Akash) All five elements are connected with our activities in a number of ways. We, human beings, are to be blamed to contaminate or pollute the environment (air, water, earth) with harmful substances knowingly or unknowingly. Today there is a great concern for air, water, earth, noise and magnetic pollution and efforts are aimed at conservation and preservation. The Sanskrit word for religion is Dharma, which literally means nature of thing. Another meaning of the word Dharma is duty. Religion teaches us to understand and realize our true nature. It also reminds us of our duties. Religion is the means for advancement leading to the utmost happiness. One, which can show humanity, is religion. Religion essentially is the science of living - supporting and sustaining life. These features are common to all religions while there are other characteristics that distinguish Jainism from other religion. Jain religion is unique in this sense. Jain religion supports the scientific and practical principles. Nine elements (Nav Tatva) and six matters (Dravya) are real essence of Jainism describing unseen, unimaginable and unthinkable matters of physics. It teaches us to find practical solutions by examining each situation, problem or concept from a variety of viewpoints. Freedom in all spheres of life, open enterprise and competition has resulted in serious adverse impact on the environment. A rampant greed, pursuit of materialism and sensual pleasures have impacted environment severely. Our Teerthankars foresaw the impact of pollution on the environment and human beings. They laid out the basic principles of Jainism to preserve and conserve the world resources. The five great vows as laid out by Bhagwan Mahavir, our 24h Teerthankar are: JANUELENALLALJAINA Convention 2007 For Private & 157nal Use Only PEACE THROUGH Page #160 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 1. Ahimsa or Nonviolence in thoughts, speech and physical act) 2. Achaurya or Non-stealing 3. Satya or Truth 4. Brahmcharya or Celebacy (controlling sex, sensual, pleasurable desires and wants) 5. Aparigraha or Non-accumulation or non-possessiveness (learn to be content and living simply with fewer worldly items) Out of these five great vows Ahimsa (Nonviolence) and Aprigraha are directly connected to ecology. Ahimsa or Nonviolence: The doctrine of Ahimsa or Nonviolence encompasses both human and nonhuman (plant and animal) lives. It also embraces non-living entities like lakes, swamps and all ecosystems that can be damaged by various human activities. Nonviolence is the greatest force at the disposal of mankind. lains believe they are accountable to the nature and by spiritual biological inference to themselves, to their families and to their community. As a viable model for ecological thinking, Jainism promotes a constant expansion of limits of compassion. For Jains, ecology is as much about action identifying and solving problems, as it is about introspection. Ecologically, Jainism is thus about stewardship, requiring human diligence, human conscience and human love. Ecological principles of Jain philosophy are to conserve and preserve our environment through the principle of nonviolence. For Jains, ecology is as much about action identifuina and solvina problems, as it is about introspection. Ecologically, Jainism is thus about stewardship, requiring human diligence, human conscience and human Love. Ecological principles of jain philosophy are to conserve and preserve our environment through the principle of nonviolence. According to Jainism, all living beings have souls and all souls are potentially equal. Jains respect all life. Living beings depend on each other and on nature - their environment. Each species has its unique place and role in the scheme of things. Thus all life is sacred. All living beings are entitled to live under the principle of "Live and let live". According to the Jainism all living beings are equal. It means killing of any kind of living being is prohibited. Maintain the natural balance by following the principle "Live and let live" as all lives are interdependent. Do not deforest the jungles by cutting trees. "Your feet are killing us" is a cry from the grass. Jains have believed in not plucking the flowers from the plants. Naturally fallen flowers on the ground under the plant may be offered to the God during the Pooja. Many Jains do not eat vegetables and plants during certain days of the month, such as Atham, Chaudash (8th or 14th days of moon cycle) days. Jains also eat prior to sunset as insects can fall in the food after it gets dark. Water contains many lives and supports many lives. Hence, Jains are required to use water sparingly. Unnecessary use of water is to be avoided. Using only required quantity of water is advised. Dish washing with water running is against teachings. Dish washing in a bucket is recommended. Similarly, water needs to be conserved while taking shower. Minimizing 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 158 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #161 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ water usage is an ideal way to follow the principle. Care has to be taken while dumping any kind of liquid as it may kill the living organisms. Acidsor other wastes from the factory processes should not be released to the streams or rivers. Killing of endangered species has been against the law. Protection and preservation of endangered species are encouraged. Natural ecological balance is maintained by observing the principle of Ahimsa as killing of living beings and uprooting of plants disturb ecosystem. Aparigraha or Non-accumulation or non-possessiveness: Jainism believes in having only needed items in possession. Collecting unneeded additional items like clothes, household material, consumables is a stress on the environment. If less are items are accumulated, it becomes easier to organize them. Accumulation comes with greed. Greed and unsatisfaction support more accumulation. It may sound against the principle of modern economy. Economy thrives on more buying and consumption. Jainism believes in saving the environment with less consumption. That means less production and fewer burdens on environment. Self-improvement is the first thing in Jainism. Selfishness, greed and violence have no place in minds of true Jains. It is required to show generosity and compassionate nature to other living beings. Lessons of love, humanity and caring for others are taught in Jainism. International Organization for Standardization (ISO): Organizations of all kinds are increasingly concerned to achieve and demonstrate sound environmental performance by controlling the impact of their activities, products or services on the environment. They do so in the context of increasingly stringent legislation, the development of economic policies and other measures to foster environmental protection and a growth of concern from everywhere. International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is worldwide federation of national bodies (ISO member bodies), which has published ISO 140011996 Standard on the "Environmental Management Systems - Specification with guidance for use". The standard specifies requirements for an environmental management system, to enable organization to formulate a policy and objectives for managing surroundings in which an organization operates including air, water, land, natural resources, flora, fauna, humans, and their interrelation. Conclusion: Jainism is not about miracles, or heroism, but practical solution to the environmental pollution problem. Jainism proposes solutions appropriate to the times. Conserve, preserve, reduce, reuse, recycle and recover principles are part of the Jain philosophy. Jains have long ago worked out the sound principles of hygiene, compassionate diet and conservation, all under the principle of non-violence. Solutions to the present day ecological problems are available by following Jain philosophy of conservation, non-violence and non-accumulation. Practicing virtues such as nonviolence, and nonpossessiveness is the preferred way for our own well-being, to improve the Jalth Biennial AINA Convention 2007 For Private & Persole Only PEACE THROUGH Page #162 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ self, the society and the world. Jainism emphasizes supreme nonviolence. Self-improvement is the first thing in Jainism. Selfishness, greed and violence have no place in minds of true Jains. It is required to show generosity and compassionate nature to other living beings. Lessons of love, humanity and caring for others are taught in Jainism. Animal rights issue is connected with vegetarianism. Killing, directly or indirectly, is the worst of all toxins, the first and last violation of the ecological system. Living in peace and harmony with all living beings and with nature is essential for the wellbeing. We see that the international business community is equally concerned with the present day environment. Jain community can help to communicate the initiations taken by the International Environmental Management System Standards, Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Protection Watchdog groups and laws of prohibition to kill endangered species. Purity of environment will bring purity of mind. Purity of mind will make a nation to progress. Jainism provides practical solutions for mankind to follow and live. Jainism is a religion of love and dharma of truth. We learn love, compassion and respect for all living beings, big and small, from Jainism. Several Jain practices such as the vow of non-possessiveness (Aparigraha) and the vow of avoiding non-essential activities and endeavors help us to preserve the environment. This is the basis for the Jain teaching of nonviolence. The Jain practice of vegetarianism not only helps us to avoid unnecessary violence but also helps in preserving the ecosystems. <> Purity of environment will bring purity of mind. Purity of mind will make a nation to progress. Jainism provides practical solutions for mankind to follow and live. Jainism is a religion of love and dharma of truth. We Learn Love, compassion and respect for all living beings, big and small, from jainism. BISE Painting Courtesy: Mahendra Shah 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 160 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #163 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Jain "Dharma" Beyond Religion What is Religion? Religion is derived from Latin word religio meaning reverence or conscientiousness. It also means Res (With regard to) + legere (to gather) and Re (again) + lego (read). Hence, etymologically "religion" is meant to gather a community to read the Holy Book and to have reverence for the Holy God. This unique focus on book and God makes a religion conclusive, exclusionary and Separative. In these three ways the Indic notion of Dharma is very different from the notion of Religion. Pankaj Jain pankai What is Dharma? Pankaj Jain is a software engineer who changed his professional interests to pursue Master's degree (Columbia University) and PhD (University of lowa) in Indian religions. He is currently completing his dissertation, "Religion and Ecology of Rajasthan," while teaching Sanskrit in Rutgers University and World religions in New Jersey City University. Pankaj is a member of several Asian and Indic studies professional societies as well as a poet In Ahimsa Paramo Dharma, dharma means virtue. In Saman Suttam 3-5, Kevali pannattam dhammam saranam pavvajjami, dharma means the teachings of the Kevalins. In Sahu Dhamma, dharma means conduct and profession of monks. Dharma is derived from Sanskrit dhri meaning to sustain, support or hold. In Mahabharata, definition of dharma signifies the upholding of both this-worldly and the other-worldly affairs: Dhaaranaad dharma ity aahur dharmena vidhrtaah prajaah, Yat syaad dhaarana sanyuktam sa dharma iti nishchayah (Mahabharata 12.110.11). And in the Vedas, Prithivim Dharmanaa Dhritam, signifies dharma as sustainer. In Buddhism, Dharmam Sharanam Gachhaami meant that the teaching of Buddha. Thus, we see that dharma has multiple meanings in the Indian context, such as, conduct, cosmic law and virtue. Dharma clearly transcends the exclusionary definition of "religion". Some Comparative Themes of Dharma and Religion 1. Multiplicity of adherence of faiths Surveys have indicated that more than 75% of Japanese consider themselves as both Shinto and Buddhists. A popular Japanese saying is "Born Shinto, Die Buddhist", meaning the life-cycle rituals of Japanese are inspired by Shintoism whereas the death rituals are inspired by Buddhism. Similarly, in China, a Chinese can visit a Buddhist temple, live life inspired by Taoist ideals, worship ancestors and at the same time philosophize based on Confucianism. The situation is similar in India. A Jain can visit Jain temple with the same devotion as one worships Laxmi and Ganesha, especially on the Diwali festival. Saraswati is another example of pan-Indian goddess of knowledge. Similarly, in Punjab, a Sikh can visit Gurudwara with the same fervor as he chants or writes Jai Mata Dee at the back of his truck. This simultaneous practice of several Asian traditions is possible because they are not "religions" in the Western sense. du BienaldAINA Convention 2007 For Private & Persdo Ise Only PEACE THROUGH DIALOGH Page #164 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 2. Polycentrism In India, there are 33 "koti" deities in Hinduism, 24 Tirthankaras in Jainism, 10 Gurus in Sikhism, thus the centers of one's prayer or ritual can be multiple instead of one figure. Similarly, in China there are hundreds of gods and saints. In Japan, there are infinite numbers of Kamis (gods). Again, this polycentric phenomenon is highly unlikely in the Western religions. 3. Transmigration In India, all the philosophies consider the time and the universe to be of cyclical nature instead of linear as in Western religions. One can attain a better or worse next birth based on one's karma in the past birth. This notion again is a uniquely dharmic notion not found in Western sense of "religion". 4. No Sacred/Profane dichotomy In the Western religions, "sacred" is seen as distinct from "mundane". But in Asian tradition, dharma pertains to everyday life in addition to visiting the sacred places. To follow Jainism for example, one's entire life needs to be changed including dietary habits. Thus, there is no separate category of "religion" as distinct from daily life. Western religions are organized around the Pope or the sharia. However, in India, in every age new thinkers have challenged and reinterpreted the traditions in innovative ways thus no single tradition could emerge as one state religion. 5. No "Organized" religion Western religions are organized around the Pope or the Sharia. However, in India, in every age new thinkers have challenged and reinterpreted the traditions in innovative ways thus no single tradition could emerge as one state religion. Similarly in China, Buddhism was rarely a state religion. In China, Shinto was a state religion only from 1889 to 1946. 6. "Mythistory", not history Indian traditions trace their origins to prehistoric times. The historicity of the twenty four tirthankaras in Jainism or of Rama or Krishna in Hinduism is not as critical as the historic events in Western religions. Similarly in Japan, it is popularly believed that Izanagi and Izanami created Japan and other kamis. In China, the Taoist texts have no historic writer. However, in Western religions, the Exodus of Moses, the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ, the Hijra of Mohammad is centrally important. 7. Texts In the Indian context, we have multiple Jain Aagamas and multiple Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas in Hinduism. In China, there are two Taoist and five Confucianist texts. In Japan again, there are more than one Shinto texts. In the Western context, one holy text such as Torah, Bible or Quran is central to the religion. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 162 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #165 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ To follow Jainism for example, one's entire Life needs to be changed. including dietary habits. Thus, there is no separate category of "religion" as distinct from daily life. 8. Religious Rivalry In India, polemic debates among several philosophies of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism have rarely turned into violent wars and battles as is the case in the Western religions. Similarly in China, for the most periods, Buddhism co-existed harmoniously with Taoism and Confucianism. In Japan, as we saw above, Buddhism existed with Shintoism. However, the Western history has several incidences of Crusades, Jihads, and anti-Semitism. From these above eight themes, we can now conclude that it may be preferable not to call any Asian tradition as religion. It may be better to situate Jainism also as a dharmic tradition instead of referring it as a religion. <> Jatta Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Photograph by Thomas Dix 163 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #166 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ ARROGANCE Arrogance is a serious destructive human emotion like anger, deception, jealousy, and greed. It is also a means of communications and dialogue through body language. Encarta dictionary defines it as contemptuous pride a strong feeling of self-importance that is expressed by treating others with contempt or disregard. Other equivalent words for arrogance are: conceit, egotism, superiority, false pride, overconfidence, superciliousness, selfimportance, and condescension. Many world religions such as Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Judaism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Taoism have described arrogance as a sin and condemned it in no uncertain terms. Anop R. Vora Rochester, NY If we study the history of mankind, we will find that it is replete with stories of people who fell from grace or were destroyed or were bruised badly by arrogance. These stories support the common knowledge that the people who are affected with arrogance usually become 'blind' and stubborn, live in a dream world, and cannot see what others see. Nor do they realize that they have a serious mental disease. Usually they walk around with a large ego, surround themselves with like-minded selfish friends and they tend to see - with jaundiced eyes - arrogance in others, not in themselves! They are out to prove to the world how smart and superior they are compared to others. Anop R. Vora is the Past President of JAINA, founder President of the International Alumni Associations of North America, and a speaker in interfaith programs. He has published similar articles in the past on: anger, forgiveness, What religion should mean to us, Jain model of learning process, theory of karma, and liberation through meditation. Arrogance is very difficult to get rid of because the person who has this vice usually is close minded, tends to be vindictive and possesses a large dose of anger as well. Further more, very few people would be willing to bring this problem to his or her attention because of unpredictable response