Book Title: $JES 203Q First Step of Jainism Level 2 Book
Author(s): JAINA Education Committee
Publisher: JAINA Education Committee
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Page #1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ -α Enlightened Conduct. Leads to L The First Step of Jainism Liberation सम्यग्दर्शन - सम्यग्ज्ञान - सम्यक् चारित्राणि मोक्षमार्गः Enlightened Intuition...Enlightened Knowledge JAINA Education Committee Federation of Jain Associations in North America Education 203 Level Two STD Series EISD परसपरोपग्रहो जीवानम Compassionate Living Page #2 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 2 Jain Eucation International THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Page #3 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ The First Step of Jainism (JAINA Education Series 203 - Level 2) 1&1814 இக 313 Compiled by JAINA Education Committee Federation of Jain Associations of North America THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 3 Page #4 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ "He who is indifferent to the material world has no grief He is not affected by the miseries of the world. He is like an unsullied lotus which rises above muddy water" - Uttaradhyayan Sutra (32:99) Page #5 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Table of Contents 1.0 Stutis 1.0 Prayers 2.0 Basics of Jainism 2.1 Jainism - A Way of Life 2.2 Five Venerable Personalities 2.3 Tirthankars Samavasaran Kalyänaks 2.4 Jain Temple (Deräsar) 2.5 Swastika (Säthiya) 2.6 Soul 2.7 Karma 2.8 Do's and Don'ts 3.0 Life of Bhagawan Mahävir 3.0 Life of Bhagawan Mahävir Previous Lives Birth and Childhood Renunciation Keval-jnän and Nirvana Preachings 4.0 Jain Festivals 4.1 Mahavir Jayanti 4.2 Paryushan/Dash Lakshana 4.3 Diwali 5.0 Living Values 5.1 Anger/Forgiveness The Angry Boy Chandkaushik THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Page #6 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 5.2 Ego/Humility The Hare and the Tortoise Bähubali 5.3 Deceit/Honesty The Honest Woodcutter King Hans 5.4 Greed/Contentment The Greedy Spider Kapil Muni 5.5 Compassion Meghakumar 5.6 Friendship Androcles and the Lion 5.7 Perseverance The Little Engine That Could 5.8 Self-Reliance The Little Red Hen 6.0 Jainism in Action 6.1 Conscious Consumer Eggs Pearls Silk Varakh 6.2 Environment 6.3 Nutrition, Health and Spirituality 6.4 Yoga, Health and Spirituality 7.0 Glossary 7.0 Glossary 6 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Sucation International Page #7 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 1.0 Prayers Please memorize the prayers and understand the meaning and then place a sticker in the appropriate box Memorized Understood 1. Navakär Mantra 2. Kshamäpanä Sutra 3. Ärati 4. Deevo 5. Prayer for Infinity THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 7 Page #8 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 21 Jainism - A Way of Life Word Scramble Unscramble each of the word clues. Copy the letters in the numbered to other cells with the same number. GANRE GOE GEEDR CETIED 14 1 NAADATKVAANE 12 HASKAYA T ID HAISAM DOI NAADATKVAANE QU I GAIRAARAHP T IITID CEVSEIR ID MEYQUNITIA T I D SOTPITINNERCO T I TAKRINRAHT |||||| SAMGA M ų SOTPITINNERCO TAKRINRAHT SAMGA JULID QUO LL THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Saldication liternational Page #9 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 22 Five Venerable Personalities Find the missing words and complete the statements. Ächäryas Antaräya Darshanävaraniya Ego Gotra Kevali Moksha Siddhas Tirthankar Ägams Arihantas deceit eight greed Liberated Näm Siddhashilä Upadhyäys anger Äyushya destroyer enemies Jnänävaraniya Mohaniya Pancha Parmesthis spiritual Vedaniya 1. Arihantas, Siddhas, Ächäryas, Upädhyäys, and Sädhus and Sadhvis are called 2. "Ari” means and “hant” means 3. Our inner enemies are and 4. Arihantas can be , one who has attained the Tirthankar Näm karma. have destroyed their Ghäti karmas. 6. The four Ghäti karmas are and 7. The four Aghäti karmas are and 8. After destroying all _ karmas, they become 9. Siddhas are souls. They have attained and reside at 10. are spiritual leaders and they have achieved mastery of the Jain scriptures, called 11. are monks or nuns who have acquired special knowledge of the scriptures and philosophical systems. 12. Sädhu and Sädhvis have given up the worldly life for upliftment. THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Page #10 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Crossword Puzzle Across 1. Eight types of these 4. Siddhas have destroyed these karmas 6. Monks 8. Conqueror of their inner enemies 9. Liberated Soul 10. Spiritual leaders 11. Crescent arc on the Swastika Down 2. State of pure freedom 3. Nuns 5. Arihantas have destroyed these karmas 7. Have attained mastery of the Agams 10 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Sucation International Page #11 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 23 Tirthankars 1. Tirthankars are just like us. Tirthankars in each half time cycle. Name them in the correct 2. There are order. 3. They attain Tirthankar Näm karma in a certain Bhav. How many lives later do they attain Nirvana? For example, Shäntinäth attained Tirthankar Näm karma in the life of Please read the important story of his beliefs in that life. 4. The soul is immortal. From what point in the journey of the soul are the lives of a Tirthankar counted? Do all Tirthankars have the same number of lives before they attain Nirvana? 5. What is one of the main things that Tirthankars do after they attain Keval-jnän? 6. Tirthankars are also known as and THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 11 Page #12 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Samavasaran 1. Whom is the Samavasaran created for? 2. When is it created? 3. Briefly describe the Samavasaran. THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 12 Jain Sucation International Page #13 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Kalyänaks 1. What is a Kalyanak? How many are celebrated in a Tirthankar's life? 2. List and briefly describe each one: THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 13 Page #14 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 2.4 Jain Temple (Deräsar) 1) What kind of place is a Jain temple? 2) What do we do before entering the temple? 3) What should we say while entering the Temple? 4) Whose idol do we find in the temple? 5) What do we do in the temple? 6) How do we behave in the temple? 14 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Page #15 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Idols (Murti) 1. How does each tirthankar get a symbol? 2. How do Digambar murtis look? 3. How do Shvetämbar murtis look? 4. Why do we find the idols of Tirthankars often seen in the Padmäsan posture? THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 15 Page #16 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 25 Swastika (Säthiyä) Find the hidden message HASKAT RARICAHT T TUD UID SAHADNR DEAV HASVED TOID GIAT 14 NAJN SYNHAUMA MITID RANAK GARA ASMYAN KAMASY OSYHAIT SODKADHALI TI I PAAT RAYTAHCIN RAYTAHCIN TITU D VTSAIANPA TIIIII FLU TIIN E 16 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Saldication liternational Page #17 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 2.6 Soul 1. What is a Soul? How do you know it exists? Give an example. 2. What are the qualities of a Soul? Explain. 3. Learn the song "Ätmä, Ätmä, Inner Star" THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM €17 Page #18 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Jain Classification 1. According to Jain classification, life forms are divided into how many broad categories? What are they called? 2. On what basis are the mobile (Trasa) Jiva divided? Into how many categories? What are they called? 3. One-sensed (Ekendriya) Jiva is further divided into: 18 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Saldication laternational Page #19 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 4. Place the following life forms into the correct column: Plants, shells, water, flies, moths and insects in wheat and other grains, spiders, worms, insects, birds, microbes in stale food, human beings, termites, air, crickets, bugs, lice, earth, white ants, centipedes, animals, scorpions, crickets, beetles, locusts, heavenly beings, hellish beings, fish, fire Ekendriya Beindriya Treindriya Chaurindriya Panchendriya 5. In trying to minimize Himsä, what is important - number of souls, or consciousness (senses) of souls? Why? Is any Himsä permissible for Jains? When would any Himsä be permissible? THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 19 Page #20 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 2.7 Karma 1. What is karma? Are they in your control or do things just happen? 2. How many kinds of karma are there? Which one do you have more control over? Why? 3. Write the different kinds of karma. Ghäti Karma 4. Is the saying, "What you sow, so shall you reap", appropriate for karma? Why? 5. When do your actions bear results? 20 Aghäti Karma 6. Please read the poem, "The Power of One" and see if you can adopt it in your daily life - that you are responsible for what happens to you. THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Page #21 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 28 Do's and Don'ts Fill in the blanks with "DO' or “DON'T" depending upon what you think your actions should be Navakär Mantra Use Varakh in temples and on food Pick flowers Hurt animals Get angry Tell the truth Eat meat Help poor Wear silk Be kind Respect elders Be greedy Use leather in shoes, etc. Kill bugs Gossip Give anonymous donation Tell lies Steal Be vegetarian Say bad words Kill flies Learn moral values Wear Pearls Go to Päthashälä THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 21 Page #22 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 3,0 Life of Bhagawän Mahävir Previous Lives 1. Mahävir's lives were counted after his life as attained , when he and 2. If that is Bhav 1, then he attained Tirthankar Näm karma in Bhav attained Nirvana in bhav 3. Through these lives he was born as 4. The most important Bhavs that are generally discussed are: Birth and Childhood 5. Mahävir's parents were and 6. Name the dreams that Queen Trishalä had: 22 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Saldication laternational Page #23 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Word Scramble Unscramble each of the clue words. Copy the letters in the numbered cells to other cells with the same number. LULB HAENETLP CEISETLAL LAPNE SELSOKMES FIER FAGL RANDALG FO REOSLFW RANDALG FO REOSLFW MIU O O LESWEJ LUTSO KAEL LONI LLUF NOMO NECOA NUS MAHLISK SAVE PIAR FO FHSI M D M HONRET 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 23 Page #24 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 7. At birth, what did Indra do? 8. Describe an incident from his childhood. Renunciation 9. Why did Mahävir decide not to take Dikshä while his parents were alive? 10. He asked his brother, take dikshä. His brother asked him to wait for 11. How did he spend these two years while living in the palace as a prince? 24 for permission to years because THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Page #25 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 12. On the day of his Dikshä what did everyone do? 13. On reaching the place of Dikshä what did Mahävir do? Who was present? 14. Removing the hair in 5 fistfuls is called on his 15. Indra placed a piece of cloth named shoulder. 16. Immediately after taking Dikshä he attained THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 25 Page #26 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 18. Indra wanted to help Mahävir. Why Mahävir would not let him help? Keval-jnän and Nirvana 19. How did the demon Sulpäni harass Mahävir? 20. Chandanbälä met following conditions: As a result Mahävir accepted alms from her. 21. Who took out the hard grass pegs from the ears of Mahävir? How? 22. Bhagawan Mahävir observed austerities and meditation for a period of 26 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Saldication laternational Page #27 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 23. Bhagawän Mahävir attained Keval-Jnän on the banks of the river_ 24. of was performing a sacrifice. He went to test the knowledge but became his disciple. 