and even hostile reaction to any honest feedback offered. Clearly, the risk/ reward ratio is very unfavorable for them. Likewise, well wishers like parents or a spouse may try a few times but they also keep quiet after a while out of frustration. So in the absence of genuine feedback and guidance, it becomes a lonely journey; making it very difficult to take any corrective actions. To make matters worse, many people tend to pamper the ego of the arrogant person, allowing the vice to take even a stronger hold on the person. Although anger and arrogance - both are bad vices, which one is worse compared to the other? In my opinion, arrogance is far worse than anger because anger at least needs a catalyst from outside while arrogance does not. We can hide anger but arrogance is apparent to all around us. Anger in many cases is transient in nature and it may subside in due course and may be easy to forget and forgive but arrogance is an ongoing phenomenon fueling fire on a continual basis. An arrogant person is constantly occupied in boosting his own ego and does not hesitate to employ devious means to earn undue respect, prestige or salutations. Anger may exist without arrogance but arrogance is almost invariably accompanied with anger. Arrogance and anger form an explosive combination that can easily turn a person violent and make him lose his 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 164 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Interational Page #167 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ sense of discretion. He will hurt others and also hurt himself in the process If we closely observe, we can easily identify people around us whom we can characterize as being arrogant - friends, relatives, political, religious, community leaders etc. It appears that the vice is inherent in humans and has been prevailing through the time immemorial. Humility has been identified as a very effective antidote for arrogance by the spiritual teachers all over the world and have recommended that parents become proactive during the formative years in inculcating the importance of humility through practice as well precept. This is an excellent way to nip arrogance in the bud. However, nowadays with so much focus on individualism, the modern trend is to move away from modesty and humility. The modern society as it boosts confidence in self, ends up boosting ego and false pride leading to arrogance. Early on, a more and more competitive spirit is instilled in the child in sports and school achievement. Parents set bad examples by bragging about child's achievements which forms basis for manifestation of arrogance. As we promote slogans such as "winning is the only thing that matters" or "win at any cost" or "achieving by hook or crook," it not only increases the competitive spirits but also induces false pride, ego, dishonesty and most certainly arrogance in our youth. Consequently, arrogance gets ingrained in our character and manifests at different levels later in life. Humility has been identified as a very effective antidote for arrogance by the spiritual teachers all over the world and have recommended that parents become proactive during the formative years in inculcating the importance of humility through practice as well precept. How do we change ourselves? Is there any way to transform our arrogance into humility? A spiritual guide or a therapist can possibly steer us in the right direction, help us see the truth and more importantly our faults and put us on the right path. But ultimately it is we who have to follow the guidance and put it in practice. Just like a doctor can diagnose our problem, prescribe us the right medicine but cannot take it for us, a spiritual mentor or a therapist can diagnose our problem and show us corrective solution but cannot do it for us. Our desire for corrective action must spring forth from within. The following practical steps can help us in recognizing our problem and rectifying our behavior: Acknowledge the problem - The first step is the recognition and acceptance of the problem. Unless one accepts that there is a problem and is willing to do something about it, nothing can happen. If a sick person refuses to accept the fact that there is something wrong, he or she will not seek medical help. Do a reality check - One way we can deflate our ego is to see that there is always someone who is better than us no matter how inflated we feel about our wealth, power, knowledge, talent, appearance etc. We need to realize that the objects of our arrogance and good fortune could all disappear over night because every thing in life is transient and cyclic. A Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 For Private & Pers1 65e Only PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #168 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Know that this too shall pass - Every time we go through an ego boosting situation, we need to come back to earth by remembering this important scriptural message. Remind ourselves that truth has many angles and perceptions are relative - Like the blind men describing the elephant, we must remind ourselves that ours may not be the only correct viewpoint. To find the right approach, we need to be polite and receptive enough to listen to the ideas and view points from people with different cultures and backgrounds. Some times we will discover that we were way off in our approach! Being polite does not mean a total agreement with the view points of the opponent. It only means listening to the other party consciously. Listening with a spirit of reconciliation cannot co-exist with arrogance! Humility produces positive results - We need to understand that humility generates respect, co-operation and pleasant vibrations while dealing with our fellow human beings. Arrogance on the other hand invites contempt, dislike and hate. Both arrogance and humility show up in our demeanor and dialogue. Our choice should be obvious. Arrogance obstructs and humility fosters resolution of conflicts. More problems have existed throughout history because of ego clashes. If we show humility to others in resolving a conflict, even our opponents will calm down and show a way to get out of it. On the other hand, if we are perceived as arrogant, our opponents will play hard ball and devise ways to teach us a lesson, thereby lowering the chances of resolution. Humility produces positive results - We need to understand that humility generates respect, Co-operation and pleasant vibrations while dealing with our fellow human beings. Conclusion Being polite is divine; being arrogant is like committing a spiritual suicide. Looking at the history of mankind and judging from the way arrogant people at all levels have fallen, we should be convinced that arrogance does not pay in the long run. Having said that, let us also accept that very few of us lead a perfect life. We may have become arrogant at one time or the other in our interactions with others. But if we remain alert and examine our own behavior objectively, we will find that every time we became arrogant and asked our inner voice; it would almost always tell us that we were wrong in what we did. We will realize that our mind was overpowering us without being cognizant about it and we will feel sorry about own ignorance. Going forward, let us be more vigilant and aware of arrogance and other destructive emotions that are our inner enemies. Just being aware of them is a giant step in the right direction. It holds the key to solving our problem. Next time, if we run into any trying situation, let us act with a spirit of conciliation and humility. We may get surprised at the positive results. This should motivate us to keep trying again and again until we lessen the intensity of our vice in a significant way. We will never know about the miracles humility can produce until we try! <> 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 166 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #169 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ POWER OF GRATITUDE The important piece about gratitude is that when I give verbal or written gratitude to someone providing the other with specific information of what actions of theirs made a difference in our life, it becomes a feedback and may serve as a fuel for contributing to life moment by moment. This feedback gives us specifics for making life wonderful at all given times. Mandakini Pokharna When my sister expresses gratitude by saying to me on eating the oatmeal for breakfast, "this is the world's best oatmeal." To me I feel pleased and satisfied that my efforts met her needs for taste and nourishment. So the next time I have a desire to contribute to her wellbeing I know I can make oatmeal for her breakfast with all the dry fruits and nuts in it. When I express my joy for sitting in the park with warm sun shinning over us and the cool breeze and us sharing of our learning's from a reading. She gets feedback that her participation and the kind of activity that makes life wonderful for me. I have had amazing connections and developed beautiful relationships just by sharing what I have enjoyed being with them, which has proved to be life giving and empowering for both of us. Mandakini Pokharna, MD. Practices internal medicine in Chicago. Also trained at the center of Nonviolent Communication, together with her sister Hema Pokharna they have created and taught inspiring and lively workshops across the country and around the world introducing the audience to the basic skills and concepts of compassionate and fulfilled living. Their workshops use a variety of practical and innovative techniques including lecture, discussion, role-playing, story telling and puppet play designed to stimulate thought, creativity and connection. In conflict situations, when I am really mad at someone for saying or doing something that triggered sadness or frustration for me and if I can focus on gratitude for the relationship or just their presence in my life that very moment my whole energy and being gets transformed. And I feel joy and gratitude towards this person. Then I am able to release my anger and focus on the possibilities of what else this could mean or what's keeping this person from making life wonderful. GRATITUDE AND ENDORPHINS Studies have demonstrated that when we are in the mode of gratitude there is release of endorphins in the brain. Endorphins are chemicals released by the brain cells which act as natural 'pain killers'. They enhance our sense of well being and boost our immune system. The focus on gratitude could also give you the 'high' in life, that people get by using any drugs and other substances. Gratitude expressed from the heart and sincerity is yet to break a relationship, whether it is at work or home. Focus on gratitude helps to glue and cement the relationship leading to love and intimacy. In this day and age where violence is so prevalent, any act which stimulates love and compassion is worth over and above the violence exhibited. Gratitude is not just etiquette but a natural way of celebrating life. When expressed in spontaneous ways, gratitude helps restore peace, awe, and a sense of well-being in your life. Ja Biennial AINA Convention 2007 For Private & Persd67se Only PEACE THROUGH DIALOGU Page #170 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ JAINISM AND GRATITUDE Since Jainism firmly believes in the doctrine of karma, the prayers are deep expression of gratitude, appreciation and adoration of the virtues possessed by the liberated souls or Arihants and the expression of ardent desire to achieve these virtues in one's own actual life. The Namokar Mantra and Jain scriptures have actually enumerated the virtues of different categories of souls such as Arihanta, Siddha, Acharya, Upadhyaya and Sadhu. I believe and have learnt that the practice of Jainism is living in gratitude moment to moment. We study the path shown by those who have achieved liberation with utmost respect and sincerity, because it is the proven path, which they have actually taken during their lives and have obtained the results. We feel very thankful to these great souls for providing us such useful guidance. Therefore, in prayer we express our gratitude, extol and enumerate their virtues and wish that such virtues might also develop in our life. Such prayers constantly reminds us what made them great and in turn Gratitude expressed from help us to develop such virtues in us. In Jain philosophy, this is the process of the heart and sincerity is reverence and celebration of life. yet to break a relationship, whether it is Like dharma dhyana which takes our mind away from artta (pain) and raudra (cruel and harsh) dhyana, which cause the accumulation of the the at at work or home. Focus karmas, and are the degrading forces to the self. Having an attitude of on gratitude helps to glue gratitude keeps focused on the goodness of life and living and our potentials and cement the to enrich and enhance life moment to moment and constitutes the best type of Satsanga, which leads us to right path to realize the Truth. relationship Leading to Love and intimacy. In WAYS TO CULTIVATE GRATITUDE this day and age where violence is so prevalent, * Write thank you notes regularly any act which stimulates Love and compassion is Keep a gratitude journal by writing out any number of gratitude's I feel for all the things in your life including the rising sun, the beauty worth over and above the of nature, various expressions in the form of words and actions that violence exhibited. we encounter by all that we cross paths with in our life. Gratitude circle is creating a space for sharing gratitude with the members of the group present usually friends and family. When we visit with our friends, at the end of our stay we sit together in a circle and take turns to share of at least one thing that each member of the group said or did that made life wonderful for us. And also sharing one thing about ourselves that we feel grateful for. <> "Gratitude makes sense of our past, brings peace for today, and creates a vision for tomorrow." Unknown 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 168 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #171 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ A New World Order Today man has created massive means of destruction, which would one day devour the entire human race. The star wars are staring at the world with greed. In the days to come, tanks, rockets and bombs would cease to have any power. Wars would then be fought with poison gas. The nature of weapons has changed, but the craze of man to kill is increasing and multiplying every day. That is why many today want to take shelter in the teachings of Tirthankar Mahavir. Dr. Kumarpal Desai Tel. 91 (79) 2660 2675) All this reminds us about the words uttered by the renowned French novelist Victor Hugo when he said, "A timely thought carries greater strength than all the armies of the world taken together." Let us now think of those principles and teachings of the Jain religion that may give relief in distress to the suffering humanity, which today is facing a dilemma of life and death. The first and the foremost principle of the Jain religion is renunciation. The Jain scripture 'Shree Sutra Krutang Agam' in its first chapter deals with this principle. Lust for possessions leads to violence, fear and recourse to sins and to falsehoods also. It has converted man into a demon. It encourages in him the craze for material pleasures. That is why great thinkers today say to us, "The less I have, the more I am." Dr Kumarpal Desai, is a well-known writer, an author of over 100 books and a speaker in international forums. He has been a recipient of a number of awards including the prestigious Padmashri for his outstanding services and for having authored books in Gujarati, Hindi and English on Jainism, philosophy and spirituality. As a former Dean of the Faculty of Arts of Gujarat University, he has guided over twenty Ph.D. students in the disciplines of literature, journalism and Jain philosophy Dr Desai is the co-coordinator of the Institute of Jainology and the president of the Gujarat Sahitya Parishad, the most prestigious literary organization in Gujarat. Tirthankar Mahavir says, "As the bee carefully draws fruit juice from the bud of the flower without harming or hurting it, so also the one who aspires for emancipation would hurt least or harm no one through his actions." In the coming age, this very concept of renunciation would offer solace and would give new direction to the suffering humanity. Mahatma Gandhi presented the same concept of renunciation in a new light and in a new context. He said that by advocating the concept of trusteeship, if you possess something more than what you really require, the surplus or the excess actually belongs to others. The five leading vows prescribed by the Jain philosophy begin with Ahimsa i.e. non-violence. Today when the whole world is involved in widespread violence, it will have to heed to the principle of non-violence with sincerity, devotion and respect more than what was shown to it in the past. Violence at the individual level and also at the level of the whole universe is increasing day by day in one form or the other. From every six rupees (currency of India) collected by way of tax from the starving millions, at least one rupee is being spent on the army and on armaments. What does one get in return? Fear, terror and insecurity. And the irony is that the same super powers, which have built these arsenals of destruction, have to now enter into mutual treaties to eliminate them. A few countries, which on one side are talking of peace, are preparing for war on the other. Ahimsa is not a supreme precept; it is more a way of life, which gives shape to humanity and to human life. The most ancient Jain scripture 'Shri Acharang Sutra' says, "Not to kill or harm or destroy any animal, living species or being is the purest, permanent 11 Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 For Private & Per Only PEACE THROUGH Page #172 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ and most eternal religion." The very first chapter of this ancient scripture details the causes and instruments of violence. The essence of Tirthankar Mahavir's thoughts on Ahimsa can be gauged in his following words - "You are the one whom you want to strike, you are the one on whom you wish to establish your command, you are the one which is in anguish, you are the one whom you want to kill. That is why a prudent person never strikes anyone, never establishes a command over others, never creates any anguish for others." The seed of violence is first sown in thought, which then is followed in words and actions. That is why it is said, "war is born in the hearts of men". Acharya Umaswati says, 'Parasporopgraho Jivanam', which means that each living being lives because of mutual cooperation of each other's. The concept of Ahimsa enunciated by Tirthankar Mahavir is very comprehensive and includes all beings in it. It treats every living being with utmost equality and respects it the same way. Mahatma Gandhi found Mahavir's concept of non-violence appealing after two thousand five hundred years and he proved the strength that it carried by applying it to all walks of his life. In 1946 he stood unarmed with compassion in his heart before a furious mob, which was carrying lethal weapons. The mob had to bow down before this 'Half-naked Fakir' as he was called. Non-violence had won while violence was defeated. Lord Mountbatton had said then, "What we could not accomplish by dispatching a full army brigade was accomplished single handedly by this one man, thereby saving the entire eastern side of the country from complete annihilation." One remembers Prof. S. R. Bhatt's statement in which he had said, "The seed of the thought that was sown some two thousand five hundred years before was reaped by Gandhi (The Thought of Ahimsa) as if there was an invisible link between Mahavir and Gandhi." Violence is directly related to the craze for accumulation and possession, so that for the world of tomorrow exploitation and corruption would manifest themselves as new forms of violence. To obtain benefits by exploiting the poor, the weak, the downtrodden, the hapless is not only a manifestation of social injustice but it is one form of violence and deceit. Non-violence presupposes the coexistence of different religions, philosophies and thoughts, in peace with each other. The concept of non-violence and peaceful coexistence is the greatest gift to mankind by Jainism. The world today and the one that would follow hereafter need such glorious thoughts and feelings for each other. Jonathan Swift writes, 'We have just enough religion to make us hate but not enough to make us love one another.' If we accept the feelings expressed in this statement by this great thinker, we can cross all hurdles that are created by religious fundamentalism, religious intolerance etc. and can safely reach the objective of 'Religious fellowship'. American leader Martin Luther King Jr. dreamt of the day when a man is known not by the color of his skin but by the strength of his character. To quote him verbatim, 'Not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 170 1 The five leading vows prescribed by the Jain philosophy begin with Ahimsa i.e. non-violence. Today when the whole world is involved in widespread violence, it will have to heed to the principle of non-violence with sincerity, devotion and respect more than what was shown to it in the past. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #173 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ content of their character.' The Jain religion gives no cognizance to the color or the creed of man. Man is known not by the accident of his birth but by his subsequent actions and character. The concept of non-violence and peaceful co-existence is the greatest gift to mankind by Jainism. The world today and the one that would follow hereafter need such glorious thoughts and feelings for each other. Jonathan Swift writes, 'We have just enough religion to make us hate but not enough to make us love one another.' When one looks at things from different angles and locates an element of truth in everything, it leads one to 'Anekant' i.e. many sided or many faceted approach. Not that 'what I say is the only and the ultimate truth'; but what in truth is mine' is the correct approach. Therefore one should not be rigid and dogmatic towards one's own approach but one should be generous enough to concede that what others perceive may also have an element of truth. Thus, the philosophy of 'Anekant' perceives an all sided view and is based on equality, tolerance, assimilation and coexistence. It is the right approach for reaching the truth. 'Anekant' approaches everything relatively and tries to find the truth in every situation. In the life of Tirthankar Mahavir, many instances can be found where 'what is truth is mine' has been accepted. He had even persuaded Gautam, his first Ganadhar and most learned disciple to apologize to Shravak Anand. During Tirthankar Mahavir's times, many controversies existed and many opinions got expressed. Everyone tried to dispute the opinions of others so that one can prove that what one said was the only truth. But, Tirthankar Mahavir showed the path of this principle by which one can practice accommodation of others' views rather than the path of refuting others' views. To bring home the truth behind what he was saying, he gave the illustration of the seven blind men who were trying to know what an elephant was like. It is only when human beings adopt 'Anekant that peaceful co-existence becomes possible. And our sorrows disappear. Saint Vinobaji considers the concept of 'Anekant' as Tirthankar Mahavir's greatest gift to the world. Albert Einstein discovered the theory Albert Einstein discovered the theory of relativity applicable to the physical world while Tirthankar Mahavir propounded relativity in our everyday life 2600 years ago. Acharya Jinbhadrasuri explains the concept of 'Anekant' in the following words - "the disputes and contradictions remain intact between different opinions as long as one does not look to the truth through assimilation and accommodation. The disputes between various opinions are a product of one's own faults and deficiencies." As the world becomes narrower and narrower, the coexistence of different religions becomes a reality and in this context, the feeling of coexistence between various religions and philosophies advocated by the Jain philosophy becomes noteworthy. On the one side, there is assimilation, while on the other; there is respect for other religions. The kings like emperor Kumarpal and Vishnuwardhan constructed Jain temples and the temples of Vishnu and Shiva side by side. Hemchandracharya after offering prayers in the Somnath temple said, "I bout down before Lord Shiva because He aims at the welfare of every human being". The philosophy of 'Anekant' will lay the foundation of the assimilation of the glorious principles of various religions. Let us reconstruct the world on the basis of the philosophy of 'Anekant' and Nonviolence to take humanity to peace, prosperity, stability and coexistence under a new world order. <> J14 Biennial AINA Convention 2007 171. Only For Private & Personal use only PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #174 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ MAKING JAIN DHARMA VISIBLE IN THE DIGITAL AGE The 21st Century is an opportune time in history for the ancient message of Jainism or 'Jina,' a teaching more relevant and more urgently needed than ever before. The Digital Age makes it possible to share our passion about 'Jina Vani' (the essence of Jainism), one of the oldest living religion, with a large number of human beings around the world. Thanks to new technologies in media and the Internet, the principles of Jainism, such as non-violence, tolerance, environmental concern, built-in respect, tenderness, and equality for all living beings, can now be widely explained while securing Jainism a valuable global identity and name recognition. Using the web is one of the most effective ways to reach masses globally. There are several sites on Jainism including our unique website Our Mission *24L* plan is to ensure that extends coverage to more than 95% of the global population, and is already translated in all of 24 designated languages, representing the 24 Tirthankars. Mr. Vinod Daryapurkar pioneered a comprehensive web site on Jainism at He is a Jain scholar and a speaker Jainworld is now a truly global site visited from 147 countries and more on various religious than 82,000+ hits per day. Since 1996, JainWorld has worked relentlessly and other topics for over 20 years. to create a visible, global signature for Jainism, a result of the dedication and effort of over 500 people from all walks of life including Jain, Buddhist, Christian, Muslim, Hindu, Parsee, Sikh, and from other diverse belief systems and representing different nationalities across the globe. He has written several articles, given talks on Jainism on Radio and TV and visited over 40 countries. He is also a teacher of yoga and meditation.'s multiple language editions of its user-friendly web site has created an in-depth knowledge-base and global resource center complete with authentic and original Jain scriptures and commentaries to serve everyone, Jains and non-Jains, from a casual visitor to a serious research fellow. One can get involved to increase the awareness of Jain philosophy of life. There are many ways to get involved and build upon more than 700 outreach efforts by the Jain World panel members to promote a deeper understanding of Jainism and to help the interested people in following these principles in their daily life. <> Photograph by Thomas Dix 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 172 Mr. Vinod Daryapurkar or at 715 Bellemeade Pl Alpharetta GA 30004 USA. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #175 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ GLOBAL PEACE THROUGH COMMERCE ROLE OF JAIN VALUES Traditionally, business has created a "world of goods" with a focus on profits. A new trend is emerging today where business is creating a "world of good" and becoming a partner in peace. Today 1.2 billion people live in extreme poverty, despair, and deprivation. Another 3 billion people struggle for mere survival and livelihood. Globalization and technological advances bypassed masses of poor around the world. Until recently, businesses in general focused only on the remaining one-third of the world population. There are other global challenges as well. Our world is divided by religious extremism and inequalities based on race, gender, and wealth. We are losing our sense of community and finding more reasons for further subdivisions of humanity. Our environment is also eroded by our endless desires and lack of individual and collective responsibility. Dr. Kokila P. Doshi 12628 Brookstone Court, Poway, Ca. 92064 Phone: 858 679 7645 Email: Dr. Kokila Doshi is a Professor of Economics at the University of San Diego, CA. She holds Ph. D. from the University of Rochester, NY. She has served Jain communities through several publications, presentations at JAINA and Jain centers and by serving as a JAINA director. She has led seminars and workshops at area colleges and given interfaith presentations. She founded Jainshala in San Diego and has directed its educational and cultural activities. However we are witnessing a powerful positive force, which is bringing new perspectives and new innovative business models to empower people and protect our planet. It is changing the very definition of successful leadership and success itself. In the 21st century, successful businesses will be the ones that find solutions to alleviate global suffering and lead us toward a sustainable world. This paradigm shift is reshaping corporate strategies and redefining the role of business in society. It is turning every "problem" into an "opportunity" and businesses have started "selling solutions" for global issues. The earlier belief that corporations serve the rich and that serving the poor is the responsibility of government and nonprofit organizations is also changing. Another difference that emerges from these new models is that traditionally businesses followed a strategy of "gain" first and "give" later, i.e. first make profits and then engage in charity for social causes. Now, corporations are recognizing the fact that creating social value is compatible with profitability With Bottom of the Pyramid strategies, socially conscious enterprises are bringing under their wings the 4 billion people living on less that $2 a day. Micro-credit and micro-insurance programs targeting disadvantaged groups are taking center stage. Grameen Bank founded by Dr. Yunus is a prime example of how powerful the societal impact of such an enterprise can be. It is lifting 22 million people out of poverty. No wonder the noble act of loaning $27 to villagers earned Dr. Yunus and Grameen bank a Nobel Prize. The fusion of technology with compassion perhaps finds its highest expression in the work of Dr. Devi Prasad Shetty- a compassionate cardiac surgeon and the founder of Naryana Hrudayalaya Hospital in Banglore. Not only does he heal hearts by remote control, he keeps them beating at an affordable price. According to him, "A solution is a solution when it is affordable to a 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 173 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #176 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ common man." As he observed, 100 years after the first heart surgery, only 8 percent of the world's population can afford it. He addressed the issue of affordability as well as accessibility in the health care delivery system. His telemedicine program, one of its kind in the world, partners with Indian. Space Research Organization and brings high-tech care to the doorstep of the poor living in remote areas. The most important requirement in setting up the system was that "the patient must be able to see the compassionate face of the doctor." Compassion was also an important criterion in hiring the staff. As far as the affordability is concerned, no one is turned away from the hospital for the lack of paying capacity. This super specialty hospital reserves 75% of its beds for the poor. Sixty percent of treatments are subsidized. Children under 12 are operated on free of cost. So far, Dr. Shetty has performed 5000 free heart surgeries on children. To date, 21,000 heart patients have been treated and 140,000 free medical consultations have been provided using telemedicine technology. The N.H. hospital's micro-insurance plan- Yashasvini- insures 2.4 million members of various cooperatives at ten cents per month per person- less than the price of a bidi! The power of the poor is in numbers. N.H. Hospital harnesses the power of the poor, leverages technological advances and makes a difference with a heart for the poor. It breaks the link between health and wealth. It is not difficult to find similar examples where businesses set in motion virtuous cycles that lift the communities out of poverty. Environmental awareness is also increasing. Corporations and small businesses are devising alternative technologies that are eco-friendly and efficient, reducing waste, sourcing organic products and using recycled material. Companies are reaching out to poor and rural populations with more efficient lighting, telecommunications and affordable houses made with recycled material and pre-cut designs. The benefits of technology are also being shared by those who would have never dreamed of sharing them. Working poor class is now connected to markets through cell phones. Like ITC, EID Parry has created an internet portal for rural areas, which supports farmers to access fertilizers, and direct market for their crops. A single computer is changing the whole village. Jaipur Foot and Educare Foundation are the examples of non-profit organizations targeting the poor, with Jain community involvement. A whole new class of women entrepreneurs has emerged who serve as a link between multinationals and their rural customers. Although not without their critics, overall businesses are empowering the poor and giving them new tools to climb the economic ladder. Similarly, they are impacting the society by finding new ways to conserve the environmental resources. Thus, businesses are making a difference for people as well as planet. Jain Values and Leadership We, the Jains, have a unique heritage, which teaches us to open our doors and hearts to everyone irrespective of caste, creed or color. Jain practice of compassion extends beyond mankind to include all living beings irrespective of their size or form. Today concerns are raised for poverty, fear, disease, 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 174 violence and crime primarily result from wealth inequalities, deprivation, greed and Lack of moral values. Jainism teaches us to live a life of restraints, limit our wants and waste, and be sensitive to other peoples' needs. As stated in Economics of Mahavir- the world will be happy when I would relinquish excessive possessions." PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #177 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ illiteracy, inequality and environment. UN Millennium Goals are developed to address these issues. Jain Tirthankaras, visionaries as they were, have given us the means and the mindset to provide compassionate solutions, long before the concerns for people and planet surfaced in modern society. A new economic order envisioned by Lord Mahavir teaches us lessons in social responsibility, interconnectedness, inner transformation and social justice. Earning and disposal of wealth must be guided by these principles. The new order is based on four parameters- it does not pose a threat to world peace, it brings about a reduction in crime, it does not increase violence and promotes the feeling of non-destructiveness in matter i.e. a feeling that material possessions are not our defense. Lord Mahavir's revolutionary preaching shows that anyone who wants to develop in isolationwhether an individual, business, society or nation- poses a threat to peace. Abraham Heschell's words are so appropriate in this context: The goal is Not to Have but to Be Not to own but to give Not to control but to share Not to Subdue but to be in Accord Violence and crime primarily result from wealth inequalities, deprivation, greed and lack of moral values. Jainism teaches us to live a life of restraints, limit our wants and waste, and be sensitive to other peoples' needs. As stated in Economics of Mahavir- "the world will be happy when I would relinquish excessive possessions." Mahatma Gandhi reiterated this truth when he said "live simply so others may simply live". This requires an internal change in man. Today, much of the attention is focused on external change-changing organizations, changing production systems, etc. As Acharya Mahapragya points out, no attention is paid to the change in the man. "Until man does not change from inside, what good can a change in the system alone can achieve? Man can manufacture the best possible motor car. If the driver were not skilled and reliable, there would always be a risk." With peace within, we can have lasting peace outside. Such is our heritage. It reflects a pool of profound wisdom resulting from endless years of meditation by Tirthankaras who themselves were leaders and reformers. It can serve as a model for effective leadership. Corporate executives can draw lessons for social responsibility and conscious conduct from the parameters of new economic order. Compassion and interconnectedness and inner transformation are powerful values that can provide an added dimension to corporate decision-making process. A mindset of "people matter" will result in compassionate solutions and provide mutually beneficial outcomes. A virtuous cycle sets in with an attitude of going beyond profits and following a noble purpose. Not only are Jains uniquely suited to contribute to the current trend but with reverence for all life, they are in a position to take the movement to a new level. They can take compassion to new heights, grow goodness and expand their sphere of influence to create a "world of good". <> 4th Biennial AINA Convention 2007 For Private & PersZ5se Only PEACE THROUGH Page #178 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ BRINGING JAIN TOGETHER Jain Scholars committee has been in dialogue with Jain centers in North America for developing programs to strengthen Unity. Centers in turn are keeping open dialogues with all members to bring together all sects. Working towards Jain Unity is much easier in North America than any other place. The rituals are different but the objective is the same - uplifting spiritually. Young Jains of America and Young Jain Professionals are interested in learning and adopting unified Jain teachings and conducts. Almost all of our centers are conducting programs with similar aim in mind. We have to stress that underneath the waves, deep down in the ocean, our knowledge and Scriptures are the same. Nirmal Dosi The followings are some of our centers valuable efforts in unity process which can become part of a role model to unite all Jains: 1. Jain Association of Montreal. Our samaj Jain Association of Montreal is very small in numbers. We are made up of Swetamber, Digamber, Sthanakvasi, Deravasi, but we are ONE and that is Jains. We live in harmony and we do our prayers, pooja together. We believe in "together we stand, divided we fall". We really enjoy celebrating our religious occasions together. Unity is our strength. Bipin Shah, Nirmal Dosi chairs the JAINA Scholars Visitation Program. He is self educated in Jain philosophy and scriptures including Tattvartha Sutra, Saman Suttam, Purushartha Sidyupaya, Chhadhala, Jin Dhammo and Ratna Karan Shravakachar. He also plays Violin and recites poetry in local events. 