25. Bhagawan Mahävir attained Nirvana at the age of 26. His last sermon was named hours long and is preserved in the scripture 27. The fifth Kalyänak of a Tirthankar is known as a Kalyänak. Preachings 28. Write five sentences from the preaching of Bhagawan Mahavir. THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 27 Page #28 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 4.1 Mahävir Jayanti On which day the birth of Bhagawan Mahävir is celebrated? 2. How is Mahavir Jayanti celebrated in your home? 3. How is Mahavir Jayanti celebrated at your Jain Center? 28 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Saldication laternational Page #29 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 4.2 Paryushan/Dash Lakshana Choose the correct word and complete the statement Ädinäth Daslakshana ill-feelings Mahävir Ourselves resentment anger ego judgments Neminäth Pärshvanäth Samvatsari Bhadrabähu four Kalpasutra others Pratikraman 1. Before forgiving others, we should first forgive 2. We should forgive ourselves for carrying around _ and other by being gentle with ourselves, by dropping , by soothing our battered self. Then we are ready to deal with forgiving 3. What does the poem 'Hurting' mean? Re-write it in a few words. 4. What kind of situations creates unhappy feelings? Il élo | THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 29 Page #30 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ prevents a person from forgiving someone. 6. Digambars celebrate 10 days of Mahä Parva. 7. Shvetämbars celebrate 8 days during which they read the written by Achärya 8. Kalpasutra talks of Tirthankars: and 9. The last day of Paryushan is called 10. On this day we do 30 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Saldication liternational Page #31 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Crossword Across 2. Have to get rid of this 3. Last day of Paryushan 6. Festival of Forgiveness 7. Ask for forgiveness by doing this 8. Book read by Shvetämbars Down 1. Ask for this during Pratikraman 4. He wrote the Kalpasutra 5. Digambars celebrate this THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 31 Page #32 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 4.3 Diwali 1. Diwali is _.We celebrate Diwali for days. 2. What is the significance of Diwali day for the Jains? Who attained Nirvän on that day? 3. What did Gautam-swämi attain? Why did he not attain it earlier? 4. How does your family celebrate Diwali? What does your family do during these days? . What are the other Jain festivals that we celebrate during the year? 32 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Saldication laternational Page #33 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 5.1 Anger/Forgiveness Crossword Puzzle Across 2. Rage 6. Cut 7. Hurt 8. Speech Down 1. Sangam 3. Body 4. Let it go 5. A Kashaya Bring a story showing the result of Anger to class. THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 33 Page #34 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Complete the following statements 5. 1. 2. 3. Every time he lost his temper, he was told to into the back of the fence. 4. On the first day he lost his Over the next few weeks, as he learned to number of nails hammered daily gradually 6. Finally the day came when he did not fence and he told his father. Now his father asked him to The Angry Boy The boy in the story had a His father gave him a 11. 12. 7. did not loose his temper. 8. When all the nails were removed he found that the fence was full of 9. people. 10. When we get angry, we leave We get angry because 34 a nail many times. his anger, the down. to bang any nail into the out a nail on each day that he We can overcome anger by What is the moral of the story? How will you apply it in your daily life? THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM on the heart of other 13. Activity Each child is given a piece of wood (instead of a fence!) As in the story, the child bangs a nail in the wood every time they do something negative. There will come a day when the child prefers the option of not getting angry to banging nails in the wood. From that day on, like in the story, they remove a nail from the wood each day they refrain from getting upset. Did the same thing happen to them? Were you, children and adults, able to control your negative emotions and actions? Jainism believes that we should control our thoughts (Man), words (Vachan) and deeds (Käyä). By doing that we reduce our four Kashaya - Anger (Krodha), Ego (Mäna), Greed (Lobha), and Deceit (Mäyä), or at least not increase them. Page #35 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Maze Help the father reach his son removing the nails from the fence THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 35 Page #36 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Chandkaushik Choose one of the terms below and complete the statement Affection concern hatred non-violence poison anger ego hole nothing tranquility biting fear love peace Vachala calm forest mental peacefully violence Chandkaushik forgiveness milk physical 1. Mahävir-swämi visited the village of , a deadly snake, lived in the near the -, and Maha 2. Lord Mahävir had no and practiced supreme . He had no towards anyone and considered fear and hatred as of the self. 3. Mahävir found the place that he thought Chandkaushik might be living in. Feelings of for the well being of every living being flowed from Lord Mahävir's heart. 4. Chandkaushik tried to Mahävir-swämi by _his toe. When he looked at Mahävir-swämi again he was astonished that __happened to him but instead he saw_ like fluid flowed out of his toe. 5. Lord Mahävir opened his eyes. He was and there was no fear or on his face. There was and on his face. 6. Chandkaushik then realized the truth of life that what anger and had done to him. 7. Chandkaushik retreated back to his hole. There he spent rest of his life in and peace. What is the moral of the story? When Chandkaushik went towards Mahävir-swämi with feelings of in him Mahävir-swämi treated him with kindness and 36 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Saldication laternational Page #37 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 1. Ego is one of the other 5.2 Ego/Humility known as kashäya are (If you can, write the words in English and Präkrit) 2. It is believed that there are forms of Ego. They are: 3. What does 'Parasparopgraho Jivänam' mean? Explain in your words. 4. What does humility mean to you? Give an example of where you used humility instead of Ego. 5. Find a story or write a story on Ego and bring it to class. The THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 37 Page #38 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ The Hare and the Tortoise Complete the statements below 1. Hare was 2. Tortoise was 3. Hare was very that he could do things fast, and his came in the way of his friendships. 4. Hare was constantly Tortoise and making him. 5. When Hare teased Tortoise about having a race all his friends him to do so. They wanted to stop the teasing and truly Tortoise. 6. After a lot of encouragement Tortoise _ to have a race after weeks. 7. Inthose three weeks, Tortoise 8. Hare, on the other hand, - 9. On the day of the race Hare, who was so proud of himself, decided to laze along the way. He_ 10. What was the result of the race? Why? 38 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Saldication laternational Page #39 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Word Scramble Unscramble each of the clue words. Copy the letters in the numbered cells to other cells with the same number. HEAR TIOREOST GOE DERIP NISDIERPHF CAORCNO ROOTERS FOGR REASEECERVPN HYALETH GSNTRO 1 2 3 5 6 13 7 3 7 5 16 11 1 8 9 4 12 10 17 8 9 10 18 W 2 14 15 11 12 13 6 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 14 UM 15 4 16 17 18 39 Page #40 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Complete the statements below 1. Lord Rushabhadev had 2. 3. 4. Bähubali sons and daughters. wanted to become sovereign over all the kings. did not accept him as a sovereign king. was the stronger of the two and let his brother use his first. 5. Bharat, worried that Bähubali would hit him hard, forgot the rules and decided to cheat. He threw the disc at Bähubali. 6. The disc came back since the disc does not kill a 7. Seeing his brother's action Bähubali stopped to think about his and did not hit his brother Bharat with his fist. 8. He decided to give his go into the forest and 9. What was preventing Bähubali from attaining Kevaljnän? 40 10. His getting off the 11. What is the moral of the story? to his brother, become a monk, and helped him understand his mistake. They sang songs about The elephant represented his THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Page #41 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Word Search NAYA RIH BANK LHRT O OB Z D W JALF WH LAK GMIVA YHDO Y A TRUT EEV TPB V JGT GAV HB L DE ZAGT FLK HNG JR EIDY TZO JE B F I JOA P TU IH BI V BOLD J R H HARRSPALNLLA POM ATAA ALO BAHUBALI NIM DJ BIN VE Z V B JA TOLNE KRLAN RETXE ENAU HEX N R V NF X X Y NN XS TAX SHILA LX B DQIEJ XL VS HT LAEW RUSHA BHADE V JUMS ÄDINÄTH BÄHUBALI BULL ETERNALLIGHT MÄRUDEVI RUSHABHADEV SUNDARI ASHTAPAD BHARAT EGO EXTERNAL MEDITATION SELFREALIZATION TAKSASHILÄ THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM AYODHYÄ BRAHMI ELEPHANT KEVALJNÄN NÄBHIRÄYA SHRÄVANBELAGOLÄ WEALTH 41 Page #42 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 5:3 Deceit/Honesty Questions 1. What does honesty mean to you? 2. How do thoughts, words and actions work in honesty and truthfulness? 3. What happens if you lie? What do people think of people who lie? How are they treated? 4. What happens if you are honest? How do people react? 5. How do honesty and truthfulness help us? What does deceit cause? Why? 6. Give 2 examples where you had to decide whether to tell the truth or not? Why? What did you decide? Why? 42 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Sucation International Page #43 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ The Honest Woodcutter Questions 1. Everyday the woodcutter would cut wood 2. 3. He was always happy One day his axe He did not take the silver or the golden axe When he saw the silver and golden axe he thought 6. The river fairy give him both axes because 7. What is the moral of thestory?__ THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 43 Page #44 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Word Search E Z E RH L R K A OON E SI Y IS Τ Ε Η Ο Ε Ε Β Ε S Τ Ρ οι ο Y FT FNV Y X H D V J N Z K N O P тх с т н т E хА Е Р Р KY FV U WH RUPJI A Z G U x тxx сxo RP тxсо о QI F N V P DAT I EL Z WJ E CWN MY E O HRH NOBP A H M X U c x H o I I B P L MV SILVER BS BW DZY ON UBUH JZ JRV x AS A SLIP PE DI RE E SO E D JC V Z S P I Y UU Y LG QG Β ν Η Ε Ν Ρ Υ Τ Ν Χ Ο Ε ν Ν Ο HU SZL BE A GCU DJ R S Еш І Е I O I AXE OAK SLIPPED TRUTH GOLD RIVER TREES WOODCUTTER LUNCH SILVER TRIPPED - - - - 44 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Sucation International Page #45 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Complete the statements below and 1. King Hans was known for his 2. While he was away King Hans's kingdom was attacked by 3. When he heard the news he decided to with his pilgrimage. 4. When they did not return the ministers traveling with him decided to go to their 5. What finally happened to the king? King Hans 6. What were the people in the bushes talking about? 7. Why did the king asked the police to protect the monks instead of searching for the robbers? 8. The king told the robbers to 9. The robbers decided 10. King Arjun's soldiers were looking for King Hans because they had orders to 11. The main principles of Jainism talked about in this story are and 12. When faced with conflicting, multiple principles King Hans decided to THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 45 Page #46 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 5.4 Greed/Contentment Questions 1. What is Greed? Explain in your own words. 2. When is striving for more or wanting more not bad? When is it bad? 3. When a person is not greedy, what are they? How would you explain it? 4. In the scene where the man thought he would be happy if he had a house, what happened after he got a house? Where did his greed get him? 5. In the second scenario what did the businessman want the shepherd to do? If the shepherd did what the businessman wanted him to do where would he end up? How would that have been different from what he had when he met the businessman? 