2. Jain Center of Minnesota. Promote and seek better understanding of the Jain religion's doctrine and beliefs. Provide academic, cultural and intellectual interchanges between the Jains, impart a basic understanding of the Jain philosophy to our children, celebrate auspicious Jain events and festivals. Our uniting force is Jain philosophy and communication through a common language English for benefit of adult and youth alike. Common Khsamapana Day is celebrated. Learned speakers from different traditions are invited. Ram Gada, 3. International Jain Sangh (IJS). Promote teachings of Jainism by organizing spiritual, cultural, academic and charitable programs by following principles of Ahimsa ( non violence) and Anekantvaad (respect for other's views). At Mahavir Jayanti celebrations, US takes pride in inviting and participation of monks and Nuns, and others for blessings and Pravachans to ensure the whole community is represented from all sects. US Souvenir Publication always reflects diversity of all sects through pictures and articles by various scholars and Sadhvis and monks - Neelam Jain, 4. Jain Center of Greater Phoenix. First and foremost I am Jain and then I could be Swetambar, Digambar or Sthanakvasi sect of follower. Jain center celebrates both Paryushana. 14 Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 176 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #179 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ In our center there is a tradition for last 25 years that we do Pratikraman daily during Paryushana. It is a Gujarati Pratikraman, which has lots of stanzas from Samaysor and also from Shrimad Rajchandra's literature. We also have Hindi script of the same Pratikraman so any person wishing to perform Pratikraman can take active part. At the same time we also conduct traditional Pratikraman for some one who wants to perform it. We perform various Poojas and it is in power point presentation in Hindi with transliteration in English with meaning of stanza underneath in English. We stress the point of explanation of each and every ritual that we perform. Whole community gets involved whether it is Snatra Pooja or Dev Shastra Guru Pooja. We all participate together when a scholar visits irrespective of his/her sectarian belief. We have Swadhyaya and Yoga class in Hindi/ Gujarati/English - Kirit Gosalia, International Jain Sangh 5. Jain Center of Wisconsin. (us). We have been able to keep differences of various Jain sects to minimal and Promote teachings of have had great success in unifying. The temple is designed as a center where all Jains can meet, support religious activities regardless of sects. Jainism by organizing We have Swetamber statues, Digambar statues and large plaques with spiritual, cultural, Navkaar mantra. Other than Tirthankar's names no other names are permitted academic and charitable to be printed within the walls of the temple. On major events such as Mahavir Jayanti or Diwali we alter Pujas to reflect different sects and all participate programs by following equally. During Paryushana we invite Digambar scholars and during Das principles of Ahimsa Laxana we invite Swetambar scholars. By reversing the scholar visitation (non violence) and not only we have better participation but allow us opportunity of learning Anekantvaad ( respect messages from different view points. Kamal Shah, for other's views). At Mahavir Jayanti 6. Jain Center - Las Vegas celebrations, is takes Promoting oneness: In the spirit of promoting oneness, amongst all Jains, all pride in inviting and the Sangh members were encouraged to do Samuhik Pratikraman in one group setting together. The bliss felt during the Samuhik Pratikraman and at participation of monks the end when every Shravak and Shravika is joyously and compassionately and Nuns, and others for requesting for Micchami Dukkadam and Khamat Khamana from each other. blessings and All our members did Samuhik Navkaar Mantra Jaap under Muni Amrendra Pravachans to ensure Kumarji Maharaj - Atul Gandhi, the whole community is represented 7. Jain Center of Connecticut, and Jain Center of Greater Hartford from all sects. Celebrated Paryushana and Dash Laxan holidays together and the attendees learned a lot about these two important holidays. Designed around Samvatsari or Khsamapana day, these holidays are celebrated separately by Jain members of Swetambar and Digambar traditions respectively. The members of the two Jain Centers come from different traditions and the two centers decided to make it into a 17 day combined holiday. During the first seven days, Bhavnas were organized in the evenings in Easton, CT. Video taped lectures of Pujya Jinchandraji were enlightening for the attendees. A joint Bhavna evening was organized 14 Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 For Private & Persd Z se Only PEACE THROUGH Page #180 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ was held in Brookfield. For Das Laxan celebration, Ms. Tarla Doshi was invited. Daily morning and evening lectures were organized. Focus in the evening sessions was on Dash Laxan. Morning sessions focused on question/ answers and self improvement. The sessions also included Pratikraman, Mudra Vigyan and Reiki, responding to the specific interests of the attendees. Several Pooja were arranged at the Middletown temple, which uniquely included integrated poojas celebrating both traditions Arti's (Panch Parmeshthi, Adinath Bhagwan) and Mangal Divo were sung celebrating both traditions. The joint celebration by the two neighboring centers afforded the opportunity to learn in depth about different Jain traditions. Everyone was delighted to see that fundamental principles of Jainism are very similar in different sects, and special highlights of different sects should be revered. and appreciated. Young Jains between the ages of 14 to 40 years put together various programs with the aim of bringing our youth together Yogesh Kamdar/Hans Maru, yogesh 8. Jain Vishwa Bharati (NJ) IT conducts 18 days of Paryushana and Das Laxana. The program includes Bhagwaan Mahaveer's Charitra Vanchan and readings from Kalpa Sutra. It is followed by daily lectures on Das Dharma. Daily Pratikraman and lectures on many soul searching topics are delivered by both Samanijis. Common Khsamapana Divas is celebrated. Samaniji have developed point scoring system for grading of various conducts. Both Samvatsari (Swetamber) and Alochana Path (Digamber) are incorporated in the program. - Jay Duggar, 9. Jain Society of Metro Washington Develop budget for activities respectful to all sects. Get scholars from all sects. Each tradition is well served in their ritual practices. Focus on Jain activities independent of Languages. - Sushil Jain 10. Jain Society of Central Florida Dehrasar design is such that all sect can carry out all function same time. We have every Sunday pathshala, Digamber Abhishek, Swetamber Abhishek. and pooja. Gabhara designed such that all sects can have their worship.. Shashikant Shah, Challenges at our Centers Jaina scholars committee has helped all centers to celebrate Paryushana. Except major centers which have 18 days of Paryushana and Das Laxana, all have Paryushana which are mostly conducted in Gujarati. We could do the following to bring everyone together at all centers: 1. Include programs in English for children, Young Jains and Young Jain Professionals 2. Include part of program in Hindi for non- Gujarati population 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 178 The joint celebration by the two neighboring centers afforded the opportunity to learn in depth about different jain traditions. Everyone was delighted to see that fundamental principles of Jainism are very similar in different sects, and special highlights of different sects should be revered and appreciated. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #181 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ th 14 3. Lectures on Das Dharma as a part of daily lectures. 4. Use Anant Chaturdarshi or nearest Sunday to celebrate Khsamapana Divas for all Jains At Major Centers we suggest to do the following: 1. Read Kalpa Sutra and Bhagwaan 's Charitra on daily basis during 10 days 2. Lectures on Das Dharma during 8 days of Paryushana. Include part of lectures in Hindi, and English 3. Use Anant Chaturdarshi or nearest Sunday to celebrate Khsamapana Divas for all Jains Suggestion for celebration of Paryushana and Das Laxana together for 10 days: 1. Start on Friday before Chaturthi and conclude on Next Sunday 2. This would include two full week ends. 3. This will include Chaturthi and Panchami - most sacred days. 4. Every day Vanchan of Kalpa Sutra and 24 Tirthankar's charitra 5. Everyday lectures on Das Dharma following Alochana Paath. 6. First Sunday we all celebrate Bhaqwaan's Janma Divas 7. Celebrate Khsamapana Divas by doing Samvatsari Pratikraman and Alochana Paath on Last Sunday including Tapasvi's Bahumaan. 8. Creatively incorporate Hindi, English, and Gujarati to bring all Jains. together. 9. Invite scholars with varied expertise to enrich our self.<> Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Photograph by Thomas Dix 179 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #182 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ NEW DIMENSION FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Economic development, growth and prosperity are the prime concerns of the present society. But the question arises, how it is possible to be ethical in business and what should be its process and its mechanism. While pondering over an economic development, the following points should be invariably considered: Ahinsa and purity of means * Non erosion of moral values * Limit of wants First it should be examined whether economic development is leading to more violence or otherwise. The result is in front of us. If we want to achieve sustainable development, it should be through ethical and pure means. Samani Akshay Pragya is M.A. in Jainology and specializes in Jain Philosophy, Mediatation and Yoga. She was initiated in Ericsson has suggested some principles for setting the present system right and for bringing about changes that can be very useful for world economic policy. His foremost principle is that anger, greed, hatred and infatuation should be reduced. This may appear to be spiritualistic and sermonizing precept, but is very important. In this principle we visualize the inherent truth. An economic system can never become balanced without balancing human emotions. If the craving to possess is stronger, no economic system can become balanced, no matter how sound the policies of the government may be. If passions are strong, no good economic policy can be effective. in various management capacities. This holds true even if passions like anger, vanity, attachment, cheating and greed remain dormant. The functioning of economic and governmental system will be on the right track when these human passions shall vanish. to the Saman order in 1982 and is a disciple of Acharya Mahapragya. She has served in the management of Jain Vishwa Bharati in India For introducing the new economic system we have to adopt some parameters. The new system should not pose a danger to the world peace. There should be a reduction in crime and it should promote the feeling of nondestructiveness of the living as well as non living world. The cherished world economic system should be such under which one nation cannot exploit another and cannot establish its technological, economic or ideological hegemony. By evolving such system, some modern day problems could be solved. There is no doubt that some concepts of modern economics have helped to solve a few problems and have rendered some relief to the poor. At the same time, it has created many new problems. If we think objectively, the truth is that the modern economic concepts have encouraged violence. Let us then understand that the economics which is limited to eradicate poverty, is not necessarily good for us. For us that type of an economic policy would be valuable which, while eradicating poverty on one hand, would not increase the violence on the other. Hence, the synthesis of material prosperity and promotion of non-violence are the pre-requisite for a peaceful and just world order. <> 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 180 Samani Akshaya Pragya PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #183 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Dr. Anil Singhvi Phone: +91-94250-66266) Dr. Singhvi is the founder of Falcon, a self learning group formed in Indore, India 14 years ago with the objective of unfolding one's physical, interpersonal, emotional and spiritual potentials; in essence, to recognize the sacred in the ordinary. Dr. Singhvi has taken numerous talks on J ainism at various forums including JAINA 2005, YJI 2005 and YJP 2006. He is a Medical Oncologist by profession. HIGHER CONSCIOUSNESS IN MARRIAGE Marriage and dialogue are inseparable; but is there peace? Numerous proverbs and jokes are testimony to the turbulent nature of this sacred institution. Has it kept up with the changing roles and values of mankind over the years Times have changed. But our attitudes and beliefs haven't. The reality is that almost 45% of the marriages in North America end up in divorce. A large proportion of the rest continue to remain married, but just that. The relationship has already died. Why did this happen? The answers are neither easy nor simple as many of us assume to be. If we are to ask any of the older generations about the reasons, they are tempted to make sweeping statements like, 'today's youngsters are impulsive; the money is going to their heads; moral values are deteriorating fast; this is going to happen if you do away with joint families; today's girls are tool demanding and cannot adjust' and so on. All these remain over-simplistic statements. Marriage is for love and not for 'adjustment'. And love cannot blossom if partners have to 'adjust' to live together. Of course sacrifices are made, but they are out of love and not out of compulsion or compromise. It is the common knowledge that couples tie the knot in search for love, especially romantic love. However evolutionary studies show that romantic love is a relatively new development and not much is known about romantic love in marriage in modern culture. There are stories of spouses finding romantic love outside marriage, but these have usually tragic endings. Researchers find that joyous sex and intimacy in marriage is rare and marriages continue to be arranged for social, economic and political reasons. Oscar Wilde put it quite aptly, "One should always be in love that is why one should never marry!" The reasons for getting married David Schnarch in his path breaking work Passionate Marriage says, "Quite often we get married for the wrong reasons because we haven't matured enough for the right reasons to exist. Struggling with the wrong reasons for getting married can produce the right reasons to stay married." Some of the wrong reasons why people get married include: 1. Low self esteem in both 2. Fear of loneliness 3. The girl fearing facing the world as a single person 4. The boy needing someone to take care of himself 5. The girl needs to take care of someone in order to feel fulfilled 6. Both believing that two people can live more efficiently than one Two wrongs cannot produce a right. Two unhappy people cannot hope to complement each other in search for the elusive happiness. JuBiennialAINA Convention 2007 181 PEACE THROUGH Page #184 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Unconditional Positive Regard Procrustes was an ancient Greek bandit. He used to build beds for his guests the same way we build a marriage, as per his own expectations. As soon as the guest lay down on the bed, Procrustes went to work upon him, stretching him on the rack if he was too short for the bed and chopping off his legs if he was too long. Likewise, we always try to change our spouses to fit our pre-conceived ideas of how our partner should be. In doing so, we reduce them to mere objects. We turn a person into a 'husband' or a 'wife', as though it was some commodity. Needless to say, this is a futile exercise and only results in frustration on both sides. Wouldn't it be much better if we had an unconditional positive regard for our partners. Your interaction with them should give an impression that they will be understood and not judged. This requires listening with a sensitive ear. We have a tendency to continuously weigh and judge a person while interacting with him or her. Don't do that. Judgment leads to conclusions, creates distance and is not compatible with love. 'Did I pick the right person?' This question always torments us. We tend to say no, but actually it has nothing to do with the other person. We do not pick our perfect match because we ourselves are not perfect. We are like raw, uncut but flawless diamonds. It is only when we are willing to polish off every part of ourselves that cannot join with the other, that we find our soul mate. Differentiation This process of polishing has been referred to as differentiation or self actualization or individuation (Carl Jung). Differentiation as described by David Schnarch involves balancing two basic life forces the drive for individuality and the drive for togetherness. Individuality wants us to follow our own directives to create a unique identity; whereas togetherness pushes us to follow the directives of others and to be a part of a group. Differentiation permits you to maintain your own course when spouses, friends or family pressure you to agree or conform to their wishes. You can agree with them without feeling like you are 'losing yourself' or you can disagree without feeling bitter. Differentiated people derive their self worth from their inner sense of values and not from outer circumstances. They try their best to have things as per their inner wishes, but if it doesn't happen that way, they just let go. They don't feel that their world has come to an end if their partner forgets a birthday or a wedding anniversary. They do feel bad just like any other person, but they convey this to the other using 'T' language and move on.. They don't try to browbeat the other person or indulge in emotional blackmail. Since differentiated people derive their sense of identity from inside, they do not feel consumed when they are close to the other. Undifferentiated people feel they are losing their identity when they are very close to their partners and as a result are forced to increase the emotional or physical distance. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 182 Quite often we get married for the wrong. reasons because we haven't matured enough for the right reasons to exist. Partners in marriage often start a 'stamp' collection. This consists of memories and recollections of unpleasant events in the past. Whenever there is an argument, even a minor one, these 'stamps' are brought out and traded PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #185 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ They frequently feel, 'I got to be me by getting away from you.' We see many examples of how partners maintain physical distance, have infrequent contact or take up consuming jobs just to maintain their separate identity. Such people often stamp their feet and scream, 'I got to be me, don't fence me in, I need space!' They keep the relationship in constant turmoil so as to keep their identity alive and kicking. Being in the here and now This is one of the most important aspects of consciousness, not only in marriage but also in other walks of life. Partners in marriage often start a 'stamp' collection. This consists of memories and recollections of unpleasant events in the past. Whenever there is an argument, even a minor one, these stamps' are brought out and traded actively! 'You let me down the last week when you were late for dinner!'; 'You are we are like raw, uncut always putting me down in front of other people, don't you remember the but flawless diamonds. It party at the Sharmas, and what about the one six months before where you said that I look likea clown in that shirt!' These never ending allegations to is only when we are events of the past do not allow us to live and learn in the present. We keep willing to polish off every on holding grudges. It takes an inordinate amount of time to recover from part of ourselves that past arguments. And if that were not enough, most of our present is used up cannot join with the in thinking about what we will do to our partner when he or she 'misbehaves' other, that we find our again in the future. We fail to understand that. Now is the only moment we have to live our lives. What stops us from being totally in the present moment? soul mate. Obviously, unfinished business. So the way out is to not let any businesses remain unfinished. If we are seething inside with resentment at something Serenity Prayer: our partner did or said in the past, we should voice our feelings using '1' language. Our partner may understand and say 'sorry' or he may not. That God give me is totally his or her prerogative. If he or she is willing to change, it is great. the courage to change If not, then we have to accept that too. This is the basis of the Serenity what I can, the serenity Prayer: God give me the courage to change what I can, the serenity to to accept what I cannot accept what I cannot and the wisdom to distinguish between the two. and the wisdom to Communication & intimacy distinguish Let me ask you a question. You go to a restaurant, take a look around and between the two. you can instantly make out whether the couples sitting there are married or dating. How? Answer: Married couples don't talk to each other. Why? Because they don't want to hear what the other has to say, because they already know what the other will say! Isn't that an example of 'great' communication?! Many of you might be going through a period of courtship where there is mutual exchange of personal likes and dislikes. Intimacy is the goal of any loving relationship. Intimacy, as we know it, appears to be akin to mutual understanding, validation and acceptance of the other's point of view. We like to disclose information about ourselves once we know for sure that the other is going to endorse it and give positive feedback. This is 'other validated intimacy' and not true intimacy. True and vibrant intimacy requires disclosing not only familiar and comfortable parts of yourself but the whole of yourself 14 Biennial JAINA convention 2007 For Private & Pers! 83e Only PEACE THROUGH Page #186 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ with no guarantee that the other is going to like it. This is possible when you have a solid relationship with yourself; your foundations are so strong that you don't fear revealing yourself in totality. Other validated intimacy sounds like this: "I will tell you about myself, but only if you then tell me about yourself. If you don't, I won't either. But I want to, so you have to. I will go first and then you will be obliged to disclose - it is only fair." Self-validated or true intimacy says: "I don't expect you to agree with me. You weren't put on the face of this earth to validate and reinforce me. But I want you to love me and you cannot really do that until you know me. I don't want your rejection, but I have to face that possibility too if I am ever to be accepted by you. It is time to show myself to you. One day when we are no longer together on this earth, I want to know that you knew me." If you were to say what you feel without asking for endorsement from your partner, your partner is more likely to hear you out and not silence you. Such a relationship can remain intimate even in times of conflict. Such marriages are geared for growth because the partners have unique strengths. The understanding that both are essentially unique but different persons is important. This leads to respect and giving space to the other. For example imagine that you and your partner are in a small boat named marriage in the high seas of life. The question arises, who is going to steer? You feel that you are in the middle of the sea with a lunatic who sees everything differently. You tend to brow-beat the other into steering in the same direction as yourself. Now consider the reality that spouses are always in two separate boats and could sail away in different directions. You will then be more kind and friendly to your fellow captain! It is the common knowledge that couples tie the lenot in search for love, especially romantic love. However evolutionary studies show that romantic love is a relatively new development and not much is lenown about romantic love in marriage in modern culture. Enjoy the journey, flow! This means flowing with life and its directions. Let us imagine a river flowing towards the ocean. Similarly, life too has its flow. Like the river, life too seems to move in a meandering way at times; and we tend to resist these seemingly useless twists and turns. Little do we realize that life's treasures are hidden in these nooks and crannies! So let us not resist this flow of life, and learn to flow effortlessly. Savor the journey, and as someone said, the beautiful journey is the destination! It is possible that marriage may take a turn in reverse direction for sometime, may seem go through twists and turns, but just be aware that all of these might give you hidden insights if you are open to them. So flow with life, flow with marriage and you might just end up discovering love! Love All of the above are precursors to the ultimate state, love. Yes love is possible in marriage too and that is good news indeed. Love is what unifies, and when you see God in each and every human being including your partner, you are not only in love, but you are love itself. And then relationship to your partner is like a prayer to God! <> 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 184 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #187 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Samani Rohit Pragya Samani Rohit Pragya is M.A. in Jain Philosophy and Comparative Religions, and M. Phil. In Jainology. She has participated in several seminars and conferences. A disciple of Acharya Mahapragya, she was initiated in to the Saman order in 2002. THE ROOT OF MISERY Strange is the fact that the only entity that can experience pleasures and bliss stays entangled in the whirlpool of misery. When all crave for happiness and want to keep away from misery, then the problem arises why misery? Answer is that good goal is achieved only through good means. The means and goal should be equally revered. After sowing the seed of misery if one wants to get the fruit of happiness then how is it possible? Impure means never yield a pure end. Where is the Peace? Man has many beliefs and one of the strongest beliefs is More-is-better. It is the root of all ills. "More is better" is a twentieth century disease. This belief becomes a part of man's daily life. Man spends a lot of life energy on "More is better." Some of the signs for "more is better is the foundation of human life" are the following: He must be busy to be fulfilled. He must make more money than he currently is making. He must get a promotion to prove his worth. - He must need to have more of every thing. 'More is better' keeps a man exclusively in the physical domain. Man's inner energy is concentrated on accumulations, acquisitions, rewards, trophies, approval and money. He does not know, there is no peace in this pursuit. The feeling of peace is there when we are facing away from 'More is better". In Uttaradhyayan sutra Lord Mahavir says: He who is indifferent to the material world has no grief. He is not affected by the miseries of the world. He is like an unsullied lotus which rises above muddy water. According to Mahavir's philosophy, happiness neither lies in the material objects nor in its enjoyment. Happiness lies in the individual's own attitude. If man learns to live within himself, he can find the greatest happiness available in the world. More desires mean more poverty. The poor is one who has lack and an ambitious person always has lack. On the other hand, the person who is satisfied in every way is the richest of all. This distinction of poor and wealthy person makes clear that poverty and prosperity are not related to the wealth but to a person's attitude. Unfortunately, in the blind race to make money for comforts and enjoyments, the distinction between. the proper and improper means is also forgotten. These are the views of some spiritual or religious people. But some people are of the opposite view. They say that money alone is the root of all human ends. They make the money being inspired by such ideology. JaBienalab AINA Convention 2007 For Private & Perschse Only 185 PEACE THROUGH Page #188 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Is wealth everything? So far economics is concerned, it says that man is a social animal and in society wealth is very important. If wants are limited economic progress does not get its impetus. That's why for economical progress unlimited nature of wants is essential. "Man is a social animal" against the backdrop of this thought it is not unjustified for economics to adopt the policy of unlimited wants. But is man only a social animal? Is he not a person? Does he not experience the sensation of pain and pleasure? Do unlimited wants not cause him stress physical and mental? Does the desire, hidden behind the vast ocean of wants, not upset hormonal balance and cause perversions of the mind? If not so, only then we can accept implicitly, the vastness of wants. When we see a man with a human perspective we can not accept, implicitly the unlimited nature of wants. So, not only religious but also from the human perspective, it is essential to control wants. Lord Mahavir never talked of non-possessiveness for a social man. This is possible only for a monk. He postulated the limitation of cravings for a householder. Economics gives more importance for consumption of luxury items because it fosters social and economic development; it improves the standard of living. On the other hand it is also a fact that the more consumption increases inequality in the society; it gives negative effect on the poor and intensifies the instincts of aversion and hatred in the poor. So wealth is something but not everything. Main thing is the humanity which can build a beautiful peaceful and harmonious society. Root of other ills In Jainism we find the principle of triple "A". It means Ahimsa, Aparigrah, and Anekant. Universal love for all living beings, minimizing wants and possession and respecting all view points, these are the key elements of Jainism. Practice of ahimsa is not possible without practicing aparigrah. Man with excess possession cannot lead non-violent life because the possession themselves are made through violent means. Greed is one which prods man in to the activities of earning money. With the expansion of these activities greed also grows. The more wealthy the person is, the greater his desire for wealth. While satisfying his own desires he does not care if he ruins the happiness of others. He forgets the fact that just as he likes happiness and loathes sufferings, others also do so. Everybody wants to live an independent life. Nobody likes domination by others. But, nevertheless a person, attached to a possession, takes hold of the other poor people and accumulates fortune, engaging them forcibly in his service. Not only killing but hurting other beings and snatching other's independence is also a kind of violence. Thus it is fact that the cause of violence is also possession or greed. Defining the parigrah Lord says " muccha pariggaho vutto" means attachment is the parigrah. On the basis of this definition anekant is also not possible without aparigrah because Anekant means attitudinal non attachment. So in logical language we can say that conjunction of these three (A.A.A) is equal to Jainism. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 186 Nobody likes domination by others. But, nevertheless a person, attached to a possession, takes hold of the other poor people and accumulates fortune, engaging them forcibly in his service. Not only killing but hurting other beings. and snatching other's independence is also a kind of violence. Thus it is fact that the cause of violence is also possession or greed. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #189 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Sigmund Freud said sex is the basic instinct but it is a partial truth. The whole truth is that behind each and every evil greed works. The passions like anger, pride and deceit are also the sub production of greed. It is considered to be a major vice that leads one to other dangerous vices. In spite of being aware of all these undesirable consequences, in sway of attachment to material things and wealth, one can not renounce them. As a result of this infatuation, he is afflicted with fear. He is also tormented by the lust for living and the fear of death. It is this state which is responsible for mutual conflicts in social life. Not only this much but many physical and mental diseases are also the result of greed. Uncontrolled desires are the cause for ecological pollution too. For his own comforts and for the satisfaction of his needs man builds big industries and houses, uses many vehicles. The three principal elements of living, earth, water and air are getting excessively polluted by misuse of them. In conclusion it can be said that violence, anger, pride, deceit, fear, social conflicts ecological loss, and the physical and mental diseases are the bitter fruits of that tree whose seed is greed or possessiveness or the belief "More is better". So limiting one's desires not only leads to a life of contentment and happiness but also makes one a friend of the environment and good citizen of the universe. <> Everybody wants to live an independent Life. Nobodu libees domination Nobody likes domination by others. But, nevertheless a person, attached to a possession, takes hold of the other poor people and accumulates fortune, engaging there forcibly in his service. Not only killing but hurting other beings and snatching other's independence is also a kind of violence. Photograph by Thomas Dix Adu Biennial AINA Convention 2007 187 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #190 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ All works of love are works of peace.--Mother Teresa With Best Wishes from jain Eocely a greater detroit JAIN CENTER OF GREATER DETROIT, INC 29278 W. 12 Mile Road Farmington Hills, MI 48334 (248) 851-JAIN (5246) Extending Jain Heritage to the next generation Best Wishes from Jain Sangh of New Jersey Cherry Hill, NJ "Peace is a daily, a weekly, a monthly process, gradually changing opinions, slowly eroding old barriers, quietly building new structures" --John F. Kennedy Page #191 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Best Wishes to 14th Biennial JAINA Convention Nilesh-Shital-Tejash-Jennifer Sheth Surbhi-Shasikant Sheth Meera-Kartik-Dilan Bhavsar AAA PHARMACEUTICAL, INC. 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(888) 227-3913 Jain Education Intemational Page #192 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Best wishes to JAINA 14th Biennial Convention 2007 namA prArahatArA namo siAdA namo pAyariyAe namo uyajmAyA namo loesavyasAhae emo paMdhanamukkAro. sdhypaavppshaasgo| maMgalA ca sadhyasi paDhama habaI mNglN|| SOCIE IAN parasparopagraho jIvAnAm NORTY OM mokAra mahAmaMtra Namo arihaMtANaM, pAmo siddhANa, pAmo AyariyAvAM, pAmo ukjamAyANaM, pAmoloesabbasAraNaM, mAlocamakAmo smysmaayo| maMgalAcasoni, pddh'mhndgaale| Best wishes to JAINA on 14th Biennial Convention 2007 svAdhyAya:paramaM tapaH svAdhyAyaHparamaM tapaH from The Khara family Atul, Charu, Ruchi, Rishabh & Paras INSTY-PRINTS BUSINESS PRINTING SERVICES 601 W. Parker Road, Suite 106 Plano, TX 75023 For all your printing needs call: 972-424-4902 svAdhyAya paramaM tapaH svAdhyAya paramaM tapaH Page #193 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Best wishes to namo arihaMtAeM namo sidAe namo pAyariyA namo uyajmAyAe namo loesavyasAhae eso paMcanamukkAro. svvpaavppeaasgo| maMgalA ca sayyesi padama havaI mNglN|| JAINA 14th Biennial Convention 2007 parasparopagrahe jIvAnAm 5 OM zrI paMca jAmokAra mahAmaMtra Namo arihaMtA, Namo siddhArNa, pAmo jAyariyA, Namo ubajamAyANaM, pAso loe sabbasAhUrNa, esoca samorako smympyaalyo| maMgalAyacAsosi, par3hama hnmNshaa| Jainam Jayati Shashanam Matushri Ramaben Chhotalal Daftary Kirit - Pramila Nikhil & Rajesh Waco, TX Ashok - Usha Neal, Suhani & Riddhi Dallas, TX Gautam - Shweta Sohum & Shivani Dallas, TX lorg Page #194 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Best Wishes to Jaina Rohak, Swati, Mona & Raj Vora Life is an adventure in forgiveness Best Wishes From OHM International, Inc. OHM logistics, LLC. KRV Trucking, LLC Sensational Stone, LLC. Wholesalers and Distributors of Natural Stone Products Monoroe TWP., NJ: 1-800-582-7770 Greenboro, NC: 1-877-582-7770 Charlotte, NC: 1-704-504-5404 Nashville, TN: 1-877-582-6090 Pinakin, Kirti, Ruta and Vishal Pathak Jain Education Interational Page #195 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Our Heartiest Congratulations & Best Wishes TO JAINA Jain Society of Las Vegas Las Vegas, NV "MANGALAM BHAGVAN VIRO, MANGALAM GAUTAM PRABHU, MANGALAM STHULIBHADRADYAY, JAINAM DHARMOSTU MANGALAM" FROM: BHANUBEN KANTILAL SHAH DEV, SWATI AND HARESH SHAH WILMINGTON, DE Jain Education Interational Page #196 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ BEST WISHES & COMPLIMENTS JAINA Convention 2007 JAIN SOCIETY OF GREATER CLEVELAND web: P JAI JINENDRA T BEST WISHES FROM ZAVERBEN H. 