46 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Saldication laternational Page #47 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Word Search SKSIDTH Z WTN C SGEK HE KEO REKS MG C W N T A B GU T W N R D E D E Z S N I D B A M A N _ I W S O T UNPIN Page #48 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ The Greedy Spider Questions 1. The story is about The spider heard about a Hecouldnotgotothepartybecause and to go. Nobodywould tellhim wherethe party was because 5. The spider called his The spider decided to 7. What happened next? _ Did he enjoy the party? Why? 9. What did you learn from this story? 10. Give an incidence when you saw 'GREED' take place? It could be you or it could be someone else. (Often, it is difficult to see yourself do it but very easy to see it in someone else!) 48 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Saldication laternational Page #49 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 11. Was there a better way to deal with the above situation? THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 49 Page #50 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Kapil Muni Choose one of the terms below and complete the statements bless gold accumulation detachment greedy kingdom omniscience two amused earning happiness luxuries Shrävasti veranda contentment grant Kashyap moon Indradatt Manorama Shridevi sun 1. Kapil was the son of_ Shastri and 2. Being an only child he was brought up in great and did not pay attention to his studies. 3. His mother sent him to to study with 4. There he met a Brahmin widow and fell in love with her. 5. When they needed more money to run the house Kapil was not money. 7. The king of Shrävasti gave grains of _ to the first person who blesses him everyday. 8. He decided to wake up early and go to the king and make some quick money. 9. Upon repeated failures he decided to sleep out on the of his house. 10. When he saw the rising. he thought it was the 11. When the king found out about his mistake he was very The king told Kapil that he would Kapil anything that he asked for. 12. On thinking of what he could ask for Kapil thoughts went wild. He went from wanting 2 grains of gold to wanting the whole 13. Kapil was shocked at how he could get so and starting going in reverse gear back to 2 grains of gold. 14. These thoughts made him realize that the more a person gets the more he desires to get. The sense of _knows no limits!" 15. He realized that does not come from greed but from 16. As soon as realized that he felt a sense of material things and attained 50 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Saldication Lternational Page #51 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Word Search A D BM GL GLARE CO TALJOO U D G A A O Z I CE E LONX BRNOK A CS DIAGNUT DJI DU S U R NINERGIS AMN EGNENT VIS W RUV GRIM KE E J D I D 3 Μ Ε Τ Η Ν Η Ι ε NÄ JA EC NEI CSIN гт s No о м е р о д а м Μ Ι Τ Ο Η ι Ρ Η Ε Υ Ο Τ V o s H R A V A S T I F E I 00 E ACCUMULATION CONTENTMENT GOLD INDRADATTA LUXURIES OMNISCIENCE SUN AMUSED DETACHMENT GREEDY KASHYAP MANORAMA SHRAVASTI TWO BLESS EARNING HAPPINESS KINGDOM MOON SRIDEVI VERANDA THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 51 Page #52 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 5.5 Compassion Doing more than is expected, To make another's life a little more bearable, Without uttering a single complaint, ...means compassion 1. What do the above 4 lines mean? Does Jainism define Compassion in the same way? A person should do (more, less) than one feels they are required to do to (harm, help) someone in any way they can. True compassion is when one helps without expecting anything (back, forward), and without (complaining, grining) 2. We all help family and friends. How would you show compassion to an unknown person? Give an example of an incident and what did you do that showed compassion towards that person. 3. Bring a story on Compassion to class. Activity: Just like Dumb Charades, assume that you cannot talk and do not have hands to gesture and communicate with (lightly tie them up behind your back). The teacher/parent will show you a sentence that you have to act out so that your friends can guess the sentence. Discuss in a group or write: Is it easy or difficult to express yourself without speech or gestures? Is it easy or difficult to understand another who does not talk or communicate through gestures? How do animals communicate? How do people who cannot talk or communicate, for whatever reason, feel? Do you feel compassion towards people? Do you feel compassion towards animals? Explain by giving an example. 52 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Sucation International Page #53 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Meghakumar Complete the statements below he ILON 00 1. When Meghakumär tried but could not sleep at started thinking of his life as a 2. In the life of an , he did not receive and , and the touching of feet as he lay on the hard floor his sleep. He went to inform Mahävir-swämi about his Mahävir-swämi, in turn, told him a story of an In the forest there was a All the animals feared for their life and ran to a to be safe. The elephant lifted his foot because he had an on his knee! 8. He was about to put his foot down when he noticed a occupying that spot. 9. If he put his foot down he would the rabbit. If he asked the rabbit to move the rabbit had no to go. 10. For how many days and nights did the elephant stand without putting his leg down to save another animal? The elephant stood _ 11. Stand on one foot, or two hands and one foot, and see how long you can stand - I stood for minutes. Was it easy? 12. When the fire stopped and all the animals scurried away, what happened to the elephant? 