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Jain Education Intemational Page #198 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ HISTORY OF JAINISM Chintav Shah Age 13 Edison, New Jersey Jainism started very long ago, but its main aspects have remained the identical. The Jain religion began with numerous tirthankars, in groups of twenty-four during an era, or period of time. Rushabdev, our 1st tirthankar in this era was born very long ago. Mahavir swami was our last tirthankar in this era. He lived twenty-seven lives that we know about until his soul became liberated. During his third life, Mahavir's grandfather was Rushabhdev, who was attaining kevalgnan and omniscience in that life. His other lives lasted long and short, so Rushabhdev became the tirthankar long ago. Jainism arose in 7th century BC Eastern India. It was a time and place of religious renewal, in which several groups reacted against the formalized rituals and hierarchical organization of traditional Hinduism. Jains believe that 24 historical figures have lived and taught Jain truths in this age. Of these figures, called tirthankars, only the last two can be thoroughly verified. The 23rd Tirthankara, Parshvanath, is thought to have lived in the 7th century. Mahavir, the 24th and last Tirthankara to appear in this age, is usually regarded as the founder of Jainism. He is traditionally thought to have lived from 599 to 527 B.C. The community founded by Mahavira boasted 14,000 monks and 36,000 nuns by the time of his death. A great many people were impressed by Mahavira's personality and his teachings so that when his life on earth ended he left behind a large number of people who were trying in various ways, in the vocation of Monk (sadhu) or nun (sadhvi) or as house men (shravaka) and women (shravika), to follow the principles of Jainism. In his lifetime Mahavira appointed eleven leaders (ganadhara) among his followers. The 23rd Tirthankeara, Parshvanath, is thought to have lived in the 7th century. Mahavir, the 24th and last Tirthankara to appear in this age, is usually regarded as the founder of Jainism. He is traditionally thought to have lived from 599 to 527 B.C. The community founded by Mahavira boasted 14,000 monkes and 36,000 nuns by the time of his death. An early fight occurred that lasts to the present day over certain aspects of monastic discipline. The Schvetambara sect believed that monks and nuns should wear white robes, whereas the Digambaras believed that monks should wear no clothes. The latter group is also differentiated by its belief that a female cannot attain liberation. The schism was further cemented when the Schvetambaras met in a council to fix the Jain canon of scriptures in c. 456 AD. The Digambaras were excluded from the council, and they later rejected the decisions of the council. In the period of the fourth through sixth centuries AD, the Jain community migrated westward, eventually settling in western and central India. Jainism was more influential in its new area than it was in the area of its birth. The Digambaras settled in the south, where they enjoyed much political favor. The building of temples and the installation of images has long been a tradition of Jainism but one development has been the emergence of a branch of the Svetambara Jains. The Sthanakvasi sect originated in the late seventeenth century, though its roots are traced back as far as 1394. Although the majority of Jains adhere to the ancient rituals. <> 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 196 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #199 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ MY FIRST FIFTEEN YEARS Mansi Vira Age 15 Edison, New Jersey. bluedancer From the deep, warm realms of the womb a child crawled out. She was yet another progeny to whom which her parents could transmit their Indian heritage, culture, and family values to. This child already had several identities, a couple including American, Indian, but most importantly, Jain, She was raised with her mother's affectionate nurturing, the first and single person to instill the significances and morals the Jain religion underlined. From birth itself, this child had matured and prospered in school and faith with the Jain religion abide her, unrelentingly governing and protecting her. Ordinary people would call it this child's luck to be born under the sanction of a Jain family who believed in nothing but the well being and truth. However, I call the so called "luck", my own karma. Yes, it is my own accumulation of positive karma to be blessed with the characteristics that compile my identity as a human, Jain, yet specifically a soul with equivalent energy as each and every soul in Moksha. Yes, it is my own accumulation of positive Rama to be blessed with the characteristics that condile muidentitu as a human, Jain, yet specifically a soul with equivalent energy as each and every soul in Mokesha. regard Jain Darshan as my instinctive nature. In my opinion, it is the only religion and philosophy that I have come across to be so explicitly true. What I admire most about it is that it and its concepts are not forced upon you-you practice however much you want, and not more. Other religions/ philosophies promote themselves by having positions such as missionaries to force upon the particular religion or convert people's beliefs into that religion without their consent or desire. The astonishing fact is that currently, people are increasingly learning the ideals of Jain faith, such as vegetarianism, without any impressments or obligations. This reality reveals one fundamental, yet crucial aspect of the Jain philosophy: Bhavana. Without the inner motivation, no practice, understanding, or essentially anything at all is credited to the "effort" put forth. I have incorporated a set routine of setting aside 20 minutes in the morning and at night devoted strictly to reciting sutras, stutis, and meditating. It is my desire, and no one tells me to do it. I know that without my desire, my bhav, anything I do will not amount to a tangible result. However, when I do religious practices with a sincere bhav, I receive a special spirit; a spirit to learn, incorporate, practice, and to excel. But from where does this spirit come from? Indeed, from none other than the eternity and everlastingness of our own soul. See, this is what I like about my Jain philosophy, we don't pray to our Gods asking for something to be done or changed. We simply ask for the spirit, the energy to withstand and surpass what ever predicament we are in. For example, if someone has cancer and is admitted into the hospital, one doesn't pray to God to get rid of the cancer. Instead, one prays for the strength, the energy to bear the agonies and fight the cancer. I admire this very aspect of Jainism, because it challenges me to unveil my own spirit, and essentially my own soul. I think there's no other religion out there as unique and self-providing as the Jain religion. I mean, in other religions it's the same as mandatory to go to a church and perform various rituals to achieve the ultimate goal. For us, it's more than sufficient to contemplate on and uncover our soul. Upon accomplishing this difficult, but not impossible 14 Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 For Private & Persd9%se Only PEACE THROUGH Page #200 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ task, we have already won half the struggle of attaining liberation without having to go to Derasars (temples) and performing numerous rituals. Of course, engaging in the rituals and going to Derasars will aid to embrace our soul, yet they are not necessary to attain enlightenment, unlike other religions. What I have concluded about the Jain religion is that you and solely you define it. There's a straightforward dividing line between indicting the correct procedures to attain liberation, and the incorrect ones. There are no rules in this religion, because you make the rules according to your capability. Yes, we often say that we cannot eat meat, but in reality, our religion is of importance for understanding of why we shouldn't eat meat. If we don't understand why, and don't believe in the reason, then there's no use following such an idea. Belief and trust are necessary ideals of Jain Darshan, because without one or the other, you are no where but trapped in the midst of the cycle of birth and death, and karma will always be bonded with you. Our primary mission, along with uncovering our soul, should be to eradicate as much karma we can-one method is circling back to the practice of Bhavanas. As I mentioned earlier, the Jain religion is based upon each individual. No one can really help another, because you have your own karma, just like everyone else has their own karma. I have found my self progressing to live by the rudiments Jainism has outlined for me. It has taught me to be honest, compassionate, open minded, and independent. Without a doubt, this religion is so exceptional, so exclusive: It never criticizes other religions, and neither does it tell us to hate them. Instead it encourages us to be aware of the religions surrounding our own, and absorbing the positive qualities of each one. Thus, I have learned to broaden my views regarding any matter, because one picture can tell several stories at once. So simple is the foundation of the Jain religion, yet so complex to follow. What I think makes it so challenging is that everything's based on you. Your thoughts, words, actions and karmas all morph together to illustrate your own individual life. It is the control or looseness that you possess to determine your destiny, and each and every little thing you do is recorded and programmed into the intricate system of the karma theory. Just imagine how much we, humans are capable of...and yet we seem so frail and unsuccessful. But there's that challenge again: to discover the ever radiating capacity and energy of our soul. Impossible as it seems, but everything and anything, as this religion describes it, is possible. I personally like this challenge I have been given. Honestly, without the insight I have gained from Jain Darshan, I'd say my life would be mediocre and boring as the girl next to me in my English class. But the fact that I belong to an identity, a Jain, and have my own custom-made beliefs and values, I consider myself lucky to be born into a family with such morals. Actually no, I take that back. I consider it my fortunate karma to be born as a Jain, and to be given the chance to uplift my soul from Manushya to Moksha as quickly as possible. <> 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 198 I have found my self progressing to live by the rudiments Jainism has outlined for me. It has taught me to be honest, compassionate, open minded, and independent. Without a doubt, this religion is so exceptional, so exclusive: It never criticizes other religions, and neither does it tell us to hate them. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #201 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Compiled by JAINA Souvenir Committee VIEWS & OPINIONS OF YOUNG JAINS One of the goals of this year's JAINA souvenir was to represent as many voices as possible. This year, as part of our call for articles, we specifically asked children 15 and younger to share their opinions and views on religion and peace. With the help of the JAINA Education Committee, we sent four questions to Pastshala teachers around the world. The questions were: 1. What does Jainism mean to you? 2. What is 'peace'? 3. What do you say when someone asks you, 'what is Jainism?' 4. What is your favorite Jain festival? We were very pleased to receive an extremely enthusiastic response from the community and from our children. It was remarkable to learn how eager our children were to participate and what they had to say about Jainism. The quality of the responses far exceeded our expectations for which we would like to thank the parents and teachers for so wonderfully cultivating religion into the lives of these young children. What does Jainism mean to you? * It means peace and happiness through all your life. (Adarsh Shah, 6, London) * Jainism means to me a way of life, a way to express my feelings spiritually, a way to understand the concept of life. (Niyant Shah, 10, London) Jainism means non-violence to me. It tells me not to lie and steal. It makes my soul make good choices. (Sohum Daftary, 10, Dallas, TX) * Jainism, to me, means it is the only religion that allows you to go on the path to attain Liberation [Moksh], the only religion that gives the true meaning of Ahimsa [non-violence]. It also gives you an understanding of the soul's journey through the cycle of birth and death. Moksh is when you attain ultimate knowledge and are out of the cycle of birth and death. forever. You can do this by stopping to eat meat, do not commit violent act, have no attachments, and not be greedy. These are just a few of the many things that the Jain religion teaches us. (Shree Shah, 11, Dallas, TX) Jainism is very important in my life. I think of Jainism as a religion that strongly believes in nonviolence. It is the reason that I, and many other Jains don't believe in eating meat. It has also taught me to value the principle of Truth. Without Jainism, I would be following a path that I do not want to take. (Alisha Vora, 12, Farmington Hills, MI) Ja14 Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 For Private & Persol 99e Only PEACE THROUGH Page #202 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ * Jainism to me means leading a simple & good life following the teachings of the Jinas (omniscients) or Tirthankars who preach the 5 principles - Ahimsa (non violence), Satya (truth), Asteya (non-stealing), Brahmacharya (celibacy), and Aparigraha (non-possessiveness) in order to attain Moksh (liberation). (Ayesha Samji, 13, London) It's a religion, and when we follow it we become "better" people i.e. it advises us to be kind. It's also a way of going to Moksha. (Prashil Shah, 14, London) I have always found that Jainism is more of a philosophy than a religion. It is a concept that guides our lives, not just spiritually, but physically and mentally as well. It is sometimes grueling to be a Jain in American society, where most people eat meat, wear leather, and squander their money on trivial electronics. Jainism is the fence between that world and ours, and keeps us from descending into that world of materialism and carnivory. While its rules may seem strict and frustrating, I believe that Jainism makes us better, more compassionate people, and makes us more contentious of the effects of our actions on the world around us. I find that Jainism empowers its followers more than any other religion; because it argues that each soul governs its own destiny. Many Americans and believers of other religions may convince themselves that they have free will, yet they pray to their gods to bring them luck, or riches, or fame, and the prevent disease, death, and age. Jainism says that no outside force, no god, can bring these things to us or keep them away. We are responsible for our own actions, and must accept the consequences of the choices we make. (Monika Kothari, 15, Canton, MI) * Jainism is not only a religion; Jainism is both a philosophy and a way of living. Jainism allows me to practice what I believe in. Throughout the years, looking at the lives of all of my friends, I realize how different these religions are, yet how similar too. I have experienced life itself differently than any of my friends through my religion. Similarities in religion have brought the world together, and differences have torn them apart, but this is not always the case. My community, school and friends have come together and shared our knowledge to those around us. This is how I live life as a Jain, and what it means to me. (Khushi Desai, 14, West Bloomfield, MI) What is 'peace'? * Peace is when you attain mukti. Mukti is when you have freedom from the cycle of birth and death. Peace is when you have freedom from all of the worldly matters. You don't have to worry, because you don't care about material things. You have no burden on your soul from karmas and attachments. One is at peace of mind and is absolutely worriless about everything. Then, the soul is pure, clean, and unburdened. (Shailavi Jain, 11, Dallas, TX) 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 200 similarities in religion have brought the world together, and differences have torn them apart, but this is not always the case. My community, school and friends have come together and shared our knowledge to those around us. This is how I live life as a Jain, and what it means to me. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #203 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ * There is something that Jainism has taught and is needed right now in this world. This is to live in peace. Peace is a silence. It is a silence of death. Ultimately this means peace is when you are a free soul in moksha. It is when you are free of all attachments and are out of the cycle of life and death. Then there is another type peace - World peace. This is a type of peace with no war and is physical and relates to the earth while the other is spiritual. This peace is where there is harmony between every living being. Another type of peace is when you are in meditation. This is when you are not aware of your surroundings and are only focused on what you are chanting. Peace interpreted in many ways but true peace lies in Siddhashila. (Rishi Zaveri, 12, Farmington Hills, MI) * Peace is to respect others and not harm them or their possessions. It means respecting what their beliefs are, even if you disagree with them. In order to obtain peace within a society, every living being must be treated as an equal. This is because every living thing has a right to live life to its fullest. Stripping someone of that right accumulates negative karma to the soul. All living beings must be free, including animals, humans, and all the other forms of life. All viewpoints should be viewed without any opinion beforehand. But instead in this world people constantly fight over religious beliefs and power, obscured to the fact all their spiritual leaders preached the same fundamental principle; they just have different ways of achieving salvation. (Vishal Modi, 12, Rochester Hills, Michigan) Peace can only be achieved when a soul gets Liberated or moksh. With mokesh the soul isn't attached to anything therefore doesn't have to worry about material things. If the soul is TOTTALY detached from ALL learmas, material objects other souls, etc. then it has achieved peace. * Most people think that peace is when someone is nice to another or another example would be when war ends and we sign peace treaties. This thought is Mithyadarshan (wrong perception). True peace means complete happiness. Peace can only be achieved when a soul gets liberated or moksh. With moksh the soul isn't attached to anything therefore doesn't have to worry about material things. If the soul is TOTTALY detached from ALL karmas, material objects other souls, etc. then it has achieved peace. (Nand Dalal, 13, Dallas, TX) * Peace is happiness when there is nothing in the world that can make you unhappy. When someone has obtained Moksha, the person has peace because there is no bad happening. (Jaykishan Gudka, 13, London) * Peace has lot of definitions. Peace means everybody in the world gets along with each other and is happy. True Peace is almost impossible to reach. Peace could mean that there is no war going on. Peace could mean mental peace. Everybody in the world wants peace more than anything else. In order to attain peace, we have to think alike and not be selfish. We have to get rid of violence. We have to get rid of terrorists who are trying to hurt other people. We have to get rid of racism. We have to like each other. Like I said before reaching peace is almost impossible. (Arpit Shah, 14, Livonia, MI) J14 Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 201 For Private & Personal use only PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #204 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ I think that one of many words to describe peace is non-violence. I think that peace can only be achieved when everyone agrees on the same solution to solve a problem and there is no fighting involved. Also, when I think of peace, I think of calmness. Peace is when you can get along with the people around you without getting into arguments. (Komal Ravani, 15, Troy, MI) * The dictionary defines peace as the "The state of not being in war." I disagree with that statement. I look at peace as a Utopia, or perfect world. I believe that peace is the state of Moksha, which is essentially a Utopia. When a being is on earth there is opportunity for them to have peace because there is always some kind of war going on whether it is internal of external. However, when in the state of Moksha and out of the cycle of life and death, one is always granted the opportunity to have peace. There is no other way to explain one of the most controversial words ever created. (Anshul Mehta, 15, Ann Arbor, MI) * What is peace? Peace to me requires the absence of several traits in today's average human being. The first is pride. How many simple fights have been started because a person thinks their child, idea, house or status is better than someone else's? Now imagine these fights ballooning onto an international scale, with one prideful person becoming thousands of prideful men, and a black eye or scratch becoming thousands killed. Pride puts a blind side on reason for many people. The second is greed. Again, how many brawls began over a bit of gum, a bit of money, a bit of a country? Most of us do not realize that we get by just fine with what we have. Society and our purported common sense tell us that there is always more, and that more should be our ultimate goal. If we could strip away the layers of brainwashing to find what we really need, chances are we would discover that we already have. The last, most important, is ego. The reason our world is so materialistic is not only that we want things, but we have the audacity to believe that we deserve them. People saying that their actions are in the right because they are "acting for the good of the people" or "just doing their duty" need to deflate their heads. Who said they spoke for all mankind? Who told them to get involved in wars with people completely unconnected to themselves? Who gave them this supposed right? Their egos. As long as man continues to listen to that master of flattery, he will fall every single time. But there is one piece that needs to be introduced, because eradicating the items above is just the first step. To truly achieve peace, we must relearn the art of communication. How many of the aforementioned situations could have been prevented if words had been used instead of might? Words can be used to heal; fighting can only hurt. Peace does not mean the absence of conflict, because conflict is necessary to change. Rather, peace is defined by how we work to solve that conflict. 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 202 How many of the aforementioned situations could have been prevented if words had been used instead of might? words can be used. to heal; fighting can only hurt. Peace does not mean the absence of conflict, because conflict is necessary to change. Rather, peace is defined by how we work to solve that conflict. PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #205 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ To me, peace is the glue that holds everyone together. It is what helps people from hating each other because of their different ideas. But with peace there also has to be compromise. Peace is a two-way street to me. Which means that everyone has to do his or her own part in order to continue living peacefully? *Anyone can get upset; unfortunately, only some have the courage to patch. the crack by talking out a solution. Quite possibly, pride, greed and ego are the things that prevent people from talking about their problems. These conditions of peace therefore go hand in hand: we must address the root cause of the absence of peace by being content with ourselves, and then learning to be content with others. (Hetali Lodaya, 15, Northville, MI) * The word peace in the society of humans has many positive connotations. I can almost guarantee that if you ask a group of people what peace is and what it means to them, you will get multiple answers that vary from each other. To me, peace is the glue that holds everyone together. It is what helps people from hating each other because of their different ideas. But with peace there also has to be compromise. Peace is a two-way street to me. Which means that everyone has to do his or her own part in order to continue living peacefully? Peace to me means many things. I know that if I don't act in a peaceful manner, than people will not think much of me. Peace is like the golden rule; do things to others what you would want to have done to you. With peace, you can live safely and happily in your community. This example shows what peace means to me. You can agree with me or not, because everyone can have their own ideas and thoughts on what peace actually means. (Ankur Shah, 16, Troy, MI) What do you say when someone asks you 'What is Jainism?' Jain religion is living a peaceful and non violent life. (Sahil Sancheti, 10, Sunnyvale, CA) * When someone asks me, I tell them that it is a religion in which you try not to harm anything and attain liberation. Also there are five great vows. I also tell them that I can't eat meat. This is what I tell people when they ask me what Jainism is. (Rujuta Patil, 11, Westland, MI) * The Jain religion is very complicated to understand but you follow 5 simple principles; non-violence, celibacy, non-stealing, truth, and non-possession. We also follow the rule of overcoming AGED: Anger, greed, ego and deceit. If we do have this in our lives we are on the way to moksha. (Ashiv Malde, 13, London) * When people ask me what Jainism is, I normally say "My religion." If they ask me to elaborate, I would say: The religion I follow, which is completely based on nonviolence. If they ask me to elaborate on that: Not harming any creature in any way, shape, or form. If they asked me to explain that: If you think about a violent act, it's the same as doing it. If they asked me to elaborate: Google it. (Kinari Shah, 13, Plymouth, MI) * When someone asks me what Jainism is, I tell them that Jainism is vegetarianism first, then I tell them that we believe in non-violence and the Jau Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 203 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #206 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ caring for of all living beings. I also tell them that we also believe in helpinganyone who is in need. I also tell people that we don't ask for help from the tirthankars and that we believe that we can only help ourselves. (Vishal Mehta, 13, Ann Arbor, MI) * One of the first things I've realized was that to explain Jainism to people, I needed to connect it to something they already know about, such as Buddhism and Hinduism. This means that it would be inefficient to explain the entire basics of Jain theory, throwing in a few Sanskrit words occasionally, and expect the person one was talking with to have ay idea of what one just said. When I was younger, I used to explain it as a cross between other Indian religions such as Buddhism and Hinduism, which, aside from being wildly inaccurate, often left people with the impression that Jainism was just an offshoot of Hinduism with thousands of gods. . By my age, most of my friends have at least heard of Jainism, and the job of explaining it has become much easier. However, it's hard to define what the most important principles of Jainism are, so I usually say that Jainism is a non-violent Indian religion in which reincarnation is involved, and that there is no single omniscient God. Not all of that is completely true, but it is the easiest way to get Americans to understand the very basic principles of Jainism. Of course, when one meets people who don't know that there is no language called "Indian", explaining a complicated religion such as Jainism becomes harder than ever. (Shan Kothari, 13, Canton, MI) Jainism is not simply a religion, but a science. It does not consist of just ceremonies and rituals but a collection of techniques to lenow the self. several of the traditions and rituals which abide in this faith can be understood to possess a deep yogic significance. * Jainism is an ancient and indigenous religion of India. The term Jain originates from the word jina which means "The Victor" or "The Liberator." It designates a person who is a vanquisher of the inner enemies-- raga (attachment-deceit and greed) & dvesha (aversion - anger and ego), thus freeing himself/herself from the bondage of karma. The five great vows of Jainism are as follows, non-violence (Ahimsa), non-possessiveness (Aparigraha), celibacy (Brahmacharya), non-stealing (Asatya), and truth (Satya). Jainism is not simply a religion, but a science. It does not consist of just ceremonies and rituals but a collection of techniques to know the self. Several of the traditions and rituals which abide in this faith can be understood to possess a deep yogic significance. Jainism is a way of life based on ahimsa, otherwise known as non-violence. It embraces the ancient techniques and philosophies handed down by the jinas, Arihantas, or Tirthankaras. There are twenty-four main prophets in the faith, as this lineage can be traced back to prehistoric times. The two most recent prophets are Lord Parswanath and Lord Mahavir, respectively. Thus, the people who worship these prophets and who follow the religious tenets proclaimed by the Jina are called the Jainas and their religion is Jainism. (Disha Bora, 13, Troy, MI) 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 204 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #207 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ My favorite festival is Diwali because it gives an inspiration to one because Mahavir attained liberation. It marks the new year when mistakes can be improved on. It is a chance to ask for forgiveness for any pain you have caused. * We have been taught the fundamentals of Jainism throughout the years from our Jain Study Class. But that is not all of what Jainism means to me. Thefundamentals teach me a big part of my life. Things like vegetarianism are things that without my religion- I most probably would not practice. And I am so into animal rights, Jainism has helped me understand that. It has also taught me to be kind, never steal, and so much more. It's my religion, and my basics of life. (Kajal Ravani, 15, Troy, MI) What is your favorite Jain festival? * If it weren't for time, I'd celebrate Diwali, my favorite Jain festival, every week! This exciting festival isn't complete without a friend with you, a big show for four hours, the food, and, of course, Bhagvan Mahavir's liberation anniversary. In addition, we go to the Jain temple in the morning and worship Bhagvan Mahavir. We do Nirvan Puja through which we learn about his teachings. All Jains get together and wish each other. Also, we light the lamp in honor to Mahavir. It's way better than watching television! We can all say that the Jain religion is much more than a religion! (Akhil Jain, 11, Dallas, TX) * My favorite Jain festival is Paryushan. In Paryushan you stay close to your soul. You ask for forgiveness for the bad things you've done. You can replace bad karma's with good karma's. Paryushan is eight days long in the Shvetamber tradition. It is ten days long in the Digambar tradition. I like this festival because then I feel good I got rid of pap. (Heet Sheth, 11, Mississauga, Ontario) I really like all the Jain festivals. They are always fun and exciting. Well most of them. I try and go to each and every one of them. I participate sometimes in saying the prayers and stuff. I really like Diwali. Diwali is the festivals of lights! It also symbolizes the victory of good over evil. This celebration focuses on lit lamps. I really have fun because we get to light up candles and incense. I also get to do fireworks. We go to our families houses and eat dinner. We always have fun. We play a lot of games. We talk a lot too. Almost every family member is there. It's really fun to get to see everyone. We play all sorts of games. I also like Holi. Holi is the festival of colors. On Holi, I get colored power and throw it on everyone. It's really fun and tiring when you're done. You get to run around. everywhere trying to get color on someone and then they try to get you back. Those are my favorite kinds of festivals. (Rikita Jain, 13, West Bloomfield, MI) * My favorite festival is Diwali because it gives an inspiration to one because Mahavir attained liberation. It marks the new year when mistakes can be improved on. It is a chance to ask for forgiveness for any pain you have caused. It is the festival of light, and it maintains the light of one's soul. (Tej Shah, 13, London) Jadu Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Educ 205 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Page #208 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ * Diwali is my favorite Jain festival because it is a time when all the family comes together and celebrates for the cause where Mahavir Swami got Moksha. Not only that but the food is good and it feels nice to see all your family members after a while. And the part where we blow up firecrackers is nice too. But most importantly, Diwali is to me the most important also because all the lights and noise remind me that the 1st tirthankar got Moksha. (Aniket Patil, 14, Westland, MI) * I enjoy all festivals of all faiths in general because they're all different in their own ways and I like listening to the stories behind each festival. I always look forward to Navratri because I get to dress up in colourful Indian suits and play Garba with all my friends. (Rina Shah, 14, London) * Paryushana is my favorite Jain festival because it teaches self control. It also teaches to minimize food indulgence and to focus more on God and religion. It also encourages people not to eat foods that harm many souls like garlic, onions or potatoes. It is also a peaceful time where people go to derasar almost everyday and practice their religion. At this time, the whole Jain community supports each other and encourages each other to fast and concentrate on religion. When I did atthai, which is doing 8 upvas in a row, my brother was doing it at the same time and we would support each other through the process. We would go to derasar every day, do pooja, and other people would encourage us as well, making us feel that we could do this type of fasting. Also at this time, there were many lecturers that came to the derasar from different places that came to teach us more about Jainism. Another part of paryushana is doing Pratikaman, which is repenting one's sins. We do certain procedures to ask for forgiveness for all the sins we have committed and forgive others for pain they may have inflicted upon us. It is a way to cleanse yourself of you sins for that year, and after Pratikaman is done, one usually feels peaceful and feels that they have a clean slate. (Rajvi Vora, 16, Marlton, NJ) <> At this time, the whole Jain community supports each other and encourages each other to fast and concentrate on religion. When I did atthai, which is doing 8 upvas in a row, my brother was doing it at the same time and We would support each other through the process. Painting Courtesy: Mahendra Shah 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 206 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #209 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Rakesh Jhaveri rAkezabhAI jhaverI pratikramaNa eka camatkArika vidhi che. jo tame pAchA pharIne tamArA mananI gAMTho kholo to tame dhIre dhIre e pahelI kSaNane pakaDI zakazo jyAre e roga zarU thayo hato. e kSaNane pakaDIne tamane khabara paDaze ke e roga aneka mAnasika ghaTanAo ane kAraNothI nirmita thayo che. pratikramaNa dvArA e kAraNo pharIthI dRSTi- gocara thaI jAya che. pratikramaNa eka camatkArika vidhi - pratikramaNa eTale sAmuM javuM - smaraNa karI javuM - pharIthI joI javuM. (mokSamALA, zikSApATha-40) bhAvanI apekSAe je divase je vakhate pratikramaNa karavAnuM thAya, te vakhatanI agAu athavA te divase je je doSa thayA hoya te eka pachI eka aMtarAtmabhAve joI javA ane teno pazcAttApa karI doSathI pAchuM vaLavuM te pratikramaNa. (mokSamALA, zikSApATha-40, dvitIya AvRttinuM pAThAMtara) pratikramaNa bahu ja upayogI che. e manane kholavAno, nigraMtha karavAno upAya che. jyAre tame pAchA pharo cho to mananAM thara UghaDavAM lAge che. savAramAM je rIte ghaDiyALane cAvI Apo cho, e rIte tame mana upara paNa thara lagAvavAnA zarU karo cho. divasabharamAM mana upara aneka vicAro, ghaTanAo ane sthAnonA saMskAra jAmI jAya che; mana enAthI baMdhAI jAya che. eTalA mATe rAtre ene pAchA pharIne juo. vastu, vyakti ane paristhiti mATe pratikSaNa manamAM rAgAtmaka ke dveSAtmaka gAMTho baMdhAtI jAya che. behozImAM bAMdhelI A gAMThone jAgRta thaI kholavA mAMDIe to pratikramaNa karyuM kahevAya. mananI saphAInI A eka adbhuta prakriyA che. pratikramaNa eka camatkArika vidhi che. jo tame pAchA pharIne tamArA mananI gAMTho kholo to tame dhIre dhIre e pahelI kSaNane pakaDI zakazo jyAre e roga zarU thayo hato. e kSaNane pakaDIne tamane khabara paDaze ke e roga aneka mAnasika ghaTanAo ane kAraNothI nirmita thayo che. pratikramaNa dvArA e kAraNo pharIthI dRSTi- gocara thaI jAya che. havAImathaka parathI zarU thatuM vimAnanuM uDDayana tame dhyAnathI nihALyuM che ? rana-ve para vimAna doDavAnuM zarU kare che. eka dizAmAM AgaLa vadhyA pachI te pAchuM vaLe che ane have teno vega dhIre dhIre eTalo vadhI jAya che ke te AkAzamAM UDavA lAge che. jo koI kAraNavazAt vimAnane aTakAvavuM hoya to teno vega vadhe e pahelAM ja aTakAvavuM rahyuM, kAraNa ke vega amuka mAtrAmAM vadhyA pachI vimAnane aTakAvI zakAtuM nathI. ApaNI vRttionuM paNa AvuM ja che. cittavRtti kayA dda para AvI ddaddhadra thAya che, kyAre gati pakaDe che ane kyAre ApaNA kAbU bahAra nIkaLI jAya che enuM bhAna karAve che pratikramaNa, dhAro ke krodhano koI anicchanIya prasaMga banyo. e vakhate to tame ajAgRtipUrvaka - behozImAM krodha karI lIdho, paNa have zAMta kSaNomAM e ja prasaMga pharIthI smaraNamAM lAvo. jAgRtipUrvaka - bodhapUrNa rIte ene bArIkAIthI nihALo to mAlUma paDaze ke e ghaTanAcakramAM krodha cokkasapaNe kyAM ane kaI rIte utpanna thayo ? nakkI karyuM hatuM ke krodha nathI karavo ane chatAM eka cokkasa kSaNe jJAnIno bodha bhulAI gayo, dizA UlaTI pakaDAI gaI ane dhIme dhIme evo vega pakaDAyo ke krodha utpanna thavA sivAya tyAM kaMI rahyuM ja nahIM. dizA pheravAya to ja dazA badalAya. dizA savaLI rahe ane dazA avaLI bane e zakya nathI. potAnA vicAro ane bhAvone barAbara nihALazo to pakaDAze ke je kSaNe dRSTi potA uparathI khasI nimitta bhaNI vaLe che, te ja kSaNathI vikAranI utpatti thavA lAge che ane dhIme dhIme AgaLa vadhatAM abhivyakti pAme che. jo tame e kSaNamAMthI pasAra thaI zako jemAM pahelavahelA A roge tamane pakaDyA hatA, to acAnaka tamane khabara paDI jaze ke kayAM mAnasika tattvothI A roga banyo hato. tyAre tamAre kaMI karavAnuM nathI, mAtra e mAnasika kAraNone bodhamAM laI AvavAnAM che. A pratikramaNathI graMthio tUTI jAya che. je graMthione tame jANI lo cho e graMthio niSpayojana thaI jAya che ane enAthI banelo roga samApta thaI jAya che. A vidhi gahana recananI vidhi che. jo tame ene roja karI zako to tamane eka navuM svAsthya ane eka navI tAjagIno anubhava thaze. JattduhbwetmATIA Covetiow 200 207 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGH Page #210 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ pratikramaNanI AvI umadA vidhinuM jIva sevana karato nathI ane jyAre paNa rAgadveSanA, krodha ke premanA bhAva thAya che, tyAre tenuM kAraNa bahAramAM Aropita karI de che. jo koI pratye tene dhRNA thAya che to te dhRNAnA anubhavamAM svayaMne bilakula bhUlI jAya che ane sAmevALI vyakti ja tenA lakSya ke viSayamAM rahe che. ghaNA, kAma Adi koI paNa bhAva jyAre jIvane pragaTe, tyAre sAme je nimitta hoya, te nimitta para jIva A bhAvonuM kartutya AropI de che ane potAne bhUlI bese che. Ama, jIva potAnA AMtarika kendrane bhUlI jAya che ane anyane potAnuM kendra banAvI de che. jyAre krodha ke vAsanA ke koI paNa anya vRtti UThe che tyAre tenuM AropaNa nimittarUpa vyakti vagere para ja karavAmAM Ave che. anAdithI Aja paryata jIvanI yAtrA bahirmukha rahI che ane tethI teno upayoga bahAra ja doDe che. Ano upAya batAvatAM jJAnI puruSo kahe che ke je krodhAdi bhAva vaDe tuM bahirmukha banyo, e krodhAdi bhAvanuM avalaMbana laIne ja have tuM aMtaramAM jA. te bhAvonA AdhAre, temAMthI bodha grahaNa karIne have tuM aMdaranI yAtrA zarU kara. te jijJAsu jIvane, thAya sadagurubodha; to pAme samakitane, varte aMtarazodha. (zrI Atmasiddhi zAstra, gAthA-109). krodha hoya ke kSamA, sukha hoya ke duHkha - game te lAgaNI ke bhAvanI utpatti thaI, tenuM kAraNa jANavA aMtaramAM juo. aMdara tarapha vaLo. jyAre dhRNAnA bhAva UThe to dhRNAnA viSaya para javAne badale e biMdu para javuM joIe ke jyAMthI ghaNA AvI rahI che. e vyakti upara kendrita na thAo je tamArI dhRNAnuM nimitta banI che, paraMtu e kendra zodho jyAMthI dhRNA utpanna thaI che. kendra tarapha cAlo. bhItara jAo. tamArI dhRNA ke prema je kaMI bhAva hoya tene kendra taraphanI, strota taraphanI, udgama taraphanI yAtrAnuM sAdhana banAvo. koIe tamAruM apamAna karyuM ane tame krodhita thayA. tamAro krodha te vyaktinI tarapha pravAhita thaI rahyo che jeNe tamane apamAnita karyA. tame tamArA pUrA krodhanuM kAraNa e mANasa para Aropita karo cho. paraMtu teNe kaMI ja nathI karyuM. e mAtra nimitta banyo che. krodha tame utpanna karyo che. koIe tamAruM apamAna karyuM ane tame krodhita thayA. tamAro krodha te vyaktinI tarapha pravAhita thaI rahyo che jeNe tamane apamAnita karyA. tame tamArA pUrA krodhanuM kAraNa e mANasa para Aropita karo cho. paraMtu teNe kaMI ja nathI karyuM. e mAtra nimitta banyo che. krodha tame utpanna karyo che. tamAro che. e ja vyakti koI jJAnI pAse jaI temane apamAnita kare to e temanAmAM krodha pedA nahIM karI zake. mATe bIjI vyakti tamArA krodhanuM strota nathI. strota sadA tamArI bhItara che. eTalA mATe jyAre koI bhAva UThe to tarata ja bhItaramAM praveza karo ane e strota pAse pahoMco jyAMthI e bhAva UThI rahyo che. strota para kendrita thAo, viSaya para nahIM. UlaTuM koIe tamane tamArA krodhane jANavAnI taka ApI che te mATe tene dhanyavAda Apo ane tene bhUlI jAo. pachI AMkho baMdha karI lo ane tamArI bhItara sarakI jAo ane tenA para kendrita thAo jyAMthI e bhAva UDyo che. aMdara javAthI, zodhavAthI tamane e strota maLI jaze jyAMthI te bhAva utpanna thayo che. jyAre tAra garama hoya tyAre ene pakaDIne aMdara jAo ane aMdara jaIne jyAre tame eka ThaMDA biMdu para pahoMcazo tyAre acAnaka eka navIna bhinna daSTi khUlaze. dareka bhAvanuM kAraNa aMdara che. mATe varte aMtarazodha. ohoho! aMdara jatAM bhalene game teTalo garama garama haze, paNa ThaMDo thaIne bahAra nIkaLaze, kAraNa ke atyaMta zItaLIbhUta evA AtmasvabhAvanuM zaraNuM lIdhuM che. sAdhaka nakkI kare che ke bhale krodha utpanna thAya, paNa mAre gharamAM AropaNa karavuM nathI, mAre aMdara javuM ja che. to krodha utpanna thatAM, ekadama uttejita avasthA haze topaNa jJAnIno bodha ArAdhI te aMtara tarapha vaLaze. aMdara vaLatAM ja lAge ke sAmevALAno koI vAMka nathI. AmAM to mAro ja vAMka che. mArA ja Agraha ke apekSA vagerenA kAraNe A ghaTanA banI che ane ema thatAM atyaMta haLavAza 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 208 PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE Jain Education Intemational Page #211 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ tathA zItaLatAnI anubhUti saheje AvI maLaze. liMcI nAmanA eka jhena phakIre lakhyuM che, huM jyAre yuvAna hato to mane naukAvihArano khUba ja zokha hato. mArI pAse eka nAnI nAva hatI ane tene laIne huM moTe bhAge ekalo sarovaramAM sahela karato hato. eka divasa evuM banyuM ke huM mArI nAvamAM AMkho baMdha karIne dhyAna karato hato tyAre eka nAva UlaTI dizAmAMthI AvI ane mArI nAva sAthe TakarAI gaI. mane khalela paDI. mArI AMkho baMdha hatI eTalA mATe meM manamAM vicAryuM ke koI vyaktie potAnI nAva mArI nAva sAthe TakarAvI dIdhI che ane mane krodha AvI gayo. meM AMkho kholI ane huM e vyaktine krodhamAM kaMIka kahevA jato hato ke mane khabara paDI ke bIjI nAva khAlI che. have mAre bahAramAM gati karavA mATe koI upAya na rahyo. konA para krodha pragaTa karuM? nAva to khAlI che. pravAha sAthe vahIne AvI hatI ane mArI nAva sAthe TakarAI gaI hatI. eka khAlI nAva para krodha utAravAnI koI saMbhAvanA na bacI. tyAre eka ja upAya bAkI rahyo. meM AMkho baMdha karI mArA krodhane pakaDIne UlaTI dizAmAM vahevuM zarU karyuM. huM bhItaramAM pravezI gayo ane e khAlI nAva mArA AtmajJAnanuM kAraNa banI gaI. eTale ja e nAvane huM mArI guru kahuM chuM. eka khAlI nAva para krodha utAravAnI koI saMbhAvanA na bacI. tyAre eka ja upAya bAkI rahyo. meM AMkho baMdha karI mArA krodhane pakaDIne UlaTI dizAmAM vahevuM zarU karyuM. huM bhItaramAM pravezI gayo ane e khAlI nAva mArA AtmajJAnanuM kAraNa banI gaI. eTale ja e nAvane huM mArI guru kahuM chuM. A rIte ApaNe paNa dareka prasaMge bhItaramAM javAno abhyAsa pADavo joIe. loko kahe che ke cAra kalAka to kaSAyamAM bagADyA! have e ghaTanA pharIthI jovAmAM samaya veDaphavo zuM hitAvaha che? hA, aMtaranA aneka doSomAMthI mukta thavA jJAnI bhagavaMtonI AjJA anusAra niyamita pratikramaNa karavuM. yathArtha rIte thatI pratikramaNanI ArAdhanA e kaMI samaya ke zaktino vyaya nathI. e mahad lAbha ane hitanuM ja kAraNa che. e nirjarA karavAnuM uttama sAdhana che. enuM Avazyaka evuM paNa nAma che. Avazyaka eTale avazya karIne karavA yogya; e satya che. te vaDe AtmAnI malinatA khase che, mATe avazya karavA yogya ja che. (mokSamALA, zikSApATha-40) A evI agatyanI devadevasuvidhi che ke jenA vinA tame sAdhanAmAM AgaLa vadhI zakazo nahIM. popaTanI jema pATha bhaNI javA ke zarIranAM aMgonI koI viziSTa kriyAne pratikramaNa karyuM nathI. jema bane tema upayogapUrvaka, bhAva joDIne pratikramaNa karavuM; dhIrajathI, zAMtithI, mananI ekAgratAthI ane yatnApUrvaka karavuM. Painting Courtesy: Mahendra Shah Jahta Bendah IAINA Convention 2007 For Private & Perso Only PEACE THROUGH Page #212 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Best Wishes to JAINA RAPS Hospitality Group Shri Bhulabhai Vanmalibhai Patel Ramanbhai and Manjulaben Patel Promod and Roshni Petel Jeenali and Agna Patel 229 Kings Court San Carlos Ca 94070 650.596.8820 VINU The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong. Mahatma Gandhi COMMERCIAL MULTI-UNIT RESIDENTIAL INDUSTRIAL INSTITUTIONAL H&Sk BUILDING SUPPLIES Best Wishes Congratulations to the JAINA 2007 Convention Board & Volunteers for your hard work and energy in hosting the 14th Biennial JAINA Convention MAGUIRE * BURKE REALTORS From Bina Shah Sales Associate Shantilal and Hemkuvar Shanghavi & Family Jitu & Jayshree Gina & Amit Julla Pradip & Prafula Amit & Sheena Nisha Pramod & Raju Priya Punit Mahesh & Arti Puja Raj Mukesh & Harsha Sonali Maya 3635 Quakerbridge Road Hamilton, NJ 08619 Office: 609.587.2707 Cell: 732.742.7430 Fax: 609.586.9107 Email: Vinod and Prafulla Mehta & Family Shilpa & David Lakme Owen Sejal & Hitesh Dillon Deven Shaila Commercial Industrial. Residential Land H&S Building Supplies Ltd. 96 Maplecrete Road. Concord, Ontario. L4K 1A4. Canada 1.800.207.8325 | Page #213 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Jain Center of Minnesota congratulates JAINA members and invites you all to: Bhagvan Mahaveer Pratistha Mahotasav On July 20-22, 2007 at New Hindu Temple Maple Grove, Minnesota For more details, visit Best Wishes to Jaina Convention 2007 TO JAINA ALL JAIN CENTERS BEST WISHES FROM JMIC Jain Meditation International Center Founder Gurudev Shree Chitrabhanuji POBox 230244 Ansonia New York, NY 10023-0244 Tele & Fax: 212.362.6483 E-Mail: Van Leeuwen & Company 777 Alexander Road Suite 203 | Princeton, New Jersey 08540 T: (609) 580.0088 Securities offered through LINSCO/PRIVATE LEDGER Member NASD/SIPC Jain Education Intemational Page #214 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Heartiest Congratulations to Jaina Convention 2007 and Best wishes to Jaina volunteers for their dedication and tireless efforts NAVNIT & VARSHA MITHANI CHIRAG & SIMA MITHANI NEIL MITHANI CHERRY HILL, NJ. "PEACE CANNOT BE KEPT BY FORCE. IT CAN ONLY BE ACHIEVED BY UNDERSTANDING" ALBERT EINSTEIN Compliments & Best Wishes to 14th JAINA CONVENTION paraspanapagraha jIvanAma Compliments & Best Wishes to 14th JAINA CONVENTION PEACE from Samarpan Jain Sangh Philadelphia, Pennsylvania All souls are alike and potentially divine. None is superior or inferior. Mahavir Bhagwan JAIN SOCIETY OF ROCHESTER 4 Dovehill Circle Penfield, NY 14526 Phone: 585.377.2522 Jain Education Interational Page #215 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ h! with best wishes from Savita & Anu Hirawat VIMCO DIAMOND CORP. "We have an eye for Diamonds" 1156 Avenue of Americas, Suite 602 New York, NY 10036 T: (212) 302-7188 Best Wishes from WEB INFOTECH LLC. Rakesh Bansal, LUTCF Princeton, NJ 08540 Tel: 609-375-2046/2048 Fax: 609-375-2637 E-Business & Network Services Just a call away Software Development Application Development Website Design & Development CD/Flash Catalog Design Off Shore development Website Marketing And more... Network Services LAN, WAN, SAN Setup & Maintenance Firewall, Security, Wireless Best Wishes to Jaina Convention New York Life - The Company You Keep(r) They say nothing remains constant except change itself. At New York Life, we see the world a little differently. The values with which we started, financial Strength in our products, integrity and humanity in our dealings - remain the unshakable foundation of the company. Multi Office Connectivity Remote Connectivity Hosting & Emails Mihir Shah Call: (201) 982-5950 or Email: Full Range of Insurance and Financial Products Life Insurance Annuities: Deferred (fixed & Variable) & Immediate* * Guaranteed lifetime Income Annuities* Long Term Care Insurance Retirement Income and Estate Planning *Mutual Funds, 401K and IRA Roll-over* Non-Qualified deferred Compensation and 529 Plans* Group Medical, Dental, Disability, Life, AD&D** Registered Representative for NYLIFE Securities LLC. Park 80 West, Plaza One Saddle Brook, NJ 07663 Tel: 201-845-6900 *Offered by NYLIFE Securities, LLC. (member NASD/SIPC), 51 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10010 **Product available through one or more carriers not affiliated with New York Life and dependent on carrier authorization and product availability in your state/locality. Certain annuities issued by New York Life and Annuity Corp. Page #216 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Jai Jinendra & Best Wishes to 14th Biennial JAINA Convention Jit & Manda Turakhia, Sujay Turakhia, Rahul & Tejal Shah JT systems, inc. Seneca Campus * 8132 Oswego Rd. * Route 57, Liverpool * New York 13090 TEL 315-622-1980 * FAX 315-622-2998 E-mail: Web * Turn Key Air Pollution Control Systems * Pneumatic Conveying Systems * Fans & Blowers 1980 Celebrating Our 27th Year 2007 Best Wishes to JAINA CONVENTION 2007 Best Wishes to Jaina 2007 For all your real estate needs in Mercer and Middlesex Please call Ranjana Shah Remax of Princeton to support your effort in spreading PEACE, HARMONY & JOY in the world Home: 609.936.1110. Office: 609.720.4193 Email: GREGORY P. BREZ Assistance Branch Manager Associate Vice President - Investmen Avinash and Veena Diwan Anurag and Preeti Diwan Arpan and Ambika Patel Janak Kapur West Windsor, New Jersey A.G. EDWARDS & SONS, INC. 136-150 Main Street Princeton Forrestal Village Princeton, NJ 08540-5789 EDWARDS. Office: 609/951-0900 toll-free: 800/722-3933 Jain Education Intemational Page #217 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Jai Jinendra SMITA = SERVICE 25 YEARS OF PROVEN EXCELLENCE Khameni sawa jive, savve Jiva Khamantu Me, Mitime sawa bhuesa, vairam Majza Na Kenie. Buy Sell Rent Invest TOP PRODUCER CLUB GOLD & MILLION $ CLUB Let me help you worldwide, I know the Top Agents Best wishes JAINA 2007 RE/MAX Re/Max of Princeton Ph. 1(800) 422-1887 x111 Visit: Sunil vakharia Certified Public Accountant 732-254-6744 BANK OF INDIA OFFERS STAR-E-REMIT for sending money online from your account with any bank in the USA to an account with any bank in India. * Fast * Flexible * Secure * Convenient * Absolutely FREE!!! Provides: * Competitive exchange rates * Tracking facility for monitoring online money transfers * Facility for auto-money transfer at pre-determined frequency * Remittance can be made directly to the beneficiary bank account * Customer service representatives on call round the clock Visit Jain Education Intemational Page #218 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ AAA Pharmaceutical, Inc Advantage Consulting Services, Inc AG Edwards/Greg Brez Ajit Healthcare Inc/Dr. Jaswant Modi American Tex-Chem Corp. ATIT Diamond Corporation Avinash Diwan Bank of India Desai Construction and Developers, Inc. Diamond House Inc. Diamonds and Gem Merchants of Los Angeles Dr. Navinbhai Mehta & family LIST OF ADVERTISERS Greater New Jersey Mortgage H & S Building Supplies Ltd. Haresh Shah & family Infinity Hotel Group/Rajesh Chheda & family International Jain Sangh J. T. Systems, Inc. Jain Center of America (NYC) Jain Center of Cincinnati & Dayton Jain Center of Greater Boston Jain Center of Greater Phoenix Jain Center of Minnesota Jain Center of New Jersey Jain Center of Northern California Jain Center of South Florida Jain Center of Southern California Jain Community of Buffalo Jain Meditation International Center Jain Sangh of NJ, Cherry Hill Jain Society of Central Florida Jain Society of Cleveland Jain Society of Greater Detroit, Inc. Jain Society of Houston Jain Society of Las Vegas 14th Biennial JAINA Convention 2007 Jain Society of Metro Washington Jain Society of Metropolitan Chicago Jain Society of Pittsburgh Jain Society of Rochester, NY Jain Society of Toronto JAYA Travel & Tours Jaybharat Food, Inc. Kaushik Shah & family Kirit Daftary & family MS International, Inc. M. Mehta & family and Dr. J. Shah & family Mahendra Gala & family MASTANI INC.McGuire Burke Realtors/Bina Shah. Members of Jain Society of Metropolitan Chicago & Diamond Merchants of Chicago Navnit Mithani & family New York Life/Rakesh Bansal Ohm International, Inc. Pretty Jewelry Inc. RAPS Hospitality Group Re/Max - Ranjana Shah Re/Max - Smita Shah Robetet Inc Rohak Vora & family Samarpan Jain Sangh, Philadelphia Shivani Gems, Inc. Shree Bidada Sarvodaya trust SUN Financial Group/Kamlesh Jhaveri Sunil Vakharia CPA The Khara family TV Asia VanLeeuwen & Co Vasant Chheda & family VIMCO Diamond Corporation Web Infotech LLC 216 For Private & Personal Us PEACE THROUGH DIALOGUE www.jainel Page #219 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ REA Through Dialogue Heartiest congratulations & best wishes to Jaina Convention 2007 from Fol Following members of Jain Society of Metropolitan Chicago Diamond Merchants of Chicago BLUE DIAMOND PANKAJ - PRERNA & PURAB PARIKH CRYSTAL CORPORATION NIMESH SHAH & JIGNA SHAH DIAGEM INC. SNEHAL - RUPA BHANSALI & PARAG - TORAL BHANSALI INDIAN DIAMONDS JAYANTI - VEENA & VRIJAL SHAH MUKESH AND USHA DOSHI DIPAK AND VISHAKHA JHAVERI NARENDRA AND BELA KHANDWALA CHANDRAKANT AND LATA MEHTA HEMENDRA AND CHANDRIKA MEHTA JAGDISH AND RENUKA MEHTA BIPIN AND REKHA PARIKH BHUPEN AND SUDHA SHAH DIPAK AND JYOTI SHAH KEERTI AND HANSA SHAH KISHOR AND RASHMI SHAH PRADIP AND DARSHANA SHAH SATISH AND KINNA SHAH SURENDRA AND VASANTI SHAH ASHOK AND NIRMALA SHAH VIJAY AND PARESHA SHAH P JAY ENTERPRISES JAYSHREE - MAHIR TASWALA FAMILY NAVIKAN HIREN - LINA SHAH MAXMARK INC, CHICAGO PRAKASH - PARESHA SHAH STAR GEMS VILAS - NUTAN & NIRAV JAIN Jan Education international A wwwlog Page #220 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Dr. Navin C. Mehta, FACS, PC Dr Rashmi Mehta Suniti, Niray, Sneha 303 2nd Ave., Suite 10 "Rutherford" New York, NY 10003 212-505-9640 Fax: 212-473-1355 Ahimsa is impossible without fearlessness the religion of non-violenceis not meant merely for the rishis and saints. It is meant for the common people as well. Non-violence is the law of our species as violence is the law of the brute. The spirit lies dormant in the brute and he knows no law but that of physical might. The dignity of man requires obedience to a higher law-to the strength of the spirit For the way of non-violence and truth is sharp as the razor's edge. Its practice is more than our daily food. Rightly taken food sustains the body rightly practised non-violence sustains the soul. Without ahimsa it is not possible to seek and find truth. Ahimsa and Truth are so intertwined that it is practically impossible to disentangle and separate them. They are like the two sides of a coin, or rather of a smooth, instamped, metallic disc. Who can say which is the obverse, and which is the reverse? Nevertheless ahimsa is the means, Truth is the end. The path of true non-violence requires much more courage than violence. Celoni