13 _was the elephant in a previous life where he showed a lot of compassion towards other animals. Do you think he stayed and listened? YES NO THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 53 Page #54 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 5.6 Friendship 1. Choose one of the quotes and explain what it means to you. Please mark the one you chose: James Fredricks Dale Carnegie Chinese Proverb 2. Describe one incident that having someone with you helped you to overcome the problem more easily. 3. Find a story on friendship and bring it to class. 54 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Saldication laternational Page #55 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Questions 1. The slave's name was 2. The slave 3. He decides to hide in a 4. What woke him up? Why was he scared? Androcles and the Lion 7. From that day on lion. 8. Some 5. Androcles saw that the lion seemed to be 6. When Androcles approached him the lion 9. Describe the sporting event. because his master was very 11. What did the people do? Why? blossomed between the slave and the 10. Why was the audience surprised? What had they expected? saw Androcles. They THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 55 Page #56 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 5.7 Perseverance 1. What does the poem mean? 2. Do you keep trying when you face difficulties in your studies or do you give up and say, "It's too hard"; or blame it on the teacher saying "She's so mean"!!!! Which activities do you give up on more easily? Which ones do you do? 3. What do you want to achieve In 1 month, 3 months, A year? Make a short list of what you want to achieve in say 3 months and check off as you achieve it. If short term goals are achieved, long term will automatically be achieved. For example, if you want to be organized, try to achieve some of the following short term tasks and organization will automatically be achieved. You will realize you have a lot more free time since you won't have anything pending. 1 month 1. Be organized 2. Room is clean 3. Homework is done everyday 56 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 2 month 3 month Page #57 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ The Little Engine That Could Complete the statements below 1. The story is about 2. When she reached the hill 3. After several tries 4. Along the way they met 5. They asked the big engine 6. The big engine replied that THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 57 Page #58 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 7. What was their experience with the other big engines that they met along the way? 8. Whom did they meet at the end? What did they ask and what answer did they get? 9. What did they do? 10. What is the moral of the story? Find one activity that is hard for you and see if you can persevere and achieve that task. You could make a chart below and follow your progress. 58 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Saldication laternational Page #59 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 5.8 Self-Reliance 1. What was the man watching? Was he happy or sad about what he was watching? 2. What did he do? In helping the struggling butterfly did he think he was helping or hurting the butterfly? 3. What did he end up doing? How? 4. Are there situations in your life, where you would like adults to help you, such as: your school projects, your homework? cleaning your room? By taking their help all the time (occassionally everyone needs help and appreciates it) are you helping or hurting yourself in the long run? How? THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 59 Page #60 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 5. In the poem, "I asked...", if the person did not get anything they asked for but seemed to get the opposite, why do they say they got everything they needed? 60 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Page #61 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ The Little Red Hen Complete the statements below and lived together in a little red barn. 2. What did each animal like to do all day? 3. One day, the little red hen found 4. What did she ask the other animals? What was their reaction? 5. The little red hen 6. What happened to the grains that she planted? What needed to be done? 7. What did she ask the other animals? What was their reaction? 8. Then what did they have to do? Where did they have to go? 9. What did she ask the other animals? What was their reaction? 10. What did the little red hen do? 11. What did she decide to do with the flour? THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 61 Page #62 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 12. What did she ask the other animals? What was their reaction? 13. When the bread was ready what did the little red hen ask? 14. What was the reaction of all the animals? 15. What did the little red hen do? 16. How did the animals react? What did they do from then on? 17. What is the moral of the story? 18. What did you learn from the story? Discuss a situation where you shared with others in spite of all the "even thoughs"... 19. Can you think of another story in which the animals fought over food, and what was the result? Compare with the story 'Greed'. Which story is better and why? Which character would you rather be? The hen or the spider? Why? THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 62 Jain Sucation eternational Page #63 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 6.1 Conscious Consumer 1. Jainism is based on the principles of and 2. Should we be concerned only about animals that are killed and their body parts used for eating, leather, silk, etc.? Or should we also be concerned about how animal by-products are obtained? 3. Find 5 products that are used in your house; for example, soap, shampoo, toothpaste, cleaning supplies, and antibiotics. Find out how they are made and how are they are tested to see if they are safe for human beings. THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 63 Page #64 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Eggs Choose one of the terms below and complete the statement 300 cruelty inhumane rows alive debeaking laying tiers angle grinding male spent battery inches roll 1. Egg production involves significant amount of _ treatment of birds. and 2. The average laying hen produces more than eggs a year. 3. Hens that produce eggs are called hens. 4. The cages are built at an so eggs automatically out for collection and are gathered twice a day. 5. Hens are confined in and lined up in cages - small wire cages stacked in in huge warehouses. 6. It is recommended that they be given 4 of feeder space. means having part of their beaks cut off in order to reduce injuries resulting from excessive pecking. hens usually end up in soups, pot pies, or similar low grade chicken meat products where their bodies can be shredded to hide the bruises from consumers. 9. chicks is A common method used to dispose of unwanted __them up THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 64 Jain Sucation International Page #65 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Word Search EZ Z Z - W R E G GLI E OGE SU MT Τ 6 R Ι Α Ν Ν Ο Ε Ν Α Η Ι Ν ο PRWY GAPF si ji R E 1 EM NI KRDW PAD I NI UG CA GF NSC GH HA K N R E VILA A NB N MY UY RM | K O WILL KE GMA B AT T E R Y N AL RL QN Y X Y OVK SE TOP N ZWE NWZ URUB Y LS QU SE QS NNE Y Y E W SHE X ZTI AL HFDD KW O CU HQB MOT AQWL HK G LLP Y S QAR X G D AZT DODOD - credo 3 m I < * oz Oczo i m I OZ - 0 + GWK Z ALIVE DEBEAKING LAYING SPENT ANGLE GRINDING MALE TIERS BATTERY INCHES ROLL CRUELTY INHUMANE ROWS THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 65 Page #66 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Pearls Choose one of the terms below and complete the statement extracted insertion bruised foreign nacre secretes wedge cultured graft oysters several forceps irritation pearl trapped pain suffering 1. For those who care about Ahimsä the pearl is a symbol of and 2. Pearls are a response to an caused by a particle. 3. It naturally occurs when sand or a bit of shell is accidentally inside the oyster's shell. 4. To reduce the pain it secretes a substance called which surrounds the particle. 5. To avoid waiting for natural pearls humans started searching for young _in the deep ocean to make pearls. _are used to hold the shell open while a wooden is inserted. 7. An is then made in the base section of the shell-fish and is carefully inserted. 8. To avoid the pain of the foreign particle the oyster nacre around the particle to form a 9. The pearls are with sterile instruments, and the oysters are used times before they are very and can no longer be used. the 10. Read the poem "The Oyster" written by David Cohen. What did the oyster do with the sand that was bothering him? Please discuss the poem with your parents and teachers. Please write what you can do about the things that bother you in your life. 66 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Saldication laternational Page #67 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Word Search TPE T E R AT RL SNARE o N R G Ε υ ο Τ Ε R Β ο Ε Α Ο AST DAY FOR E 1 GNC PWS E RE PC EH T S SE c Y s I R E H I J o J A N H | ο Χ Ρ Α Τ Ε ο ο Ζ Τ Τ Ν ν / U E x R E AC GRIZ Li CcQ0NMAR AU I AU E N T R 1 N P Y RZ G FUSLY AROMI NI MA A D F N T E C W FK PEW UN RK HH FU VRK XURDE V G F S F A S R H E E RY MKT NI U J V B W E L T UJJY R L 5 X FK F G D T V oj B - OE 100 > om o < 0 CULTURED FOREIGN IRRITATION OYSTER SECRETE WEDGE EXTRACT GRAFT MINIMAL PAIN SUFFERING FORCEPS INSERTION NACRE PEARL TRAP - - - - - THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 67 Page #68 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Silk Choose one of the terms below and complete the statement 300-600 cocoon hatch moth spiral baskets cold heat mulberry straw bodies dies incubators pupa twigs boiling fragments inner silk eggs. Each moth lays somewhere between The life cycle of the silk worm starts with the silk laying eggs. Once the eggs are laid the silk worm usually The eggs are held in storage for some time. 5. In the early parts of each spring these eggs are put into 6. After 20 days of incubation these eggs and tiny silkworms emerge. 7. They are fed fresh leaves and these tiny worms grow into fat worms. 8. When they stop growing they are transferred to different wooden with compartments. 9. The compartments are filled with and 10. After spinning for about 3 days a _formation is completed around the worm. 11. The worms change into a that lives inside the cocoon and matures till a mature moth can emerge out of the cocoon. 12. When the worms break the cocoon these threads are broken into small and these fragmented threads cannot be used to make silk yarns. 13. The cocoons are either put into hot __water or the baskets are placed in chambers till the pupa inside the cocoon dies. 14. Clothes are only covers for our ; our beauty is of importance and what counts. 68 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Saldication laternational Page #69 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Help the cocoon stay alive and become a butterfly Yo THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 69 Page #70 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Varakh 1. What is Varakh used for? Please give atleast 2 uses. 2. How is Varakh made? Please describe it in short. 3. As Jains should we or should we not use Varakh? Why? 70 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Saldication liternational Page #71 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 6.2 Environment 1. Explain the phrase Parasparopagraho Jivänäm. 2. Fill in the blanks a. Compassion is the b. If one does not care for aspect of non-violence. _, one does not care for c. Nature provides enough for our _, not for our an average of 2500 gallons of water d. To produce is used. e. To produce one pound of wheat gallons of water is used. 3. Explain three Rs of recycling. THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 71 Page #72 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 6.3 Nutrition, Health and Spirituality 1. As followers of Ahimsä what are the food groups that we should be eating and how many servings per day? 2. Make a list of everything you eat in the next week and see if you ate the servings suggested for each group: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday 72 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Jain Sucation International Page #73 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ 6.4 Yoga, Health and Spirituality Day 6 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 21 Month 2 Month 3 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 73 Page #74 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Ächärya 20 Ägams 17 Aghäti 20, 32 Ahimsä 17 Akshat 25 Änand 30 Anekäntaväd 17 Antaräya 32 Aparigraha 17 Apkäya 27 Ärä 17 Arihanta 19 Ätmä 30 Äyushya 32 Beindriya 28 7.0 Glossary A Sädhu who has learned, mastered and taught religious scriptures, follows them, and is now the head of a Sangh. A monk scholar. Jain Scriptures The four types of karmas whose powers are much milder than those of the four Ghäti karmas. These powers end at the end with a life. 74 Non-violence. A Mahävrat or an Anuvrat. Jain religion is remarkable in that it upholds non-violence as the supreme religion (Ahimsä Parmo Dharma) and has insisted upon its observance in thoughts, words and deeds at the individual as well as at social levels. Polished white rice. Rice with the husk removed. Infinite Bliss. Multiplicity of viewpoints. It is a many-sided approach to reality. Obscuring karma. Non-possessiveness. A Mahävrat or an Anuvrat Minute living beings in water. One of the six divisions of time in one half of the time cycle. Each cycle is hundreds to billions of years. We are currently in the 5th ärä of the descending half of the time cycle, which started about 2500 years ago. A soul who has destroyed his inner enemies of anger, greed, ego and deceit. Soul Age determining Karma. Two sensed beings who have the senses of touch and taste. Life. Conduct Four sensed beings who have the senses of touch, taste, smell and sight. Conception. Bhav 39 Chäritra 25 Chaurindriya 29 Chyavan 35 Darshan 25, 30 Vision, Perception. Darshanävaraniya 32 Perception obscuring karma. THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Page #75 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Deva 24 Dharamshälä 74 Dhwani 38 Digambar 23 Dikshä 35 Dvesha 24 Ekendriya 27 Gati 25 Ghäti 19, 32 Gotra 32 Himsä 26 Indriya 27 Janma 35 Jina 17 A soul in heaven, or at a high spiritual level. A place to stay which is maintained by a Jain. Divine sound A sect of Jains. Initiation into monk hood Aversions One sensed beings. Destiny. The Swastika has 4 gatis, namely, heavenly beings, hellish beings, human beings, and plants and animals. The four types of karmas, whose powers are much stronger than those of the Aghäti. Karmas that have a vitiating effect upon the qualities of the soul. These powers may last for many lives. Status determining karma Violence or torture by thoughts, words and deeds to any living being. Sense organs through which one can experience the senses of touch, taste, smell, hear and feel. Birth "Conqueror” He who has conquered love and hate, pleasure and pain, attachment and aversion, and has thereby freed 'his' soul from the karmas obscuring knowledge, perception, truth and ability, is a Jina. The Jains refer to the Jina as God. Knowledge. A pure soul has infinite knowledge. Knowledge obscuring karma. Occasion in the life of a Tirthankar. Action. A deed- good or bad. A form of matter particles. Upon maturing, it delivers its fruit. There are 4 Destructive (Ghäti) and 4 Non-destructive (Aghäti) types of karmas. Powers of Ghäti karmas are much stronger, and they last for many lives. Passion like anger, ego, deceit and greed. The Kashaya cause the karma to bind to the soul. Infinite knowledge. Knowledge isolated from karmic obstruction. Omniscience. Knowledgeinvolving awareness of every existence in all its qualities and modes. Anger Symbol on the base of a Tirthankar's idol that helps identify the Tirthankar. Jnän 25, 30 Jnänävaraniya 32 Kalyänak 35 Karma 17 Kashaya 17 Kevaljnän 20, 35, 37 Krodha 17 Länchhan 23 THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 75 Page #76 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Lobh 17 Manushya 24 Män 17 Mäyä 17 Mohaniya 32 Moksha 20 Murti 23 Näm 32 Narak 25 Nirvän 36 Nissihi 22 Padmäsan 23 Päncha 35 Panchendriya 29 Prithvikäya 27 Räga 24 Sädhu 21 Sädhvi 21 Sanyam 24 Samavasaran 37 Samyak 25 Säthiyo see Swastika Shakti 30 Shvetämbar 23 Siddha 20 Siddha-loka see Siddhashilä Siddhashilä 20 76 Greed Human beings Ego Deceit The state of freedom, for a soul, from the cycle of birth and death. One who keeps maun. He only observes, without praising or complaining. Idol An Aghäti karma that determines the body. Hell Moksha, salvation Leaving behind Lotus posture is one of the postures that tirthankars used to meditate. Five Five sensed beings having touch, taste, smell, sight and hearing. Minute living beings in the earth. Attachment A male person who has given up family life, wealth and worldly comforts to seek liberation. He studies scriptures regularly. A female person who has given up family life, wealth and worldly comforts to seek liberation. He studies scriptures regularly. Self control A circular or square enclosure built for the first sermon given by a Tirthankar after attaining kevaljnän. Rational Infinite energy A sect of Jains. Shvet means white, and ambar means clothes; hence Shvetambars wear white-clothes A pure soul who has no karmas. They do not have Ghäti or Aghäti karmas. The place above the Swastika, symbolized by a crescent moon, where Siddhas reside. THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM Page #77 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ________________ Sthanak see Upashraya Sthavar 27 Swastika 24 Tapa 24 Teukaya 28 Tirthankar 19 Tiryancha 24 Trasa 27 Treindriya 28 Upadhyaya 19 Upashraya 22 Non-mobile living beings. A symbol of well-being. The 4 arms depict the different gatis. Austerities Minute living beings in fire One who re-establishes the religion, and the four-fold society of Sadhus, Sadhvis, Shravaks and Shravikas. Animal being. One of the gatis in the Swastika. Mobile living beings Three sensed being having touch, taste and smell. A person who teaches sadhus and sadhvis. A meditation hall for Sthanakvasis. There is no idol of a Tirthankar in the hall. Plant beings. It is one of the gatis in the Swastika. Minute living beings in plants Minute living beings in air. Feeling obscuring karma Vanaspati 24 Vanaspatikaya 28 Vayukaya 28 Vedaniya 32 Veerya see Shakti THE FIRST STEP OF JAINISM 77